Midtermstudyguide2013.pdf TSOCWF 300
Popular in History of Social Welfare
Jennifer Joy KEener
verified elite notetaker
One Day of Notes
verified elite notetaker
One Day of Notes
verified elite notetaker
One Day of Notes
CHEM 1111 - 12
verified elite notetaker
CHEM 1111 - 12
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Social Welfare BASW (SOC WF)
This 15 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jennifer Joy KEener on Sunday November 2, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to TSOCWF 300 at University of Washington taught by Dr. Laakso in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 232 views. For similar materials see History of Social Welfare in Social Welfare BASW (SOC WF) at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 11/02/14
LAAKSO Fall 2013 STUDY GUIDE MID TERM TSOCWF 300 Week One and Two 1 Know the roots of our value system 0 JudeoChristian Help the poor they have had misfortune Patriarchal Society Protestant Work Ethic and Capitalism Working hard is a sign of success and morality 0 Social Darwinism Survival of the fittest Democratic and Individualism Everyone has equal opportunity 0 Marriage and Nuclear Family Traditional family values 2 Identify the three factors that had an impact on the development of the social welfare institution in this country 1 Nothing about social Welfare in the US constitution 2 Separation of church and state 3 Opening of the west for settlement 3 Explain the residual vs institutional perspective on social welfare Residual Perspective Governments should only play a LIMITED role in the distribution of aid The state should only step in during an emergency and only temporarily These is stigma Reactive and gap filling in nature Institutional Perspective Programs are seen as protecting individuals in society Need is established based on fact of need not the cause of need Everyone deserves to be supported by the community and government Preventative in nature 4 Briefly describe the feminist perspective of social welfare policy Gender matters and also organizes society and how people are to behave and how society responds to their behavior The family ethic is a way to regulate the lives of women Policies support women s dependence on men A woman s role is encoded within society and the rules amp regulation of the state by policy The only way a woman could benefit from the welfare state is if they are conforming to the idea that they are not bread winners but are instead responsible to stay home 5 Explain why it is important to know the history of social welfare A nation that forgets it39s past functions no better then an individual with amnesia History is who we are and is why we are the way we are 0 We cant help people now if we don39t know how people were helped in the past 6 Explain the impact of bias on policy 0 Social Welfare policy was not established using research but by the policy setters who may not agree on how social welfare should be handled People do not agree on the best way to solve social problems Explain the connection between social welfare policy and social control 0 As the social welfare institution becomes larger social welfare is used to elicit social control The idea is to have the minimum needs of the poor met so they wont rebel 0 Control certain behaviors as a condition of receiving aid Know the basic principles of citizenship theory and the types of citizenship Be able to give examples of how the criteria for full citizenship set up barriers for some groups Principles of Citizenship Theory to establish the following Exclusion vs Inclusion Who exactly can be included as a citizen 0 Full Citizenship strong connections to mainstream institutions rights and responsibilities traditionally white men who owned property 0 Second Class Citizenship Having only marginal connections women ethnic minorities sometimes homeless o Non Citizenship Severed from mainstream society illegal immigrants institutionalized people slaves prisoners mentally ill some homeless 1 Duties amp Rights of a citizen There should be a balance between rights and duties 2 Independence vs Dependency independent would be adult males who are white Dependent are children and women 3 Foundation for Human Rights The government will provide a foundation of basic human rights 4 Collective Responsibility vs Individual Responsibility What are the society39s responsibility What are the individual s responsibilities Types of Citizenship 0 Civil Citizenship Civil Rights rights of the individual Basic human rights Freedom of speech thought religion due process of law make binding contracts right to work and decide occupa on Political Citizenship Voting serving as a juror has to do with how a citizen can participate in the government 0 Social Citizenship Having to do with social work Education healthcare social services protection in the work place minimum economic security Example of how Citizenship criteria set up barriers for some groups O was made that who could that already owned so they were dependent on anyone other then powerful white Native Americans we not considered citizens so they were unable keep their land have a say in what laws were made so policy gave their land to white people Historically white men who owned property were considered full citizens To be a citizen one needed to own property so the ones vote and determine the future of our country were those land Women and Slaves were unable to own land white men to move policy towards benefiting men 9 Explain the ideology towards those in need in prehistoric times Identify Hammurabi Prehistorically Poor had a right to receive the wealthy had the duty to give People have a legal and moral obligation to support poor people Poverty