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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Anointyd Collins on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 2270.0 at Bowling Green State University taught by Barbara Hayden in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO KINESIOLOGY in Physical Education at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 10/07/15
Chapter 4 Four truths about sport and exercise 1 always subjective experience 2 subjective experiences are unique 3 people often do physical activities without every asking why or understanding the purpose 4 they will not be meaningful unless enjoyable Subjective experiences are important bc 1 unique form of emotion 2 help clarify the basis of career choices 3 develop our skills as physical activity professionals 4 determine whether we will make that activity a part of our lives internal dynamics rather than external performance Nature of Subjective Experience 1 instant emotional cognitive impressions Your best gameHole in oneA bad day 2 replayed subjective experiences selfre ection Do you remember the feeling 3 awareness and ease of recognition of these impressions improves with experience Components of Subjective Experience 1 sensations and perceptions emotions and emotional responses knowledge and subjective experience Psychoanalytic gt deepseated desires 9799 Mystical gt rare and special peak experience c Socratic gt what we know and what we don t know Extrinsic Approaches valuing physical activity because of the bene ts that come from participating Intrinsic Approaches autotelic valuing physical activity because of the subjective experiences embedded within the activity itself helps keep us engaged in activities for the long term Physical activity from both perspectives Factors affecting the enjoyment of physical activity Factors related to the activity evenly matched challenges clear goals and feedback competition Factors related to the performer dispositions gt competency absorption control attitudes gt social experience health and tness pursuit of vertigo aesthetic experience cathartic experience ascetic experience Factors related to social context Watching sports as a subjective experience vicarious participation a feeling as though we are engaged in a sport contest we are watching b illustrated by comments such as our team is winning even though we are not actually on the team disinterested sport spectating a a form of watching sport contests in which we are nonpartisan in our feelings about the outcome b does not always result in less enjoyment Chapter 5 Personal opinion Speculation Probable assertion Truth assertion Goals of philosophy of physical activity in kinesiology 1 Understand the nature and value of health and physical activity etc 2 To understand how con dent we can be about our claims in kinesiology 3 To learn how we ought to behave in sport and in our professional lives as kinesiologists Three types of research 1 Inductive take a small sampling and make a large generalization about it 2 Deductive huge generalization and you nd out all of the info about it 3 Descriptive begins with some example and you describe its qualities Intuitive Knowledge Intuition gt gut feeling Rational Knowledge Proof Overview of Knowledge of Philosophy of Physical Activity The Person Problem ways to understand the mind and body materialism the human being is nothing more than a complex machine subjective experience are real but have no power dualism the mind and body are separate our thought count priority is given to the mind holism the mind and body are interdependent all behavior is ambiguous the mind and body work together Games VS Sport Games are artificial problems a games are required by a set of rules that specify a goal and limit the means that participants can use to reach the goal b rules eXist for the sole purpose of creating the game they would be absurd in ordinary life Sport is a game in which motor skills are required to reach a goal Play VS Duty Dutylike Sport gt Extrensic Sport participation is justi ed by bene cial effects of the sport Sport is viewed as something that we must do because of what it does for us Examples of these effects include improving our health teaching civic values fostering national pride and combating sedentary living and obesity Playlike Sport gt Intrinsic Sport participation is justi ed by intrinsic value Four Values HealthFitness Knowledge Motor Skills Fun
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