CALS 002/085 Exam 2 Study Guide
CALS 002/085 Exam 2 Study Guide CALS 002
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by HD on Saturday March 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CALS 002 at University of Vermont taught by Thomas P. DeSisto in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 156 views. For similar materials see Foundation:Information Tech in Calculus and Pre Calculus at University of Vermont.
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Date Created: 03/19/16
CALS 002/085 Exam 2 Study Guide Networking 1. Terms and definitions for networking Definition = two or more computers (or other devices) connected together in such a way that they can exchange information or data/communicate 2. Hardware used in networking Network Interface Controller/Card (NIC) o Hardware device that enables network connections to be made between computers or other devices Router o Device that serves as central hub for the data coming from and sent to various NICs Doesn’t always have to be used Broadband modem o Device that connects local network to the internet service provider (For a fiber optic network, it’s called an Optical Network terminator) Coaxial cable (copper) --------- Fiber optic cable ---------- Ethernet cable ---------- WiFi (Wireless Radio Frequency “RF” signal) -- -- -- Bluetooth (RF signal) -- -- -- Fiber optic cable o Glass or plastic o Varies in size Local Area Network (LAN) o Adjust settings to share with roommates o Internet Connectivity Access Layer Modem Route Compute r r w/NIC Device D2 D3 1 3. Broadband definition Broadband internet = High speed internet access that’s always on and faster than traditional dial up access 4. Broadband types Cable Modem = enables cable operators to use same cables that deliver to your TV Digital subscriber line (DSL) = transmits data over copper telephone lines installed in homes and businesses Broadband over power line (BPL) = delivery through low/medium voltage electric power distribution network Fiber = converts electrical signals carrying data into light/through glass fibers Wireless = uses radio link between customer location and service provider facility Satellite = used for serving remote or sparsely populated areas 5. Transmission speed bits per second (Ex: 27 Mbps) lowercase b Open Internet and Search 6. Net Neutrality and Open Internet o Definition = consumers make their own choices o FCC rule set adopted that classified broadband internet as a utility o 3 key areas No blocking = internet providers shouldn’t be blocking content No throttling = shouldn’t be impairing traffic or degrading information No paid prioritization = can’t favor traffic over other traffic 7. Filter bubbles Search engine results are filtered due to your online activity 8. Search (Steps in the process) Clarify research question Specify key words Go to UVM databases Cross reference with library Peer reviewed articles Look over results Are they credible? = Examples: Wall Street Journal, .gov, etc. Get an outside review from a professional Cite sources correctly 9. Search (Pitfalls to avoid) Take note of bias Don’t believe everything you read on the internet Careful of choosing too broad or narrow of a question 10. Search (When to cite and reference) Direct quotes, facts, ideas usually from secondary sources Tables and Figures 11. Methods of presenting information Text Tables Figures 12. Usage of tables and figures Used quickly and efficiently to present large amounts of information to an audience Do NOT use tables To take up space To break up the text of the paper To make results that aren’t important seem important 13. Definitions of tables and figures Table = Image constructed of columns and rows that systematically display data Figure = Any image that is not a table (Examples: graphs, charts, maps, pictures, etc.) 14. Structures of tables and figures Table structure: Number Title Head Body Note (optional) Figure structure: Image Number Title Image makes the impact, then it’s explained 15. Charts To represent the components of larger objects or groups (Example: Tribal hierarchy) To show the steps in a process (Example: flow chart) To show the schematics of an object (Example: components of a cell phone) Sources, Citations, References 16 & 17. Definitions and structure o Citation Marker pointing you to the proper reference Example: (Zia, 2010) o Reference Detailed information on the source of the material Example: what you’d typically find on a work cited page 18. Types of sources Primary = original material (Ex: survey) Secondary = analysis and interpretation of original material (Typically journal articles or government reports) Tertiary = summation of primary and secondary sources (Mainly secondary) (Ex: Wikipedia) 19. Footnotes and Endnotes Types of footnotes = content and copyright o Insert with subscript following any punctuation mark Content = provide supplemental information, be brief and focus on one subject Copyright permission notes = same rules as content also with a permission letter from author(s) attached CALS Curriculum 20. Managing your online presence Reputation management = keeping embarrassing personal data under wraps by search services Boosts the good stuff high up on the google search of you Make a reputation and name for yourself on social media to brand yourself Don’t do stupid things Don’t post things you’ll regret
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