ITAL 150: Cultural Legacies of Italy - Study Guide
ITAL 150: Cultural Legacies of Italy - Study Guide ITAL 150
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This 18 page Study Guide was uploaded by Morgan Miller on Saturday October 18, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to ITAL 150 at University of Oregon taught by Psaki in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 167 views. For similar materials see Cultural Legacies Italy in Humanities and Social Sciences at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 10/18/14
ITAL 150 Cultural Legacies of Italy Study Guide Weeks 13 Ovid s Metamorphosis 0 What does it recount Reoounts major Greek myths had been almost entirely lost preserves roman lore and includes Near East Stories 0 How is it organized Divided into 15 books Poem of hexameter lines 0 Summary of Book One Book One world destroyed by water The Creation organized chaos The Four Ages 1 Golden Age no law cherished of own will Silver now winter grain planted houses built 2 3 Bronze aggressive instincts 4 lron trickery slyness violenoe desire of having 0 Summary of Book Two Book Two world destroyed by fire The Story ofPhaethon Two main concepts to analyze 1 shows how Ovid s story is timeless classic and portable 2 ancient ways of writing about psychology Summary a story highlighting human characteristic of greed and negative outcomes that arise Back story prove he is the son of Phoebus the sun god because of peer Epaphus doubting it Why does he want to drive his father s chariot adolescent male rebelling What happens when Phaethon tries to take on his father s role he Vets d e c i s i o n P 0 Summary of Books 3 and 6 Book 3 The Story of Echo and Narcissus Echo clingy became vulnerable fast Narcissus was the maker of his own defeat his self love and lack of respect for others led to his downfall Book 6 The Story of Tereus Proone and Phiomea Art 0 What characterizes Greek versus Roman Portraits Greek and Roman Portraits Greek portraits 1 abstractpoWerfu and beautiful tnere s no sign of a ing symmetrical features no cheekbones no pups a sent gaze perfect hair expressioness deaunrea perfect impossible Examples Valeria Musalina idealistic hair headdress eyebrows realistic weak chin tiny lips Spear Bearer Greek components vein natural posture absent gaze Roman components clothes gaze is purposeful posture is powerful colorful gbed roman artashjore be Fl A I D irVI I g n erfltltC vf Ii E C V 0 Qualities associated with roman portraiture 1 realistic wrinkles receding hairline no lips ifnot prominent on actual person 2 modesty 3 decorative 4 individual portraiture for people who had the money Four Pompeian Styles in Painting 1 Plastered blocks painted to look like marble lllusionistio figures are lifesized 2 3 Decorative delioate playful not illusionistio 4 Some illusionistio methods used but also cosmetic u 4 Architecture Triumphs of Roman Architecture influence the grandeur that was Rome the glory that was Greece the grandeur that was Rome temples Pantheon Height of Dome 142 feet Was special because it had the same hei ht as width it was the perfect circle The only source of light was a hole in the ceiling Thomas efferson s memorial was based off of the Pantheon basilicas colonnaded hall usually used for public assemblies this structure becomes shape for Christian churches baths Baths of Caracalla 211217 CE the public space was relatively cheap and had rooms of differing temperatures Golden House theatresamphitheatres Greeks builttheatres on a hillside never had to focus on the outside of the structure Romans had freestanding amphitheatres A prominent example is the Colosseum that had the capacity of 50000 peo le It had veneers of Greek orders superimposed on the arcades that made the viewer feels signi icant part of the huge building used concrete tronger with more weight as it grows it becomes a dome suquot 0 Engineering Triumphs of Roman Engineering roads 50000 miles of road transport drinking water heating hypocaustsunderground spaces with air and heat sanitation drain pipes and aqueducts Pont du Gard900 feet Dante s Divine Comedy 0 Dante s Divine Comedy 200 translations in English A new translation comes every 36 months Ballet opera performances on canto manga graphic novels children s books Inferno takes Dante themed novels video current because politics is always a central theme in societies unusual because he was a medieval Christian poet who thought writing about his love was his Christian calling r K written in Italian which was a daring act because Latin was the mother language at the time Dante was exiled from Florence due to political corruption and he was a part of the white guelfs that support people power and the Pope Dante had reverence for classical antiquity Virgil comes to rescue Dante in Canto I Was an epic long poem about a hero s journey written in third person Dante s epic was different because it was written in firstperson this was made possible because his love Beatrice is a godike figure Was a comedy anything with a happy ending 0 Canto I Summary he was thinking about something that had already happened he had fear and was lost in the woods He encountered a mountain and starts to climb He sees a leopard lion and shewolf which symbolize obstaoles He finally enoounters Virgil and acts for help Virgil tells him he oan t climb up the mountain he will have to go through hell purgatory and heaven 0 Canto V What strategies did Francesca use to gain sympathy Line 126 then I will tell you speaking through my tears Line 102 and how it happened hurts me still Line 93 twisted fate Actions Francesca admits she did Doesn t says we a lot P Actions that were done to her Line 136 tremble to place his lips upon my mouth Wl o andor what is responsible for her sin according to er Line 137 she blames the author and book Does the pilgrim acceptreject her version Line 116117 weep in pity for your pain also asks for more information lndirect quotes by Francesca Throughout most of the poem example line 187 that day we did not read another page Repetition of themewords Grief misery loss love longing desire 39 M Petrarch s Conzoniere Conzoniere 366 poems about Petrarch s love for Laura Collected and studied ancient manuscripts a lover of classical antiquity looked for more reliable cleaner editions of manuscripts he suffered for his fame because he was portrayed as weak Palinode retraction of something we did early on in our careers spent all his days finetuning his poems Poem 310 Summary Everyone is happy in May but he isn t because his love is dead Conzoniere is like a picture mosaic each 366 poem is a piece that makes u Petrarch his love for Laura was viewed as a weakness contrasting with ante s high regard for his love Beatrice Sonnet 35 sonnet about solitude he wants to get away because he doesn t want people to see him the way he his Boccaccio s Decameron 0 Decameron the human comedy faces different problem concerned with our social state 0 lntroduction inability to understand and human s inability to act to the plague world falls apart highest order were dead onethird of Europe s population died of this disease 0 Death on massive scale dissolution cruelty and loss of compassion were repeated 0 Plague brought out the inhuman in people 0 Response to total dissolution was to recreate it through words recreate world through art and representatin 39 g 3917 ii i the human eye cannot penetrate the secrets of the mind Spiritual Truth we can t know we can know reality First Day Third Story The Italian Renaissance Reader page 93 What does the narrator tell us about these characters We are told Neifile was a rich Jew who loans money but also says he is a very wise man Saladin was a Third crusade character who had lived in a grandeur manner and was now poor asks Neifile a trick question Stops telling description starts to show 0 Question Which ofthe Three faiths is the best Question is never answered Analogy of not knowing Not what one would expect coming from the age of faith Highly mnemonic that inspired Renaissance painting because people now wanted to see how reality actually was