What are the routine views/projections for ribs?
pa chest, ap projection, lpo/rpo
The ___ ______ for ribs looks for lung/resp pathology due to rib fracture/trauma.
The Ap projection is _______ if possible, _______ kvp range, may be __lateral or __lateral, and the top of the cassette should be __ to __ in above the shoulders.
upright medium uni bi 1 2
The CR for the AP projection of the ribs is ___________ to the IR, and exposed on full _______ which depresses the diaphragm.
The AP projection of the ribs demonstrates ribs __-__/__ and the __________ joints are symmetrical. You can use a smaller size ir for ribs _____ the diaphragm.
1 8 9 costovertebral below
AP ribs best demonstrates the _________ ribs.
For the AP projection of the ribs, if it is a unilateral study, for ribs above the diaphragm, the ___ through __ posterior ribs in their entirety is shown of the ________ side.
1 10 affected
For the AP projection of the ribs below the diaphragm, __ through __ posterior ribs on the affected side is shown in their entirety.
For the AP projection of the ribs, the ribs are visible through the _____ or _______ and there is symmetry of vertebral bodies, __ joints, and posterior ribs.
lungs abdomen sc
For the LPO/RPO of ribs, the affected side is ____. It demonstrates the _______ ribs and elongates the ____ and _____.
down posterior angle shaft
For the LPO/RPO of ribs, the patient is obliqued ___ degrees to the affected side which allows the best demonstration of the ________ portion of the rib.
For LPO/rpo of ribs, the top of the cassette should be __ to ___ in above the shoulders and demonstrates ribs __ to __. You may also need to take a second image of the ______ ribs.
1 1.5 1 9 lower
The CR for lpo/rpo of ribs is _________ to ir and centers over the side that is _____.
In a unilateral study of RPO/LPO ribs, _______ ribs are shown on the affected side. The _______ portion of the ribs are free of superimposition and __ through __ ribs are visible above the diaphragm for the upper ribs.
elongated axillary 1 10
For the rpo/lpo of ribs, __ through __ ribs are visible below the diaphragm for lower ribs. The ribs are visible through _____ or ______.
8 12 lungs abdomen
For an RPO/LAO position, the right ribs are _______ and the left ribs are _________.
For an LPO/RAO position of ribs, the right ribs are _________ and the left ribs are ________.
What are the routine views for the sternum?
rao, left lateral
The rao for the sternum is a ______ kvp range, ______ or recumbent and to position the patient, start from ___ then oblique the patient __ to __ degrees toward the _____.
medium upright pa 15 20 right
The CR for rao of sternum is directed __ to __ in to the ____ of the spine when centering on the sternum. You use a _______ technique.
1 2 left breathing
The top of the cassette for rao of sternum is __ to __in above the ______ ______ and CR is ________ to IR.
1 2 jugular notch perpendicular
The RAO demonstrates the entire sternum over the ______ shadow to the ___ of the t-spine.
For the RAO of the sternum, the entire sternum from the jug notch to the tip of the ______ process is visible. There is visibility of the sternum through the thorax with blurred __________ markings.
For the RAo of the sternum, the sternum is projected free of superimposition to the ____ of the vertebral column and the vertebrae is minimally ______ to prevent overrotation of the sternum.
For the RAO of the sternum, the lateral portion of the ________ and the ___ joint are free of superimposition by the vertebrae and the sternum is projected over the _____.
manubrium sc heart
The lateral of the sternum is at __ to __ kvp range and is performed _____ or recumbent. The patient is in true lateral position with their ____ behind their back and their chest pushed ___.
70 85 upright arms out
The lateral of the sternum's cassette is placed __ to __ in above the jug notch.
The CR for the lateral of the sternum is directed _______ to the ir midway between the ______ and _____ process just ______ to the shoulders.
perpendicular manubrium xiphoid anterior
The lateral of the sternum demonstrates a lateral view of the sternum with no superimposition of the ___, arm tissue or _______.
For the lateral of the sternum, the entire ______ is demonstrated and the _______ is free of superimposition by the soft tissue of the shoulders. The sternum is free of superimposition of the ___ and the ____ portion of the sternum is unobscured by the ______ of a female patient.
sternum manubrium ribs lower breasts
Which position of the sternum is the best to see a anteroposterior fracture?
What are the routine views for SC joints?
pa, rao and lao
For the PA Sc joints, ______ is preferred and it is __ to ___ kvp range
upright 70 85
The CR of SC joints PA is ________ to ___ to the level of ___-__ about __in _____ the vertebral _______.
perpendicular msp t2 3 3 below prominens
The exposure for PA sc joints is on _________ which places the SC joints ______ to the ir.
For the PA of SC joints, both sc joints and ______ ends of clavicles are demonstrated and the sc joints are demonstrated through the superimposing vertebrae and ___ shadows. There is no _______ and the sc joints are equidistant from the vertebral column.
sternal rib rotation
The pa of sc joints best demonstrates and shows the symmetry of the joints and shows if they are in ______.
For the RAO and LAO of the SC joints, the patient starts at ___ and is rotated __ to __ degrees toward the _______ side.
pa 15 20 affected
The CR for RAO and LAO is __________ to IR to the level of ___-__ to the joint ________to the ir.
perpendicular t2 3 closest
For rao and lao of sc joints, you should mark the side that is _______ to the ir and do both sides for comparison.
RAO for sc joints best demonstrates the _____ joint and LAO best demonstrates the _____ joint.
For the RAO and LAO, the sc joint of interest is in the ______ of the image and there is _____ sc joint space.
For the rao and lao of the sc joints, the sc joint of interest is immediately _______ to the vertebral column with minimal obliquity and the sc joint is visible through the superimposing ____ and lung fields.
What are the routine views/projections for AC joints?
non weight bearing, weight bearing
Ac joints are performed _______ and include both joints on ___ exposure. The patient is in __ position with their arms relaxed at the sides.
upright one ap
The CR for non weight bearing view of ac joints is directed ________ to msp to the ______ _____.
perpendicular jugular notch
The _________ for ac joints is very important and it demonstrates the articulation of the ________ process of scapula and acromial end of clavicle on ____ sides.
centering acromion both
The weight bearing view is the same as the non weight bearing view except that the patient is required to hold __ to __ lb sand bags in each hand. This allows the weight to pull down on each shoulder.
For the weight bearing view, it best demonstrates the ac joint with _____ applied to them. You must indicate which exposure is weight bearing and which is not.
For the ac joints view, the ac joints are demonstrated with some soft tissue and without _________. Both ac joints are demonstrated in their entirety with and without weights, included on ___ or ___ radiographs.
overexposure one two
For the ac joints views, there is no _______ or _______ by the patient. The SC joints are equidistant from the vertebral column and the ________ are symmetrical.
rotation leaning clavicles
For the ac joints views, the markers for right or left and weight or non weight markers must be visible and separation, if present, must clearly be seen on the images with _______.
You do not _________ for AC joints exposures.