Exam 1 Study Guide - LIfespan Development
Exam 1 Study Guide - LIfespan Development PSY 09218
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jasmine Haynes on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 09218 at Rowan University taught by Robert B. Haynes in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Development in Psychlogy at Rowan University.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
Quiz 1 Guide According to our course development begins at conception Development Occurs in 3 Domains 0 Physical development 0 Cognitive development 0 Social development Developmental issues 1 Nature and nurture a Nature view Biological inheritance is most important b Nurture view Environmental in uences are most important Heredity 0 When the sperm penetrates the cell it now has 23 pairs of chromosomes The first 22 pairs are called autosomes The 23rd pair determines the sex of the child 0 An X and a Y chromosome produces a boy 0 Two X chromosomes produces a girl 0 Genes are the functional unit of heredity Twins 0 Monogygotic twins identical Single fertilized egg splits in two 0 Dizygotic twins fraternal Two separate eggs fertilized by two separate sperm Prenatal Diagnosis 0 Ultrasound uses sound waves to generate a picture of a fetus If defects are suspected an amniocentesis is performed 0 An amniocentesis is where a needle is inserted into the abdomen to get a sample of amniotic uid that surrounds the fetus 0 The fetus genotype can be determined from this uid APGAR SCALE 0 In 1953 Virginia Apgar developed a scale to measure 5 vital signs 0 Scores go from 02 0 absent 1 mild absence 2 present 0 Color 0 Muscle tone 0 Heart rate 0 Breathing O Re exes Development of the Brain 0 The basic unit of the brain is the neuron Neurotransmitters chemicals that transmit information from neuron to neuron 1 dopamine addictions Parkinson s Disease schizophrenia 2 serotonin sleep aggression depression Psychosocial Stages of Development Erik Erikson Psychosexual Stages of Development Sigmund Freud Refer to Lifespan development Week 2 Notes for all Erikson and Freud Stages of development Stem cells can be harvested from embryos adults and even dead adults up to 20 hours after death SIDS is the most common cause of death in infants 1 month to 1 year Hormones are secreted by the endocrine system Psychophysics Study of how a stimulus is translated into a psychological experience Nearsightedness close objects are clear and distant objects are blurry Farsightedness distant objects are clear and close objects are blurry The vestibular system contains structures that help you balance Humans replace their taste buds every 10 days
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