Exam 1 study guide
Exam 1 study guide General Education 130
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jennifer Nowak on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to General Education 130 at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater taught by Heather Neimeier in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY (GS) in General at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
Power Society and Social Science What is Power being able to affect others through reward and punishments What makes power legitimate when leaders and followers both agree to the rules legality morality tradition Institutional power vs individual power institutional laws workplace society government individual personal level Social Sciences Anthropology broadest study of humankind around the world throughout time cutura and biological aspects Sociology study of group behavior institutional arrangement and relationships social location and personal history Psychology behavior and mental processes individual level mental disorders neuroscience Women and Gender s Studies examination of structure of ender in society attention to women s issues and abuse Scientific Method Field Research Ethnography participant observation religion language health Ethnology cross cultural comparison Naturalistic Observation Watching and analyzing disadvantages limited question advantages real life observations Laboratory Observation watching in a lab advantages can use deception disadvantages people might act differently Case Study studying one individual limited in generalizability Surveys asking a group of people questions need random sampling Correlational Method degree of a relationship between 2 variables cannot prove causation Experimental Method only method that shows cause and effect independent variablemanipulated by experimenter dependent variable measured experimental group manipulate control group gets left alone Confounding Variables placebo effectresponse to treatment is due to participant s expectations solution placebo condition selection bias presence of pre existing differences in groups solution random assignment experimenter bias use double blind procedure Limitations generalizability limits ethical practical possible Schools of Thougm Psychoanalysis humans only have access to a small part of mental experience unconscious drives behavior thoughts and feelings focus on sexualaggressive impulses Behaviorism focus on overt behavior behavior is observable and measurable determined by environmental factors Operant conditioning positive and negative punishment and reinforcement Humanistic Psychology human beings are driven to grow unconditional positive regard Cognitive Psychology focus on how mental processes influence behavior interpretation is key Biological Psychology Physical bases of human and animal behavior nervous system genetics endocrine system immune system SocioCultural Approach cross cultural perspective on human experience importance of social and cultural influences on behavior Metathinking dispositional attributionsassigning causes of behavior to internal personal characteristics situational assigning causes of behavior to external influences Fundamental Attribution Error tendency to make dispositional attributions for other people s behavior Exceptions to FAE 1 actor observer discrepency actor situational attributions observer dispositional 2 Self serving bias explanations for our own experiences depend on outcome positive make internal attributions negative external Schemas cognitive set through which we see the world categories and groups Accomodation modify data Assimilation modify new data to fit schema assimilation bias helps maintain stereotypes instead of modifying schema False Uniqueness Effect overestimate our own abilities talents positive characteristics false feedback culturally not likely to tell someone the truth Representative Heuristic judge likelihood that something belongs to a certain category compare to our schemas bias categorize people based on resemblance to others that fit the same schema Availibility Heuristic use of most easily availible memories to estimate likelihood overgeneralize from vivid events False Consensus Effect tendency to think others hold the same beliefs and opinions and engage in the same behaviors that you do
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