is not a crime poverty comes form misfortune not laziness Hammurabi A king of Babylon wrote the code of justice the first written examples of helping 10 Understand the basic principles of Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 and the significance of this law for America Principles of the law 0 Parents are legally responsible for their children and grandchildren 0 Adult Children are responsible for their needy parents and grandparents Severe punishment for those able to work but refusing Established worthy poor and unworthy poor Worthy Mentally ill disabled widows children Unworthy Able bodied people thought to be lazy Made the poor a local responsibility town tax every household Significance of the law 0 Put into law codified the treatment for the poor 0 Became the foundation of American laws toward poor today 11 Name two reasons for the rise in poverty in the 1700s Wars were constantly going on men were dying and leaving widows and orphans or coming home disabled from the war and could ooooo no longer work Needy immigrants continued to arrive in America making the monies available to the poor have to stretch farther and farther 12 Identify the worthy versus unworthy poor 0 Worthy Mentally ill disabled widows children no stigma not expected to take care of themselves 0 Unworthy Able bodied people thought to be lazy would be punished rather then helped 13 Define and the 2 who described the concept Tabula Rasa People are born with a blank slate for their personality People are entirely molded by their environment John Locke 14 Describe the policies of residency requirements during Colonial America Live in the town for 3 months without being warned out asked to leave If you prove that you will work and not live off the town they will let you stay 15 Describe the idea of religious freedom versus the reality of religious tolerance The puritans fled England to escape religious persecution They wanted religious freedom to practice their religion or really freedom from the constraints of the King They did not practice religious tolerance They had one way in which religion was to be practiced and anything else was excluded If you want religious freedom you should be tolerant of other religious but that is harder said then done 16 Identify and his role in the development of religious freedom in US Introduced the principle of separation of church and state 0 Williams wanted not just tolerance but freedom of religion and political freedom Did not believe in state mandated church attendance but did not think politics should have a say in ones religion 17 Explain the ideology towards those in need at the beginning of the 19quot century early 180039s What is the Great Awakening The Great Awakening Religious Revival Fostered humane attitudes and that with philanthropy poverty could be eradicated Rich have a responsibility to help the poor and the poor should show gratitude towards those that help them Poverty is natural and an inevitable part of the human condition don39t blame the victim Having poverty is God giving the wealthy the opportunity for people to do good 18 Briefly summarize attitude toward the Poor Laws Pull yourself up by the boot straps and get out of poverty The more the people help the poor by giving them aid the less they will do for themselves He wanted the poor laws repealed He believed that if aid was removed then the poor would suffer and be encouraged to work Week Three 1 Describe the Colonial Family Ethic Female Meekness Wifely obedience Women should be a sturdy and industrious helpmate remain morally pure Women should do proper work and run the home Everyone is expected to get married The husband is the head of household and bread winner Women dependent on the husband Children should not be spoiled Children are a blank slate motherhood is not idealized 2 How is marriage the keystone of this family ethic How are single women regardless of their reason for not being married treated Marriage as the Keystone Woman depend on the men This is good dependence according to the ethic Single Women Are viewed as a threat to morality have sex with married men and economic security of town drain of monies The must get married or remarry as soon as possible 3 Briefly define coverture Coverture Presumed supremacy of husband over his wife and children This results in married women becoming semi citizens A wife could not use legal avenues such as lawsuits or contracts without her husband The woman39s political and civil identity is completely rolled into her husbands 4 How do policies toward women in this time period affect their citizenship rights It makes them second class citizens they do not have full rights They are reliant on their husbands No right to contract or property limited right to speech andthought 5 Explain how children are perceived during the colonial period They are perceived as little adults the thought of childhood does not exist and that child labor benefitted the family and community They should be seen and not heard they should not be spoiled They were under the governments jurisdiction rather then their parents and could be taken away from the parents if the parents were considered unworthy and not raising them according to the colonial family ethic 6 Describe the social welfare approach towards African Americans and Native Americans They were not considered citizens and there were no social welfare for them 7 Identify the structural changes that made an impact on this country and its approach to social welfare 0 Rapid Industrialization Widespread Urbanization Large Scale of immigration approx 6 million between 18001860 0 Beginning of Capitalism Tensions between democracy and capitalism and this is when social