New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Exam 1 Study Materials - Puzzles

by: Brianna Notetaker

Exam 1 Study Materials - Puzzles BSC 114

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Biology > BSC 114 > Exam 1 Study Materials Puzzles
Brianna Notetaker
Principles Of Biology I

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Crossword puzzles that help you prepare for bio exams.
Principles Of Biology I
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Principles Of Biology I

Popular in Biology

This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brianna Notetaker on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BSC 114 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by in Fall 2012. Since its upload, it has received 74 views. For similar materials see Principles Of Biology I in Biology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


Reviews for Exam 1 Study Materials - Puzzles


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/11/15
Chemical bonds and water 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Across Down 5A is two or more elements combined The substance that is dissolved in a solution together in a fixed ratio 6 Electrons in the outermost shell of an atom are called the electrons 2A type of covalent bond where one atom is more electronegative than the other atom l4anything that takes up space and has mass 5Water loving substances 7a type of subatomic particle in the nucleus of an atom that is neutral 9The exchange and sharing of electrons between atoms is called reactions 2ln a bond there is the actual loss and gain of electrons 24When two forms of a given element have the same atomic number but different atomic weights they are said to be of each other 25atomic the number of protons 2Substances that resist changes in pH 3A substance that is nonpolar and will not readily dissolve in water 4 Basic solutions can also be referred to as 7 When molecules of water move fast enough they can overcome the attractions they have for each other and a liquid can become a gas This is called 8cannot be broken down to another substance by chemical means 9 Positively charged particles in the nucleus of an atom 0When two atoms of the same element are in a covalent bond we can assume that this is a covalent bond l atomic the number of protons plus the number of neutrons Across 26The dissolving agent of a solution 27 When a radioactive isotope decays this leads to a change in the number of protons in the nucleus thus transforming the atom to an atom of a different Down l3A weak type of bonding that occurs when a hydrogen atom is covalently attached to one electronegative atom such as water and is also attached to another electronegative atom l6when water freezes it in volume l8A type of subatomic particle that has a neglible atomic mass l9Sharing of a pair of valence electrons between two atoms is a bond 20 Isotopes that do not loose particles are said to be 22The most electronegative element 23A positively charged ion is called a carbon and carbohydrates 1 2 3 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Across 2 4 8 11 12 13 14 17 18 19 A functional group that makes a molecule a weak acid A plant storage polysaccarharide is called During a condensation reaction when two molecules are covalently bonded to each other there is the loss of a molecule isomers differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms A functional group found in alchohols Most chemicals that make up living organisms are based on the element Molecular groups attached to carbon skeletons are frequently referred to as groups They provide distinctive properties to organic molecules and replace hydrogens on a carbon skeleton A functional group that is common in both aldehydes and ketones Organic molecules that consist only of carbon and hydrogen are called is the number of water molecules needed to completely hydrolyze a polymer that is eight monomers long Down 1 3 4 CONDUCT 10 13 15 carbon has a Molecules that are mirror Images of each other A functional group that affects the expression of genes During hydrolysis bonds are broken by the of water A functional group that can help stabilize the structure of some proteins by forming disulfide bndges An example of an insect structural polysaccarhide Glycogen is an storage polysaccarhide valence one is usually active while the other is usually not active Functional groups attached to carbon skeletons are and thus increase the solubility of organic compounds in water Carbon tends to form bonds The general term for compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structures and different properties Across Down 20 isomers have the same covalent 16 We can digest starch but not cellulose because partnerships but differ in their spatial there is a different type of bond arrangements they arise from double bonded between the individual glucose units of these carbons two molecules making one starch digestable 22 A major plant structural polysaccharide and the other cellulose not digestable in 23 A condensation reaction can also be called a humans reaction 21 Monosaccarhides are molecules that consist of some multiple of lipids and amino acids 1 10 11 12 15 17 13 14 16 18 19 Across 2 All of the different types of amino acids share 10 12 13 16 certain characteristics such as an alpha carbon and carboxyl and an amino groups However one feature is different among these This is called the R Mad cow disease is an example of a disease While lipids are mostly hydrophobic because of their hydrocarbon composition they do have some polar bonds associated with Following denaturation proteins can change their Partially hydrogenated fats are also called fats Phospholipids are similar to fats because they have number fatty acid chains in addition to a phosphate group and a glycerol group When two amino acids form a covalent bond it is called a bond Steroids consist of number of interconnected rings Down 1 2 3 5 11 13 A common steroid that is a component of animal cell membranes Fats are large molecules composed of