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An Overview of Hinduism

by: Emily Miller

An Overview of Hinduism REL-R 153

Marketplace > Indiana University > Religious Studies > REL-R 153 > An Overview of Hinduism
Emily Miller
Haberman D

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About this Document

Study guide for a Hinduism Test! Features important terms, concepts, and vocab
Haberman D
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Miller on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to REL-R 153 at Indiana University taught by Haberman D in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see RELIGIONS OF ASIA in Religious Studies at Indiana University.

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Date Created: 10/03/15
Upanishads Classical Yoga problem identifying of the ego cause samsara eyes of rebirth goal knowledge freedom from desire ATTAIN BRAHMAN he who knows this achieves immortality path yoga 8 Limbs of yoga meditation controlling the senses withdraw from desire looking inwards of yourself SHARED BETWEEN 2 problem samsara cause ignorance goal freedom moksha ATTAIN BRAHMAN path yoga 1 Bhagavad Gita Karmic Yoga problem samsara alienation cause goal Freedom of karmic bonding reach heaven stop being reborn path Karma yoga do good things Hindu Temples and Gods and Goddesses murti svarupa puja god rituals svarupa the statues of god in the temple seva to volunteer with no reward selfless worshippraying just to give power to God darshan visual communion looking before going into the inner temple God s embodiment in the svarupas arati fire offering prasad food offerings to the gods grace in the edible form all food has come from the gods and goddesses so we give back to them as thanks Home shrines to shift human perception to focus on the forms of the gods Shrines at home to bring god home to help you Visiting temples pilgrimages to the gods Origins of Ganesha god of beginnings mouse mount Shiva savior of the world Shaivism has been associated with yogilike people meditative culture Shiva on the edge of civilization Parvati is wife of shiva mother of Ganesha Shiva and Parvati are the same but different cow and tiger mount respectively Durga Devi God of destroyer Shaktism mother like figure for the gods tiger mount Kali mother who gives food to her children takes care of you during life then takes it back at the end container sustainer and destroyer of life Sarasvati white swan mountpeacock Lakshmi abundance sits on pink lotus white elephant mount Vishnu Vaishnavism Differences allows relationship between worshipper and worshipped Allows for different perspectives Puja is common ground veda 1 2 3 4 239132933 N L VV 6 9132933 Problem lack of things need materialistic things Cause chaos of cycle of existence Goal material stuff of this world power in this world Path Rig Veda act to get a reward Upanishads Problem Samsara Cycle of Rebirth Cause Ignorance Goal Realization that Atman Brahman Moksha Freedom Path Turning lnwards Eg drop in the ocean both are the same Classical Yoga Problem samsara cycle of rebirth Cause Karma conditioning factors old habits this life and other lives Prakriti our world all matter Goal Moksha Freedom form the world amp Samadhi Realization Atman Brahman Path 8 Limbs of Classical Yoga Discipline Bhagavad Gita Problem Samsara and Alienation Cause lgnorance Attachment Goal Moksha difference is freedom through action rather than freedom from action means to an end rather than an end Path Karma Yoga actionless action acting without caring for consequences Eg If everything is ocean goal is to enjoy the waves rather than become one with the ocean Devotion Problem Alienation from God Cause Ignorance getting distracted and away from God Goal Intimacy with God Desire to be with God Path Devotion worships usually focus on a certain godgoddesses 6 Use for question 3 God Mounts not important 67 KEY TERMS Creation Myth Purusha sacrificed 14th of himself which turned into everything Rig Veda The first of the Vedas which is a portion of knowledge that is believed to be written by the godssuperhumans Purusha Brahman The 34ths dude 1000 heads amp 1000 arms amp 1000 eyes Atman The human soul which is constantly recycled if it does not attain Moksha Brahman Purusha Origins The ultimate existence Upanishads The post vedic philosophical works that talk about how to attain moksha through knowledge Samsara The eternal cycle of dying and rebirth that can only be ended by attaining Moksha The Prison of Karma Karma actions having a consequence Moksha freedom from samsara and knowledge that atman is brahman yoga practices of discipline which leads to Moksha turning inwards Mahabharata one of the two great Hindu Epics which contains the Bhagavad Gita Krishna The avatar of vishnu who is the god who delivers righteousness to the world Arjuna the warrior who had to fight his family and questioned his morale to fight and asked Krishna what to do and was told that he should fight because no matter what happens he will have done his duty dharma duty Sanatanadharma universal dharma everyone should follow basic rules EG sanatana dharma for everyone is not the kill your family and to survive svadharma your own ethics determined by agegendersocial classetc EG sva dharma of a warrior is to fight karma yoga the practice of doing actions without caring for consequences prakriti all of naturematter bhakti devotion murti murti svarupa puja god rituals svarupa the statues of god in the temple seva to volunteer with no reward selfless worshippraying just to give power to God darshan visual communion looking before going into the inner temple God s embodiment in the svarupas arati fire offering prasad food offerings to the gods grace in the edible form all food has come from the gods and goddesses so we give back to them as thanks


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