SPEA V160: International and National Policies - Study Guide
SPEA V160: International and National Policies - Study Guide SPEA V160
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lisa Saha on Tuesday October 21, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to SPEA V160 at Indiana University taught by Miller in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 164 views. For similar materials see International and National Policies in Law and Legal Studies at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 10/21/14
SPEA V 16O Chapter 12 4 Study Guide Chpt 1 Public Policy how to regulate govern themselves choices made by public Public policy to know about process theoretical amp political promoting options 2 Gain resources cooperate and make choices liberalism individual liberty ownership Acquiring private property for better happiness SocratesPlatoAristotle how to behave to make choices without violence Machiavelli quotThe Princequot easier to plan political actions for goal to take chance HobbesLockeRousseau social contract to give power to government for social order thru law Secondat Montesquieu US Revolution time constitution ratified time separation of powers EJL Hamilton Madison JJ quotFederalistquot to ratify constitution Washington 8 Adams Jefferson Lincoln Wilson added to Am political thoughts Marx Weber Euro how to organize societies politically strong gt weak John Dewey social life Rawls Theory of Justice fairness Foucault challenged SC theory power structures were more dominant Chpt 3 4 Eras 1gt Divided Power divide into states and national fed and states work together or not weak national government after depression Articles of Confed Shay debt tax prison threats Constitution Conventionratification limited government increase state power promote commerce Gibbons v Ogden boat commerce clause Elastic Clause power to advance goals out of Constitution funded WW Expansion thru army contact thru PO same voting population 2gt State Activism Urbanization Industrialization stop much power civil war amendments laws want safety but laissez faire NY v Lochner work hours min wage Sherman Clayton modern antitrust law Food packaging Imp Powers Sherman Antitrust 1 industry can t dictate Fed Reserve Lochner Plessy ICC States Barron v Baltimore sea got dirty went to fed but can t Inc Doctrine states can t violate fed 3gt National Activism depression demands New Deal tried to change supreme courts Imp Powers FDIC SOCSEC CCC WPA TVA NIRA FCC CAB SEC New Deal promoted federal involvement in national policy making Created bodies GI Bill post war education FHA mortgage loans easily FDIC safety of bank deposits SS foreigndefense policy increased NATO threat of soviet expansion stopped HVAC and Crusade fear of communism Bby Boom Civicl Acts Voting Great Society Gay Rights EPA 4gt National Standards domestic policies made Great Society federal listens to public Nixon conservative policy made New Federalism returned discretion EPA NEPA inflation stem and price froze Budget lmpoundment Act War Powers Watergate Post New Deal Raegan out big governments Raegan Cold Wars ends Repub Rev Clinton no big govnt NAFTA Welfare Reform republican tookover Clinton defeated health care fail big government over Bush small government lots of money 911 homeland security Patriot Act Washington national policy restored Obama no conflict government spending increased 4 Types of Stability ideological multiple policy power Bad Economy more demand more needed Can t deflate more money cant increase debt no growth in public sector Tools FiscalBudgetary Policy Taxes and BorrowingRevenue Directlndirect Spending Monetary Policy put in bank controlled by fed reserve contract money increase requirement pump supply buy debt decrease discount rate decrease reserve requirements Regulation Antitrust ICC SEC regulates securitiesexchange OSHA work health CPSC what can sell and not sell Glass Stagall Act separate commercial and investment banks Subsidies give to encourage acts tax breaks Tax Policies Regressive Tax the more you have the less you pay Medicare FAIC SS Flat all same sales tax property tax Progressive most will pay highest income tax Restraint Promoters 2 houses separation of powers federalism Benefits of Restraints prevents sudden shifts promotes stability Negatives costs speed Constitution rule of law separation of powers federalism need personal liberty help private prop civil rights high on liberty stable for 200 years
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