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MUS 15: Music Appreciation - Study Guide


MUS 15: Music Appreciation - Study Guide MUS 15

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Music Appreciation

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Music Appreciation
Study Guide
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Wednesday October 15, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to MUS 15 at a university taught by McCoullagh in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 331 views.


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Date Created: 10/15/14
MIDTERM REVIEW SHEET Music 15 Fall 2013 Date Thursday October 31 Time 1100 am 12 15 pm Please be early if possible Value 40 points 20 of total grade Format The exam will consist of listening identification and general knowledge questions definitions and one short answer question Please bring a black or blue pen Section One Listening Identification g 15 points Identification of listening examples from the syllabus title composer time period genre other elements or characteristics relevant to the work The pieces will not necessarily be played from the beginning be sure to familiarize yourself with the entire piece These questions will be either multiple choice or fillintheblank Section Two General Knowledge 11 Doints Questions relating to terms used in class Other questions regarding the syllabus listening examples Details of music in its historical context Composer biographies Section Three Definitions 9 Doints Five vocabulary words from this study guide will be given you will pick three to define Your definition must expand on the definition provided for you on powerpoint slidesin the reader It should include a nuanced understanding of the historical context and an example of a piece andor composer where applicable Your answer should be 35 sentences in length Section Four Short Answer 5 points You will be asked to answer one of the following five questions on the exam Your answer should be five to eight sentences in length and include the title and composer of the pieces you use as examples Be sure you read the questions carefully and answer all of the required questions in order to 262 full credit Why are the majority of pieces from the Middle Ages that we know today sacred Discuss the social context that created this condition mentioning at least one sacred and one secular piece from this period be sure to mention the genre title and composer of each Middle Ages focused still on religion and after life not yet humanistic Music was mostly sponsored by the church so music couldn39t come about otherwise Sacred quotAlleluiaquot Hildegard Von Bingen Chant Secular quotSumer is Cumin Inquot round What was the Council of Trent and what impact did it have on music in the Renaissance Your answer should mention at least two pieces and their respective composers Treaty by 255 clergy men to reform catholic church services changed by protestant It banned secular music performances in church Mainly a cappella and syllabic Backlash against polyphony because it obscured text Ave maria by J osquin de Prez motet Pope Marcellus Mass by Palestrina mass We looked at two major composers from the Baroque era Bach and Handel Compare the lives and careers of these two composers citing biographical details and discuss at least one piece by each Both bom in Germany Handel traveled Bach didn39t Handel was famous Bach wasn39t until death Handel wrote operas and oratorios Bach wrote cantata and keyboard music Handel Giulio Cesare Bach Little Fugue in G minor Compare the three major multimovement vocal genres we covered in the Baroque era citing at least four traits of each Be sure to give a musical example and composer for each genre Opera Oratorio Cantata Opera Staged Plot driven Secular Camival 24 hrs Monteverdi39s Orfeo Oratorio unstaged Sacred Chorus plays larger role 24 hrs Handel39s Messiah Cantata Developed as part of lutheran service Based on choral melody 1530 minutes long Bach Cantata 140 quotWachet aufquot Describe the aesthetics of the classical era How did music of this period re ect these ideals Discuss at least one example from class and be sure to cite the composer title and genre Monarchies in control at first but revolution comes French American Industrial Growing public sphere rising middle class More music participation plus public performances Enlightenment Appeal to reason intellect simplicity form emphasis balance symmetry Homophonic texture simplicity Simple harmonies With few chords rhythmic Variety emphasis on form and structure longer multimovement pieces Same ideas The magic ute by mozart opera TermsDeonle to lltnow Form structure of music based on repetition contrast variation diagram form using letter ex ABA ternary form Historical style