Genetics Midterm 1 Key
Popular in Greek Mythology
Popular in Classical Studies
This 21 page Study Guide was uploaded by martinlutharking on Monday October 27, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to CLASS 40 at a university taught by Gallucci in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 271 views.
Reviews for Genetics Midterm 1 Key
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/27/14
MCDB 101A S14 Midterm 1 Name Key 7714 100 points total Perm Multiple Choice Circle the letter corresponding to the best answer Answer questions 19 on your Scantron answer form 3 points for each correct answer 1 Which protein is required for theta replication and rolling circle replication a DNA helicase b DNA gyrase c DNA A d Primase e Both c and d 2 For a doublestranded DNA molecule which of the following base ratios always equals 1 a CTAG b AGCT c CG d GTAC e All of the above 3 Chargaff s Rules are most directly related to this structural feature of DNA molecules a The presence of a 034 nm repeat b The presence of a 34 nm repeat c The 2 nm diameter of the molecule d The overall helical structure of the molecule e The alignment of repeated electron dense elements perpendicular to the long axis of the molecule 4 Which of the following information can be obtained from the cis test a The relative order of mutations b The relative distance between genes c Whether mutations are in the same or different genes d The mutation frequency e Both a and b 5 Which of the following is not required for Rhoindependent transcriptional termination a An inverted repeat sequence b a rut site c a polyA DNA sequence d ribosomes e both b and d 6 You repeatedly attempt to carry out a cis test with two rII mutant phage but fail to obtain any plaques when you assay the coinfection lysates on E coli K12 Which of these is consistent with this finding a The mutations are too far apart for recombination to occur at a detectable level b The mutations are too close together for recombination to occur at a detectable level c The mutations are in different genes d The mutations are in the same gene e One of the mutations is a dominant mutation 7 An example of a conditional mutation is a the r allele of phage T2 b the h allele of phage T2 c a temperaturesensitive mutation d both b and c e a b and c 8 True or false RNA is synthesized 3 to 5 9 True or false Prototrophs can grow on both rich media and minimal media 10 In the Hershey Chase experiment seventy ve percent of the 32P and 25 of the 35S ended up in the bacterial pellet a 4 points What was the expected result assuming that DNA is the genetic material All of the 32P and none of the 35S should have end up in the pellet b 5 points Give E explanation for this discrepancy In your answer explain exactly how this factor could alter the distribution of 32P andor 35S between the pellet and supematant Possible answers include 1 Some of the 32P may have been used to posttranslationally phosphorylate proteins that were incorporated into phage particles thus causing some of the some of the 32P to remain in the supernatant 2 Some of the bacteria may not have been infected by phage thus preventing the transfer of DNA labeled with 32P into the bacteria where it would end up in the pellet 3 Some of the 35Slabeled phage ghosts may have become trapped in a small amount of supernatant that was caught between the cells of the pellet 11 a 4 points What is the main purpose for treating a gel used in a Southem blot with NaOH during the process of transferring the electrophoresed DNA fragments to a membrane Denaturesseparates DNA strands b 4 points Why is it unnecessary to include the NaOH treatment in a northem blot RNA is single stranded 12 8 points A bacteria like organism has been discovered inside a meteorite buried in a frozen lake in Antarctica Its genetic material is a singlestranded circular molecule composed of nucleic acids identical to DNA except there are only 3 different nucleotides each of which basepairs with another copy of itself Its mode of replication utilizes a mechanism similar but not identical to rolling circle replication see diagram below I 1304 H O a On the list below circle the minimal set of proteins whose alien counterparts would be necessary for this organism to copy its genome Two additional proteins not used in the replication of Earthly organisms a nickase that acts on singlestranded DNA and a helicaselike protein would be required to initiate replication and to separate the old DNA strand from the newly synthesized strand DNA A SSB DNA B Primase 3 points for all 3 correct answers 2 DNA PO11 DNA ligase points for 2 etc 12 of a point was DNA Pol 111 DNA gyrase subtracted for each incorrect DNA C answer with a minimal score of 0 b The alien organism