Study Guide for Midterm 1
Study Guide for Midterm 1 Art History 201
Popular in History of Western Art 1: From Pyramids to Cathedrals
Popular in Art History
This 19 page Study Guide was uploaded by Caitlin Acierno on Monday October 5, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Art History 201 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Prof Dale in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 202 views. For similar materials see History of Western Art 1: From Pyramids to Cathedrals in Art History at University of Wisconsin - Madison.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Art History 201 Study Guide for Midterm Part 1 Slide Identification Please see the handout on learnU W that gives the directions for this part 1 ii iii iv v vi vii viii 2 vii viii Nanna Ziggurat Ur modern Muqaiyir Iraq 2100 BCE Sumerian na Votive statues Square Temple Eshnunna modern Te Asmar Iraq 2700 BCE Sumerian Statues The larger than life eyes hands in a crossed offering position vii viii vii viii 9 Head of an Akkadian Ruler Sargon I Found at Nineveh 23002200 BCE Sumerian Bronze statuebust The eyes are bashed out suggesting the eyes were important to the culture It was beheaded from an original full body statue Stele of NaramSin 23402150 BCE Akkadian Pink sandstone stele NaramSin is larger than all of the others proving he is the subject of this and that he was seen as a god vii viii vii viii Stele of Hammurabi Susa modern Shush Iraq 17921750 BCE Ancient Babylonian Hammurabi Basalt stele Hammurabi stands before the sun god Shamash Beneath is the code of Hammurabi which is said to have been given to Hammurabi by Shamash Northwest Palace of Assurnasirpal Nimrud Elamite Fugitives Crossing a River Pursued by Assyrian Archers Kalhu modern Nimrud Iraq 875860 BCE Assyrian The people in the fortress are larger than life The scene moves from the bottom left corner to the top right corner The swimmers are holding bloated pig skins showing the first form of life preservers we have vii viii vii viii Ishtar Gate and Processional Way Babylon Iraq 575 BCE NeoBabylonian Nebuchadnezzar Glazed mudbrick Deep blue tiles are aligned perfectly The color symbolizes royalty The relief animal shown here is a bull Procession of Tribute Bearers Processions of Subjects Apadana terrace Persepolis ran 521465 BCE Achaemenid Empire Low relief sculpture in limestone The relief suggests casual conversation This was around the bottom of the temple The Persians are escorting the meat to the temple vii viii vii viii Palette of Narmer Hierakonpolis 30002920 BCE Old Kingdom Egypt Narmer Slate This was used for mixing paint if you look at the left picture the circle the two necks of the animals make is where they mixed the paint The paint was probably used to paint the eyes in the temples 4t 3 39 Ti Watching a Hippopotamus Hunt Tomb of Ti Saqqara 25102460 BCE Old Kingdom Egypt Ti Painted limestone relief Ti is larger than all the others The different views The foxes in the trees vii viii vii viii Ka statue of Khafre Giza 25202494 BC Old Kingdom Egypt Khafre Greywacke Falcon of Horus behind the head shows the divine support of the pharaoh Originally twelve of these in its temple for people to bring offerings to Akhenaten Nefertiti and Family Adoring Aten Armana 1350 BCE New Kingdom Egypt Akhenaten Limestone relief Akhenaten is not shown in the quotperfect body light that other pharaohs had been shown in The shapes of the heads of the children and the parents are not normal vii viii Th utmose Nefertiti wife of Akhenaten The workshop of Thutmose 13481336 BCE New Kingdom Egypt Nefertiti Limestone bust This was probably a model for other portraits since it was found in a workshop and not on display somewhere The curvature of the neck suggests her head was probably an unusual shape The eyes were inlaid with glass vii viii mhotep Step Pyramid Complex of King Djoser Zoser Saqqara ZGOOBCE Old Kingdom Egypt Djoser Zoser Limestone The buildings were just for show they were filled in with rubble The platform in the middle was used for the king s coronation reenactment There was an annual race that took place around this court each year vii viii vii viii Menkaure Pyramids and funerary complex at Giza Giza 26132494 BCE Old Kingdom Egypt Khufu Cheops far right Khafre Chefren center and Menkaure Mycerinus left Granite and limestone Were connected to the Nile by cause ways as seen in the picture on the right This allowed visitors to travel to it by the river Visitors couldn t actually go into the pyramids but they could go to the funerary temples where the Ka statues were and they could worshiphonor the dead there Funerary Mask of Tutankhamen Tomb of Tutankhamun Thebes 13321322 BCE New Kingdom Egypt King Tut Gold inlaid with glass lapus lazuli and semiprecious stones The gold and dark blue stripes represented the sun and night time respectively this showed that he ruled over the day and night The open eyes represent the ongoing afterlife of the king vii viii 18 vii viii flower capitals clerestory llIlll A Ell lllllmwllnlllmllnulmlg lmmunllmm WW Great Sphinx Giza 2530 BCE restored by Tuthmosis IV 14011391 BCE Old Kingdom Egypt Khafre Limestone It was restored in 1401 BCE by Tuthmosis IV he was instructed to do this by a devine vision Directly associated with the sun The head is a direct representation of Kahre d A Tvquot II i IL bud capitals Great Temple of Amun Amon Hypostyle Hall Karnak 12901224 BCE New Kingdom Egypt Inscribed as quotHall of Two Crowns or quotResting Place of the Lord of the Gods the Place of His Annual Feast i ii Lioness Gate iii Mycenae iv 13001200 BCE v Mycenaean vi vii limestone