Psychology 111 Study List 5
Psychology 111 Study List 5 PSYCH111-06
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MUSC 80C - 01
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rebecca Spohr on Monday October 5, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYCH111-06 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Woolley, Fredrich A in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
31 questions Chapter 14 DSM which is the current edition 552 DSMIV TR classi cation system that describes the feature use to diagnose each recognized mental disorder and indicates how the disorder can be distinguished from other similar problems DSMV j vej NI Early explanations of strange behaviors and thoughts demons Fear of public places de ne 562 Agoraphobia a speci c phobia involving fear of venturing into public places They39re not afraid of public places but having a panic attack in public or fail to help them People who have panic disorder with agoraphobia are unable to leave home for years on end Hallucination characteristics 574 a false perceptual experience that has a compelling sense of being real despite the absence of external stimulations can include hearing seeing or smelling things that are not there or having tactile sensations in the absence of relevant sensory stimulations Major Depressive disorder symptoms 565 unipolar depression Severely depressed mood that lasts 2 or more weeks and is accompanied by feelings of worthlessness and lack of pleasure lethargy and sleep and appetite disturbances Sleeping too much or sleeping very little overeating or failure to eat Great sadness or despair is not always present although intrusive thoughts of failure or ending ones life are not uncommon suicide hopelessness Mood disorders list the ones from the book 564 Mental disorders that have mood disturbances as their predominant feature depression and bipolar disorder Major depressive disorder double depression seasonal affective disorder mania clinical depression bipolar and SAD 0CD obsessions and compulsions de ne common obsessions 563 Obsessive Compulsive disorder repetitive intrusive thoughts obsessions and ritualistic behaviors compulsions designed to fend off those thoughts interfere signi cantly with an individuals functioning The most common obsessions involve contamination aggression death sex disease orderliness and dis gurement Compulsioncleaning checking repeating arranging counting Percentages of Americans who experience some type of mental disorder 25 Percent chance individuals have to get an mental illness in a lifetime 90 Seasonal Affective Disorder SAD 565 Depression that involves recurrent depressive episodes in a seasonal pattern The episodes begin in fall or winter and remit in spring and this pattern is due to reduces levels of light over the colder seasons Speci c phobia 560 an irrational fear of a particular object or situation that markedly interfere with an individual s ability to function Animals natural environment situations blood injections and injury other phobias including illness and death Something you are scared of speci c to one thing not necessarily an on jest could be looking up Symptoms Of mania 570 Persistent high moods Can last up to a week mood can be elevated expansive irritable grandiosity decreased need for sleep talkativeness racing thoughts distractibility and reckless behavior compulsive gambling sexual indiscretions unrestrained spending sprees With hallucination and delusion it can be diagnose as schizophrenia Incessant talking staying up for 3 days like yours on caffeine Chapter 15 2 groups of mental health therapy for mental health disorders Psychotherapy and biomedical Barriers to seeking treatment 591 1 people may not realize that their disorder needs to be treated 2 There may be barriers to treatment such as beliefs and circumstances that keep people from getting help 3 Even people who acknowledge they have a problem may not know where to look for services Characteristics Of psychoanalytic couch therapy trying to understand how you think and why don39t direct to do something humanistic face to face CBT changing bad thought and behavior behaviorampexposure therapies systematic ooding aversion behavior doesn39t care about why or what you think It answers the question what what39re you doing De ne psychologist psychiatrist medical doctor social worker poor lower income pop lack basic needs and counseling psychologist Directive gonna tell you what to do and ask couple questionsVs nondirective therapy not gonna ECT and side effects 613 Electroconvulsive therapyshock therapy treatment that involves inducing a mild seizure by delivering an electrical shock to the brain Side effect include impair short term memory headaches muscle aches Humanistic Empathy unconditional positive regard congruence 601 Empathy refers to the continuous process of trying to understand the client by getting inside his or her way of thinking feeling and understanding the world Seeing the world from the clients perspective enables the therapist to better appreciate the client s apprehensive worries fears Unconditional positive regard providing a nonjudgemental warm and accepting environment in which the client can feel safe expressing his or her thought and feelings Congruence what they say and do are not matching says I39m ne but looks sad Goal of psychodynamic psychoanalytical therapy 594 explore childhood events and encourage individuals to use this understanding to develop insight into their psychological problems To overcome psychological problems is to develop insight into the unconscious memories impulses wishes and con icts that are assumed to underlie these problems Psychoanalysis assumes that humans are born with aggressive and sexual urges that are repressed during childhood development Group therapy advantages and disadvantages 604 a technique in which multiple participants who often do not know one another at the outset work on their individual problems in group atmosphere Advantage group provides contexts in which clients can practice relating to others People in group therapy have builtin set of peers from they have to talk to and get along with on a regular basis Shows that they are not alone Group members model appropriate behaviors for one another and share their insights about how to deal with their problems as effective as individual therapy and is a better bargain Disadvantages may be difficult to assemble a group of individuals who have similar needs Can become a problem if one or more members undermines the treatment of other group members people may dominate the discussion threaten others make other uncomfortable gets less attention than in individual therapy Person centered therapy basic qualities 601 assumes that all individuals have a tendency toward growth and that this growth can be facilitated by acceptance and genuine reactions from the therapists 3 qualities Congruence openness and honesty in the therapeutic relationship and ensuring that the therapists communicates the same message at all levels empathy unconditional positive regard Psychoanalytic 5945 1 Free association client reports every thought that enters the mind without censorship or ltering If client stops therapists prompts further associations and look at themes that recur 2 interpretation therapists deciphers the meaning underlying what the client says and does used during free association and dream analysis and other treatments 3 regression would start treating the therapist as family member or parents and start yelling Go back to a kid form 4 resistance reluctance to cooperate with treatment for fear of confronting unpleasant unconscious material Systematic desensitization 598 a procedure in which a client relaxes all the muscles of his or her body while imagining being in increasingly frightening situations Ex person hates going to densest might rst imagine seeing a photo of dentist and then imagine seeing a dentist in the office imagine sitting in the chair opening wide for the dentist wordstudy
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