welfare was being developed and came into conflict with questions of citizenship and democracy who really is the majority 8 Identify j amp W Adam Smith Wrote Wealth of Nations Laissez Faire The government should not interfere the free market is the best strategy for how America should be The government should not interfere with the natural right to accumulate property and wealth According to Smith the Poor laws violated this right because people were forced to pay for the poor 9 Identify the Speenhamland system of 1795 and why it was unpopular Speenhamland System Guaranteed minimum income Employers would pay a minimum wage and if it wasn39t enough to support your family the government would make up for it The larger the family the more funds Unpopular It was unpopular because it was assumed that if the poor were guaranteed a minimum wage they would become lazy and not work as hard It was also assumed that the poor would have more children just to get more relief money and that because so many poor would need help that taxes would go up 10 Identify Thomas Malthus and the reasons he was against the Speenhamland system How is this attitude prevalent today Believed that the population would outrun the world39s ability to produce food because the poor relief would encourage paupers to have more children Attitude Today That people living in poverty getting welfare will have more kids in order to get more money form the government 11 Define indoor versus outdoor relief Why did indoor relief become so popular in the 1800s Indoor Relief Institutions getting relief while in an institution Outdoor Relief Getting relief while still in your home Popularization of Indoor relief The state believed that indoor relief would be less expensive then outdoor relief and there would be social control over the poor and they had to behave the way the powerful people told them to 12 Define gemeinschaft and gesellschaft Gemeinschaft Close personal family ties Relies on family church and neighbors in time of need Patriarchal family model is key Common in rural small towns and communities Gesellschaft Ties are weakened more impersonal Does not have strong ties and there were little help from traditional institutions Popular in large urban industrial settings 13 Know the principle of less eligibility Welfare recipients should have a worse condition then the lowest paid wage earner 14 Identify Dorethea Dix and her cause Name the president who vetoed her legislative efforts and why Crusader for the mentally ill She lobbies for better treatment for the mentally ill Lobbied the government to set aside 10 million achres of land for the mentally ill using it39s income to care for the mentally ill It was passed by congress vetoed her bill saying that congress overstepped their authority because the constitution does not say anything about social welfare and that the state not the federal government should be responsible for setting laws that relate to social welfare Week Four 1 Identify the US Sanitary Commission and its significance 0 US Sanitary Commission was composed mostly of women volunteers Financed by private means Educated troops on personal hygiene and inspected the living conditions in army camps Significance Precursor to the Red Cross and laid groundwork for public health after the war 2 Describe the Freedman s Bureau and its significance 0 Freedman s Bureau Temporary relief to aid blacks in transition from slavery to freedom Consisted of employment agencies settlement agencies and health and education 0 Significance of the Freedman s Bureau A rare example of federal government involved in social welfare 3 Identify the Married Women s Property Act Law passed in New York that allowed for the first time women to own property Until this law was passed women could not own property even if they inherited it once they were married the property became the husbands or worked for it using their own labor 4 Describe the explanation of poverty that shifts from being natural and inevitable to being focused on the characteristics of the poor We went from a society that believed in a duty to give and a right to receive to a society that blames the victim of poverty 5 Describe blaming the victim ideology A link between poverty and weak moral character If you are poor it is because you are lazy Assumed that families in poverty could not manage their children or household 6 Explain Social Darwinism and Herbert Spencer Describe how Social Darwinism impacts social welfare policy Social Darwinism Thought that White Anglo Saxton Protestants were generally better then people of other ethnicities and that nature should be allowed to take it39s course in ridding society of defective people The idea was Work or Starve Coined the phrase survival of the fittest Impact of Social Welfare The poor are held in contempt and that helping the poor would only encourage them to multiply and would weaken society Policy makers because horrified at the thought of giving outdoor relief 7 Describe the social welfare benefits given to veterans in this country from the American Revolution through the Civil War Know the 1890 Dependent Pension Act From American revoution civil war small pensions were given to veterans and their dependents After the civil war the pensions were increased and homes were created for elderly veterans disabled veterans and their widows 1890 Dependent Pension Act Gave pensions to union veterans and their wives kept veterans from going to poor houses 8 Describe scientific charity and the charity organization societies COS that began in this country in 1877 Know their philosophy towards the poor their motto their goals their activities Charity organization societies COS o Motto Not alms but