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Biology I & Lab

by: Ms. Gabriel Mante

Biology I & Lab BIOL 1010

Ms. Gabriel Mante

GPA 3.71

Penni Wilson

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Penni Wilson
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ms. Gabriel Mante on Monday October 5, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 1010 at Cleveland State Community College taught by Penni Wilson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see /class/219582/biol-1010-cleveland-state-community-college in Biology at Cleveland State Community College.


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Date Created: 10/05/15
BIOL 1010 Study Guides for All Units Instructor PJ Wilson Unit 1 NI39RODUCTION TO BIOIDGY AND CHEMISTRY 1 What are the levels of organization of living things Be able to recognize examples The life forms such as insect bacteria worms and algae living in the soil together with all of the nonliving parts soil water temperature etc make up an 77 2 What is the ultimate source of energy for ecosystems 3 Energy is transferred from organism to organism by what means Producers transfer energy to consumers via 7 7777777 W 4 How are living things de ned What are the basic characteristics ofliving systems 5 What are the similarities and differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells 6 What are the three Domains and what cell type is found in each What are Kingdoms 7 What are the basic tenanm of natural selection as explained by Darwin 8 What is the scienti c method De ne the steps What is a control What is a variable What is a hypothesis 9 Compare deductive and inductive reasoning B IC CHEMISTRY 10 What is an element What are the subparm of an atom and where are they located What does an atomic number represent 11 What does a mass number represent 12 What elements compose living organisms 13 What are essential elements What examples are given in the book 14 What is a compound 15 What is an isotope 16 What are valence shells and how do they relate to atoms 17 What is an IONIC bond What are cations and anions Know common examples of each 18 What is a COVALENT bond What do the terms polar and nonpolar mean Know examples of each 19 What is electronegativity 20 What is a HYDROGEN bond Where does one form 21 What gives water its unique properties 22 What is a solution How do they form Why do some substances dissolve in water and others not How does polarity effect solubility Why don t oil and water mix 23 What is pH and how do you compare one pH to another How does a pH of9 compare to a pH of 12 What is a buffer 24 What are the parts ofa chemical reaction Be able to balance a simple equation ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 25 What properties of the element CARBON make it so important in forming a wide diversity of organic molecules 26 What is an isomer 27 What are the characteristics of FUNCTIONAL GROUPS 28 What is a monomer Polymer Recognize speci c examples of each 29 Compare and contrast dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis 30 What are the building blocks of the 4 basic macromolecules Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins and Nucleic acids 31 What are the types of carbohydrates Give examples 32 What are the types of lipids Give examples 33 How is a protein de ned What makes up an amino acid functional groups of the basic structure and what makes each a a unique 34 What is DNA and how is it organized How does it compare to RNA Cleveland St Community College Fall 2007 BIOL 1010 Study Guides for All Units Instructor PJ Wilson UNIT 2 Cell and Cell membrane Chapter 4 amp part of 5 VIEWING THE CELL THROUGH MICROSCOPY l 2 3 What is resolving power How are light microscopes different from electron microscopes How do electron microscopes differ TEM vs SEM What type of image does each produce What magni cation CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION 533 9 10 ll 12 l3 l4 l5 l6 17 18 What is cell ieory What are its tenants What do all cells have in common structurally and functionally How big are eukaryotic cells compared to prokaryotic cells know le size in micrometers How do eukaryotic cells compare to prokaryotic cells What are the structures unique to prokaryotic cells What are die functions of those structures What are the organelles found in die eukaryotic cell What is the structure and function of each How do plant cells differ from animal cells What forms does the genetic information within a cell take What is the endomembrane system what is included or not What is the path of a protein from syn lesis to secretion Know die specific structure and function of mitochondria and chloroplasts What effect would exposure of mitochondria to cyanide have on le cell What are the cytoskeletal element of die cell What is le structure and primary function of each Know le structure and function of bo l agella and cilia Know die different types of cell junctions or connections MEMBRANE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION What is the structure and function of die plasma membrane What are membrane proteins and why are iey important What type of molecules pass irough die