Art History Study Guide Quiz 2
Art History Study Guide Quiz 2 AHI 101LR
Popular in Survey Egypt To Renaiss
Popular in Art History
This 14 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nicole on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to AHI 101LR at University at Buffalo taught by Watrous, L V in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 343 views. For similar materials see Survey Egypt To Renaiss in Art History at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
Art History Review Quiz 2 Prehistoric Aegean 1 Harvester Rhyton Crete 1500 BC Small coneshaped vessel barely 4 12 inches in diameter Depicts a rowdy procession of 27 men Figures move freely overlapping amp jostling one another rather than marching in an orderly patterned single file across the surface Exuberant expressions on men s faces some appear to be singingstark contrast to the composed figures of Egyptian art 2 Octopus Flask Crete 1450 BC Ceramic Octopus painted sideways showing movement Captures the grace amp energy of natural forms while making use of the bulging shape of the vessel Minoan art portrayed nature directly was not politically controlled 3 Flotilla Fresco Cycladic Thera 1600 BC Depicts a naval expedition Shows Siege as a walledcity indicating a sense of politicism and constant warfare Fortified settlements indicate that the Mycenaean s were a defensive culture much more militaristic than Minoans 4 Golden Lion s Head Rhyton Mycenae 1600 BC Unlike the Minoan depiction of animals this was not intended to capture the realistic appearance of a lion Lion is shown as aggressive a symbol of power amp strength Conveys militaristic culture of the Mycenaean s Periods Minoan19001450 BC Mycenaean 16001200 BC Classical Greece 600300 BC 5 Greek Architectural Orders PEDI mam K conguce J f 1 w 1 am a a m 55 H39Hll lm 65 L l E lt i r a t a g r W J J 39 E r E39 i0 1 K 4 a r E ABACUS 1 CAPETAL ECHNUS Z i NECKINS I if 397 39 4 a o 52 f v 53 SW71 k L srvgceme Doric Order Oldest simplest amp most massive Greek order Fluted columns placed close together amp often without bases Frieze decorated with vertical channels was called the triglyph and was broken up by the metopes sculpted figures amp ornamentation or just blank space Ionic Order Easily recognized by the volutes look like 2 scrolls on its capitals Had straight uted columns Decorative bases Thinner more delicate features 6 Metropolitan Kouros 590 BC Odd proportions that do not re ect accurate human characteristics Wiglike hair archaic smile Statue is not depicting a specific person Very similar to Egyptian statuesused Cannon of Proportions 7 Anavysos Kouros 530 BC Shows an increased interest by Greek artists in rendering a lifelike human figure Pose wig and smile remain unrealistic but the torso amp limbs represent an idealized masculinity Statue was a grave monument to a fallen war hero reading quotStop and grieve at the tomb of the dead Kroisos slain by wild Ares in the front rank of battlequot Statue was not meant to represent an individual but rather a symbolic type 8 Peplos Kore Athens 530 BC Agalma gift to the gods found in Acropolis Votive sculpture with same stylized features as Anavysos Kouros Unlike Anavysos Kouros she is clothed in peplosa draped rectangle of cloth pinned at the shoulders amp belted to give a bloused effect 9 Kritios Boy Athens 480 BC Lifelike body form with relaxed expression Shows contours of the body while the boy rests his 39 weight on his left leg Shows the beginnings of contrapposto 10 Riace Warrior Greece 460 BC Found off the coast of Italy Statue had been aboard a sunken ship amp was preserved by mud Contrapposto is even more evident in this statue than in Kritios Boy Made up of many different pieces inlayed bone amp glass for eyeballs colored inlays on lips silver plating on teeth and separately cast eyebrows amp eyelashes Intense study of the human figure 11 Spear Bearer Ideal male athlete masculine build Created by renowned Greek sculptor Polykleitos to demonstrate his written work quotThe Canonquot Exemplified what he considered to be the perfectly harmonious amp balanced proportions of the human body Terms Arete Excellence or virtue Kleos translates to renown or