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BIOL 1305 Study Guide for Exam 2

by: Rachel Pankuch

BIOL 1305 Study Guide for Exam 2 BIOL 1305

Marketplace > University of Texas at El Paso > Biology > BIOL 1305 > BIOL 1305 Study Guide for Exam 2
Rachel Pankuch
GPA 3.83
General Biology
Horacia O Gonzalez

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About this Document

Here is the study guide for Exam 2! It includes questions and answers for each of the terms needed to know for the exam. Happy Studying! :)
General Biology
Horacia O Gonzalez
Study Guide
BIOL 1305. Study Guide, Exam 2
50 ?




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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rachel Pankuch on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 1305 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Horacia O Gonzalez in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see General Biology in Biology at University of Texas at El Paso.


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Date Created: 10/04/15
BIOL 1305 General Biology Professor Horacio Gonzalez Email Monzalez utenedu Exam 2 Study Guide Questions 1 2 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 What are the two types of cells What do all cells have What is cell theory What are the fundamental units of life What uses glass lenses and a light source What uses electromagnets to focus an electron beam What determines metabolic activity What is composed of a phospholipid bilayer What has no membraneenclosed components or a nucleus What are plant animal and animal cells called What is made out of cytosol and ribosomes What is made out of water and dissolved materials What are sites of protein synthesis What is the rigid structure that protects the cell What supports and maintains cell shape The nucleus ribosomes cytoplasm and a plasma membrane are examples of What 17 18 19 20 21 What is composed of chromatin and protects DNA What is the power plant of the cell What is the site of much protein synthesis What is important in metabolism and detoxification What originates from the Golgi apparatus and contain digestive enzymes 22 23 24 25 26 What stores waste products and toxic compounds What harvests energy of sunlight to produce sugar What breaks down toxic peroxides What processes and packages proteins What are the series of internal membranes inside a chloroplast called 27 What are the largest diameter components in the cytoskeleton 28 What are the tough ropelike protein assemblages in the cytoskeleton 29 What helps a cell or parts of a cell to move in the cytoskeleton 30 What is associated With nuclear and cell division and controls movement of chromosomes 31 What contributes to the physical properties of cartilage skin and other tissues 32 33 34 What postulates mitochondria evolved from aerobic bacteria What is a system that is uid and dynamic What is composed of a polar phosphate group and a long hydrocarbon chain 35 What is exible and makes up the cell membrane 36 What pumps Na out of a cell and K in 37 What are proteins that adhere only temporarily to the biological membrane with which they are associated 38 What component of all animal cell membranes is required to maintain membrane structural integrity and uidity 39What provides energy and serve as markers for cellular recognition 40 What are important integral membrane proteins that play a role in cell to cell interactions 41 What prevent substances from moving through spaces between cells 42 What hold cells together but allow materials to move in the matrix 43 What are channels that run between membrane pores in adjacent cells allowing substances to pass between the cells 44 In what transport is no outside energy required 45 In what transport is outside energy required 46 What is the process of random movement toward equilibrium 47 What is the diffusion of water 48 Which osmosis has the same amount of solutes in the exterior and interior of the cell 49 Which osmosis has more solutes in the exterior of the cell 50 Which osmosis has more solutes in the interior of the cell 51 What are important channel proteins used to open or close an ion passage 52 What proteins facilitate diffusion by binding substances 53 What transport involves hydrolysis of ATP for energy 54 Which transport uses the energy from an ion concentration gradient or an electrical gradient 55 What uses the energy from an ion concentration gradient or an electrical gradient 56 What process brings molecules into the cell 57 What types of endocytosis is Where part of the membrane engulfs a large particle or cell 58 What types of endocytosis is vesicles form 59 What type of endocytosis depends on receptors to bind to specific molecules 60 What process moves materials out of the cell in vesicles 61 What is a sequence of molecular events and chemical reactions that lead to a cellular response 62 Which signals affect the same cells that release them 63 Which signals diffuse to and affect nearby cells 64 What are integral membrane proteins located in regions called coated pits 65 What catalyzes ATP protein gt ADP phosphorylated protein 66 What receptors expose a site that can bind to a membrane protein a G protein Answers to questions 1 Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic 2 A plasma membrane 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 The first unifying theory of biology Cells Light microscope Electron microscope Volume Plasma membrane Prokaryotic cell Eukaryotic cell Cytoplasm Cytosol Ribosomes Cell wall Cytoskeleton Organelle Nucleus Mitochondria Rough Endoplasmic reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic reticulum Lysosomes Vacuoles Chloroplasts Peroxisomes Golgi apparatus 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 Thylakoids Microfilaments Intermediate filaments Microtubules Centrioles Extracellular matrix Endosymbiosis theory Fluid Mosaic Model Phospholipid Phospholipid bilayer Integral Protein Peripheral proteins Cholesterol Glycolipids Glycoproteins Tight junctions Desmosomes Gap junctions Passive transport Active transport Diffusion Osmosis Isotonic 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 Hypertonic Hypotonic Ion channel Carrier proteins Primary active transport Secondary active transport Sodiumpotassium pump Endocytosis Phagocytosis Pinocytosis Receptormediated endocytosis Exocytosis Signal transduction pathway Autocrine signals Paracrine signals Receptor Kinase G proteinlinked receptors


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