a friend 0 Goals Self sufficiency and uplifting of the moral character 0 Activities Would keep case records to collect statistics on poverty unemployment wages etc Would diagnose cause of destitution 0 Philosophy towards poor Teach Values rather then give benefits Outdoor relief is a LAST resort Helped women and children ONLY if breadwinner died would not help women who were deserted by husband because it would encourage desertion Preserve the patriarchal family Assumed that poverty was because of addiction intemperance o What they weredid volunteer women who would go into the ghettos wanted coordination and investigation of the poor Wanted to organize all charities so that the poor could not get relief from more then one place Went into homes and decided who was worthy poor tried to teach morals rather then give aid 9 Identify Josephine Shaw Lowell and describe her ideology towards the poor standards in the should be food but have strict Major leader in the COS movement and set charities organization societies Josephine Lowell s ideology towards the poor Believed that people given aid only when starvation is imminent People didn39t need money or advice on how to have a moral character Believed that the poor should discipline absolute cleanliness and desire to work hard Believed that policy should make pauperism unattractive 10 Identify actual causes of poverty not acknowledged by the COS movement 10 of Unemployment Sickness accidents intemperance alcohol but only in cases 11 Describe the relationship between friendly visitors and the social work profession Friendly visitors were the first form of social workers Assumed the poor wanted moral guidance and used superiority over them Did not consider the clients equal but objects for character reformation Eventually saw that it was hard to differentiate between worthy and unworthy poor 12 Discuss Native Americans and their rights or lack thereof of citizenship Federal Government eliminated political rights of Native Americans by declaring them wards of the government The government refused to recognize them as independent nations and created Bureau of Indian Affairs to be in charge of education land supervision food distribution etc White Europeans moved in and claimed the land of the Native Americans Native American children were sent to white boarding schools Native Americans were forced to work as cheep labor 13 Explain the Dawes Act and the duties of the Bureau of Indian Affairs Dawes Act 0 Government would be in charge 0 Income would be held in a trust and distributed by government to families BIA was agency in charge 0 Contractual agreement for Native Americans who owned property or allotments but had to get permission from government to lease or sell property Bureau of Indian Affairs 0 Government agency to oversee Native Americans 0 Responsible for Supplies Education Instruction on farming Supervision of lands Distribution of food of land was not yielding enough 14 Briefly define the six policy responses toward minorities by majorities For each response give an example for each minority group that has been affected by that policy 1 Assimilation Merging into one group Assumes the superiority of majority culture Anglo Conformity you will conform to my culture Melting Pot more tolerant we take all cultures and create a new America 0 Example of Assimilation Sending the Native American Children to boarding schools to learn to be civilized 2 Pluralism Value distinct cultural identities different cultures an coexist and be preserved Most tolerant response 0 Example of Pluralism Chinatowns there was a culture within a culture existing in a town 3 Legal Protection The official policy to protect minority rights the 13quot 14quot and 15quot amendment to the constitution 0 Example of Protection 13quot amendment abolished slavery African Americans were legally protected 4 Population TransferExpulsion Removal of a group by force Refuse to allow another group into your culture 0 Example of TransferExpulsion Tacoma method of forcing Chinese out of Tacoma 5 Continue Sub39ugation Internal colonialism Exploitation from within the nation Suppression subordination Economic Exploitation Cast like system 0 Example of Subiugation Jim crow laws making black people use different water fountains entrances bathrooms etc 0 Chinese people building the railroads 6 GenocideExtermination Killing members of a group forcibly keeping a group from reproduction Imposing laws and rules that brings destruction to a group 0 Example of Genocide Starvation and massacre of the Native Americans 10 15 Explain how citizenship rights were stripped from each minority group discussed in class Black Latino Native American Chinese all experienced lynching s racial violence denial of land ownership civil citizenship Were not included in poor relief social citizenship African Americans Jim crow laws legalized segregation creating a second class citizen 0 Chinese Immigrants Page Act of 1875 removed the right of Chinese immigrants to EVER become US citizens Chinese referred to yellow peril blaming the Chinese immigrants for poverty 0 Native Americans The 14quot amendment excluded Native Americans 16 Briefly describe the protections theoretically of the 13quot 14quot and 15quot amendments to the Constitution and what type of citizenship rights they were expected to provide to minorities THEORETlCALLY On books but not necessarily followed 0 13quot Amendment Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude except for conviction of a crime Civil Citizenship 0 14quot Amendment All persons born or naturalized in the US are citizens and citizens of the state where they live Defines basic civil rights right of life due process and protection of