Exam II Study Guide (ch. 6, 7, 8, and 11)
Exam II Study Guide (ch. 6, 7, 8, and 11) BIOL 2601 - 01
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BIOL 2601 - 01
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Suzanne Notetaker on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 2601 - 01 at Youngstown State University taught by Dr. Asch in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 259 views. For similar materials see General Biology in Biology at Youngstown State University.
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Eugh...this class is soo hard! I'm so glad that you'll be posting notes for this class
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Date Created: 10/03/15
Study Guide for Exam 11 Chapters 6 7 8 and 11 591 U P 14 15 Describe brie y the two forms of energy Energy can be both and Which of the following are characteristics of a spontaneous reaction Choose all that apply a Exergonic b Endergonic c Free energy G gt 0 1 Free energy lt 0 e Energy released f Requires additional energy T or F both enzymes and coenzymes are proteins What is the order of steps of enzymecatalyst reactions Enzyme undergoes conformational changes Substrates bind to enzyme Products are releases Enzymes may be released Substrates converted to products What are the ways for substrate binding Lock and key metaphor Competitive inhibition Chemiosmosis Induced fit phenomenon A and D A C and D g All of the above T or F competitive inhibition has molecules bind to the active site while non competitive has molecules bind to the allosteric not active site tmeop gw What is the difference between catabolic and anabolic when it comes to ATP Describe the ways to make ATP 10 1 1 12 13 T or F Oxidation gains electrons and Reduction loses electrons What does the coenzyme NADH do to electrons What are proteasomes and lysosomes What is the aim of cellular respiration a Breakdown macromolecules b Make C02 c Make ATP 1 Make NADH e B C and D f C and D Name of four pathways of glucose metabolism In the first pathway of glucose metabolism a Where b Three phases c Net yield 1 Product e Produces ATP by 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 In the second pathway of glucose metabolism a Where b Starting molecule c Releases d Loss of pyruvate yields total loss of carbons pyruvate e Produce which attaches to CoA to make In the third pathway of glucose metabolism a Where b Starting and ending product c Oxaloacetate and Acetyl CoA combine to make d Releases and Acetyl CoAturn of cycle e Releases and glucose f Produces ATP by In he final pathway of glucose metabolism a Where b Purpose c Final electron acceptor d Move across gradient to make by e Protons can only pass through f Produces ATP by T or F You get more energy out of carbs than fats and proteins T or F Anaerobic respiration uses oxygen while aerobic respiration lacks oxygen What are the two strategies of anaerobic respiration a Produce ATP only Via substratelevel phosphorylation b Use a different electron acceptor other than 02 c Use energy from carbs d A and B e All of the above What are the two pathways of fermentation Production of 02 Production of lactic acid Reduction of C02 Production of ethanol A and B B and D Stages of Photosynthesis 9999 9 Stage Light Reactions Where Stroma Produce T or F Autotrophs make organic molecules while Heterotrophs must eat organic molecules 25 Identify the anatomy parts of the chloroplasts Image provided by httpdiagramaxyzchloroplastdiagraml Chloroplast t 1 l v l l l l lllll 39I lllw r Allll Wm y 0 39o l 26 Excited electrons travels from Photosystem to Photosystem 27 Light harvesting complex and are part of Photosystem 28 The reaction center generates and then releases energy to make the H electrochemical gradient a 02 and ATP b C02 and H20 c 02 and H d H and ATP 29 What is the primary role of Photosystem I a Make ATP b Remove 02 c Generate H d Make NADPH e None of the above 30 What is not a way to generate an H gradient a Splitting water b Transfer electrons c Pump H across ETC d NADPH formation e None of the above 31 Finish the table Noncyclic Pathway Produces ATP Transferred to NADP and eventually NADPH 32 The Calvin Cycle incorporates C02 into using lots of energy 33 Phases of Calvin Cycle Carbon Fixation Regeneration of RuBP Use ATP and NADPH 2 3PG 6 RuBP 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 What is not a variation in photosynthesis 0999 Light intensity C02 Temperature