glory Symmetria Polykleitos Canon or use of symmetry Contrapposto Convention of presenting standing figures with opposing alternations of tension and relaxation around a central axis that dominates Classical art Agalma gift to the gods CityState Polis of Athens 12 Parthenon Temple on the Acropolis dedicated to Athena Sense of harmony amp balance in attention to proportions Doric order Conveys a number of political amp ideological themes The triumph of the democratic Greek citystates over imperial Persia The Preeminence of Athens thanks to the favor of Athena The triumph of an enlightened Greek civilization over despotism amp barbarism 13 Lapith Fighting a Centaur Parthenon 430 BC Metope relief from the Doric frieze on the south side of the Parthenon Dramatic composition that catches the instant in total equilibrium Struggle between man amp beast posed to showcase the Lapith warrior s exed muscles amp graceful movements 14 Horsemen Parthenon Part of the Parthenon Procession a 525ft long Ionic frieze enclose within the Parthenon Procession celebrating the festival that took place in Athens every 4 years Women of the city wove a new peplos and carried it to the Acropolis to clothe an ancient wooden statue of Athena Figures appear to be representative types or the ideal citizens of a successful city state naked men representing the masculine ideal rather than typical citizens who would be seen at a festival 15 Marshalls and Young Women Parthenon VFWquot quot quot I V39T 39 Part of the Parthenon Procession Shows graceful but physically sturdy young walkers Once again indicates the ideal for citizens of Athens 16 Erechtheion Acropolis g It 34 h Second important temple erected on the Acropolis Stands on the site of the mythical contest between Poseidon amp Athena over patronage of Athens Poseidon struck a rock with his trident bringing forth a spout of water Athena planted an olive tree and won over the city Athenians enclosed this sacred spot bearing the marks of the trident Housed a venerable wooden cult statue of Athena that was the center of the Panathenic festival Ionic order 17 Porch of the Maidenscrolis South porch of the Erechtheion Six stately caryatids support the simple Doric capitals and an Ionic entablature made up of bands of carved molding Figures create a sense of closure symmetry and rhythm Terms AgoraMarketplace in ancient Greece Pnyx Official meeting place of Athenian democratic assembly Acropolis Fortified citadel and state sanctuary of Athens located on a high rocky outcrop above the city Theater of DionysusMajor openair theater at the Acropolis in Athens StoaCovered walk or colonnade Propylaia Monumental entryway to the Acropolis meant to give citizens the sense that they were walking into a sacred space ErechtheionComplex temple in the Ionic order built to replace an older temple Classical Art 18 Trojan War Pediment 4L1 Pediment in the Temple of Aphnia Aegina Depicts local warriors in the military expedition against Troy Fallen warriors fill the space anking the image of Athena as warrior goddess in hieratic fashion L s pa 19 Dying Warrior West Pediment Fallen warrior displays the stylized hair amp smile of earlier Greek sculptures though body is realistic Completely frontfacing unrealistic posesmiles as he attempts to pull an arrow from his chest 20 Dying Warrior East Pediment Similar to west pediment warrior though created about a decade later This statue shows a much more realistic portrait of struggle and pain Rather than smiling warrior struggles to hold himself up after being struck down 21 Grave Stele of Ktesilaos and Theano Athens 400 l BC Shows married couple Lack of affection focus is on creating a rational balanced space Hellenistic Age 22 Hermes and the Infant Dionysus Praxiteles 4th Century BC Highlights the differences between the 4th and 5th Century BC Classical styles Hermes has a smaller head and a more sensual body than Polykleitos Spear Bearer His offbalance position causes him to lean against a post a stark contrast to the physical balance shown in earlier pieces Praxiteles humanizes the figures by showing a sense of loving playfulness between the 2 gods 23 Aphrodite of Knidos Praxiteles 350 BC Daring statue of Aphrodite