the law Civil Citizenship 0 15quot Amendment Right to vote can not be denied because of race color or previous condition of servitude Allowed African Americans the right to vote Political Citizenship 17 Explain yellow peril Explain the Tacoma Method and how this policy exemplified the concern about the Chinese 0 Yellow Peril What white Americans referred Chinese Immigrants as They blamed the Chinese for homelessness hunger and poverty because the Chinese would come and take away all the jobs form the white men 0 Tacoma Method Originally the deadline was set so that the Chinese would be starved out It turned into removal of the Chinese by force and lynching from the city of Tacoma A deadline was set for all of the Chinese to move Nov 1 Considered a form of Rapid Expulsion Two days after the deadline a mob of 500 men lynched Chinese people and destroyed their property killing men women and children 18 Identify the Chinese Exclusion Act and the Immigration Acts of 1924 0 Chinese Exclusion Act Halted Chinese immigration President declares that Chinese immigrants in the US can stay but no more can come in 0 Immigration Acts of 1924 Ends Asian immigration until 1968 19 Define miscegenation laws 0 Prohibit marriage between white persons and persons of color including Chinese 20 Identify Jim Crow laws and their significance Give two examples 0 Jim Crow Laws Segregation Laws belief that blacks were incapable of being assimilated politically socially or physically 11 0 Significance of Jim Crow Laws Legalized Segregation w public symbols and constant reminders Kept blacks from voting holding offices sitting on juries etc Encouraged the idea of separate but equal 0 Examples of Jim Crow Laws 1 Signs that said whites only or colored 2 Required segregation in hospitals 21 Identify 2 and 0 Ida B Wells Outspoken women against lynching Cofounder of the NAACP Booker T Washington Non aggressive leader who believed in vocational education and agriculture for blacks Week Five 1 Name the two overarching questions asked about children and define parens patriae 2 Questions 0 What is in the best interest of the child developed in 19quot century to decide custody disputes 0 Under what circumstances and to what extent do the rights of the state have to intervene in the raising of the child supercede the rights of the parents The Childs best interest Children s Aid society Juvenile court system Society for the prevention of cruelty to children Child Support 0 Boarding schools for Native American Children 0 Parens Patiare Government taking the place of parents Gave the state the right to intervene as early as 17 century 2 Explain the changing ideology and policies towards what is considered in the best interest of the child during the late 1800s and early 1900s What are some of the reasons that the approaches toward children began to change 0 Changing Ideology Progressive Era 18901920 0 Departing form poor law principles the state allowed worthy poor mothers to maintain custody of their children 0 Darwin39s theory of development is recognized childhood matters 0 Reasons for the changes Views of children were changing John Locke Tabula Rasa o Darwin39s theory of developmental view of human growth 0 Freud s psychoanalytic theory that puts emphasis on childhood 0 Becoming more industrialized don t need large families to work on the farm children not as economically viable 3 Identify the Children s Aid Society orphan trains and 0 0 Children s Aid Society OOOO O O O O 12 Practice of binding out apprenciship gradually replaced by the practice of placing out foster home or adoption Met orphans and interviewed them about their lives if child wanted to be placed in a home they were divided into groups and put on trains for farming families in rural towns to choose them to bring them into their family Started by Charles Brace a minister 0 Orphan Trains Trains running in and our of New York that carried orphaned children to rural America to be adopted out into Christian farm homes 0 Charles Loring Brace Founder of the Children39s Aid Society Horrified at condition of street children wanted them to grow up in families 4 Explain what led to the development of juvenile courts What can be seen as the advantages and disadvantages of having these special courts for juveniles Development of Juvinile Courts Until the development of the juvenile courts children were treated the same way as adults even reguarding crime The Juvinile court system started because people were realizing that children were not the same as adults and wanted the kids to avoid stigma of crime and created a system where judges were viewed as protectors of children rather then punishers Advantages 0 0 O Emphasis on individual treatment and reformation State can bring corrective influence in child upbringing remove from neglect Created juvenile probation officers to monitor children 0 Disadvantages 0 0 0 Poor people targeted Children aren39t informed of what they have done No attorney present 5 Identify the Gault decision of 1967 0 Supreme court decision that gave children similar civil rights as adults acknowledged that children are entitled to due process 0 0 0 0 Right to counsel Right to know what charges are being brought against them Right to confront and cross examine Protection against self incrimination 6 Identify the SPCC 0 Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children 0 What the SPCC did 0 OOO O Speaks directly to the rights of parents vs state intervention and WHEN the state can get involved Was no child welfare or protection for children Born out of protection of animals Developed categories for child abuse and neglect Would investigate families and bring a case to juvenile court 7 Briefly describe