Exam #2 Complete Study Guide
Exam #2 Complete Study Guide GEOG1010
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Popular in GEOG
This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samantha Allison on Monday March 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GEOG1010 at Auburn University taught by Mc.Gowin in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 253 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in GEOG at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/21/16
EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE SOUTH ASIA 10 11 12 13 14 15 Why has South Asia avoided heavy in uence from outside Asian nations Because it s protected by mountains surrounding the region What physical geographic feature generally contributes to the annual ooding in Bangladesh Its low elevation What is a monsoon A seasonal wind it may include rain but that is not a defining factor In what way do the populations of South Asia and East Asia differ a consider the growth rates What is the Malthusian theory Reverend Thomas Malthus stated that people used to have more kids to help with work and in case some died but they became healthier and stopped dying which lead to a population explosion and not enough resources for the population In what ways has South Asia generally avoided the Malthusian catastrophe Through family planning using contraceptives and not having kids What quotjustificationquot is generally used to explain why the Ganges is both a sacred river and one of the world39s most polluted People of South Asia don t believe it can be polluted because it is sacred and will purify any waste that is dumped into it What was the Chipko movement Tree huggers mostly women and children attempted to stop deforestation What major event took place in Bhopal India The Bhopal Gas Tragedy in the 1980s a foreign company owned the gas pipe it had a major gas leak due to the poor quality of the pipes and bad regulations This is the most deadly gas leak ever and still affects people and the environment today Know the focal point of the initial ancient South Asian civilizations The Indes River Valley was first to be settled people later moved on and found the Ganges River Valley They did not cross any mountains What is the caste system A very rigid hierarchy system that is illegal in India today still socially used though From highest to lowest 1 Brahmins priests 2 Khsatriyas warriors princely 3 Vaishyas merchants landowners artisans 4 Sudras servants peasants 5 Untouchables less than human Sikhism is primarily concentrated in which state of India Punjab Hinduism is primarily focused in which two countries India and Nepal Why is Hinduism such a difficult religion to define It s a collection of ancient South Asian religions and doesn t have one unifying decreephilosophy Due to their behavior worshippers of the Hindu goddess Kali gave us what presentday term They gave us the term thugs 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 What is the significance of Mt Kailas Considered to be earthly home of Shiva it s the holiest place in Hinduism off limits never been climbed source of the Ganges River What role did the Maratha play in helping preserve Hinduism in South Asia When the Mughal empire expanded and tried to push out Hinduism the Marathas came to power and stopped the Mughals What criteria is used in the formation of the various states of India State lines are based on ethnic groups in that area Be able to explain the general northsouth divide in India South better educated wealthier progressives due to new technologies being developed there North poorer less educated backwards What postindependence plan did Mahatma Gandhi initially prefer for South Asia Gandhi foresaw keeping South Asia together What was the basis for partitioning of South Asia Separation of religions What effect did partitioning have on the Indian city of Kolkata It used to be the capital city of South Asia but it lost its prestige because it lost its ocean connection and its main trading port after being partitioned Why does the Indian state of Assam restrict immigration into its territory To preserve their own ethnic state and culture What territory is the claimed by both India and Pakistan which has led to these two countries fighting four different wars against one another Kashmir What 1974 event led to the temporary end of hostilities between India and Pakistan an era of relative peace that eventually ended in 1999 India became Nuclearweaponized in 1974 Why did the British introduce sports to South Asia They used sports as training for war and recreation when colonizing the region In the early 2000s what general purpose was the sport of cricket used by India and Pakistan It was used to bring them together in the Friendship Series by humanizing each other showing them they had something in common What territory lays claim to the longest continuous Buddhist country in the world Sri Lanka What is the general source of division in Sri Lanka one that led to a 25year civil war that ended in 2009 The Tamils moved from India to Sri Lanka and were seen as second class citizens because they re Hindu in a Buddhist country The Tamil Tigers LTTE was a terrorist group that formed because they wanted more rights and their own free country they declared independence but no other countries