Water availability None of the above In photorespiration What is favored a b C d Low C02 high 02 High C02 low 02 Low C02 low 02 High C02 high 02 What do C4 plants do to respiration In C4 leaves how is the twocell layer organized 0999 s Mesophyll cell Bundlesheath cell Thylakoids A and B A and C Which is better in cooler climates C3 or C4 plants In C4 CAM plants the stomata at night and during the day a Opens and closes b Closes and opens c None of the above Which isn t a necessary criteria for genetic material a Information b DNA c Transmission d Variation e None of the above In Grif th s DNA experiment which is transformed a Type S b Heatkilled type S c Mix live R With heatkilled S d Type R e None of the above In Avery MacLeod and McCarty DNA experiment removing the resulted in no transformation a DNA b RNA c Proteases d All of the above e None of the above 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 In the Hershey and Chase DNA experiment the 35 S was found the cell while the 32F was found the cell a Inside inside b Inside outside c Outside inside d Outside outside e None of the above What are the levels of the DNA Structure Both DNA and RNA have similar component Which is not one a Phosphate group b Pentose sugar c Pyrimidines d Nitrogenous base e None of the above When talking about DNA s and RNA s nitrogenous bases what is the difference in the pyrimidines a DNA has Thymine and RNA has Adenine b DNA has Cytosine and RNA has Adenine c DNA has Thymine and RNA has Uracil d DNA has Guanine and RNA has Cytosine e None of the above In the nucleotide numbering system the strands are written a l to 5 b 2 to 3 c 2 to 4 d 5 to 3 e None of the above In the DNA basepairing the amount of cytosine equals the amount of a Adenine b Thymine c Guanine d All of the above e None of the above T or F the DNA strands have a sugarphosphate backbone and are stabilized by Hydrogen bonding What was the conclusion to Meselson and Stahl experiment a Semiconservative replication b Conservative replication c Dispersive replication d Nonconservative replication e None of the above Chromosomes are composed of which is a DNAprotein complex What are the three levels of DNA Compaction 53 Place the chromosomes in order of the most compacted to the least compacted 9999 s Metaphase Hetrochromatin Euchromatin Metaphase Euchromatin Hetrochromatin Euchromatin Hetrochromatin Metaphase Euchromatin Metaphase Hetrochromatin Hetrochronmatin Eurchormatin Metaphase Answers 1 9593 99 89 13 14 15 16 Kinetic involves movement Potential stored energy Created destroyed A D and E False only Enzymes are proteins Substrates bind to enzyme Enzyme undergoes conformational changes Substrates converted to products Products are released Enzymes may be released E True Catabolic makes ATP Anabolic w ATP Substratelevel phosphorylation enzyme transfer phosphate from one molecule to another Chemiosmosis energy stored in electrochemical gradient False 11 12 Catch electrons that are going away and harness them for energy Proteasomes breaks down proteins Lysosomes breaks down macromolecules F Glycolysis breakdown of pyruvate citric acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation a Cytosol b Energy investment cleavage energy liberation c 2 ATP and 2 NADH d Pyruvate e Substratelevelphosphorylation a Mitochondrial matrix b Pyruvate c 2 Carbon and 2 NADH d 1 Carbon 2Carbons 1 NADH e Acetyl Acetyl CoA 17 a Mitochondrial matrix b Oxaloacetate c Citrate d 2 C02 1 ATP 3 NADH and 1 FADH2 e 4 C02 2 ATP 6 NADH and 2 FADH2 f Substratelevel phosphorylation 18 a Inner mitochondrial memebrane b Make ATP c Oxygen d H electrochemical protonmotive force e ATP synthase f Chemiosmosis 19 True 20 False 21 D 22 F 23 Stage Light Reactions CalVin Cycle Where Thylakoid membrane Stroma Produce ATP NADPH 02 G3P 24 True 25 1 Outer membrane 2 Inner membrane 3 Granum 4 Lumen 5 Thylakoids 6 Stroma 26 II I 27 Reaction center I 28 C 29 D 30 B 31 Noncyclic Pathway Cyclic Pathway Produces ATP and NADPH Produces ATP Transferred to NADP and eventually Return to PSI NADPH 32 Carbs 33 Carbon Fixation Reduction and Carb Regeneration of RuBP Production Use Rubisco Use ATP and NADPH Use 6 ATP 2 3PG G3P 7 RuBP 34 B 35 A 36 Minimize 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 U OgtOUUDgtOU Nucleotides Strands Double helix Chromosomes and Genome C C D C True A Chromatin DNA wrapping 30nm Fiber and Radial Loop Domain A
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