policies toward child support at this time and the role of fathers 13 Policies toward child support 0 Efforts were made to end legal discrimination against children born out of wed lock 0 Mothers were given absolute right to custody shift from fathers o Fathers were made to contribute support with criminal penalties if they did not Roles of Fathers 0 Fathers should be bread winners even if absent 0 Gave mothers rights at expense of fathers 8 Describe policies toward Indian Native American children during this time period What were later identified as some of the long term negative effects of these policies Policies towards Native American Children 0 Boarding school era from 1880 s to 1950 s 0 Wanted to solve the indian problem by educating the children to be white By 1930 23 of Native American children had attended Speak only English Move in regimental lines Wear uniform dress Never question authority Maintain silence and prayerful countenance Severe punishment locked in closets beaten loss of priveleges ative Effects Use of severe physical abuse as punishment in child rearing High Rates of substance abuse Poveny Substance Abuse Depression Loss in Pride of heritage Ne OOOOOOLQOOOOOOO 9 Define progressivism Modify imperfections of capitalism without overthrowing it 0 State regulation of the market 0 Conflicts between profitable accumulation of capital and preservation of human resources 0 Social Reform End child labor Better Housing Minimum wages Workers compensation Shorter work weeks 10 Know the 16quot amendment to the Constitution Progressive Income Tax as your income gets higher more taxes come out 11 Describe the settlement house movement including who was attracted to work in the settlement houses what activities programs were held there their goal their motto and their contributions to the social work profession 0 Settlement house movement 0 Women of affluence would actually move into poverty stricken neighborhoods to help poor felt that to help the poor one needed to know what it was like to live amongst the poor 14 0 Conditions in Chicago 0 Economic Unrest 0 Chicago Relief and Aid Society Private charitable association to help fire victims form the devastating Chicago Fire Who was attracted 0 Upper middle or upper class educated white women with a religious foundation What programs were held at the settlement houses Fine art education Daycare Dinner distribution Neighborhood Shower 0 Collect data on neighborhood 0 Goal of the settlement house movement 0 Bridge the gap between classes and races Motto of the settlement house 0 Residence The settlement houses lived in a residence in the neighborhood as well as taking in a small number of residence 0 Research Collect data about slum dwellers and their conditions and write books and articles 0 Reform Advocate to bring about reform 0 Contributions to the Social Work Profession o Settlement house movement laid the foundation for the social work professions Drew attention to the importance of record keeping research and advocacy and non judgmental attitude 12 Give three reasons for the demise of the settlement house movement 0 Slowing of immigration Move casework to more individualized 0 Social workers lost interest in research to focus on professionalism Unpopularity of Jane Adams due to pacifism 13 Identify who were part of the progressive reform movement including settlement houses including 0 0 0 0 0 Jane Adams 0 Associated with University of Chicago 0 Cofounder of hull house 0 Crusader for social justice 0 Co winner of Nobel peace prize 0 Julia Lathrop o Inspected county alms houses 0 Advocated for community care for mental patients 0 First woman to head a federal Bureau 0 Head of the Children s Bureau to do research on child labor and nutrition Florence Kelly 0 Reformer for labor and political reform 15 o Advocate for children and immigrants 0 Head of nationals consumers league Grace Abbott 0 Director of Immigrants Protective League 0 Succeeded Julia Lathrop as director of Children s Bureau 14 Describe the similarities and differences between the COS and the settlement house movement What were the causes of their antagonism 0 Similarities o Advocated for reform 0 Use of volunteers 0 Bring rich and poor together 0 Campaigned for better facilities public health better garbage collection child labor laws social insurance Differences o Settlement houses took macro approach by trying to change policy towards poor 0 Settlement house workers less judgmental o Settlement house workers looked at structural factors contributing to poor 0 Noted strengths rather then weaknesses of individuals 0 Causes of antagonism between COS and settlement house movement 0 Jane Adams said that COS workers were self righteous and judgmental o COS focused on character development and the settlement houses focused on reform and advocacy 15 Describe the role of in regard to settlement houses and formation of NAACP Ida B Wells established the Fredrick Douglas Center where white and black people could meet and get to know each other Landlords would not lease to a black settlement house so she asked some white friends to help NAACP Helped start it but would not take a Junior partnership as was popular to men in that day 16 Compare the public health efforts to control tuberculosis with more recent efforts to reduce AIDS Once they understand it they can educate citizens of it 0 Unwillingness of health care professionals to report it for sake of stigma 0 Committed to saving and prolonging lives 17 What are two common viewpoints about illness that could pertain to both diseases The disease is a consequence of sin and God s wrath Disease resulted from environmental factors
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