fatty acids and A type of fat that has at least one or more double bonded carbons in the fatty acid chains The fatty acid chains of fats are hydophobic because the CH bonds are covalent bonds When more than one polypeptide chain interacts together this is referred to as the level of protein structure The polymers that arise from amino acids are called The folding of a polypeptide chain due to hydrogen bonding at regular intervals along the polypeptide backbone is referred to as the level of protein structure There are four levels of protein structure The unique sequence of amino acids is referred to as the structure Across Down 17 When phospholipids form at the surface of cells 14 A form of bonding in a polypeptide chain that they arrange in a double layer also called a occurs between the R groups of the various amino acids is called the level of protein 18 A polymer of amino acids is also referred to as a structure 15 A functional group found on an amino acid 19 The number of amino acids nucleic acids and chromosomes 11 12 13 14 15 Across 2 5 9 11 13 14 15 16 DNA that is complexed with proteins Each nucleotide consists of a nitrogenous base a sugar and a Nonreproductive cells are also called cells A polymer of nucleic acids is also called a chain A cell39s total hereditary endowment of DNA is also called its A single DNA molecule consists of polynucleotides that spiral around an imaginary axis to make a double helix A major subtype of nitrogenous base that has a single ring Examples are the bases C T and The monomers of DNA are called acids 16 Down LL 1 3 O I l DUIPOO Polynucleotides have Reproductive cells are also called cells The sugar within each nucleotide is a The name of the type of protein that complexes with DNA in chromosomes bases When chromosomes have duplicated they are called chromatids The nan or chromatin that has duplicated and becomes highly coiled A major subtype of nitrogenous base that has two rings Examples are the bases A and G Polynucleotides consist of a backbone The major difference between the nucleotides in DNA and RNA resides within the group Organelles 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1o 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Across Down 1 A junction provides a channel for 2 An organelle that contains an enzyme that uses communication between animal cells oxygen to break fats down into smaller 3 An organelle found in animals that is NOT found molecules in plant cells 4 A group of organisms that possess membrane 8 A cytoskeletal element that functions in muscle bound organelles contraction is called filament 5 The rough endoplasmic reticulum is involved in 9 The lowest level of structure capable of folding into their proper three dimensional performing all the activities of life state 11 Smooth endoplasmic reticulum is involved in the 6 Proteins are synthesized on synthesis of 7 An organellethat moves on its own changes it 14 The golgi apparatus receives proteins with shape and divides transport 10 An organelle that digests macromolecules and 15 A group of organisms that lack membrane parts of damaged cells enclosed organelles 12 The process whereby a cell recycles its own 17 In bacteria DNA is concentrated in a region organic material called the 13 A vacuole is used by plants to store 18 Ribosomes are synthesized in this organelle organic compounds and pigments 21 An organelle that contains DNA 16 An organelle that is found in plant cells that is 22 The extracellular matrix is made mostly of NOT found in animal cells protein secreted by cells 19 Smooth endoplasmic reticulum is involved in the 23 The cell prevents excessive uptake of storage of ions in muscle cells water in plants 20 The most abundant glycoprotein in animal cells 24 A cytoskeletal element that functions in the is collagen True or False movement of cells in cilia and flagella Across 25 cell walls in plants are perforated with channels that allow for communication between cells These are called 26 A junction between animal cells forms a seal that prevents leakage of extracellular material Membranes 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Across 1 3 10 12 14 16 The control of water balance is called Plants their unsaturated phospholipids in the winter months to prevent membranes from solidifying during cold temperatures A solution with a lower concentration of solutes is called tonic Phospholipids will spontaneously form membranes when they are placed in are transmembrane proteins with hydrophobic regions that span the membrane In a hypertonic environment an animal cell will become The presence of in a membrane will reduce its fluidity because it restricts the lateral movement of phospholipids The spontaneous passage of molecules and ions bound to specific carrier proteins across a biological membrane down their concentration gradients is called diffusion The movement of a substance across a biological membrane against its concentration gradient is called transport Down 2 4 6 11 13 15 17 19 A molecule that binds to a receptor is called a Transport across membranes that requires energy ATP If a solute cannot pass through a membrane but water can the water will diffuse to the area of higher solute concentration proteins are loosely associated with the lipid bilayer but are not embedded within the bHayer Molecules that can dissolve across membranes are proteins carry substances across membranes serve as catalysts chemical agents that change the rate of a reaction without being consumed by the reaction Solutions of equal solute concentration are called Transport across membranes that does not require energy ATP Across 18 20 21 22 23 The process whereby a cell engulfs food particles A small molecule that can pass through a cell membrane even though it is polar The secretion of macromolecules by the fusion of vesicles with the plasma membrane The tendency of molecules of any substance to spread out into the available space kinetic energy a solution with a higher concentration of solutes is called tonic


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.