plasma membrane easily What is signal transduction What is diffusion Compare active and passive transport Give examples of each What is osmosis What determines die direction of movement What do the terms hypertonic hypotonic and isotonic mean How do iey apply to osmosis What are contractile vacuoles What are phagocytosis pinocytosis endocytosis receptor mediated endocytosis and exocytosis What is plasmolysis Cleveland St Community College Fall 2007 BIOL 1010 999995 8 HHHH mpg 0 15 p p t 10 19 What is the carbon source for photosynthesis What are die photosyn letic pigments What is the function M 00 Study Guides for All Units Instructor PJ Wilson Study Guide Unit 3 Energy and Metabolism What is kinetic energy What is potential energy How does chemical energy t into die de nition of ENERGY What are the Laws ofTHERMODYNAMICS What does it mean to transfer between energy forms and how is mat accomplished in living systems What are endergonic and exergonic reactions and how do iey compare to each other What is aphosphorylation reaction and what is its major importance in living systems What is ATP and why is it important in living systems What is an enzyme What is abiological catalyst What is denaturation What does it mean when an enzyme catalyzes a reaction what might affect die rate of said reaction What is an active site What are competitive and noncompetitive inhibitors What is a cofactor What is a coenzyme Give examples What do the terms anaerobic and aerobic mean What is produced during anaerobic fermentation What usually happens when energy is converted Where do the processes of photosyn lesis and cellular respiration take place be speci c What are the Calvin Kreb and Citric Acid cycles 14 What is the overall equation for cellular respiration Know the basic metabolic stages of cellular respiration dieir products the location ofeach process and dieir relative order What is the structure and function of die mitochondria What is Glycolysis What is the Electron Transport Chain 18 What is the overall equation for photosyn lesis Know die basic stages of photosynthesis their products le location of each process and dieir relative order What is the structure and function of die chloroplast of light in photosyn lesis What is carbon xation What is a photon What molecule makes the oxygen during photosynthesis What are stomata and what do iey do What is a light dependent reactions What are light independent reactions What are photosystem I and I 39 11 What is photophosphorylation What are A and A A How do consumers obtain energy How do producers obtain energy What is are die photosystems in photosynthesis What are C4 C5 and CAM plants What is the ultimate source of die food we eat and the oxygen we breathe Cleveland St Community College Fall 2007 BIOL 1010 Study Guides for All Units Instructor PJ Wilson Unit 4 Review 1 What is atissue Name le types of tissue in bo l plant and animal Recognize examples gt19914gt99NK How are plant tissues different what are dieir functions What is the function of root hairs What is secondary growth What is bark How is vascular tissue arranged in different plants What are stomata and how do they work What effect does weather have on photosyn lesis How does water move into die roots of a plant How do hydrostatic pressure and die pressure ow mechanism relate to transport in plants What are cohesion and adhesion What effect do iey have on plants What are the functions of different types of animal tissue What are plant essential nutrients Where do iey come from How do iey function What is the primary function of micronutrients How are nutrients transported into and through die plant How do you distinguish between different types of muscle tissue How are tissues organized in organs example small intestine What fills spaces between cells in animal tissue What is homeostasis How is it usually controlled What are the different classes of food intake in animals How do they differ How is digestion defined What are the stages of food processing and how is each defined What are gastrovascular cavities and what types of organisms have mem What is the correct order of organs from entrance to exit of the human digestive system What is the function of each What is peristalsis Where does digestion begin What is the epiglottis Where does die majority of nutrient absorption take place Know accessories to die digestive system and their function Gall bladder tongue salivary glands teem spinchters Where does die majority ofwater absorption take place What are essential amino acids What are vitamins What are proteins broken down into when digested Name die enzymes mat breakdown fats proteins and carbohydrates What is the path of oxygen into die cells of die body and die route of carbon dioxide out of the body What is the function of die nasal cavity What are the parts of the respiratory systems and what are dieir functions How is inhalation achieved in humans How is breathing controlled by le brain What blood gas signals breathing What is the proper flow of blood leaving die lungs How is carbon dioxide transported to die lungs Cleveland St Community College Fall 2007 BIOL 1010 Study Guides for All Units Instructor PJ Wilson