FS 81 Exam 2 Hossain
FS 81 Exam 2 Hossain Family Studies 281-001
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alison Notetaker on Tuesday October 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Family Studies 281-001 at University of New Mexico taught by Ziarat Hossain in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views.
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Date Created: 10/06/15
Family Studies 281 RR4 Notes Post Modern Families Civilizations 3600 BC Mesopotamian 3500 BC Egyptian 3000 BC Indian 1900 BC Chinese 1000 BC Greek 900 BC Roman 300 BC Mayan Hunters amp Gathers 12000 BC Southeast Asia Agricultural 10000 BC Middle East Industrial 1700 AD manufacturing Post Industrial 19705 More wealth Major Components of Contemporary Lifestyles Personal life Parenting Family Composition Context of Post Modern Families Conceptualization Modernity Industrial Renaissance 3 Scienti c Assumptions Human Progress each individual would be entitled to life liberty amp pursuit of happiness equitable access University Marx Darwin Freud principles could transcend social ecological historical boundaries Regularity order hierarchy Concept of Modern Families Modern Families evolving from traditional families dual earner both work Context of Modern Families romantic love maternal love domesticity protect children Concept of Post Modern Families Post Modernity post industrialization assumption of difference university to particulars regularity to irregularity transitional families Post Modern families single blended same sex adoption Concept of Modern vs Post Modern Families Modern Family dual earner family man amp woman work both paid in labor but women are only responsible for childcare amp household labor romantic love maternal love domesticity protect children Post Modern Family deconstruct at least one aspect of traditional families transitional families parenting through modern technology maternal surrogates consensual love shared parenting independence protect rights of children Traditional Family heterosexual two parent family with a breadwinner amp homemaker Homogeneity to Diversity Lower fertility rates Increased divorce 50 amp remarriage rates amp not legally marrying at all Cohabitation amp Childbearing more cohabitate for economic stature more successful for middle class employed women focus more on pursuing academicemployment increased age for getting married out of wedlock strong predictor of teen birth Lesbigay families baby boom through surrogacy adoption less stress on gender roles Extended families immigration families that may be separated by border before immigration one might have to work diligently AIDS extended family steps in to help with children Technology enhanced families arti cial insemination in vitro egg implantation From Stability to Change Divorce Based on economic circumstances amp developmental changes First live on their own nd a partner live with them then comes marriage Visiting Relationship cohabitationhave rst child amp live with their parents From Gendered Parenting to Transgendered Families Increase in Role sharing in heterosexual couple sharing childcare amp household chores vs second shift Degendering parenting lesbian mothers gay fathers no momdad dichotomy becoming a dad without a penis think of quotparentingquot instead of mothering or quotfatheringquot From Male Dominance toward a dismantling of Patriarchy Ownership of resources help out with childcare because it s practical fairness to there wives who work hard too amp build stronger relationship with their children Residence Patterns more single mothers lesbian mothers Power Relations empowering women s power decisionmaking and status easier to leave unhealthy marriages women s earnings 40 of family income RR5 Notes Poverty amp Economic Hardship in Families Measurement of Poverty Poverty is a socioeconomic condition that represents a lack or absence of essential resources 1964 President Lyndon B Johnson declared War on poverty Social Security Administration Molly Orshansky devised how to measure poverty Purchase a basket of goods amp services 4 food plans most frugal was chosen Amount of food times 3 poverty line 1964 3169 amount per threshold 2012 23050 Measured by annual income Adjust according to yearly in ation 2012 poverty income 23050 Food 7683 a year 148 a week 21 per day 528 a person 176 per meal Poverty over Time 1959 224 5560 median income per household 2012 150 50054 50 more than 2015 145 55000 50 less than Poverty patterns age groups children amp elderly composition of poor families 19591969 overall decrease in poverty falling rate among elderly rising rate among children Elderly Social Security Program 1935 Medicare 1965 Supplemental Security Income Program 1971 social security gets elderly over poverty line SS Tax 124 62 Medicare 29 164 1959 overall 224 elderly 352 2005overall 126 101 Children Social Welfare Program median annual income with children has dropped Changes in what composes a familyfamily structure divorced out of wedlock childbearing 1959 94 female head of household 1979186 200925 Family Structures of Poor Families 1959 white families 14 black families 13 1978 white 12 50 black 45 80 average 35 60 Overall Pattern National Panel Studies study of income dynamics yearly national survey of youth survey of income and participation program monthly Most families moderate length over several years A smaller chronic poverty Roughly 50 were poor 3 years or less 33 49 years 15 1013 years 5 13 or more years Ethnic