contains a restriction enzyme that recognizes a speci c sequence of 4 nucletotides found in the alien genome What would be the average length in nucleotides of alien DNA fragments generated by the action of this enzyme Show work Length of fragment X where X the number of different nucleotides and X is length of recognition sequence 34 81 nucleotides 2 points for formula 2 points for inserting proper values in formula 1 point for correct answer 13 6 points You have isolated two circular DNA molecules each with the same number of nucleotides and the same linking number One is composed entirely of B DNA while the other is composed of Z DNA Which molecule has the capacity for the largest number of positive supercoils Explain Z DNA 2 points Linking number twist number of helical turns writhe number of supercoils 2 points for giving formuladescribing this relationship Z DNA has more base pairs per turn than B DNA A molecule composed of Z DNA would have fewer helical turns and thus the potential for more supercoils 2 points 14 8 points Give two features that differentiated the PaulingCorey DNA model from that of Watson and Crick Enter your information the table below Structural Difference 1 Structural Difference 2 Watson and Double helix Bases located on inside of Crick structurephosphates on the outside PaulingampCorey Triple helix Phosphates located on inside of structurebases on the outside 15 10 points Shown below is table listing the ability of 5 metabolites to support the growth of 5 mutant bacteria Make a diagram showing the order of metabolites in the metabolic pathway with arrows connecting each metabolite Position each mutation over the appropriate arrow Mutants A B 1 O 2 O 3 4 O 5 O Metabolites C D E O O O O O O O O O O O O O O VD E 239 16 6 points Six point mutations reside in 3 genes Shown below is a table of complementation between the mutants O no complementation and complementation The upper right portion of the table is a mirror image of the lower left part of the table Unfortunately the student who did the complementation tests forgot to set up 5 of the cultures blank squares so you must rely on the remaining data to complete your analysis Group the mutations into each of three genes You do not need to fill in the table to receive full credit for your answer 1 0 gtllt gtllt gtllt gtllt gtllt 2 0 gtllt gtllt gtllt gtllt 3 O 4 O O 5 0 6 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 First gene 1 Second gene 2 amp 5 Third gene 3 4 amp 6 Two points for each correct gene assignment 17 A cross is done between a phage of genotype ab and a phage of phenotype c The genotypes and relative frequencies of the progeny classes are summarized in the table below Show your work as you answer the questions a 4 points Give the relative order of the markers If you cross the two genotypes in the order given Pro en enot e 7 of total la ues g y g yp 0 p q you will obtain the double crossover products abc 1 a and bc Neither of these match the 1 genotype of the least frequent products in the bC 3 table above abc and a b 3 5 X X b 8 c aC 12 By switching the order around you will nd that the order bca or acb will give the ab 40 appropriate double recombination products c 30 b X X a c Two points were deducted from your answer if you did not diagram the crossovers b 6 points What are the recombination frequencies and map distances between the three markers b to c recombination frequency is 3 5 1 1100 Q or 10 10 map units a to c recombination frequency is 8 12 1 1100 L22 or 22 22 map units a to b recombination frequencv 010 021 032 32 map units One point was deducted from your score if you failed to include map units or mu 18 8 points You insert a 16 base pair random sequence of DNA between the 10 and 35 sites of a bacterial promoter causing a 10 fold drop in mRNA production from that promoter You repeat the same process but this time insert a 30 base pair segment of DNA between the sites with the result that the transcription efficiency is unchanged from that of the wild type sequence Explain these results assume there is no Z DNA associated with this promoter B DNA contains 10 base pairs per turn Insertion of any DNA sequence that is some unit of 10 base pairs in length will place the 10 and 35 sites on the same side of the DNA molecule facilitating binding of the RNA polymerase holoenzyme to the promoter region Greek Mythology Midterm Checklist Summer 2011 Hello Here is an update on the midterm checklist The midterm will be a scantron test of 80 questions mostly multiple choice but there may be a few true false questions The essays are at the end of this checklist Bring a green scantron a small blue book and a good eraser The web site is at httpereslibraryucsbedu password collapse You are responsible