Unit 5 Review 9 N991 9 50E K3 HHHH 95quotquot0 14 15 16 17 rum H 999 M 4 MM 300 CHAPTER 23 CIRCULATION What are the functions of die circulatory system What is the normal route of blood flow in adult humans What is die Oxygen level like in each vessel Compare and contrast die blood vessels What are the phases of heart contraction and what happens in each What are heart sounds and what causes them What is cardiac output What is the sinoatrial node and where is it located What is a heart attack and what causes it What happens to blood vessel volume pressure and velocity as le blood moves away from le heart What causes the net ow of uid into and out of a capillary What are the parts ofblood What are die functions of each of le cellular elements ofblood Where are blood cells formed What causes ablood clot CHAPTER 24 IMMUNE SYSTEM What is the difference between nonspecific and speci c responses What is histamine and what are its functions What is an in ammatory response and why is it important What are the parts of the human lymphatic system What is its function What are antibodies Identify le types of immunity and give examples What is avaccine What is humoral immunity and what type of cell causes it What cause an immune response What is an antigen What is an antibody What it the difference between a primary and secondary immune response and what causes each What are antigen presenting cells What are helper T cells What is HIV and what cell type does it infect What is a cytotoxic T cell What is its function How does it function What are histamines and where are iey produced What is anaphylactic shock What cell produces antibodies CHAPTER 25 CONTROL OF THE INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT What is an ectotherm identify example What is an endo lerm identify an example What are 39 39 39 radiation and A What responses do organisms have to increased heat How about cold Think Physiological anatomical and behavioral What is a counter current heat exchanger What is torpor hibernation estivation How do saltwater and freshwater fish osmoregulate What is an osmoconformer What forms are used to secrete nitrogenous wastes What are the functions of die liver What are the functions of die excretory system What is the structure of the kidney and excretory system What is the functional unit of die kidney How does it function Where is it permeable to water How is urine excreted from the body What hormones effect excretion and where do iey act How much filtrate is produced by the Bowmans capsule and what happens to it Cleveland St Community College Fall 2007 BIOL 1010 Study Guides for All Units Instructor PJ Wilson Unit 6 Review N9999 NE 10 What is the functional unit of le NS What are its parts and die function ofeach part What is an Action Potential and how does it happen Mp t 15 What are perception sensation adaptation and transduction Where does each occur What are the general categories of sensory receptors t I akww 0000 CHAPTER 26 amp 27 PART CHEMICAL REGULATION How are hormones distributed to tissues and what determines which cells a hormone will affect What functions do hormones regulate Compare die endocrine system and nervous system What are the different classes of hormones and what are iey made of Name die major endocrine glands of die human body What hormone s does each produce What is TRH Estrogen Progesterone Calcitonin Parathyroid H Thyroxin Glucagon Prolactin P g T the A g M 39 What is the function of each Suggestion MAKE aTABLE Oxytocin FSH LH Insulin Epinephrine CHAPTER 28 amp 29 NERVOUS SYSTEM What are the divisions of die nervous system What does each do What are effectors How is a chemical signal passed from neuron to neuron or neuron to effector What is a neurotransmitter Know examples What are the parts ofthe brain and what does each do What are the layers of die eye and what is contained in each What are myopia hyperopia astigmatism presbyopia cataracts and glaucoma What causes each What is the organ of hearing Where is it located What is the organ of equilibrium Where is it located How is sound transferred into die ear Where are the olfactory receptors What are the taste receptors What are die categories of taste reception What is integration and where does it happen What are photoreceptors kinds and function and where are they located What controls die pupil What are the layers of die eye CHAPTER 30 HOW ANIMALS MOVE What are the functions of a skeleton What are the different types of skeletons What are the parts of the axial and appendicular skeletons of an organism wi l an endoskeleton What are the different types ofjoints What covers die contact points between the bones Where is fat stored in bone Where is blood produced in bone What is the structure of bone What is osteoporosis What connects bone to bone What connects muscle to bone What are they types of muscle What is the basic structure of skeletal muscle and how do iey work What is the structure of the contractile unit of a muscle cell How does it function What chemicals are involved 41 Describe muscle structure from least to greatest unit Cleveland St Community College Fall 2007


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