POSI 2310 Test 2 Study Guide
POSI 2310 Test 2 Study Guide 2310
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Marissa on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 2310 at Texas State University taught by Joshua Quinn in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 77 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Government in Political Science at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 10/07/15
POSI 2310 Josh Quinn Test 2 Study Guide 1 What is a person s Frames of reference When evaluating Americans political frame of reference there are 3 main areas scientists examine They are The reference points by which individuals evaluate issues and developments 3 areas party identification ideology group membership 2 Who was the only president in American history to hold more than 2 terms Franklin D Roosevelt 3 What is Political ideology A general belief on the role and purpose of government 4 What is political socialization When does this take place The process by which people acquire their political opinions beliefs and values Process is cumulative mostly in childhood 5 What are primary agent of socialization What do they do Family schools church they shape your opinions 6 Political theorists Page and Shapiro discuss the impact of the public will on policy outcomes They claimed that When American s shift it is likely that congruent will follow Policy preferences changes in policy 7 Politically speaking there are often too many issues for any two people to agree 100 of the time therefore ideological leanings are Leaning towards one view over the other personal preference no exact division 8 What 2 ways is political ideology in the US is often divided for classification Socialeconomic and liberalconservative 9 How can public opinion be measured Currently what is the primary way to gauge public opinion Election results public opinion polls The primary way is public opinion polls 10 Can leaders in uence public opinion How Leaders can in uence public opinion through concerted effort 11 About of voters identify with a party They vote for their party about of the time About of voters claim to be independent How do most of them vote 23 identify with a party Vote for their party 90 of the time 13 claim to be independent When voting they lean one way or the other 12 What impacts voter turnout When is voter turnout is the highest Education and income age civic attitudes political interest and party identi cation 13 How did Ben Franklin feel about property requirements and voting rights What did he say about that guy s ass He didn t agree with the idea it was a bad setup Limiting voting rights based on property is arbitrary if your livestock dies then you lose your voting right so then who s the voter the donkey or the human 14 How did African Americans get the right to vote Women 1820 year olds Fifteenth Amendment Nineteenth Amendment TwentySixth Amendment POSI 2310 Josh Quinn 15 Who has been the most recent bene ciary of voting rights How much do they vote 1820 yearolds Not much 16 How does voter turnout in the US compare to European systems Why Significantly lower High registration requirements and frequency of elections 17 What is the outcome of the issues with voter participation Think about the graph in the Ch 7 notes The lower class is underrepresented People in the middle tend to not vote so policy doesn t re ect their opinions 18 Voter turnout has a strong partisan component how does partisanship effect how someone votes How about whether they vote By how much More likely to vote increase by 25 19 What are 3 conventional forms of political participation we discussed Which of these did I say is more common in the US than in Europe What are unconventional methods we discussed Campaign and lobbying activities virtual participation community activities Campaign an lobbying activities more common in US Unconventional methods protests 20 What is social capitol What did Robert Putnam say about social capitol in his book Bowling Alone The network of relationships among people in a society Putnam say social capital has plummeted people becoming disconnected from each other 21 What is the TEA party What was their primary issue What have they accomplished Faction within the Republican party Issue was Republican lawmakers for the 2008 bank bailout Accomplished the Republican takeover of House in 2010 22 What is Occupy Wall Street What was their primary issue Why did they lose popular support Protest against bailout of the financial industry and government s failure to hold bankers accountable Lost popular support due to public s unease with protestors confronting police 23 Which economic group is constantly underrepresented in the American system Why Is this better or worse in Europe Why Labor group 24 The Supreme Court treated the Georgia and the Indiana voter ID laws differently Why The Georgia law had a monetary restriction whereas the Indiana law did not 25 What does a linkage institution do Which ones did we talk about Connects the people to the government Political parties 26 What was unusual about the election of 1820 The election of 1860 1820 Monroe ran for his second term unopposed 1860 Lincoln had only 40 of the popular vote but still won 27 What factors must align for a partisan realignment to occur Divisive issues election enduring change in party coalitions to favor dominant party 28 The latest realignment starting in the late 1960 s is different from the previous ones Why Its gradual and not over a single issue 29 What is a single member district system also known as a plurality system or a firstpastthepost system How does it affect a party system POSI 2310 Josh Quinn Each electoral district chooses one member for election Encourages two party system 30 Where are most activists active The local level 31 What is the Median Voter Theorem What effect does it have on the stances candidates take Parties look for the people in the middle of the political spectrum Candidates take broad stances on issues 32 What is straight ticket voting What is splitting the ticket Which gives parties more in uence over elections Straightticket voting for every candidate the party has on election Splitting the ticket choosing candidates from different parties Straightticket gives more in uence to parties 33 Elections have become more centered on This had taken power away from The candidate the parties 34 What ways do political advertisers use to get their messages to voters Which is the main battleground Which does best at fundraising Which requires the most volunteers and staff Media web doortodoor Main battleground is advertising through media Web does best at fundraising Ground wars requires the most staff 35 What are political parties How are they different than any other political group Groups that seek to in uence public policy Address a broad range of issues 36 An interest group is Any organization that seeks to in uence public policy 37 Who called Americans a nation of joiners in 1830 s Why What is the Principal of Association Tocqueville People in the US join groups more than any other country The principal states that people associate with others 38 What are economic groups What are citizen groups What does each seek Which had the advantage over the other Why Which category of each is the largest Economic Groups with an economic purpose Citizen no economic purpose Economic seek material incentives jobs wages profits citizen has purpose incentive things they think are worthwhile Economic has advantage due to size and organization Singleissue groups are largest citizen group professional groups are largest economic group 39 What is a Public sector union What is a Private sector union Which is more common since 2009 A trade union that represents the interests of employees Private sector is Labor unions Public sector is more common 40 What are Iron Triangles Who is involved in them Small groups that in uence the policy process Bureaucrats lobbyists legislators 41 What are Issue Networks Who is involved in them How do they differ from Iron Triangles Groups that in uence the policy process Of cials lobbyists policy specialists Temporary and more frequent than iron triangles 42 What is the revolving door Cycle of congressmen to lobby groups and back 43 What is inside lobbying What is outside lobbying Inside acquiring close access to of cials Outside seeking in uence through public pressure 44 What is a PAC What is a Super PAC How are they different POSI 2310 Josh Quinn Political Action Committee solicits funds and donates to candidates Super PACs are independenteXpenditureonlycommittees Super PACs have unrestricted fundraising but can t contributecoordinate directly to partycandidate 45 How independent is the American news media CURRENTLY How did it start out Currently very independent Started out as being funded by political parties not independent 46 What was the Fairness Doctrine Why was it ended Required that media gave equal coverage of all candidates regardless of party and impartial coverage of political events Ended because TV and radio created many new options for people to get a story 47 What is new news How is it different than old news New news is more sensationalistic Old news was objective 48 Since the rise of the new news in the 1980 s media has provided much more time to partisan opinion stories 49 What is agenda setting Who does it If media covers a topic frequently then the audience will view the issue as more important 50 Why is most American news pretty much the same regardless of which outlet you consume Topics have been distilled and lose context 51 What is the 4th branch of government Why are they called this The media and the watchdog function Objective journalism fosters watchdog reporting which looks to eXpose any event or corruption 52 As far as partisan orientation of media outlets traditional media is mostly talk shows are mostly the internet is mostly Traditional is neutral talk shows are conservative internet is liberal 5 3 What is the information divide There are more news outlets yet viewers are less informed because they choose the news that agrees with them
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