Test Review and Study Guide (Chapters 3, 7-9)
Test Review and Study Guide (Chapters 3, 7-9) PSYCH-1000
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brynn Beveridge on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYCH-1000 at Tulane University taught by Dr. Rollins in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 175 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology (PSYCH 1000) in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 10/07/15
Check out my lecture notes to nd the answers for this study guide and help prepare you for the test Chapter 3 Consciousness 12 13 Crossword Clues Across 1 Failure to detect substantial changes in a scene 2 Category of drugs that slow the nervous system and bodily functions 3 When a stimuli is beneath the threshold of conscious awareness 8 When we can only focus on one thing at a time 11 A natural periodic suspension of consciousness 12 Periodic sleep attacks 13 When people act out their dreams 14 When prior eXposure to a stimulus in uences our behavior subconsciously Down 1 Sudden loss of muscle tone 3 The region in the hypothalamus Where circadian rhythms are controlled 4 States that bursts of activation come from the brain stem and activate random memories and emotions then the higher levels of the brain try to make sense of the ransom activations by putting together stories 5 Stage of sleep in Which dreaming occurs 6 When an individual deprived of REM sleep will go more quickly into REM the next time they sleep regularly 7 Category of drugs that speed up the nervous system and bodily functions 9 Difficulty falling asleep lO Deepest stage of sleep Chapter 7 Learning Pavlov s Experiment Match the objects with their correct experimental terms a Sound of bell after l Neural Stimulus conditioning Unconditioned b Sound of bell 2 Stimulus Unconditioned c Dogs salivate to sound 3 Response of bell Conditioned d Dogs salivating 4 Stimulus Conditioned e Smell of meatfood 5 Response Chapter 7 Key Concepts What are the major differences between Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning How are the terms Stimulus Generalization and Stimulus Discrimination de ned differently in Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning What did Ivan Pavlov do What did BF Skinner do What is Observational Learning What did Albert Bandura do Answers 1 b 2 e 3 d 4 a 5 c 10 11 12 13 14 Learning Classical Conditioning Partial Reinforcement Negative Reinforcement Extinction Positive Reinforcement Continuous Reinforcement Skinner Box Positive Punishment Observational Learning Biopreparedness Acquisition Negative Punishment Operant Conditioning a type of learning in which an organism learns to associate its own behavior with a consequence a box in which there is a lever of some sort that animals can activate to receive a stimuli usually food when organisms learn by watching and imitating a behavior removing something bad as a result of a behavior A relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge due to experience Process of learning the association between the CS and the US adds something unpleasant as a result of a behavior removes something pleasant as a result of a behavior Type of learning where an organism learns to associate 2 stimuli when a behavior is reinforced only some of the time Organisms are biologically predisposed to make particular associations getting rid of a CR by repeatedly presenting a CS without a US when a behavior is reinforced every time it occurs gaining something good as a result of a behavior Answers 1e 2i 3j 4d 51 6n 7m 8b 9g 10c 11k 12f 13h 14a 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Chapter 8 Memory The retention of information over time is known as We automatically encode time The and sequence occurs when one remembers items at the beginning of a list The occurs when one remembers items at the end of a list When you think about the meaning of the new information you are trying to remember you are using It is helpful to know the new information with information you already Making information personally relevant is known as The is the tendency to better recall information is studying is spaced out over time The memory holds information while we manipulate it The memory has unlimited capacity and duration The memory holds our conscious memories memory is the unconscious in uence of past experiences on current behavior and thinking memory holds our personal experiences and life events while memory holds impersonal facts and generalized knowledge memory hold the information for routine skills and automatic tasks Stimuli that help us to remember something are known as are abstract mental frameworks that organize information can easily be altered by new information questioning and subtle suggestions Explicit memories are stored in the and the and lobes Implicit memories are stored in the and the Answers 899995 memory space frequency primacy effect recency effect elaborative rehearsal link selfreference spacing effect working longterm explicit implicit episodic semantic procedural retrieval cues schemas Eyewitness testimonies hippocampus frontal temporal cerebellum basal ganglia Chapter 9 Thinking and Language and the De ne What is a heuristic Language is made up of symbols and grammar What does this mean What are the 4 stages of language development 4 months 10 months 12 months 24 months What develops more quickly receptive language or productive language What type of language is controlled in Broca s area Wernicke s area What is Chomsky s belief about language and how does it differ from Whorf s hypthothesis
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