×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to wau - Flashcards - Washington Hospital School of Radiography
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to wau - Flashcards - Washington Hospital School of Radiography
Flashcards / bony thorax radiography part 2

bony thorax radiography part 2

bony thorax radiography part 2

Description

School: Washington Adventist University
Term:
Tags: Washington Hospital School of Radiography
Cost: 25
Name: bony thorax radiography part 2
Uploaded: 03/21/2016
53 Pages 16 Views 0 Unlocks
Reviews


Front
Back

What are the routine views/projections for ribs?

pa chest, ap projection, lpo/rpo

The ___ ______ for ribs looks for lung/resp pathology due to rib fracture/trauma.

pa chest

The Ap projection is _______ if possible, _______ kvp range, may be __lateral or __lateral, and the top of the cassette should be __ to __ in above the shoulders.

upright medium uni bi 1 2

The CR for the AP projection of the ribs is ___________ to the IR, and exposed on full _______ which depresses the diaphragm.

perpendicular inspiration

The AP projection of the ribs demonstrates ribs __-__/__ and the __________ joints are symmetrical. You can use a smaller size ir for ribs _____ the diaphragm.

1 8 9 costovertebral below

AP ribs best demonstrates the _________ ribs.

posterior

For the AP projection of the ribs, if it is a unilateral study, for ribs above the diaphragm, the ___ through __ posterior ribs in their entirety is shown of the ________ side.

1 10 affected

For the AP projection of the ribs below the diaphragm, __ through __ posterior ribs on the affected side is shown in their entirety.

8 12

For the AP projection of the ribs, the ribs are visible through the _____ or _______ and there is symmetry of vertebral bodies, __ joints, and posterior ribs.

lungs abdomen sc

For the LPO/RPO of ribs, the affected side is ____. It demonstrates the _______ ribs and elongates the ____ and _____.

down posterior angle shaft

For the LPO/RPO of ribs, the patient is obliqued ___ degrees to the affected side which allows the best demonstration of the ________ portion of the rib.

45 axillary

For LPO/rpo of ribs, the top of the cassette should be __ to ___ in above the shoulders and demonstrates ribs __ to __. You may also need to take a second image of the ______ ribs.

1 1.5 1 9 lower

The CR for lpo/rpo of ribs is _________ to ir and centers over the side that is _____.

perpendicular down

In a unilateral study of RPO/LPO ribs, _______ ribs are shown on the affected side. The _______ portion of the ribs are free of superimposition and __ through __ ribs are visible above the diaphragm for the upper ribs.

elongated axillary 1 10

For the rpo/lpo of ribs, __ through __ ribs are visible below the diaphragm for lower ribs. The ribs are visible through _____ or ______.

8 12 lungs abdomen

For an RPO/LAO position, the right ribs are _______ and the left ribs are _________.

elongated foreshortened

For an LPO/RAO position of ribs, the right ribs are _________ and the left ribs are ________.

foreshortened elongated

What are the routine views for the sternum?

rao, left lateral

The rao for the sternum is a ______ kvp range, ______ or recumbent and to position the patient, start from ___ then oblique the patient __ to __ degrees toward the _____.

medium upright pa 15 20 right

The CR for rao of sternum is directed __ to __ in to the ____ of the spine when centering on the sternum. You use a _______ technique.

1 2 left breathing

The top of the cassette for rao of sternum is __ to __in above the ______ ______ and CR is ________ to IR.

1 2 jugular notch perpendicular

The RAO demonstrates the entire sternum over the ______ shadow to the ___ of the t-spine.

heart left

For the RAO of the sternum, the entire sternum from the jug notch to the tip of the ______ process is visible. There is visibility of the sternum through the thorax with blurred __________ markings.

xiphoid pulmonary

For the RAo of the sternum, the sternum is projected free of superimposition to the ____ of the vertebral column and the vertebrae is minimally ______ to prevent overrotation of the sternum.

left obliqued

For the RAO of the sternum, the lateral portion of the ________ and the ___ joint are free of superimposition by the vertebrae and the sternum is projected over the _____.

manubrium sc heart

The lateral of the sternum is at __ to __ kvp range and is performed _____ or recumbent. The patient is in true lateral position with their ____ behind their back and their chest pushed ___.

