Exam 2 Study Guide
Exam 2 Study Guide 40763 - BMS 110 - B
Popular in Introduction to the Biomedical Sciences
Popular in Biomedical Sciences
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by tess2019 on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 40763 - BMS 110 - B at Missouri State University taught by Ivy J Fitzgerald in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Introduction to the Biomedical Sciences in Biomedical Sciences at Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
Vocab Prokaryote Eukaryote Organelle Plasma membrane Cytosol Cytoplasm Nucleus Nucleolus Chromatin Chromosomes Histones Nuclear envelope Nuclear pore Rough endoplasmic reticulum Lumen glycosylated smooth endoplasmic reticulum vesicles Golgi apparatus Cisterna Lysosome Peroxisome Mitochondria lntermembrane space Cristae Matrix ATPase ATP synthase Microtubules Tubulin Intermediate bers Micro laments Actin Cilia Flagella Exocytosis Endocytosis Pinocytosis Phagocytosis Receptormediated endocytosis Active transporters Transport proteins carrier proteins Channel protein Uniporter Symporter Antiporter Diffusion Facilitated diffusion Cellular respiration Glycolysis Pyruvate Citric acid cycle Electron transport chain Mitosis Meiosis Homologous chromosomes Autosomes Sex chromosomes Diploid Haploid Gene Chromatin Chromosome Sister chromatids Centromere Kinetochore Centriole Centrosome Somatic cells Cell cycle lnterphase 61 phase S phase 62 phase Prophase Prometaphase Metaphase Metaphase plate Anaphase Telophase Cytokinesis Cleavage furrow Gamete Gametogenesis Spermatozoon Spermatogenesis Oocyte Oogenesis Haploid Homologous recombination Allele SynapsE Chiasma Genotype phenotype dominant recessive homozygous heterozygous autosomal sexlinked hemizygous pedigree Xlinked Ylinked Xlinked recessive Xlinked dominant NonMendelian genetics Polygenic traits Codominance Universal donors Universal recipients Incomplete penetrance Epistasis Multigenic Independent assortment Mosaic Barr body Chimera Silent mutation Missense mutation Nonsense mutation Deletion Duplication lnversion Translocation Nondisjunction Monosomy Trisomy Trisomy 13 Patau Syndrome Trisomy 18 Edwards syndrome Trisomy 21 Down syndrome Concepts Cell Theory All cells originate from other cells Every organism composed of 1 cells Cells smallest units having properties of life Properties of life Use energy Produce waste Growth Reproduction Death What happens in the ER Ribosomes create proteins and push them through the wall of the ER Proteins are secreted embedded into the membrane of a secretory pathway or remain inside the lumen of a secretory pathway Proteins fold themselves within the lumen and sugars are attached to them are gycosyated Disul de bonds are also formed in the proteins this only occurs in the ER What happens in the Golgi Proteins are trimmed and gycosyated with new sugars The proteins are packaged and then sent to their nal destinations Cellular respiration Function of different types of cytoskeleton How different types of molecules are transported across cell membrane If going against the gradient active transport If small diffusion If ionic or large facilitated diffusion Differences between meiosis and mitosis Mendel s laws of inheritance Law of independent assortment alleles for different genes end up in gametes independently of each other Law of dominance dominant alleles mask recessive alleles Law of segregation every individual has a pair of alleles for each trait that separate during gamete formation each gamete gets one allele DNA polymerase mistakes
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