Midterm Review Chapters 1-6
Midterm Review Chapters 1-6 PSYC 2350
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This 17 page Study Guide was uploaded by lambdalambdalambdas on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 2350 at University of Houston taught by Dr. Miller in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 498 views. For similar materials see Intro to Child Development in Psychlogy at University of Houston.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
0 Question 1 025 out of 025 points A psychoanalytic theorist would likely blame antisocial personality traits exhibited by a preschooler on Selected Answer a parents Answers a parents b gene cs C teachers d cultural factors a Question 2 025 out of 025 points Which of the following variables is LEAST likely to be an independent variable in an experiment Selected Answer b Family size Answers a TV viewing behavior b Family size C Hours of teacher training d Parental involvement in school 0 Question 3 025 out of 025 points A preschooler is growing up in an uppermiddleclass home with parents who both have advanced degrees She lives in a thriving suburb The preschool she attends is rated the best in the state These settings in which her development occurs are referred to as Selected Answer c contexts Answers a cultures b matrixes C contexts d scena os Question 4 025 out of 025 points The fact that growing up in Australia has in uenced Matilda39s life provides an example of the impact of the on human development Selected Answer a macrosystem Answers a macrosystem b chronosystem C exosystem d microsystem 0 Question 5 025 out of 025 points While discussing informationprocessing development in children your instructor displays a model of memory and says quotYou39d better look at this because it will be on the examquot If you follow the advice and look at the display and stop texting your friend you are demonstrating Selected Answer d selective attention Answers a agency b ordinality C automaticity d selective attention 0 Question 6 025 out of 025 points Amniotic uid develops from Selected Answer Answers a Question 7 025 out of 025 points d the fertilized egg a maternal blood b dead cells C maternal uid d the fertilized egg In the process of birth the rst stage is to the second stage as Selected Answer a contractions are to movement through the birth canal Answers a contractions are to movement through the birth canal b dilation of the cervix is to contractions C emergence is to dilation of the cervix d afterbirth is to emergence Question 8 025 out of 025 points A correlation of 9 between quotamount of sleepquot and quotalertness during the dayquot indicates that Selected Answer Answers b the less sleep you get at night the less alert you are during the day a the more sleep you get at night the less alert you are during the day b the less sleep you get at night the less alert you are during the day C getting more sleep at night causes you to be more alert during the day d getting less sleep at night causes you to be more alert during the day Question 9 025 out of 025 points As a college student you are studying ethnicity Which scenario should not be considered Selected Answer Answers d a 4yearold and her home located in a povertystricken area a a 5yearold and his bilingual abilities b a 10yearold and her religious beliefs C a 12yearold and his observance of Passover d a 4yearold and her home located in a povertystricken area 0 Question 10 025 out of 025 points A scheme is best thought of as a Selected Answer c simple organized pattern of knowledge Answers a behavior b symbolic image C simple organized pattern of knowledge d process of adjusting to new information 0 Question 11 025 out of 025 points If William is a preoperationalstage thinker and Mary is a concreteoperational thinker which term would a Piagetian use to characterize the difference between William and Mary39s intellectual skills Selected Answer d qualitative Answers a primary b secondary C quantitative d qualitative 0 Question 12 025 out of 025 points Concreteoperational thought is to formaloperational thought as Selected Answer b trialanderror is to hypotheticaldeductive reasoning Answers a abstraction is to speci c example b trialanderror is to hypotheticaldeductive reasoning C accommodation is to assimilation d re ex is to internalization of schemes 0 Question 13 025 out of 025 points Reading Dr Seuss39s classic story The Cat in the Hat to the child in the mother39s womb according to a recent research project showed that the Selected Answer Answers d All of these a newborn prefers hearing the story after birth b infant sucked on a nipple in a different way when the mother read the story C infant39s brain has a remarkable ability to learn even before birth d All of these Question 14 025 out of 025 points If you hold a telephone number in your shortterm memory for how long is the information retained without rehearsal Selected Answer b 20 seconds Answers a 2 to 5 seconds b 20 seconds C 2 hours d inde nitely Question 15 025 out of 025 points In an effort to assess her memory abilities a