EDP311: Phychology - Study Guide
EDP311: Phychology - Study Guide EDP311
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Thursday October 16, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to EDP311 at Arizona State University taught by Peck in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 236 views. For similar materials see Phychology in Education and Teacher Studies at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 10/16/14
NOTES for September 11 2014 The field of education emphasizes research over personal experience ML Intuitive knowledge based on personal experience is sometimes unreliable Self serving Bias Influenced by personal cultural values 0 Emotionally charged 0 Favors certain groups or individuals 0 Unproven benefits Researchbased knowledge is more reliable The aim is to reduce bias through 0 Systematic investigation of research questions 0 Examines evidence data collected from representative populations or particular s ua ons 0 Generates inferences about variables and estimates their reliability 0 Tries to eliminate emotional influences in conclusions 0 Benefitsrecommendations relevant to stakeholders are often offered What is research Research is a continuing cycle of investigation Investigators ask questions about existing or potential situations and then outline their expectations for relationships that will occur among relevant variables What research methods are used Descriptive studies Researchers try to provide detailed information about particular groups or situations Types Ethnography study of naturally occurring events in the life of a group Goal is to understand meaning for the participants 0 Observer participant embedded researcher The researcher participates in the group to gain first hand experience in the life of a group 0 Case Study researchers focus on a single individual or situation Descriptive studies may include statistics that explain the strengths of relationships among two or more variables Positive correlation the values of two variables increase or decrease together Negative correlation the value of one variable increases while the other decrease Experimental and Quasi experimental Studies Investigators try to establish cause and effect by manipulating variables Experimental studies randomly assign participants to comparable testing groups QuasiExperimental subject to normal experimentation except existing groups are chosen rather than randomly assigning groups Most educational studies are quasi experimental Federal money goes to programs and practices that are consistent with scientifically based research 0 Data is collected systematically Rigorous analytic methods are used 0 Methods are clearly described and can be repeated by others 0 Must be peerreview Chapter 9 Teaching as a cognitive skill Everything that we ve learned about a student mind applies to our mind as well 0 Space in working memory relevant background knowledge The importance of practice Ex erience means ou are sim I en a ed Practice means ou are tr in to im rove Y Y Y Y yourexpenence Teachers improve the first 5 years in the field but after that the curve goes flat Practice entails getting feedback from others 0 Undertaking activities for the sake of improvement even if it doesn39t directly contribute to your job Method for getting and giving feedback There is not a method of practice for teachers that has been rigorously proven to be effective 0 Step one find another teacher to work with trust each other same grade is helpful 0 Step two videotape yourself what surprises you What did you notice about your students that you didn t already know 0 Step three watch videos with partner gain practice in constructive observation 0 Step four be supportive with partner and set a goal based on reflection 0 Step five bring is back to the classroom and follow up Consciously trying to develop Keep a teaching journal 0 Start a discussion group with other teachers 0 Observing observe your age group outside the classroom
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