for anything I said in lecture and what was said in the TA sections but only information that all TAs discussed in section as well as the films where they overlap with the text and lecture webpage readings and checklists eg Gilgamesh checklist Greek gods genealogy Greek gods list Ways of Interpreting Myth and the textbook Know especially the key characters human and divine and the stories associated with them ie know the story lines and key pointsthemes in them Also pay attention to what I said about the relationship between Mesopotamian Greek religious beliefs practices and Greek myths as well as the essential sources for Greek Myth and the historical time periods Late Bronze Age Mycenaean Age Dark Age and Archaic AgeGreek Renaissance and the Classical Age What follows contains the most important characters stories and information that you should begin to master in preparing for the midterm Nature of Myth What makes up Mythology 0 Divine or Sacred Myth pertains to the gods amp humankind s relations with them 0 Legend also called Saga pertains to human heroes who have some historical reality Mythology also contains two other kinds of stories folktales and fables 0 Folktales have no historical kernel and are primarily stories about the spectrum of human experience and the lower classes ie nonaristocratic society 0 Fables are generally stories about animals Know the different kinds of myth interpretations and an example of each from the xeroxed chapter on the eres web site 0 nature myth reaction to an aweinspiring act of nature zeus throws lighting bolts why we have lightning 0 allegorical myth charter myth justifying a ritual or custom prometheus gives bad part of the animal greeks did that too by burning the excess scraps as anoffering ritual school of myth interpretation stories invented to explain ceremonies who39s origins have been long forgotten aetiological myths These are classified as externally derived explanations ie they involve phenomena that we see around us The other classification is internally derived myths that come from deep in our psyche Freudian interpretations such as the Oedipal complex Others are derived from the way the brainmind operatesthinks such as in structuralism and narratology Epic of Gilgamesh See the Gilgamesh checklist on the eres web site Know the story line key characters human and divine key themes and historical literary religious aspects of the story Gilgamesh lived around 2700BC Know this date Background to Greek Mythology Sources Linear B tablets from Mycenaean Age c 1200 Homer Iliad and Odyssey 800 700BC Hesiod Theogony and Works and Days c 700 Homeric Hymns written between 700550 BC Greek tragedians Aeschylus Sophocles and Euripides are from the 400 s BC Know these time periods and dates Other dates to know are Trojan Warc 1200 Homer 800700 BC and Hesiod 700BC Heinrich Schliemann 18221890 laid foundations of modern archaeological work for Mycenaean world especially Troy which he showed had actually existed and was destroyed Time frame for Greek history Late Bronze Age also called the Mycenaean Age c 16001100 BC Dark Age 1100750 BC Archaic Age Greek Renaissance 750500 BC Classical Age c 500323 BC Remember most myths are set in the Greek Bronze Age between 1300 and 1100 BC Origin of the Universe and Gods Primal Gods Chaos womblike opening Gaea mother earth Tartarus underbellyroot that anchors mother earth inside Chaos Eros lovedesireprocreative principle are within Chaos Chaos then gives birth to night and darkness inside mother earth who in turn give birth to day and aether upper air 1st Dvnastv of Gods Offspring of Gaea Ouranus Sea Pontus Mountains Offspring of Queen Gaea and King Ouranos 12 Titans 3 Cyclopes and 3 HundredHanders each has one hundred hands across the chest and back Castration of Ouranus by Cronus Mother Earth gives him the sickle because she wants to free her children According to Hesiod from genitals of Ouranos comes Aphrodite from blood falling on Gaia comes Furies Giants and ash tree nymphs According to Homer Aphrodite is the daughter of Zeus and Dione 2nd Dvnastv of Gods Most important of the Titans are King Cronus and Queen Rhea Oceanus and Tethys they give birth to Proteus the Old Man of the Sea 6000 Oceanids and all rivers Hyperion sun god His children are sun god Helios moon goddess Selene and dawn goddess Eos Another Titan is Iapetus Old Testament J apheth son of Noah Iapetus sons were Prometheus Epimetheus who marries Pandora and Atlas who holds up the world Other important female Titans are Themis during 3rd dynasty of gods she is the mother by Zeus of 3 Seasons 3 Fates and Mnemosyne during 3rd dynasty mother by Zeus of 9 muses Cronus swallows his children immediately after Rhea gives birth with the exception of Zeus