differences At some point during 13 years whites 25 blacks67 3 years or less blacks 67 whites 30 Blacks are more likely to remain in poverty for a longer duration Recidivism Rate 50 of Americans will spend at least one of their years under poverty line Factors that trigger poverty income mother s education father s employment family employment housing tenure neighborhood quality mother s age at rst baby family structure number of children child s birth order children s ethnic origin language spoken at home Demographic Differences 1995 138 2012 150 Native Americans have highest rate then blacks 272 Hispanics 253 Asians 123 and White 97 Who are the poor Minority children women female headed householders inner city dwellers low education disabilities education is essential to get out of poverty White makes up 447 of poor people in group comparison Black children under the age of 6 make up 71 of poverty just among children USA vs World USA has the highest 191 overall common for children adults Elderly top in UK Austria USA Lowest Scandinavia Japan Canada Rich vs poor gap in US Human de nition of poverty doing without food shelter heath Impact of Poverty on Family Dynamics extended kinship likelihood of marriage childbearing positive correlation between low income amp high fertility Martial dissatisfaction amp dissolution Poverty negatively impacts a child s early academic achievement Family resources and positive parenting mediate the negative impact of poverty on a child s learning Lower income at risk for higher rate of divorceseparation Wider Context of poverty structural vulnerability tenuous condition and economic vulnerability importance of social class different resources amp opportunities lack of access to resources for ALL Americans theory of entitlement AK Sen RR6 Notes I Historical Context What is unique about US families Diversi cation of America35 Non White Multiculturalism and cultural competence Effective Family services Moral Call Rationale Immigration is a global phenomenon Early European Immigration most immigration in Europe in late 1800 s amp early 1900 s 1900 s 88 Million immigrate to US 2000 102 Million immigrate to US Contemporarylmmigration 1965 immigration laws Population growth fertility mortality immigration Crucial transition in life Early Families 1500 100 were American Indians 1790 70 were White nonHispanic out of 3 million Whites 60 were English 16 of African Americans 13 of American Indian 1880 86 vs 12 vs 1 Xenophobia to Nativism Anti Chinese Sentiment Sinophobes Most immigrants not in WY MT ND SD KY WV LA MS AL Israel Most foreign born 396 of population in 2010 USA foreign born 129 in millions Total Projected US Population by Race amp Ethnicity 2010 amp 2050 2010 16 Whites 3102 million people total 2050 302 Whites 4390 million people total Demographic Trends a Population Characteristics 22015 321 million 2010 Total US Population310 million Total Asian Populations 17 million Groups Whites 67 majority Hispanics 16 vastly growing African American 12 Asian American5 Major Asian Groups 2010 Chinese 23 Indian19 Filipino 17 Vietnam11 Age Structure of US Population Age 014 201 1564 668 65 131 SES lnformationUS Census 2010 Income 49445 White 54620 African Americans 32068 Hispanic American 37759 Asian American 64308 Native American 33000 College 272 White 300 African American 178 Hispanic American 121 Asian American 491 Native American 110 Poverty 151 462 million White 99 African American 270 Hispanic American 260 Asian American 121 Native American 280 Without Hi 50 m Poverty line income 22314 family of 4 2006 lncome Chinese 58000 Filipino 65000 Japanese 62000 Korean 49000 Vietnamese 52000 Not Pro cient in English Chinese 31 Filipino 7 Japanese 10 Korean 33 Vietnamese 40 College Degree Chinese 46 Filipino 43 Japanese 41 Korean 44 Vietnamese 14 Poverty Chinese 13 Filipino 7 Japanese 9 Korean 16 Vietnamese 14 Demographics Couple relationships Married couples declining Cohabitationincreasing Single parent families increasing Divorce stable to declining Birth Fertility 2011 Fertiity206 Death rate 084 Birth rate 138 20129 Growth rate 096 IMR 606000 Urban 82 Total fertility rate average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime Birth rate how many live births there were in an area per 1000 of the population in a year Birthrates Total birthrate 1960 360 1976 170 1999210 2007209 2011206 Crude Birthrate 1910300000 1999147 2012127 Ill Cultural and Religious In uences Modernization multiculturalism and family types Religious Beliefs Association between religion and family patterns Religions 910 people in US have religious affiliation Traditional sex roles and religiosity Reigiosity and martial satisfaction Divorce rate vs interfaith and same faith marriages Reigiosity in teens and premarital sex Reigiosity and family size IV Marriage and Couples US marriage patterns Age at rst marriage Shift in roles and relationships Breadwinning vs homemaking Second shift for wives Marital satisfaction and happiness Generation gap Martial con ict lower satisfaction Martial stability Less nowadays divorce revolution Parenting and Childcare Historical dimension Theological view puritan Christian belief Freud s view Blank slate AngloSaxon values molding nurture and punishment Genetic predispositions genetic endowment and socially good Pa rent effects Styles and interactions Child effects Temperaments Special needs Reciprocal socialization Bidirectiona impacts Childcare nonparent vs parental
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