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CSU / Communications / SPCM 201 / How is rhetoric understood, theorized, and practiced?

How is rhetoric understood, theorized, and practiced?

How is rhetoric understood, theorized, and practiced?

Description

School: Colorado State University
Department: Communications
Course: Rhetoric in Western Thought (GT-AH3)
Professor: Jennifer bone
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: Notes for Enlightenment and 19th Century
Description: Covers Giambattista Vico, Rene Decartes, and Frederick Douglass
Uploaded: 03/21/2016
4 Pages 47 Views 4 Unlocks
Reviews

Mr. Javier Swaniawski (Rating: )

These were really helpful...I'll be checking back regularly for these



Frederick Douglass


How is rhetoric understood, theorized, and practiced?



Monday, March 21, 2016 9:02 AM

Review: 15/30 Rhetorical Thinkers

→ How is rhetoric understood, theorized, and practiced? → What is knowledge? How can we obtain it? → Who gets to speak? Whose knowledge is privileged? → 19th Century

Rhetoric is evolving from science/logic (Enlightenment) to  

persuasion in social movement discourse

Maria Stewart, Sarah Grimke, and now Frederick Douglass -

abolitionist movement and women's rights

Who was William Lloyd Garrison - influenced all three of these  

people: The Liberator editor; extreme abolitionist, the Constitution  wasn't even valid

▪ Published articles from above writers and more


Who gets to speak?



→ Background on Frederick Douglass 1818-1895 ○ "There is no progress, without struggle" ○ Douglass's 3 Keys for Success in life: 1. Believe in yourself If you want to learn more check out What is the traditional land management practice?

2. Take advantage of every opportunity

3.

Use the spoken and written language to effect positive change  for yourself and society - unofficial definition of rhetoric

○ Pathway from slavery to freedom was knowledge

○ Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass an American Slave ○ The North Star Newspaper - wrote on slavery

○ Met and became friends with Abraham Lincoln

→ Historical Context

▪ 13th Amendment - abolished slavery


How can we obtain knowledge?



14th Amendment - citizen rights and protections for freed  

slaves

▪ 15th Amendment - allows all men right to vote

Divided some of the movements because women were  

not included

→ Frederick Douglass We also discuss several other topics like What would cause your triglyercides to surge?

○ Born into slavery in Talbot County, Maryland

Eventually sent to Baltimore; learned to read and write, taught  

others

○ Tried to escape slavery twice  

○ 1838 - boarded a train using free man's identification ○Moved to Massachusetts - reconized the abolitionist movement

   

○ Born into slavery in Talbot County, Maryland

Eventually sent to Baltimore; learned to read and write, taught  

others

○ Tried to escape slavery twice  

○ 1838 - boarded a train using free man's identification ○ Moved to Massachusetts - recognized the abolitionist movement ○ Began speaking and writing about his story If you want to learn more check out What is the meaning of photosynthetic pigments?

▪ Published in Garrison's The Liberator

○ Fled to Ireland/UK - afraid of becoming recaptured ○ Published 3 autobiographies

Helped produce abolitionist newspaper - The North Star; also  

advocated for gender rights

○ Only African American to attend first women's rights convention → My Bondage and My Freedom - 1855

○ Second biography

Douglass invited to speak about his personal experiences with  

slavery while at an anti-slavery convention in Nantucket

Quote pg. 1076 - "my speech on this occasion is about the  

only one I ever made, of which I do not remember a single  connected sentence…"

○ Douglass invited to go on three month speaking tour

Quote pg. 1077 - didn’t want to just narrate wrongs, wanted to  

"denounce" wrongs

○ Some began questioning Douglass's story of slavery We also discuss several other topics like What was the relationship between the us and cuba in the 1960s?

Convinced to write his story so that people would believe his  

experiences; named slave master, etc. so he fled to Europe to  avoid being recaptured

→ Rhetoric in the 19th Century

○ Elements of Rhetoric

▪ Audience: mixed audiences - supporters

▪ Context: abolitionist movement  

▪ Voice: former slaves, women

▪ Goal: abolish slavery

▪ Medium: newspapers, speeches, autobiographies

Rene Decartes and Giambattista Vico Wednesday,  March 2, 2016 9:26 AM

• Unified, objective system of knowledge; no contingent knowledge • System of knowledge based on absolute knowledge → Discourse on Method

○ Descartes' most famous essay We also discuss several other topics like What did early humans use stone tools for?
Don't forget about the age old question of Why is the supreme court so powerful?

○ Explains his discovery of the process of reason

Part 1 - gives background of Descartes' life and comments on his  

educational experience

▪ Studied rhetoric as a young man "letters"

→ Cartesian Method

○ Also known as "Process of Reason/logic"

1. Starts with himself; self-existence - needs to start somewhere 2. Rejects the senses as untrustworthy

3. Rely on reason above all else

○ " I think, therefore I am"

→ Cartesian Dualism

→ Body

○ Of little interest to Decartes, or to his method

→ What are some things that Decartes had to say about studying rhetoric?

Rhetoric is not nearly as useful as reason; rhetoric isn't bad, it's just  

not useful

○ Rhetoric is not helpful in discovering Truth

○ Believed eloquence was a "gift of nature, rather than fruits of study" Giambattista Vico 1668-1744

→ Professor of Rhetoric

→ Philosophical critique = decartes' methods

Not just science and math but application of reason to all areas of  

thought

→ Vico is not against science, math or reason! ○ Astronomy, geography, pharmacology

○ Why would he start by advocating for science

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