who grows to adulthood on the island of Crete where he had been born Rhea tricks Cronus with a rock covered in clothing Zeus with the help of the Oceanid Metis first wife of Zeus causes Cronus to vomit up Zeus s other brothers and sisters Demeter Hera Hestia Poseidon and Hades Also know stories of Phaethon and Helius Eos dawn and Tithonus 0 eos wants tithonus immortal 0 zeus grants order but eos is not specific enough so tithonus keeps aging eos dumps him hes stuck on his own 3rd Dynasty of the Gods The Titanomachy 10year war Zeus defeats his father Cronus and other Titans who are consigned to Tartarus Zeus and his brothers and sisters are helped by the Cyclopes trident for Poseidon lightingbolt for Zeus and the hundredhanders who throw hundreds of rocks a minute Afterwards Zeus Poseidon and Hades divide the world among them and their sisters take over other responsibilities in the world e g Demeter fertility Hestia the hearth Hera queen of the gods Zeus defeats Typhoeus also called Typhon who has a snake body with a hundred heads with the help of Hermes and Aegipan And then Zeus defeats the challenge of the giants with the help of Heracles this battle is called the Gigantomachy The Creation of Mortals In a late version of creation Prometheus is creator of man Cronos and Zeus are the creators of humans in the story of the Five Races Ages of Metals Hesiod s version Race of Gold during reign of CronusSilverBronze HeroesIron Silver down happen during reign of Zeus Race of Iron is Hesiod s Age Know details of Five Races Ages story Also know the Pandora story from the Feast of Mecone to the opening of Pandora s box jar Prometheus friend of mankind against Zeus Feast of Mecone Prometheus tricks Zeus Prometheus puts bones wrapped in fat and good meat entrails within the hide Zeus in anger takes fire away from humans And Prometheus steals it back in a fennel stalk As punishment Pandora the first woman is created Pandora Hephaestus Athena Epimetheus Jar of Evils Hope Prometheus is further punished know story of his imprisonment and the eagle pecking at his liver Know also the ood story Lycaon amp the Wickedness of Mortals 0 lycaon practicd human sacrifice and cannibalism 0 zeus stiked lycaon with lightening turns him into a wolf 0 zeus was still pissed oods earth 0 deucalion survives ood because prometheus gives him a head up 0 themis gives them stones Deucalion son of Prometheus and Pyrrha daughter of Epimetheus Flood sent by Zeus After the ood Deucalion amp Pyrrha find land at Mt Parnassus at the site of the future Delphic Oracle and pray to Themis She tells them how they are to repopulate the world throw stones over their shoulders Deucalion and Pyrrha also have a male child of their own who becomes the ancester of the various Greek tribes Hellenus The Greeks call themselves Hellenes ZeusHera and the nature of the gods With Zeus reign on Mt Olympus comes order high culture and civilization The gods evolve from being elemental beings mother earth to partially anthropomorphic Uranus to anthropomorphic but little civilized the Titans to fully civilized the Olympians The Nature of the Gods they are immortal eat ambrosia drink nectar have ichor in their vains instead of blood Olympians take over special areas of human concerns Each god has specific characteristics and attributes Humans look and act like the gods because gods created humans Know differences between polytheism and monotheism good and evil reside in polytheistic gods not so in monotheism God is all good how gods act with each other and how they act with one another etc Know wives consorts of Zeus Metis Zeus gtAthena but from Zeus head Themis Zeus gt 3 seasons lawfulness Justice Peace 3 fates Mnemosyne Zeus gt 9 muses Eurynome Zeus gt 3 graces Demeter Zeus gt Persephone future wife of Hades Leto Zeus gt Apollo and Artemis Hera Zeus gt Hebe Ares Eileithyia goddess of childbirth Dione Zeusgt Aphrodite according to Homer For stories of the other Male amp Female Olympians see Greek gods list on web site There are five gods in the older generation of Olympians 1 Zeus see list of consorts above 2 Poseidon His wife and son are Amphitrite and Triton 3 Demeter mistress of wheat Her daughter is Persephone fathered by Zeus 0 Persephone is captured by hades demeter is furious 0 zues calls the marriage nullified as long as she doesnt ea from the garden of the underworld 0 eats a pomagranate they negotiate terms 13 of the year with hades 4 Hera 5 Hestia generally not anthropomorphic always associated with the hearth very few stories about her Hades is not an Olympian because he lives in the underworld fulltime The younger generation of Olympians include 6 Athena her birth associated with the city of Athens Arachne 7 Aphrodite Know following stories