Hist 150C: Europe in the modern world - Study Guide
Hist 150C: Europe in the modern world - Study Guide Hist 150C
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Daniel Thai on Wednesday October 22, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to Hist 150C at University of Arizona taught by Minayo Nasiali in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 169 views. For similar materials see Europe in the modern world in History at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 10/22/14
The Scientific Revolution Key Terms 1 scientific revolution 1 period where scientific theories and research 2 universities developed 3 Geocentrism 2 Gave academic freedom and right of a traveling 4 Heliocentrism scholar 5 Copernicus 3 Theory that the universe revolves around the 6 Galileo Galilee earth 7 Inductive Reasoning 4 It questioned the way the universe was viewed and brought the idea that the universe revolves Readings around the sun o the microscope 5 had the idea of heliocentrism and have done research on it 6 reproduced a telescope and clearly presented ideas of heliocentrism 7 brought light to experiments by using observations and bringing nature to the question willingness the ignore other beliefs 1609Galileo o reproduces a device called a spy glass telescope o discovery of planets o theory that planets revolves around the sun rather than earth was the center of the universe Scientific revolution o changes of view on the natural world and spiritual world o developed gradually over a long period of time 16th century 18th century Roots of the scientific revolution o Universities University of bologna university of paris university of oxford university of cambridge o they became popular all over europe o emergence of humanism Developing ideas about academic freedom o university of Boogna39s charter guaranteed the rights of a traveling scholar to unhindered passage in the interest of education o important because it allowed freedom of education o also allowed the ability of study outside of university o ability to express ideas without reputation for pursuing a study European exploration of the americas and parts of africa o americans were unknown to the europeans because they were not mentioned in any readings or bible religious wars o ways of interpreting the bible Geocentrism idea of the universe revolving around the earth idea that universe revolves around earth in 24 hours eementsearthwaterair and fire are the elements of making the planet 5th element in the heavens was composed of either cannot be altered or destroyed The element failed to explain any logic to other astronomers Copernicus and Heliocentrism the new model of the universe o idea that the center of the universe was the sun viewed this as how god planned the universe Copernicus ideas were explored by other astronomers believed that observation was the key to determine how the universe operate planets have elliptical orbits around the sun how galileo build on theories of his predecessors and why did his work became so popular o his work was more well presented to the public and proved the fact the the universe was heliocentric o wrote his book in italian and brought more illiterate people the read his theories Galileo galilei o Galileo was charged of challenging the idea of god and the roman empire o his book was placed in the prohibited books o his book was produced in mass numbers o he was forced to say that the universe revolved around earth isaac newton 16421727 c he was raised in a farmer family hated farming pursue education and went to cambridge university and became a professor of mathematics 0 created many mathematical formulas along with ones that explains the physical universe o establishes the force of gravity in the physical universe francis Bacon o inductive reasoning o experimentation o observation o putting nature to the question Inductive reasoning all scientific theories are tested with experiments and observation using nature o scientific experimentation to Bacon was putting nature into the question William Harvey o previous scientific knowledge brought knowledge to blood arteries and liver o investigates how the human body works so he dissected animals and found out that the heart is the organ that pumps blood through the body
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