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ENG 2320 Test 1 Study Guide

by: Marissa

ENG 2320 Test 1 Study Guide 2320

Marketplace > Texas State University > Foreign Language > 2320 > ENG 2320 Test 1 Study Guide
Texas State
GPA 3.3
British Literature 1785 +
Susan Tilka

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British Literature 1785 +
Susan Tilka
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Marissa on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 2320 at Texas State University taught by Susan Tilka in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see British Literature 1785 + in Foreign Language at Texas State University.

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Date Created: 10/04/15
o A central issue is the signi cance the Romantic generation attached to the imagination The transformation of life through the subiective imaoination can be regarded as the central concept in Romanticism The mind of the writer has become the focus and the center If at one point in history God was at the center of everything by the time we arrive at the Romantics God has been disolaced sufficientlv to establish the individual mind the organizing center of life 0 Artists bring in their personal view through their imagination 19th century values Medievalism Orientalism Eroticism Primitivism Progress Antiintellectualism Sentimentalism Humanitarianism Democracy Originality Cultural diversity Confessionalism Nature Purgative power of art Antipathy to the age William Blake OOOOOOOOOOOOOOO Emerging themes strong emotion creativity women democracy alienation of the artistrebel In Songs in Experience Blake uses nature to represent the state of innocence and to show that human beings can return to that state by reestablishing their conduct with the natural world Freethinker Visionary creator of myths Ardent democratliberal Social institutions are vehicles of repression Anticipates Freud39s ideas about repression Man s fall is his quotpsychic disintegrationquot Redemption in the gift of imagination Last epic poet Mary Robinson Writer actress mistress Celebrity Literary market for women Liberal ideas A peer of Wordsworth and Coleridge Anna Letitia Barbauld EvangeHcal Women39s rightspolitics Professional woman of letters quotIquot in her poems The ordinary as poetic material Mary Wollstonecraft Wife of William Godwin Mother of Mary Shelley 1792 A Vindication of the Rights of Women A balanced proposal for the education of women A call for a revolution in quotfemale mannersquot Current social conditions affect men women Women39s oppression cuts across all social classes Women inherit roles that deny their full humanity Misogyny in literature Democracy is illegitimate if it degrades women Criticizes quotconduct booksquot OOOOOOOO Robert Burns Southwest Scotland Occupation farmer Myth of the quotnatural poetquot quotheaventaught plowmanquot Ardent democrat admired French and American Revolutions Fierce Scottish nationalism Radical in religion quotReligion of Sentiment reasonquot Collected Scottish folk songs Burns39 songs over 300 o Freshness immediacy of emotion Celebrations of ordinary life Best songs written in Scots dialect Based on the oral tradition of native Scottish folk song Simple in form 0 Traditional lyric themes love drink work sex bawdry friendship patriotism Types of lyric song sonnet ode elegy conversation poem dramatic monologue Lyric poem 0 Relatively short 0 Personal utterance speaker often dramatized o Expresses an intense emotionidea o Often has musical qualities 0000 William Wordsworth Moves to the Lake District with his sister Dorothy Publishes Lyrical Ballads with Coleridge in 1798 Publishes Preface to the 2nCI edition of Lyrical Ballads in 1800 quota revolutionary manifesto about the nature of poetryquot quotGreat Decadequot 17971807 The Prelude 1850 1824 Poet Laureate of England Ode long lyric poem that is 0 Serious in subject 0 Elevated in style 0 Elaborate in its stanzaic structure quotlntimations Odequot o NeoPlatonic notion of the preexistence of the soul 0 Childhood as a nearly divine state o quotIntimationsquot of our immortal nature 0 Restorative powers of nature 0 quotthe philosophic mindquot quotLinesquot quotTintern Abbeyquot 0 Evokes the present scene of the Wye River Valley Explains how between 1793 rst visit and present 1798 his