twin stories of her birth Cypris Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite 0 Hermaphroditus and Priapus 0 son with hermes fused a nymph to be a womans breast mans genitals 0 large erect phallus Pygmalion and Galatea 0 pygmalion was disgusted by the cretan woman built a statue aphrodite made it real Aphrodite and Adonis Anemone ower 0 adonis was a beautiful boy aphrodite falls in love 0 protects adonis by entrusting him to persephone who falls in love with adonis 0 zeus says that he must spend 13 with aphrodite 13 with persephone and 13 of his choice chooses 23 with aphrodite 0 adonis gets killed by a boar sent by either artemis hunting skills ares love for adonis apollo aphrodite had blinded apollos son 0 aphrodite sprinkles nectar on adonis39s dead blood creating an anemone owers Anchises and Aeneas 0 aphrodite falls in love with anchises 0 tells his friends zeus is shamed kills anchises 0 aeneas founded the race of romans son of aphrodite and anchises 8 Artemis stories of Orion and Actaeon 0 killed by scorpion scorpion was turn into the constellation scorpio 0 saw artemis naked turned him into a deer and his dogs ate him 9 Hermes psychopompos leads the dead to the underworld Know Homeric Hymn to Hermes especially how he created the lyre 0 stold a cow from apollo built the lyre from a tortoise shell found outside his cave and traded it to apollo for cattle and stole the cattle of Apollo Know who Hermaphroditus and Pan are 10 Ares lover of his brother s wife Aphrodite 11 Hephaestus His wife is Aphrodite 12 Apollo Know Homeric Hymn to Apollo especially the following 0 Delphi won a musical competition against marsyas established oracle at delphi after trying at telphusa 0 Hyperboreans in the winter he moved north 0 Dionysus in charge at Delphi 0 Leto mother of artemis and apollo 0 sister Artemis 0 Delos hera didn39t like leto so they went into exile 0 Telephusa 0 Python cleaned from miasma after killing a dragon part of his oracle 0 Cretan priests sails to crete transforms into a dolphin jumps onboard another ship and steers them to delphi where he reveals himself to them theyre worried that there is no place to farm but apollo convinves them that the gifts will be plentiful so they stay 0 Delphic Oracle know aspects of this cult center and how it worked more you pay the closer you get to the priests 0 Pythia prophetess of the oracle 0 Also know the stories of his unhappy loves 0 Cassandra she was forced to tell the truth but no one listens 0 Sibyl granted immortality but gets old 0 Daphne escapes by turning into a laurel tree 0 Coronis cheated on apollo got caught by a crow 0 Son of Asclepius who becomes god of healing Myths of Fertility Demeter and Dionysus Know Homeric Hymn to Demeter especially Hades abduction of Persephone Hecate heard her scream when being kidnapped and Helius breaks the new to demeter Eleusis place where demeter39s cult lice Metaneira queen of eleusis hospitable to demeter in her search Celeus king of eleusis Demophon son of king and queen because of hospitality demeter tries to make him immortal metaneira walks in eating of the pomegranate seed new temple and rites in honor of her and Persephone to ensure all who join their cult a positive place in the next world Myth of Demeter and Persephone explains how the Eleusinian Mysteries the temple and the ritual came into existence and the myth also explains how the seasons came into being Know story of Dionysus especially his mother Semele zues killed her by showing her his glory because hera manipulated seleme Hera s persecution his birth zeus39s leg his relationhip with wine and liquid fertility zeus turned him into a goat and sent him to live with nymphs there he discovered the vine his travels the Midas touch and India midas was good to his school master so dionysus granted him a wish resistance to his return to Greece especially his rejection by his cousin Pentheus and Pentheus death at the hands of his own mother Agave followers mistake pentheus for a wild animal tear him to shreds including his mom and the nature of Dionysus He carries a thrysus is androgynous having male and female attributes has his retinue Maenads or Bacchai and Satyrs and his wife Ariadne Know also the Homeric Hymn to Dionysus in which he is seized by pirates to escape he turned into a lion attacked pirates dove off the ship and turned into dolphin nature of Dionysian cult and worship emotional vs rational aspects of dyonisus and lastly his relationship with Greek theater comedy and tragedy much of what we know about dionysus comes from ancient tragedies Myths of Death Know stories of Hades and his role in the underworld Persephone Odysseus s travels to Hades visited with a ghost called tiresias who role of Hermes as psychopompos