relief viii The column in the middle is thought to be a representation of Hera a I 395 7 5 I a quot CHSt k rUnJOS r n f39 1 lquot I l gt F I f r cella or naos adylonh C C C C dlild r I U 39 slvlulmlv columns in Inlis ii Temple of Hera Basilica iii Poseidonia modern Paestum iv 550 BCE v Archaic Period vi vii Marble viii Peristyle 9x18 columns Columns are cigar style there is a bulge in the middle The columns are made of multiple drums fit together similar to the Egyptian columns vii vii viii New York Kouros Attica 600580 BCE Early ArchaicGeometric Period Similar to the Egyptians One foot forward almond shaped eyes arms straight at the sides with clenched fists blank stare Showed people what the ideal form was Seen as very lifelike when this was made 0 in a Dying warrior East pediment Temple of Aphaia on Aegina 489 BCE Early classical period Marble The smile on the face even though he is dying is the classic archaic smile that is seen on many statues during this time period vii viii Riace Warrior Found off Italian coast at Riace Italy 460450 BCE Classical period Bronze There is so much detail that the statue seems to come alive The eyes would have had material in them to make them more lifelike Very relaxed pose as if he is moving I c Polykleitos Doryphoros Spear Bearer Roman marble copy of original Greek bronze Naples Italy 450440 BCE Classical Period 9 vii viii vii viii vii viii Persians Marble original bronze Example of contrapposto almost unnatural relaxed stance that looks natural Similar to previous works with the hair and blank stare but it does not have the archaic smile seen before quotgist Architects Kallikrates and ktinos with overseer Pheidias Parthenon Athens Greece 447432 BCE Classical Athena Marble The second one the first one was destroyed by the Persians Perikles had the Athenians rebuild in a new location to honor Athena and the defeat of the Overseer Pheidias Hestia Dione and Aphrodite East pediment of the Parthenon 447432 BCE Classical Marble The goddesses are in very relaxed poses The cloths are draped over their bodies showing off the figures of females and they seem to be blowing in the wind 27 vii viii vii viii Overseer Pheidias Panathenaic Procession Detail of Horsemen Low relief inner frieze of the Parthenon 44738 BCE Classical Athena Marble The people on the horses are larger than life It is carved out deeper at the top than the bottom since the viewers were looking up at it this was done so the figures were easier to see Krater bowl showing funerary procession and Prothesis rite From Dipylon cemetery Athens 740 BC Geometric Period Ceramic In the detail you can see the deceased laying down on a table with four legs shown to illustrate space The checkered cloth would be over top of him The women along the sides are mourning women with their arms above their heads and the dots around them are thought to be tears vii viii 30 vii viii spiral handles 391 quot T t l l s 4 4F 7 7 3 39 o s39 a I 1 l l I I I ilillur V 4 quot 239 l l l at I 1 k 1 frri Pm 39 quot1 1 4 V quotI 39 h 15 lJ AUi nn Potter Ergotimos Painter Kleitias The Francois Vase Chiusi 570 BCE Archaic Period Ceramic with blackfigure decoration Detail showing Peleus greeting Hermes amp Iris Hestia Demeter Chariklo and Leto Dionysios with amphora of wine Used for mixing water and wine Note the Euphronios RedFigure Kylix Krater with Herakles wrestling Antaios Athens 510 BCE Archaic Period Glazed terra cotta Note the petal shaped handles Lighter colored hair is Antaios The detail of Herakles hair looks like something was added to the vase to get the texture vi vii viii lf 5i l hu l 39 39 3 2 quotIlmimumnunmmn I i ii iii iv v vi vii viii Abduction of Persephone Tomb 1 Small Tomb thought to be of Philip s wife at Vergina Macedonia 340 BCE Late ClassicalHelenistic Fresco painting Note the distressed faces m will 2t2quotiiIiiiiiiitfiliiiii lii iiiiiiiiliiiiiiii liiiil 39 F r quot1 5 K E a 555 9 Alexander Mosaic Alexander the Great Confronts Darius III at the Battle of ssos House of the Faun Pompeii 100 BCE after a Greek painting of ca 310 BCE Late ClassicalHellenistic Period Mosaic Note the faces and details vii viii Praxiteles Aphrodite of Knidos quotKnidian Aphrodite Island of Greece 35040 BCE Classical Aphrodite Mable Roman copy The shame of her nakedness shown in right hand covering the privates The stare to the side as if looking at someone The first nude female figure known This was shocking and not something the viewers were used to looking at yet Hagesandros Polydoros and Athanadoros of Rhodes Laocoon and His Sons Found in Villa of Titus lst century CE Hellenistic 9 vii viii 35 vii viii 36 vii viii Marble Note faces and different sizes of the figures 5 9 Sarcophagus of the Married Couple Tomb at Cerveteri 520 BCE Etruscan Terra cotta There are two theories of what the couple is doing 1 inviting those who are visitng to come 2 pouring oils on each other s hands as an aphrodisiac and they are going to have sex quot nL Tomb of the Leopards Tarquinia 480470 BCE Etruscan Tomb wall painting The servants are naked serving people reclining on couches a picture of the afterlife ii Head of a Man quotLucius Junius Brutusquot iii iv Late 4th century BCE v EtruscanRoman vi Possibly Lucius Junius Brutus vii Bronze viii The original doesn t have the bust just the head and neck This was made by the Etruscan but for the Romans We don t actually know who this is but it is thought to be Lucius Junius Brutus who was the first Roman consu after the defeat of the Etruscans Please see the study guide given by Professor Dale for possible Essay Prompts
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