Exam 3 Study Guide
Exam 3 Study Guide Bio 271
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Securria on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Bio 271 at University of North Carolina at Greensboro taught by Jeremy Ingraham in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Anatomy in Biology at University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
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Date Created: 03/20/16
Exam 3 Study Guide Chapter 21 Blood What binds to oxygen that is in each heme molecule lron What feature of RBC make it possible to carry oxygen Hemoglobin What carries most oxygen in the blood RBC This solute is carried to sites of breakdown or excretion Organic wastes What solute is used for ATP production growth amp maintenance of cells Normal extracellular uid ion composition essential for vital cellular activity is the main function of Electrolytes What things make up the other solutes of blood Electrolytes organic nutrients and organic wastes Where are most proteins produced Liver What are some features of regulatory proteins lt1 of plasma proteins enzymes What are some features of brinogens 4 of plasma proteins important for clotting What are some features of globulins 35 of plasma proteins transport ions What are some features of albumins 60 of plasma proteins contributes to osmotic pressure What is plasma wo clotting proteins called Serum To be anemic means Low RBC count To have polycythemia means High RBC Count What is the percentage of whole blood occupied by cells called Hematocrit How much hematocrit do men and women have Men 4050 Women 37 47 What is the feature of agglutination Clumping What is the feature of blood type A Erythrocytes w type A surface antigen and plasma w antiB antibodies What is the feature of blood type B Erythrocytes w type B surface antigen and plasma w antiA antibodies What is the feature of blood type AB Erythrocytes w both types of surface antigen and plasma w neither anti antibodies What is the feature of blood type 0 Erythrocytes w neither type of surface antigen but plasma w both anti antibodies What is What is What is function of What is the the the this the function of function of function of leukocyte function of this this this this leukocyte leukocyte leukocyte leukocyte rij r r Mount 39u 7 r 7 Immune Phagocyti parasitic Release 9539 A ze worms histamine t EC Phagocyto bacteria a ac sis What IS the What are some characteristics of Neutrophil Nucleus is multilobed inconspicuous cytoplasmic granules What are some characteristics of Eosinophil Nucleus is bilobed red cytoplasmic granules What are some characteristics of Basophil Nucleus is lobed large purplish black cytoplasmic granules What are some characteristics of Lymphocyte Nucleus is spherical or indented pale blue cytoplasm What are some characteristics of Monocyte Nucleus is U or kidney shaped grayblue cytoplasm Where are all blood cells produced Red bone marrow Where do most WBC s come from Daughter cells called myeloid stem cells What causes leukopenia Low wbc count What causes leukocytosis High wbc count Chapter 22 Heart What are the functions of the right side of the heart Receives blood from the heart and pumps put to lungs What are the functions of the left side of the heart Receives blood from lungs and pumps out to body What is the direction of the pulmonary circulation Right side of heart deoxygenated blood blood vessels lungs get oxygen bloodrelease carbon dioxide blood vessels left side of heart What is the direction of the systemic circulation Left side of heart blood vessels systemic cells exchange nutrients respiratory gases and wastes blood vessels right side of heart What surrounds the heart Pericardium What are the features of the pericardium Parietal layer pericardial cavity and visceral layer What are the four chambers Leftright ventricles and leftright atriums What separates the ventricles Interventricular septum What valves are on the right side Pulmonary semilunar valve and right atrioventricular valve tricuspid What valves are on the left side Left atrioventricular bicuspid and aortic semilunar valve What are the jelly sh legs Chordae tendinae What are the cone shaped ridges of the heart Papillary muscles What causes the sounds in the heart When it closes What are the coronary vessels arteries on the front of the heart Right coronary left coronary anterior interventricular and circum ex What are the coronary vessels arteries on the back of the heart Posterior left ventricular left coronary right coronary and posterior interventricular What are the coronary vessels veins on the front of the heart Anterior cardiac small cardiac and great cardiac What are the coronary vessels veins on the front of the heart Coronary sinus posterior vein middle cardiac small cardiac and great cardiac What is the system of the electric activity in the heart SA node intermodal pathways AV node AV bundle bundle branches and purkinje ber Chapter 23 Blood Vessels Which direction does arteries carry blood away Which direction does veins carry blood Toward What is the function of capillaries Bridge arteries and veins What is the space in a blood vessel called Lumen What is the difference between veins and arteries Veins have valves What are the layers of the vessels outward to inward Tunica externa tunica media connective tissue and endothelium of tunica intima What are the layers of capillaries called out to in basal lamina and endothelial cell What do the sphincters control The ow of the capillary bed What items cross capillary walls Gases water nutrients electrolytes and wastes What is the starting points of the venous system Superior vena cava and inferior vena cava What is the deep vein in the upper arm called Brachial Does the gastric vein have a left or right designation no Chapter 24 Lymphatic System Where does lymph originate The capillaries How are uids between blood and tissue exchanged across walls Capillaries What is the uid called in the lymph vessels Lymph uid What are the components of the lymphatic system Capillaries vessels trunks and ducts and nodes What is the feature of lymphatic capillaries Capture tissue uid What is the feature of lymphatic vessels trunks and ducts Carry uid back to venous systems What is the feature of lymph nodes Act as lters What is the beginning of the thoracic duct Cisterna chili Which lymph duct is the longest Thoracic duct Which nodes go into the right lymphatic duct Axillary and cervical Which nodes go into the thoracic duct Everywhere else What is a feature of lymphedema Build up of tissue uid due to disruption of normal lymph drainage What are the names of the lymph nodes Cervical lumbar axillary pelvic and inguinal lymph nodes
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