escorting the dead to Hades Orpheus attempt to bring his wife Eurydice back from Hades music is so pretty lets him take her on one condition that he does not look back at her on the way to the surface the religious cult called Orphism and the story of Dionysus Zagreus used the heart of zagreus hera killed him to create dionysis Br and what he saw in Hades when you die you get to choose your fate Aeneas and what he saw in Hades especially Charon the boatman before he could found rome he had to talk to his dead father anchises sees dido she doesnt respond Essay questions I will pick two of the following siX essays Please answer fully l Narrate Hesiod s Age of Metals also called the Ages of Men 0 age of gold cronus died peacefully at death became spirits on the earth watching and protecting mortals similar to live before zeus sent down pandora age of silver worse than gold people lived as children for 100 years violence people refused to worship the gods became spirits of the underworld age of bronze worse than silver men were savages war was their purpose born from ash trees weapons and houses were bronze left no spirits went to the underworld age of heros better than bronze improves upon previous age fought the battle of troy some never die transported to the isles of the blessed at the end of the world under the rule of cronus lived there never knowing sorry Iron hesiods age present xenia does not exist no honorrespect children dont respect parents brothers fight 2 Describe the Pandora story Begin with the Feast of Mekone where Prometheus tried to trick Zeus prometheus tricks zeus at the feast of mecone give zeus the bones and fat and keeps the meat and hide as punishment zeus takes fire of humans prometheus tries to steal fire in a dry stalk of fennel from olympus zeus cursed prometheus and his men sends pandora to epimetheus hephastus mold a female athena womanly skill clothing hair aphrodite heartbreak desire and love hermes thievish morals soul of a bitch graces and lady persuasion golden jewelery the guide lies theivish behavor epimetheus accepts pandora does not remember prometheus39 warning opens jar of evils leaving only hope inside since then men have lived with women 3 Explain why first Uranus Ouranos was overthrown by his Titan children and then why the Titans were in turn ousted by their children the Olympians uranus was literally oppressive did not let any activities of the earth exist kept their children in tartarus cronus the youngest and most ambitious accepts the challenge of castration from the blood that spilled on the earth the giantsfuries nymphs were created genitals created aphrodite cronus is in power reimprisons hecatonchires and cyclopes uranus and gaea prophesize that cronus will be overthrown by his own son cronus devours all of his young rhea goes her parents for advice instruct her to go to crete to bear her youngest child hides zeus feeds cronus a stone wrapped in a blanket zeus forces cronus to vomit up his children with a potion made by metis zeus became king 4 How do the gods and the world come into existence Who were the primal gods Primal Gods chaos gaea tartarus eros Chaos origin of the universe Gaea gt uranus pontus and the mountains 5 Who are the Fates Seasons Graces and Muses What does each group bring to the world of gods and men Fates came from nyX destiny children of zeus choosing of life or death Clotho spinner spins the thread of life Lachesis measures the thread Atropos cuts the thread mother is themis Graces known for singing and dancing for the god personify the qualities that make woman attractive to men daughters zeus and eurynome portrayed in the company of aphrodite Seasons known as horae representations of visible order of the world personify the regularly recurring divisions of the agricultural yearembody good customs muses daughters of mnemosyne inspire poets and musicians inspiration for the transfer of knowlege between oral and written tradition 6 Describe the nature of the gods their relationship with humans and life on Mt Olympus zeus brings order high culture civilization gods evolve from being elemental beings to anthropomorphic Nature immortal eat ambrosia drink nectar ichor instead of blood polytheistic and monotheistic The extra credit question is Who are the 12 Olympians and each s mother Hades is not an Olympian nor is Dionysus who is often referred to as the 13th Olympian zeus rhea poseidon rhea hera rhea demeter rhea hestia rhea artemis leto apollo leto athena metis ares hera hephaestus hera aphrodite dione hermes maia Study Guide Week 11 Important Terms Powell Chapter 4 Types of Myth 0 cosmogony universe 0 theogony gods the myth of orgin chaos gaea tartarus chronus and aphrodite are born from uranus cloud with penis writing