Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide Religious Studies 361
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by M. Notetaker on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Religious Studies 361 at Marshall University taught by Ruff in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 108 views. For similar materials see Buddhism in Religious Studies at Marshall University.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
10 11 12 13 Buddhism Exam 1 Study Guide Know the Buddha s name date of birth caste where he was born a Siddhartha Gautama 563483 BCE WarriorRuler caste Lumbini modernday Nepal Describe the Buddha s early lifestyle a Privileged and sheltered Know the Buddha s reply to the question Are you a God What did he mean a He answered that he was awake That he is aware of the world What does the word Buddha mean a Buddha awakened one The Four Sights what were they and why are they significant a 1 An aged man gt aging b 2 A diseased man gt illness c 3 A corpse gt death d 4 Serene ascetic wandering holy man gt the religious life Why did he leave his family and luxurious lifestyle a Basically all the money and other material items are not enough for true happiness Where did he go to seek enlightenment a He went to the forest What were the 3 phases he went through in his search What did he learn a Phases of enlightenment i 1 Learned from teachers ii Extreme asceticism iii Meditation gt later the middle pat b Learned i Obsession is the root of suffering ii Extreme asceticism isn t worth it iii Yoga amp meditation dharma samsara Karma basis of Buddhist world view Where did he achieve enlightenment a B0 Tree gt Bodhi Tree at Bodh Gaya Who is Mara What did he do to distract the Buddha as he sought enlightenment a Mara is a demon who represents temptation and death He sent his daughters lust greed ignorance to tempt him Approximately how long was the Buddha s ministry ie years teaching after Enlightenment a 4045 years What are the J ataka Tales a Fables parables folk tales oldest Buddhist texts older than the Buddha s legendary tales SN Smith amp Novak describe the Buddha as one of the greatest rationalists of all time What does he mean a Four Noble Truths medical model b You are in control of whether you harm yourself amp others make a more wholesome world 14 The Buddha was called sakyamuni and tathagata What do these terms mean in relation to the Buddha a Sakyamuni i Shakya family ii Muni sage b Tathagata i Thus gone ii Having gone thus iii Buddha is gone attained nirvana iv Remember him fondly it s on you V I m out of here it s on you vi To show he isn t a god 15 What was the prevailing religion in the area when the Buddha taught a Hinduism 16 Rebel saint a Author gives us basic things you expect in a religion then shows how Buddhism doesn t quite fit b Does not have categories for professional people Just noteworthy Buddhists Dalai Lama 14 different ones says he will not return Identity is a politically contentious figure Create political turmoil people would create different Dalai Lamas Submit to religious authority quality control is another issue trusting the system if all teachers have training of what you expect if the system is screwed up gt people will trust the authority Check everything out for yourself cannot take others word for it Important terms 1 Symbolism of the wheel wheel of samsara amp wheel of dharma a Samsara giant monster holding on to a merrygoround b Dharma wheel with 8 spokes 2 Mindfulness a Intentional accepting and nonjudgmental focus of one s attention on the emotions thoughts and sensations occurring in the present moment trained by meditation The Four Noble Truths 1 All is suffering a Duhkha disease suffering All seek to be liberated from suffering 2 The cause of suffering is craving a Trishna thirst cause of suffering gt insatiable desireswants Desire gt karma Karma gt samsara 3 Maintains that suffering could be eliminated by removing desire 9 a Nirvana liberation extinctionextinguishments gt extinguishing blowing out Cessation of human individuality desires Suffering can be eliminated by following a path With 8 aspects centering around the 3 main goals of seeing life objectively Duhkha suffering Six moments When humans experience duhkha O 1 Trauma of birth 2 Sickness 3 Aging 4 Death 5 Being tied to one s dislikes in life 0 6 Separation from What one loves Anityaanicca impermanence Graspingattachments Skandhas O The 5 conditioning components skeins strings that make up the self I 1 Body I 2 Sensations I 3 Perceptions I 4 Dispositional tendencies I 5 Consciousness O O O O Tanha O Desire for private fulfillment selfishness clinging obsession Cure for selfish craving 0 Recognition of one s dislocation in life Way to be cured of selfish cravings desires O Eightfold Path The Eightfold Path 1 2 Right Understanding Right Views a Seeing things as they are Right Resolve Right Intentionmotivethought a Renunciation of previous mental attitudes Right Speech a Should be used to bring about Wholesomeness Right Action Right Conduct a All action should respect the wellbeing of others and foster the peacehappiness of all living beings Right Livelihood a Anything that potentially harms others or deliberately causes suffering is in con ict With the teachings of Buddha and Will hinder one from achieving liberation 6 Right Effort a The determined will of human beings to replace existing negative Karma With positive karma 7 Right Mindfulness Right Attentiveness a Being aware of the activities of the body sensationsfeelings mind thinking conceiving 8 Right Concentration dhyana Right Meditation a Meditative state of consciousness Which has risen to the unitive stage i 4 stages of concentration 1 2 Elimination of thoughts of lust ill Will worry anxiety doubt and laziness and are replaced With a sense of joy and wellbeing All forms of activity and thinking are left behind and one s existence is pervaded by joy and a sense of wellbeing Mental activities responsible for the feelings of joy are transcended and one achieves equanimity pervaded by happiness Direct insight replaces all activities of the mind and perfect equanimity is achieved beyond the dualities of grief and joy
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