shown nude preparing to bathe Although nudity among male athletes was admired nudity among women was seen a sign of low character First wellknown artist to depict a fully nude woman lquot quot h39 a v V l 4 k Am 7 gt 39 H 3 397 7 J AW 7 A Shows a barbarian term used by Greeks to describe any foreigner whom they considered uncivilized who has fallen in battle Sculpture depicts his dignity amp heroism in defeat inspiring admiration and pity Though fatally injured he struggles to riseelicits an emotional response characteristic of the Hellenistic era 9 139 25 Athena Attacking the Giants Pergamon Alter 150 BC Part of frieze wrapping around the base of a Great Altar on a mountainside at Pergamon Depicts the battle between Gods amp giants a mythical representation of what Greeks saw as their con icts with outsiders all of whom they labeled barbarians Very captivating dramatic pieces meant to draw the Viewer 26 Laocoon amp His Sons 1St Century BC CompleX sculptural composition illustrates a dramatic episode from the Trojan war I f The priest Laocoon p warned the Trojans a not to bring the giant wooden horse into the yi city but the gods who supported the Greeks send serpents from the a sea to destroy him 27 Nike of Samothrace 180 BC Winged figure of Victory Large open movements of the figure strong contrasts of light amp dark and the contrasting textures of feathers all typify the dramatic appearance of Hellenistic art 28 Aphrodite of Melos 100 BC Re ects the classical styles of PraXiteles in dreamy gaze and heavier proportions of High Classical sculpture Terms Postmodern Age Phrase that originated in architecture skeptical of traditions Mystery ReligionsEmotional religion with mystery at the core Isis Maternal goddess became the central figure of a new religion Demeter Goddess whose daughter Persephone was abducted by Hades Zeus arranged that Persephone would spend 9 months of the year with Demeter and 3 months in the Underworld with Hadesexplained why everything died in the winter Photo Sources 1 2 3 4 9 1o 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 htt s enc ted tbn1gstaticcomimagesqtbnANd9GcS4V9Og4zqLrCasU7AM9fQZiHiVD36WQ i5FLNzWF63thxp7B httpsenchptedtbn1gstaticcomimagesqtbnANd9GcS8 mqua15VIAV2CLDHSquthl18LM6del pdijNf3nim1w htt s s3amazonawscom classconnection 603 ashcards 2541603 39 e 149114F7AE34178E8E8iDe2 htt s enc ted tbn2gstaticcomimagesgtbnANd9GcgQYEdACIGmegoTCASchLmUueaFt13Eisoy512mei9g8AW4Km htt s classconnections3amazonawscom 1502 ashcards 679460 n doricionic n htt s s3amazonawscom testclassconnection 242 ashcards 398242 39 new ork kouros htt s enc ted tbn3gstaticcomimagesqtbnANd9Gchw 9eotYF1iH2V2Sstizexkbc5i c G7anBOWK3uwGMooW8KUQ htt s enc ted tbn2gstaticcomimagesqtbnANd9GcRL8XCPcLXkCHhMciinC6p9u7lt5LeECEQ4bsKhvihMii 3CP7Xisin s ima e34 http inhouseproductionco historvlwpcontentuploads 2014 03 Kritios Bowing htt wwwmlahanasde Greeks Arts Riace RiaceA0439 smediacacheak0 inim com 736x 92 96 91 929691efef669a6d4c4addc2a7e4b8b139 u loadwikimediaor wiki edia commons d da The Parthenon in Athens httpwwwancienteuuploadsimages3310ipgv1431033257 https d32dm0rphc5 1dkcloudfrontnet8x1EBGU4REK5thpbwoFHQlargerjpg http Z Zkoofersstatics3amazonawscom ashcard imagese41f4d1709e4d730190c8f0ab25b1372png htt wwwfreema escouk album rece acro ole erechteion httpwwwancienteuuploadsimaqes389ipgv1431035021 htt s classconnections3amazonawscom 62 ashcards 4133062 n west ediment 144422A904028BF2A53pn2 u loadwikimediaor wiki edia commons 1 1c A haia ediment warrior W VII Gletothek Munich 79ipg htt s htt coursesmissouristateedu ECarawan ima es D in WarriorGIF http wwwbritishbabvnamescoma6a014e87d88579970d01a511e6eacb970cpi htt s smediacacheak0 inim com 736x db 39 0d db390d9356fce2f10a13288ba68a306739 htt s www0neontaedu facul farberas arth Ima es 109ima es 4thc hellenistic a h knidos http i468photobucketcom albums rr42 ghostsandiam DYINGGALLICTRUMPETERJpg htt s classconnections3amazonawscom 496 ashcards 2459496 39 card18185322 front1355428392977ipg httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsbbdLaocoon and His Sonsipg httpwwwtheoicomimageS292Nikeipg http wwwsandrashawcomimagesAH1L21Miloipg
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