recognized it What is the origin of Nepal39s unique ag which is the only nonrectangular country ag in the world It gets its inspiration from the Hindu temple with its triangular ag What role did Prithvi Narayan Shah play in the creation of presentday Nepal He createdfounded Gorkha Kingdom one massive united kingdom What unfortunate problem is Mount Everest facing today Littering from climbers and also littered with dead bodies What function does Chimi Lhakhang serve in Bhutan It is a fertility temple where women go to get blessed by a wooden penis to become fertilepregnant 34 35 Despite possessing the highest per capita GDP in South Asia Maldives faces an uncertain future What is the greatest threat to the survival of the Maldives Rising ocean levels What is unique about the North Sentinelese No one knows anything about these people because anytime anyone tries to go there the indigenous people attack the foreigners before they can come ashore NORTHEAST ASIA 10 ll 12 13 Most of Asia39s major rivers are sourced in which physical geographic region The Himalayas Chinese civilization developed around which two rivers The Huang Yellow River and the Yangtze River What role did physical geography play in the creation of the early Chinese dynasties Early settlements were always along rivers What are the exceptions to China s Policy of Birth Planning 1 Minority groups 2 If you are an only child then you can have a second child 3 If you live in a rural community unofficial though What demographic impact has the quotOne Childquot policy had on China It has led to many couples aborting their female children or only keeping it if it s a male because they want their family name to live on with the son Because of Japan39s physical geography what steps has the country taken in terms of building its most recent airports Japan has had to build manmade islands with JUST the airport on it since there is no room elsewhere example Kansai International Airport What is Aokigahara The Suicide Forest located around Mount Fuji so thick it blocks out sound people go here to commit suicide because they want to die in a beautiful place it s the top place in the world for suicides but there are stories of spirits drawing people into the forest What defines the population patterns of the Korean peninsula Its physical geography eastern spine is very rugged with mountain range whereas western side is very at and livable North Korea is very cold and dry so they don t have much agriculture Taiwan39s indigenous population is concentrated in the eastern portion of the country What explains this pattern They were preserved on a thin strip on the Eastern side of the mountains that arose through continental lift How do the Gobi and Takla Makan deserts differ from Sahara Both are extremely cold deserts unlike the very hot Sahara In what region did Buddhism initially develop It began in South Asia but it spread East and is no longer dominant in South Asia What is the philosophical foundation for Buddhism The 4 Noble Truths came from the travels of Buddha himself Know the difference between the three primary branches of Buddhism a this includes geography and philosophy Theravada oldest and 2rld largest branch located in Southeast Asia not Vietnam believes everyone must suffer go through reincarnation 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Mahayana largest branch located in Northeast Asia and Vietnam believe it is possible to break the cycle of suffering without reincarnation Vairavana Tantravana smallest branch about 10 of Buddhists found in Tibet and Mongolia they see Dhali Lama as their main figure head like the Pope a lot of meditating and giving up things Know the two areas where Islam is the dominant religion in China Ningxia Autonomous Region Hui people are ethnically Chinese but religiously Muslim and Xinjiang Autonomous Region Uyghur people are ethnically Turkic but religiously Muslim Which Northeast Asian country is technically a Christian country with close to 30 percent of its population adhering to Christianity South Korea What is Shinto Japan s own ethnic religion their spirit it explains the origins of Japan the concept that all living things have a spirit seen more as a way of life rather than a religion What is the main difference between Taoism and Confucianism Taoism promotes passiveness avoid confrontation to keep things harmonious and balanced Confucianism promotes revolution be aggressive and stand up for yourself don t be passive In what way does Confucianism impact daily life in Northeast Asia Sports elders teach younger ones great respect for elders Cleanliness students are the ones who clean the school Education high emphasis on education constantly studying all day and taking tests go to school on Saturdays What in uence did the Chinese language have on neighboring languages Chinese writing style unified languages Chinese characters and writing style is used by Japanese and Koreans Why does Japan use two different alphabets in its written language One is used for foreign words and one is used for J apaneseoriginated words How are food customs different in Northeast Asia versus western society Northeast Asians eat every part of an animal even the eyes rice is served with almost every meal and sharing foodmeals is very important family style food What is keiretsu A business