Exam 2 Study Guide
Exam 2 Study Guide MUSI 2730 - 010
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Snell on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MUSI 2730 - 010 at Auburn University taught by Marc S. Dickerson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 91 views. For similar materials see Appreciation of Music in Fine arts at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/20/16
Study Guide for Exam II Things to study: • Lecture slides on canvas • Terms to know on canvas • Listen to pieces from the listening selection • Notes Study Questions: (answers below) 1. Which two people held the power of music during the Middle Ages? 2. What is a serf? 3. What are the Middle Ages also known as in history? 4. What is the difference between secular and sacred music? 5. What does syllabic mean? Nematic? Melismatic? 6. Who was Hildegard of Bingen, what did she compose and how did she know what to compose? 7. What was Guillaume de Machaut known for? 8. What does “bas” and “haut” mean? 9. During the Renaissance, what type of music became popular? 10. What did the Crusades have to do with the evolution of music? 11. Who kept the culture alive during these times? 12. What period in history lasted the longest time and had very ornamented music? 13. Who was Bach? 14. What did Bach invent? 15. What is a toccata? 16. What did Antonio Vivaldi write? 17. What was his nickname and why? 18. What did Handel write and what was his inspiration? 19. How did the Enlightenment change the lives of musicians? 20. Who was Franz Joseph Haydn? What did he do with his music that was different than anyone had ever heard of? 21. Who was Mozart? What did he write that supposedly had secrets from the Masons in it? 22. What is a musical bioptic and what is the one about Mozart called? 23. What is a concerto? 24. How did Mozart die and what happened on his death bed? 25. What does “singspiel” mean? 26. What is different about Beethoven’s genre of music? 27. How could Beethoven hear the music? 28. Who was Beethoven’s hero until he found he was a tyrant? 29. What is a metronome used for? 30. What did he do at a palace that changed the way people viewed musicians for year to come? 31. What was his ﬁnal symphony called? 32. How did he die? Answers: 1. The Queen and the Pope 2. a sharecropper, he would do manual labor in exchange for a plot of land where he can live with his family and grow food for his family 3. Dark Ages 4. Secular music is normally played for the Monarch (how we got love songs); sacred music was played at mass 5. Syllabic means one pitch per syllable/word; nematic: 2-5 pitches per syllable; melismatic: more than 5 pitches per syllable (ex. Alleluia) 6. She was a nun from Germany who was very inﬂuential in sacred music. She wrote Alleluia along with 700 other hymns. Her inspiration was from dreams she had that she claimed were from God. 7. He was a Frenchman known for his popular, advanced music of the time 8. Bas means playing soft music inside; Haut means playing loud music outside 9. Polyphonic 10. The Crusades opened up trade routes which had an inﬂuence on music and developed the merchant class 11. nuns and monks 12. The Baroque Period 13. Bach was born in Germany into a musical family but had to move into his brother’s house after their parents died. He copied music at his own risk but memorized every piece even after his brother burned his copies. He had 20 children and worked at least 5 jobs at once. He didn’t believe himself to be a great composer but a great organist. He started to go blind and died probably of infection. 14. Equal temperament, which meant making some of the notes out of tune to match the rest of the notes. He also came up with music theory (if you are writing music and using cords, you follow his rules) 15. A toccata is a piece that a musician can show off his talents 16. Spring 17. “Red Priest” because of his red beard and because he became a priest to get an education 18. Messiah; his inspiration was the Bible—each syllable ﬁt perfectly with the King James Bible 19. Musicians started to write not just a symphony but their symphony 20. Was known as the father of the symphony, his members were very well taken care of. His father was a miller and when he made Haydn try out for the Vienna Boys choir. There he earned an education. He used “surprise symphony” which meant that he used dynamics and a loud symbol to wake people up during his performance. 21. Mozart was a child prodigy. By the age of 3 he was playing melodies on the piano and by age 10 he wrote his ﬁrst opera. The Magic Flute was the opera he wrote that supposedly had secrets of the Masons in it. He was witty and smart and just wanted to play music. All of his pieces were written in ink and did not have any mistakes. 22. A musical bioptic is a movie about a composer or group; Amadeus was about Mozart 23. A concerto is a way for a performer to show off their ability. It has 3 movements. He wrote one for each wind instrument except the trumpet. 24. When Mozart’s dad died he was lost. He went into a deep depression and a ﬁgure (Salieri) came to him in a dream to write a requiem for someone who has died. He intended to steal it once Mozart was done but his wife came in to stop him from doing it and Mozart died. They were completely broke so there was no money to bury him. His body lay in a Pulpers Grave. 25. A “singspiel” literally means “singing/speaking” in German. So instead of the entire opera be performed in song, there would be some dialogue in it 26. Beethoven stands between the Classical and Romantic period 27. He could only listen to the beat and vibrations of the music by putting the piano on the ground and feeling the vibrations 28. Napoleon Bonaparte 29. used to keep time in the music 30. Once he was asked to go around because he was a musician but Beethoven put up a ﬁght until the Prince eventually had to come out and stop him. He asked everyone is any of them could play like he can and once all of them said no, he was allowed through the front gates 31. Ode to Joy 32. He died during a violent thunderstorm when he was very sick. He heard thunder strike and put his ﬁst in the air toward the heavens like a ﬁnal gesture.
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