recollections of the Wye Valley have been a source of renewal Discusses his developing relationship with nature childhood youth adulthood Looks toward future direct address to Dorothy ends with prayer Poem inspired by the wooded hills that rise above the Abbey A quotnature poemquot natural scene used as an occasion for personal re ection A quotconversation poemquot relatively informal language and tone 0 An example of quotblank versequot unrhymed iambic pentameter How Lyrical Ballads overturned 18th century concepts of poetry 0 18th c arti cial language poetic diction LB quotlanguage really used by menquot 0 Meter for form skill Meter for pleasure 0 Poetry is the conventional elevated to art quotspontaneous over ow of powerful feelings recollected in tranquilityquot 0 Poetry as general truth Poetry as truth but quotcarried alive into the heart by passionquot o Poet is skillful craftsman Poet is bard creative gifted visionary 0 Poetry exists in hierarchy epic to lyric Democratic spirit lyric a major poem 0 00000 Samuel Taylor Coleridge Radical in religion and politics French Revolution quotpantisocracyquot William and Dorothy Wordsworth live near Coleridge at Nether Stowey 17971799 Lyrical Ballads 1798 Addicted to laudanum by 1801 Biographica Literaria 1817 Coleridge39s theory of imagination and critique of Wordsworth o Critique of Wordsworth39s theory of poetic diction Coleridge39s theories about literature quotsecondary imaginationquot vs quotfancyquot De nes quotpoemquot Theory of organic unity Important thinker and literary theorist Conversation poems Poems of mystery and demonism De nition of art quotto produce that willing suspension of disbelief for one moment which constitutes poetic faithquot Rime of the Ancient Mariner First published in Lyrical Ballads Narrative poem Romantic fascination with the strange exotic and mysterious Explores psychology of primal guilt Addresses the relation of the human to the natural world compare the albatross to Burns39 mouse This LimeTree Bower My Prison 0 quotconversation poemquot a blend of description and meditation relatively informal 0000 00000 o Situation William Dorothy and Charles Lamb walk while Coleridge is quotimprisonedquot o Imagined description of the walk 0 Actual description of the bower 0 City vs nature Kubla Khan 0 Origin of poem 0 Dream state 0 Evocation of a strange exotic place 0 Poem as metaphor for the process of artistic creation imagination Frost at Midnight o quotconversation poemquot 0 Addressed to Hartley 17 months old 0 City vs nature ministry of nature 0 A source for quotTintern Abbeyquot Percy Shelley Second generation Romantic poet Rebel against social institutions quotNecessity of Atheismquot expelled from college Visionary and idealist quotpoets are the unacknowledged legislators of the worldquot Married Mary Godwin Hope is a moral obligation to Shelley because it releases the powers of imagination Imagination and love can redeem the world Ode to the West Wind 0 Apostrophe a direct address whether to an absent person or to an abstract or inanimate entity Creates an effect of high formality and emotional intensity 0 Wind is both quotdestroyer and preserverquot 0 Structure of the poem Effect of wind upon leaves Effect of wind upon clouds Effect of wind upon water Poet seeks union with the wind quotOh Lift mequot but fails quotI fallquot Another try poet asks to become a windlike instrument of spiritual renewal John Keats Modest origins Orphan at 14 Physician 1821 dies at 26 Sensuous beauty Empathy imaginative sympathy Poems express romantic longing but we must live in time faithful to reason Transience we live in time but wish to escape it Compared to Shakespeare Transcendence come in eeting moments Ode to a Nightingale o Ode to power of imagination Song carries the speaker to a transcendent state Stanzas 1 2 3 8 take place in daylight Stanzas 4 7 penetrate the dark Bird represents beauty and permanence of art 0000 0 Experience momentarily relieves speaker from torment of mortality o Is the experience a vision or dream 0 To Autumn o Profound acceptance of mortality 0 Solace in Nature living in Time 0 Structure Early Sept Preharvest Middle Oct midday Late Nov evening 0 A movement outward from the cottage abroad to the slq o Sensory appeal tactile visual auditory


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