researcher presents 5monthold Chloe with the same visual stimulus over numerous trials If she begins to pay less attention to the stimulus with each subsequent trial she is demonstrating Selected Answer a memory and habituation Answers a memory and habituation b memory and dishabituation C a lack of memory and habituation d a lack of memory and dishabituation 0 Question 16 025 out of 025 points You take Emily into a furniture showroom displaying three chairs and two sofas and ask quotAre there more chairs or is there more furniturequot Emily answers quotThere is more furniturequot What type of problem has she passed Selected Answer b class inclusion Answers a transductive reasoning b class inclusion C seriation d conservation Question 17 025 out of 025 points Dr Willard is attempting to assess 5yearold Scott39s ability to solve a balance scale problem Dr Willard has predicted that Scott would use Siegler39s rst rule In doing so Dr Willard expects that Scott will ask himself Selected Answer Answers b quotAre there the same number of weights on each side of the scalequot a quotWhat does balance meanquot b quotAre there the same number of weights on each side of the scalequot C quotAre the weights the same distance apartquot d quotIs the greatest number of weights on the same side as the weight the greatest distance from the centerquot Question 18 025 out of 025 points Prenatal development can be divided in to three parts Which of the following statements about these three parts is not correct Selected Answer Answers c The three prenatal periods are the same as the three trimesters in terms of length a You divide the prenatal development in to three equal parts caed trimesters b The germinal and embryonic periods are in the rst trimester C The three prenatal periods are the same as the three trimesters in terms of length d The fetal period begins at the end of the rst trimester 0 Question 19 025 out of 025 points Visual acuity is Selected Answer Answers C the ability to see small objects and ne detail a the ability track and follow moving objects b the ability to perceive distance using both eyes C the ability to see small objects and ne detail d all of the above a Question 20 025 out of 025 points What re exes disappear around 3 months of age and are replaced by the infant39s voluntary eating Selected Answer b sucking and rooting Answers a sucking and tonic neck b sucking and rooting C Moro and rooting d tonic neck and rooting Question 21 025 out of 025 points If an infant39s motor activity is restricted Selected a Answer that Infant wnll probably reach the milestones of motor development at a normal age Answers a that infant will probably reach the milestones of motor development at a normal age b it will be impossible for the infant to reach the next motor development milestones C the infant will always be severely delayed d None of these will occur a Question 22 025 out of 025 points Watching an object while exploring it manually helps infants to discriminate its texture size and hardness This is an example of educates Selected Answer b action perception Answers a perception action b action perception C perception a verbal response d action a withdrawal from the object 0 Question 23 025 out of 025 points Sensation is to perception as Selected Answer b Answers 0 Question 24 025 out of 025 points transmission is to interpretation a vision is to hearing b transmission is to interpretation C dominant is to recessive d gross motor is to ne motor When Mark39s grandmother calls on the telephone to wish him a happy birthday she asks him quotHow old are you todayquot Instead of saying anything Mark holds up four ngers His behavior is best explained as Selected Answer Answers a Question 25 025 out of 025 points b egocentric a intuitive b egocentric C excessive conservation d a lack of object permanence Nurture is to experience as nature is to Selected Answer a maturation Answers a maturation b edi cation C learning d the environment 0 Question 26 025 out of 025 points Lisa and 49 other 9th graders is participating in research that requires her to wear a beeper When she receives a beep she must record whether she is with friends or family What methodology is this study using Selected Answer d Experience sampling Answers a Case study b Physiological measures C Correlational d Experience sampling a Question 27 025 out of 025 points Variables A and B have a correction of 86 If you know Keira has a low score on A what can you say about her score on B Selected Answer a Keira is likely to have a high score on B Answers a Keira is likely to have a high score on B b Keira is likely to have a low score on B C We cannot predict Keira39s score d Keira39s score on B is likely to be lower than her score on A 0 Question 28 025 out of 025 points A childcare director is trying to nd out information about the parents in her center She decides to have them ll out surveys What method of research is this approach Selected Answer c descriptive Answers a correlational b observational C descriptive d experimental
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