70 85 upright arms out

The lateral of the sternum's cassette is placed __ to __ in above the jug notch.

1 1.5

The CR for the lateral of the sternum is directed _______ to the ir midway between the ______ and _____ process just ______ to the shoulders.

perpendicular manubrium xiphoid anterior

The lateral of the sternum demonstrates a lateral view of the sternum with no superimposition of the ___, arm tissue or _______.

ribs shoulders

For the lateral of the sternum, the entire ______ is demonstrated and the _______ is free of superimposition by the soft tissue of the shoulders. The sternum is free of superimposition of the ___ and the ____ portion of the sternum is unobscured by the ______ of a female patient.

sternum manubrium ribs lower breasts

Which position of the sternum is the best to see a anteroposterior fracture?

lateral

What are the routine views for SC joints?

pa, rao and lao

For the PA Sc joints, ______ is preferred and it is __ to ___ kvp range

upright 70 85

The CR of SC joints PA is ________ to ___ to the level of ___-__ about __in _____ the vertebral _______.

perpendicular msp t2 3 3 below prominens

The exposure for PA sc joints is on _________ which places the SC joints ______ to the ir.

inspiration closer

For the PA of SC joints, both sc joints and ______ ends of clavicles are demonstrated and the sc joints are demonstrated through the superimposing vertebrae and ___ shadows. There is no _______ and the sc joints are equidistant from the vertebral column.

sternal rib rotation

The pa of sc joints best demonstrates and shows the symmetry of the joints and shows if they are in ______.

place

For the RAO and LAO of the SC joints, the patient starts at ___ and is rotated __ to __ degrees toward the _______ side.

pa 15 20 affected

The CR for RAO and LAO is __________ to IR to the level of ___-__ to the joint ________to the ir.

perpendicular t2 3 closest

For rao and lao of sc joints, you should mark the side that is _______ to the ir and do both sides for comparison.

closest

RAO for sc joints best demonstrates the _____ joint and LAO best demonstrates the _____ joint.

right left

For the RAO and LAO, the sc joint of interest is in the ______ of the image and there is _____ sc joint space.

center open

For the rao and lao of the sc joints, the sc joint of interest is immediately _______ to the vertebral column with minimal obliquity and the sc joint is visible through the superimposing ____ and lung fields.

adjacent ribs

What are the routine views/projections for AC joints?

non weight bearing, weight bearing

Ac joints are performed _______ and include both joints on ___ exposure. The patient is in __ position with their arms relaxed at the sides.

upright one ap

The CR for non weight bearing view of ac joints is directed ________ to msp to the ______ _____.

perpendicular jugular notch

The _________ for ac joints is very important and it demonstrates the articulation of the ________ process of scapula and acromial end of clavicle on ____ sides.

centering acromion both

The weight bearing view is the same as the non weight bearing view except that the patient is required to hold __ to __ lb sand bags in each hand. This allows the weight to pull down on each shoulder.

10 15

For the weight bearing view, it best demonstrates the ac joint with _____ applied to them. You must indicate which exposure is weight bearing and which is not.

stress

For the ac joints view, the ac joints are demonstrated with some soft tissue and without _________. Both ac joints are demonstrated in their entirety with and without weights, included on ___ or ___ radiographs.

overexposure one two

For the ac joints views, there is no _______ or _______ by the patient. The SC joints are equidistant from the vertebral column and the ________ are symmetrical.

rotation leaning clavicles

For the ac joints views, the markers for right or left and weight or non weight markers must be visible and separation, if present, must clearly be seen on the images with _______.

weights

You do not _________ for AC joints exposures.

phototime