Social Problems Study List 3
Social Problems Study List 3 SOC 112-01
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rebecca Spohr on Monday October 5, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 112-01 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Stokes, Stephen W in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 92 views. For similar materials see Social Problems in Sociology at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
SOCIAL PROBLEMS Study List 3 THIS ESSAY MUST BE ANSWERED Discuss changing recidivism rates when e apply the variables of in prison education Give your opinion of allowing educational opportunities in prison Problems with Criminal J ustice Plea Bargaining Justice is not Blind Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Inadmissible Evidence Plea Bargaining The defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for a reduction of charges of lighter sentence Justice is not Blind Age race gender etc all play into sentence Mandatory Minimum Sentencing When lowlevel offenders are unfairly being given sentences equal to those of major criminals Inadmissible Evidence Evidence that is not allowed to be examined at a trial evidence gained unconstitutionally is not valid in court Hobbes Government was created to protect our lives Advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings 1588167 9 quotBasically he says that they create a person to be in charge to protect them from short cruel nasty people government designed to protect life Locke Government was created to protect our Life Liberty and Property Believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience 16321704 governement designed to protect life liberty and property Legislative Branch Make Laws The branch of government that makes the laws Executive Branch Enforce Laws The branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws Judicial Branch Interpret Laws The federal court system that interprets the nation39s laws Protects the minority Appointed not elected Elections and the Political Process Control the Legislature to keep them fair Legislative and Executive are elected by the people Judicial is appointed 2 Campaign Promises Lower Taxes and Tougher on Crime Mobocracy Abusive High Emotions Lawless control of public affairs by the mob or populace Minority have no rights majority rule minority not protected Democracy Voting for the things we want in our government A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them majority rule minority is protected Quinney Radical Theorist who talks about Crime and Capitalism Says that people with economic and political power de ne as crime any behavior that threatens their own interests Radical Prospective Says you can blame all crime on capitalism Crimes of domination Con ict Perspective con ict theorist crimes comitted by lower class blame capitalism Crimes of Domination A Radical Theory that the Upper Class does not have as much problem with crime because they are in the upper class Crimes of Gov39t White Collar Crime Corporate Crime Organized Crime Crimes of Government High Of cials committing crime and not getting in trouble for it Violation of rights of own people andor violation of rights of people abroad Undeclared wars assassination of foreign of cers White Collar Crime Financially motivated nonviolent crime Crime committed by people of high social position in the course of their occupations Embezzlement Corporate Crime Crimes committed by a corporation Illegal acts committed by corporate employees on behalf of the corporation and with its support TaX evasion inside trading Organized Crime Criminal organizations are transnational national or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals for the purpose of engaging in illegal activity most commonly for monetary pro t A business operation that supplies illegal goods and services for pro t Drugs prostitution gambling Crimes of Accommodation Frustration and Resistance Reasons why Lower Class commits crime Survival beating someone up lower class against upper class LOWER CLASS CRIMES Index Crimes Measured Crimes The eight types of crime reported annually by the FBI in the Uniform Crime Reports murder forcible rape robbery aggravated assault burglary larceny theft motor vehicle theft and arsonNAME ONE Police Function It is the right for Government to Protect the People The function of government to protect societies from others and to protect you from yourself Reasonable suspicion Having reasonable evidence a crime took place Evidence that justi es an of cer in stopping and questioning an individual believed to be involved in criminal activity Probably cause Having a cause to commit a crime Is apart of the 4th Amendment with search and seizure to get a warrant America s Law Tradition Life Liberty and Property Italy s Mafia Tradition Do not trust their government so the Ma a protects people for money Originally out of Italy Used to protect the people who don39t trust the police Mistrust of police Because people think Government is not honest Those who don39t like the police turn to gangs and other organized crime for protection Inner city gangs and RW Reactionaries Right Wing Reactionaries Don39t trust the Government so they join gangs ZOG Intercity Gangs who don39t like Jews and Blacks Zion39s Occupational Government Jews have taken over gov39t Inner City Gangs Mistrust Government and Police Leadership is usually male This is a segregated pattern strong mistrust of police protect each others39 life liberty and property Labeling theory of deviance Symbolic Interactionism Perspective What makes a person deviant is the the act itself but the label deviant Primary Deviance Violations of norms that a person commits for the rst time without considering them deviant Secondary Deviance Subsequent acts of rulebreaking that occur after primary deviance and as a result of your new deviant label and people39s expectations of you In group support Any People associated with them When you have become a deviant you lose your group support so you join a new in group who are more accepting of deviants List three suggestions for rst offenders of shoplifting Don39t Arrest Protect in Support group strong warning Matza and Drift Theory Most people who commit crime don39t see themselves as a criminal drift into crime and come back Techniques of Neutralization Explanations given by people as a way of rationalizing their deviant criminal behavior Denial of Responsibility Denial of Victim Denial of Injury Condemnation of Condemner Appeal to higher moral code Recidivism rates 50 to 10 with education Percentage of former prisoners rearrested 50 to 10 with education Revenge Retribution Reform Purposes of Prison Life Action taken in return for an injury or offense VICTIM The act of correcting for your wrongdoing Government and people would be here GOVTPEOPLE A change for the better as a result of correcting abuses INDIVIDUALPRISONER Social and Cultural Deprivation Being in Prison so that you go crazy when you get out of prison Factors of inmates contain these three points FACTOR OF INMATES Protection The activity of protecting someone or something A volunteering con nement to protect yourself from someone that maybe trying to hurt you CHOSEN TO BE SEPARATE FROM OTHERS Death Penalty Kills for killing only allowed in some states Putting a condemned person to death WHITE PEOPLE MORE THAN BLACK PEOPLE 8th Amendment No Cruel or Unusual Punishment Islamic Punishment Eye for an eye Lombroso Biological Approach on Crime Mesomorphic Muscular and Brawny Men more likely to end up in Prison Biological sociologist who thought criminal behavior is inherited and can be measures through physical characteristics Apelike more prone to crime BioSociology People changed from Evolution Nature vs nurture physiological or social interaction Somatotype Body types category of physique Mesomorphic Muscular and Brawny Men who are more likely to end up in Prison Characterized by muscular or athletic build developed from the middle layer of the embryo Most likely somatotype to commit crime
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