Popular in Introduction to Insect Behavior
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Heidi Jones on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ENTM 21000-001 at Purdue University taught by Linda Mason in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Insect Behavior in Entomology at Purdue University.
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Date Created: 03/20/16
altruistic behavior self-sacrificing behavior that benefits another individual aorta large dorsal blood vessel Batesian mimicry A type of mimicry in which a harmless species looks like a species that is poisonous or otherwise harmful to predators a wormlike and often brightly colored caterpillar and hairy or spiny larva of a butterfly or moth chrysalis pupa of the butterfly cocoon pupa of a moth insect order characterized with hard forewings, Coleoptera "sheathed wing" membranous hind wings; chewing mouthparts (ladybugs and beetles) Insect development consisting of four complete metamorphosis stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult crop a pouch in many birds and some lower animals that resembles a stomach for storage and preliminary maceration of food insect order characterized with one pair of wings Diptera "two-wing" (hind pair reduced to knobs); sucking, piercing, or lapping mouthparts (mosquitoes and flies) entomology the branch of zoology that studies insects gastric ceca pockets of the stomach that secrete enzymes that break down food an enlargement of the digestive tract of some gizzard invertebrates, such as annelids and insects, that grinds food; a muscular region in the digestive tract of birds that grinds and softens food head anterior tagma of the grasshopper; bears mouthparts, a pair of unbranched antennae, and simple and compound eyes insect order characterized with two pairs of Hemiptera "half-wing" wings during part of life; piercing, sucking mouthparts (stink bugs) A class of arthropods with a body divided into the head, Hexapoda thorax, and abdomen, possessing antennae, with mouthparts modified for chewing, sucking, or lacking, three pairs of legs, and usually two pairs of wings. Homoptera "like wing" insect order characterized with membranous wings held like roof over body (some species are wingless): piercing, sucking mouthparts (aphids and cicadas) insect order characterized with two pairs of Hymenoptera "membrane membranous wings (some species wingless); biting, sucking or lapping mouthparts; some species social wing" (bees, wasps, ants) incomplete metamorphosis Insect development consisting of three stages: egg, nymph, and adult innate behavior a behavior that is influenced by genes and does not depend on learning arthropods with three body sections, six insects legs, one pair of antenna, and usually one or two pairs of wings Insect success can fly, quickly reproduce, and live almost anywhere Isoptera "equal wing" insect order characterized with chewing mouthparts and at times two pairs of membranous wings (termites) Karl von Frisch Austrian zoologist noted for his studies of honeybees (1886-1982) Preferential helping of genetic relatives, kin selection which results in the greater likelihood that genes held in common will survive labium an insect mouthpart that functions as a lower lip labrum insect mouthpart- functions like upper lip Lepidoptera "scaled wing" insect order characterized by large, scaled wings; chewing mouthparts in larvae, siphoning moutparts in adults (butterflies and moths) An excretory organ that is unique to arthropods, empties malpighian tubules into digestive tract and removes nitrogenous wastes from the hemolymph, also plays a role in osmoregulation. sharp-edged appendages of the mandible grasshopper that tear off edible bits of food maxillae found behind the mandibles of the grasshopper, these appendages help hold and cut the food mesothorax the middle or second segment of the thorax. it bears the first pair of wings and the middle pair of legs the marked and rapid transformation of metamorphosis a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals posterior portion of the thorax of insects, metathorax bearing the second pair of wings and the hind legs evolution of two species, both of which are Mullerian mimicry unpalatable and, have poisonous stingers or some other defense mechanism, to resemble each other Odonata "toothed" insect order characterized with two pairs of long, narrow, membranous wings; chewing mouthparts (dragonflies) insect order characterized with two pairs of Orthoptera "straight wing" straight wings; chewing mouthparts (grasshoppers, crickets, katydids) in many female insects, a structure that ovipositor is at the end of the abdomen and that is used to lay eggs a chemical substance secreted externally by some pheromone animals (especially insects) that influences the physiology or behavior of other animals of the same species prothorax the anterior part of an insect's thorax; bears first pair of walking legs an insect in the inactive stage of pupa development (when it is not feeding) intermediate between larva and adult queen bee the mature, fertile female that lays eggs in a colony of bees queen factor a pheremone that the queen bee secretes to prevent other female larvae from developing into queens Honeybee dancing in a circular motion; round dance indicates that food is very nearby. royal jelly Food made by worker bees out of pollen, honey, and days, then only given to the larvae destined to best three queens. salivary glands secrete saliva to moisten and lubricate food insects that exist within a society in social insects which each insect has a particular job or function middle tagma of the grasshopper; consists of thorax pro-, meso, and metathoraxes tympanum a sound-sensing membrane on the abdomen of an insect waggle dance Honeybee dancing with wiggle-type movements; indicates food is far away. worker bees nonreproductive females that make up the vast majority of the hive population; perform all the duties of the hive except reproduction
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