periods Middles ages 4501450 quotSumer is cumen inquot Chant example Renaissance 14501600 quotFair Phyllisquot composed by John Farmer Baroque 16001750 Handel39s quotMessiahquot Classical 17501815 Mozart39s Die Zauber ote The Magic Flute Eine kleine Nachtmusik A little night music Aesthetics Sacred music intended for religious purposes EX quotAlleluiaquot Chant by Hildegard Von Bingen melismatic Includes motet mass chant organum genres Secular Music not affiliated with the church Ex quotFair Phyllisquot Madrigal by John Farmer Includes Madrigal round etc Charlemagne ruled during the middle ages promoted chant because it was written and helped to unify worshipping Liturgy Gregorian chant Musical genre from the middle ages classified as a sung sacred text Used in worship services Written music for memorization and education EX quotalleluiaquot by Hildegard Von Bingen Genre Pope Gregory Monophonic Text setting The number of notes per syllable Syllabic 1 note per syllable Melismatic many notes per syllable Syllabic one note per syllable EX Pope Marcellus Mass Melismatic Many notes per syllable Melisma Hildegard Von Bingen Polyphonic Two or more melodic lines at once Imitative polyphony 2 or more of the same melodies starting at different times Imitative polyphony Staggered entrance singing the same thing Ex quotAve Mariaquot by J osquin des Prez motet Round Late middle ages Popular in England secular Its texture is imitative polyphony and the medium is a cappella voices Ex quotSumer is icumin inquot Soprano Sung by boys girls or castrated men highest vocal range Alto one lower Tenor one lower Baritone one lower Bass one lower Homorhythm Different pitches on the same rhythm quotPope Marcellus Massquot by Palestrina said to have saved polyphony Renaissance rebirth of learning and innovation Rise of humanism focus on life human values not religion and after life Music printing Music in peoples homes Vocal music mostly Word paining More syllabic text setting and imitative polyphony Sacred and secular Composer J osquin des Prez Ave Maria Palestrina Pope Marcellus Mass Jacques Arcadelt Il Bianco e Dolce Cigna homophonic primary melody and secondary accompaniment John Farmer Fair Phyllis Humanism See renaissance J osquin des Prez Renaissance worked in italy Sacred and secular 100 motets Motet Renaissance era used within religious Sacred in Latin Most polyphonic 3 a capella voices Counterreformation Catholic church39s response to protestant reform in 150039s Attempt to reform within church Council of Trent Established new policies for church group of 255 clergy secular music banned from performances in church A capella is preferred preference for syllabic text setting backlash against polyphony because it obscured text Council of Trent see counterreformation Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina Renaissance era Italian used conservative polyphony mostly sacred 100 masses quotGloriaquot from Pope Marcellus Mass Mass Most popular genre in Renaissance function of catholic celebration of last supper Music for 5 unchanging parts of catholic mass Sacred and in Latin quotGloriaquot Ottaviano Petrucci Wrote and published sheet music Madrigal Secular genre of the Renaissance Fair Phyllis by John Farmer Il Bianca e Dolce Cigna by Jacques Arcadault A cappella sung with out music examples is chants Word painting The intentional use of musical gestures in a Work that some Way re ect the literal or figurative meaning of a Word or phrase of lyrics Ex Fair Phyllis by John Farmer Jacques Arcadelt Renaissance Italian Wrote Il Bianco e Dolce Cigna he Wrote madrigals John Farmer English renaissance Wrote madrigals including fair phyllis Tonality A music system in whichh all the pitches in a musical Work are related to one another in a hierarchy and to a home pitch called the quottonicquot Major tonality is happy Minor tonality is sad Tonic Major Happy Minor Sad Baroque Era Monarchies are in control rise of Wealthy middle class coming from renaissance Music in church courts home and public theaters Rising importance of instruments and instrumentalists with voices Maj or minor tonality Polyphonic homophonic texture Opera Oratorio Cantata Concerto Fugue Dance Suite Homophony One melody is important but there is an accompaniment Ex Il Bianco e Dolce Cigna Basso Continuo Integral part of operas Includes a bass instrument like a cello and a string instrument usually harpsichord Played during recitatives Opera Invented in 1600 by Florentine Camerata Started in Italy and spread throughout Europe combination of the arts in order to recreate ancient Greek musical methods Performed in theaters or opera houses for public or elite 14 hours long secular performed carnival Voices and instruments Mostly homophonic texture Aria Song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment Generally expressing intense emotion Recitative Singing that sounds like a dialogue Moves plot a long Basso Continuo George Frideric Handel Baroque Era composer Internationally famous and Well traveled Many operas and oratorios and lots of instrumental lyrics quotMessiahquot oratorio in 3 acts Librettist The person who Writes the Words to an opera Ex Emanuel Schikaneder Wrote mozart39s Magic Flute Da Capo Aria A type of aria organized in 3 parts ABA A repetition of the first section with elaborations Oratorio Sacred themed substitute for opera performed during Lent Unstaged no acting Performed in theaters Chorus plays bigger role Polyphonic and Homophonic Based on biblical story Chorus A group of people singing Ritornello A short recurring instrumental passage often found in both arias and concertos Ex quotRejoice greatlyquot from Handel39s Messiah Timbre tone color What makes a note on a trumpet sound different than the same note on a ute Johann Sebastian Bach Bom in central Germany never left country Baroque era composer Both sacred and secular Work Over 200 cantatas Lots of keyboard music No operas Ex quotLittle Fugue in G minorquot Four voice imitation Fugue A form in which one or more melodic themes are developed through careful imitative polyphony Based on main theme called the subject Subject The main melody that one remembers from a song ritornello Episode Anything not ritornello subject Reformation Martin Luther headed a reform of the Worship service Introduced Chorale German hymn tune in the Lutheran tradition In the vernacular understandable Integral education about biblical texts United congregation Martin Luther headed the reformation Chorale See reformation Sacred cantata Developed 1700 as part of Lutheran service Based on chorale melody Used as central part of church service Multiple movements arias recitatives choruses duets chorales 1530 minutes Dance Suite A multimovement instrumental Work made up of a series of contrasting movements named after courtly practices Purpose was for entertainment not dancing Ex Handel39s Water music 1717 Created to entertain King George I on the river Thames Music as representation of King39s wealth and power Excerpt Alla Hornpipe Movement 2 of 5 Form ternary ABA triple meter King George I Recipient of Handel39s Water music performed on the River Thames Program music Music that tells a story Indicated by titles Description from composer No word painting because its not sung Concerto Baroque and beyond featuring soloists accompanied by orchestra with three movements Ex quotSpringquot by Vivaldi from The Four Seasons Antonio Vivaldi Italian violinist Wrote over 500 concertos to show off solos Ex Spring first movement Ospedale della Pieta Orphanage in which Vivaldi taught music to girls Ritornello form New form in which ritornellos altemate with episodes ABACADA Aritornello Predecessor to Sonata form and common orchestral framework during Baroque Era Strings Violin viola cello bass also guitar and harp Arco with bow Pizzicato with fingers Woodwinds Flute clarinet oboe bassoon saxophone picolo Brass trumpet hom trombone tuba Percussion Definitie pitch timpani Xylophone bells Indefinite pitch drums tambourine gong cymbals Arco With bow Pizzicato with fingers Piano invented around 1700 key pressure effete dynamic level Theme An idea used as a basic building block in the construction of a composition Exposition development recapitulation coda Motive a short melodic rhythmic unit small fragment of a theme Sonataallegro form detailed organizational theme for a movement of instrumental music Misleading because not just in sonatas and not always tempo allegro Minuet and trio Common type of third movement ABA Theme and variations type of form Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart raised in salzburg worked for archbishop of salzburg freelanced in vienna wrote symphonies and operas sacred music Published music Taught students Give concerts Virtuoso highly skilled in music Franz Joseph Haydn Austrian composer string quartet allegro slow sung Symphonies string quartets keyboard music Ex Emperor String Quartet 2 String quartet four strings 2 violin viola cello Most important type of chamber music Small indoor social functions four movement cycle Piano concerto Popular in late 18th century and early 19th for public performance by virtuoso composers Solo piano and orchestra 3 movements fast slow fast First movement concerto form Cadenza virtuosi solo passate in the manner of an improvisation Performed near the end of a movement of a concerto Libretto Written Words for an opera Singspiel Genre that features a blend of comic and serious operas opera with some spoken dialogue Emanuel Schikaneder Librettist who helped mozart Write the magic ute


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