by hesiad 0 succession myth chronus has 6 kids poseidon hades zeus and stores them in his stomach so they dont overthrow him rheia has zeus in hiding so that he can overthrow him Zeus exiles titans to tartarus Events from Greek Myth Titanomachy Battle with the Titans zeus overthrowing his father Gigantomachy Battle with the Giants battle between olympian gods zeus etc and alcyoneus giants along with chaos Primordial Figures from Greek Myth Chaos Gaea Uranus Eros god of fertility fell in love with psyche aphrodite got jealous banned her to earth Other Figures from Greek Myth Titans Cyclopes Cerberus guards the gate of the underworld Chimera head of goat snake and lioness sister of cerberus Typhoeus hesiod battled zeus last son of gaia and tartarus Cronus Oceanus son of uranus and gaia titan of all water Rhea cronus39s wife mother of all olympian gods Helius titan god of the sun Eos titan goddess of the dawn sister of helius Atlas titan who supported the heavens Thetis troj an mother of achilles Phaethon son of helius driver of the sun chariot almost destroys earth killed by zeus Figures from Mesopotamian Myth Tiamat chaos monster primordial goddess of the ocean Marduk leader of babylon late bronze age god Powell Chapter 5 Key Terms and Names Prometheus tries to trick zeus into giving more food send beautiful woman to brother Pandora Pandora woos epimetheus he open39s pandora39s box Deucalion son of prometheus saves wife and himself from zeus39s ood Pyrrha wife of deucalion daughter of epimetheus and pandora Hellen son of deucalion his sons founded all primary tribes in greece eponym person in which a place is named after Powell Chapter 6 Divinities Zeus Hera goddess of women zeus39s official wife Hades Moerae embodiment of destiny Graces goddesses of charm beauty nature human creativity and fertility nymphs divine spirits that animate nature Key Terms and Names aegis shield of zeus xenia hospitality to travelers broken in the troj an war anthropomorphism human charactaristics applied to nonhuman things Ganymede hero of troy abducted by zeus cupbearer of the olympics Powell Chapter 7 Key Names and Figures Apollo son of zeus prophet at delphi Cassandra loved by apollo most beautiful woman in troy Pythia oracle of delphi Sibyl at Cumae keeper of the oracle in italy Daphne loved by apollo turned into a laurel Asclepius son of apollo cut out of mother39s womb raised by a centaur Coronis wife of apollo had affair and was killed Key Places Delphi Delos birthplace of apollo and artemis Powell Chapter 8 Key Names Hermes messenger of the gods Argeiphontes epithet because he slayed a hundredeyed giant Maia gave birth to hermes Pan goatlike companion of the nymphs Hephaestus son of hera and zeus declared lame by hera thrown out of olympus Ares god of war psychopompus hermes alternate name escort for the dead to the afterlife Key Places Cyllene where hermes was born Lemnos island that hephaestus fell on Key Terms herm rock signaling the cult of hermes caduceus staff carried by hermes Powell Chapter 9 Key Names Hestia daughter of chronus and rhea Aphrodite goddess of beauty married to hephaestus affairs with aries jealous of psyche Cypris Cytherea alt names for aphrodite Hermaphroditus child of aphrodite and hermes Priapus mother is aphrodite permanent erection Pygmalion sculptor who fell in love with his sculpture Cinyras helps agamemnon on his way to troy priest of aphrodite beloved of apollo Myrrha incestual relationship gives birth to adonis Anchises seduced by aphrodite Artemis twin of apollo warrior goddess Pomia Theron female divinities associated with animals artemis Niobe daughter of tantalus had hubris Orion accidently slayed by artemis due to apollo who was in love put him in the sky as a constellation Actaeon hero killed by artemis Athena Arachne great mortal weaver better than the god minerva Study Guide Week 4 Powell Chapter 15 Relatives Consorts and Companions of Heracles Alcmena zeus39s mother Eurystheus hera had him born before heracles became rightful heir to the kingdom Amphitryon stepfather to heracles survives to witness the murder of heracles39 wife and children Megara daughter of creon king of thebes wife to heracles killed by him during his temporary madness caused by hera Deianira heracles39 third wife responsible for his death due to the toxic centaur blood S ideDeeds Chiron immortal centaur used as a bargaining chip to free prometheus Admetus let his wife Alcestus die before him heracles solved the problem by detombing her and restoring her life Alcestis see above Cacus cannibal lived in a cave near present rome strangled by heracles Twelve Labors punishment for killing his wife and kids Nemean lion needed to kill him and bring back the skin Hydra Lerna nine headed snake lived