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KSU / Engineering / PSY 2065 / How do comprehensive and receptive language differ?

How do comprehensive and receptive language differ?

How do comprehensive and receptive language differ?

Description

School: Kent State University
Department: Engineering
Course: Child Psychology
Professor: Sharon sciartelli
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: child psych, child psychology, Exam 2, color notes, sciartelli, Kent, Week 8, babies, and Children
Cost: 25
Name: Child Psych, Week 8
Description: (Sorry these are so late, guys!) These are the child psychology notes for Sciartelli's exam 2.
Uploaded: 03/19/2016
4 Pages 87 Views 2 Unlocks
Reviews


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Skill Progression Don't forget about the age old question of What are the cultural and social factors that influence the marketing environment?

Receptive language: comprehension, virtually always precedes expressive

Expressive language: Creating your own sentences Don't forget about the age old question of What is the English translation of Dharma?

Early Vocalizations

  • uses noises to communicate and practice for later language

If you want to learn more check out What is the definition of electronegativity and its periodic trend?

CRY:

  • reflexive at first, becomes intentional/goal oriented
  • indicates a need
  • infants can cry with an “accent"
  • i.e. a french baby and a german baby have different sounding cries

We also discuss several other topics like What is the formula of trapezoid?

COO:

  • (2-4 months) no intelligible syllables, only vowel sounds
  • Start of conversational rules
  • happy sound

If you want to learn more check out What is the meaning of terrestrial biomes?

BABBLING:

  • (~6 months) repeat syllables like "ma", "da", "ga" (Consonants) origin of "mama" and "dada" & development depends on parents responding

Born Universal Listeners:

  • new babies prefer mother language / voice but babies younger than 6 months can distinguish sounds from all languages
  • babies lose most of this by 10 months
  • facilitates mastering of primary language

We also discuss several other topics like How does diversification affect risk?

GESTURE:

  • begins at age 8-12 months
  • ie. wave bye; nod yes, point

ASL - Signs - can reduce frustration in babies that learn simple signs before talking (does not appear to speed up or hinder development of spoken language.)

First Words:

  • understand words at 9 months.
  • but most don't speak until ~13 months
  • first words may not be "real" words, but may be made up by child and used consistently with meaning
  • kids know 200-500 words by 2 years
  • words are learned slow at first, then many see a vocab burst
  • wide variety of context cues and biases to build early vocals
  • 1.5 - 2 years start putting words together, often with gestures

  • Universal - main words (leave out qualifiers)
  • ie. "more cookie" vs. "I would like another cookie please."
  • Learning language early may have benefits but learning, late can also produce very smart children 

Threats To Cognitive Development:

  • Genetic Conditions                         - Teratogens 
  • Infections                                 - Injuries / neglect / abuse
  • Malnutrition                                 - Poverty (less stimulation)

MEDIA use in infancy is not as good as REAL LIFE interaction

(media can actually produce a smaller vocabulary)

Facilitating Cognitive Growth

  • Stimulating, enriched, age appropriate, socially interactive environment sensitive to baby's needs.
  • ie. Child directed speech (high pitched, exaggerated expression, supportive gestures, more pauses, repetition, slower)
  • Toys, activities, etc.
  •  early intervention, education, instruction for high risk families is important

Chapter 7: Social / Emotional Development

Emotion: physiological reaction to a situation the cognitive interpretation of it, and communication to another (and actions)

[Emotional expression is universal]

6 Core Emotion:

Happy                Sad

Afraid                 Angry

Disgusted        Surprised

Display and interpretation (and intensity) of emotions may depend on:

  • Culture
  • Gender or
  • Temperament

Emotional schema

  • ways of thinking about emotion; once developed, it will impact how we experience and express emotions some are individualized, some are shared

Social Referencing: using others to determine how to react in ambiguous situations

Empathy: (Share the feelings of others) ← with them

Sympathy: ( feeling for them)

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