in the swamps killed by cutting off all heads help from cousin Iolaus Ceryneian deer killed as it was crossing the river deer of diana war the moon she revived the deer Erymanthian boar chased him around the mountain until it became tired Augeas had to clean his stables augeas paid him so it didnt count Stymphalian birds used krotala massive clappers to scare the ock of birds away from the lake Cretan bull wrestled the bull and brought him back horses of Diomedes maneating horses took them to eurystheus he set them free abderos was a casualty girdle of Hippolyta was promised the belt peacefully but hera told the amazones to attack so heracles killed hippolyta and took the belt cattle of Geryon killed geryon attacked by two sons of poseidon had to defeat another son at wrestling hera attacked and scattered the herd apples of the Hesperides Hera39s apples hidden in a garden in the corner of the world convinced atlas to go get them he succeeded but had to return the apples because they belonged to the gods Cerberus three wild dog heads snakes all over his back tail of a dragon or serpent could take him if he overpowered the monster with his bare hands Other Deeds Omphale turned hercules into a woman for a year then married him afterwards Death of Heracles Achelous suitor for deianira fought heracles for her Nessus centaur killed heracles with his blood see above Powell Chapter 16 Athenian Mythic Origins Theseus founderking of athens Cecrops king of athens for 56 years athena became the patron goddess in a competition with poseidon Erichthonius born of the soil raised by the goddess athena Aegeus created the sword under the stone Theseus 39s Life and Death Antiope wife of theseus only amazon to get married Hippolytus son of theseus killed by his own father because phaedra convinced theseus that he had raped her Phaedra see above Pirithous best friend of theseus Centauromachy tried to steal pirithous39 wife on their wedding day theseus stepped up to stop them Amazonomachy amazones lose to theseus and heracles Powell Chapter 17 Important Persons Europa queen of crete kidnapped by zeus Minos king of crete son of zeus and europa Daedalus built wings for himself built fake bull for pasiphae Icarus father daedalus built him wings ew too close to the sun Pasiphae minos wife given zoophilia by poseidon gave birth to a minotaur Theseus 39s Task Minotaur adriadne daughter of minos helped theseus navigate the labyrinth brought phaedra back to marry but forgot to put up the white ag so aegius committed suicide Labyrinth see above Study Guide Week 3 Powell Chapter 10 Important Names Demeter Persephone Kore Triptolemus demeter taught this prince of eulosis her secret rights rides chariots and taught the art of growing grain Inanna Dumuzi mesopotamian gods made her husband go to the underworld to take her place Isis Osiris osiris gets trapped in a coffin by his enemy and he Cybele Attis the original demeter god of fertility mountains and wild nature and her youthful lover Agdestis mother is a rock when zeus spills his seed trying to rape cybele Adonis only cared about the hunt and not about aphrodite went for big game boar gouged him Important Ritual Events Eleusinian Mysteries demeter39s cult hieros gamos sympathetic myth acted out for good luck in an action produced Powell Chapter 11 Important Names Dionysus Semele Ino sister of semele protector of dionysus Silenus one of dionysus followers old fat satyr half man half horse Midas Ariadne Lycurgus zues struck him blind soon he died Pentheus went mad climbed tree dionysus followers kill him Thespis orgins of theatrical tragedy Groups nymphs of Nysa Bacchae maenads satyrs Minyads daughters opposed to dionysus Important Terms thyrsus nature staff Powell Chapter 12 Important Names and Titles Hades Pluto Psychopompos Erinyes furies mythical portraits of one39s own family Tiresias Tantalus Sisyphus Orpheus Eurydice Zagreus Pythagoras Er Charon Ixion Important Places and Geographical Features Elysium Acheron Powell Chapter 13 Terms hero heroic nudity Names from the Gilgamesh Epic Gilgamesh Enkidu Humbaba Utnapishtim Powell Chapter 14 Locations Argive plain most preserved part of greece Tiryns fortress Important Terms girl39s tragedy Important Figures Perseus founder of mycenae killed medusa rescued andromeda Io nymph who was raped by zeus Danaus Danaids killed by their potential wives Acrisius got his daughter and grandson in a tomb Danae Polydectes king of seriphos a miserable island Gorgons three deathdealing monsters Medusa Graeae sisters to gorgons shared one eye and one tooth between them Andromeda princess of ethiopia chained to a rock in the sea as a sacrifice to a sea monster saved from death by perseus
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'