system that works to manufacture things has a bank insurance company and trading house at the center of business What in uenced Japan to construct its road system to drive on the left side which is opposite of the United States The Samurai carried swords on their left side and they didn t want to bump swords so they walked on the left side of the road What led to the Koreans to make kimchi spicy How did the Korean pop group Girls39 Generation attempt to bridge the gap between Northeast Asia and the Western markets They focused on being international by hiring girls who can speak both Korean and English without an accent Notably different from Japanese pop culture how has the quotKorean wavequot known as hallyu helped spread Korean pop culture They ve been successful because they spread their culture to developing countries first then move to bigger countries so there is less competition with the alreadyexisting Japanese culture in Europe and North America What is the principle purpose of the Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo Japan It s dedicated to the emperor and anyone who died in WWII or who died fighting for the emperor part of the Shinto religion it s home to 14 Class A war criminals and because it celebrates these terrible people it enrages Japan s neighbors 28 Suggested by South Korea and China what other name is being used for the Sea of Japan East Sea 29 Know the two disputed islands discussed in class in relation to Japan 1 Dokdo Korean name lTakeshima Japanese name not a great island but has a lot of oil underneath it dispute over mineral rights and resources 2 Kuril Islands dispute with Russia because Russia invaded Japan and took this island after WWII today Russia has control over these territories 30 Why were the hibaksuha considered to no longer be quotJapanesequot They were seen as defected since they were survivors of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki 31 How does J apan39s strict immigration policy and xenophobia affect its population issues The population is decreasing because there aren t enough people being born due to the percent of unmarried Japanese women increasing and because there is very little immigration into Japan 32 Know the four dynastic periods of China mentioned in class 1 Qin Dynasty 221 BC first dynasty with present day China 2 Han Dynasty 206 BC ancestry and culture of China dates back to this period 3 Ming Dynasty 1368 last great Chinese dynasty height of Chinese dominance rose up after they pushed out the Mughals 4 Ch ing Dynasty 1644 last dynasty of China lasted until 1911 not a Chinse ethnic dynasty outsider dynasty occupied largest territory 33 What ancient Chinese groups were responsible for the various overthrows of dynasties including helping create the modemday country of China and are said to be involved in the government of the Republic of China Secret Societies of China Triads 34 What complicates the international recognition of the country of Taiwan which at present only has diplomatic relations with 22 countries Taiwan is formally known as the Republic of China 35 What was the Cultural Revolution Lead by Mao Zedong in the 1960s he thought that too much capitalism was coming into China and wanted to preserve its communist ways 36 What steps did Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping take to help open up China to the world He started to bring capitalism into China without erasing communism in the 1970s He started investing overseas heavily in Africa which allowed China s economy to grow which is why it s so strong today 37 What is the primary focal point of the 2014 demonstrations in Hong Kong They get to elect their own leader for the first time 38 During which Korean dynasty was the hangul writing system created South Korea 39 The presentday division of Korea into two countries is based on what The constant fighting over where the dividing line is because China is backing the North and the US is backing the South 40 The division of Korea cut off which traditional economic benefit from North Korea North Korea cannot export goods because it is an industrial base IDIOT ABROAD CH 7 What activity did Karl participate in where he needed to wear a quotmawashiquot Sumo wrestling What was peculiar about the hotel he stayed in while in Japan It was a capsule hotel where small boxes lined a corridor and had one opening at the end with a mattress TV radio blankets and a pillow and just a blind to separate the box from the corridor The toilets and showers were shared According to Karl for what reason do the Japanese want robots to quotevolvequot a this is related to an issue we discussed in class They are trying to get the robots to take care of the elderly who live alone since they need support and can t rely on humans to take care of them What is funazushi It s delicacy an ancient preparation of sushi that involves packing a fish with lots of salt then fermenting it for up to six years While visiting the Zen Buddhist what activity does Karl initially partake in one that functions to help him think of quotnothingquot Cleaning mopping the oors What is the concept behind the Zen Buddhist quotpuzzlequot of counting the stars as explained by Matsuama The puzzle is how many stars are in the sky The concept is to just start counting the stars just do it If you never start counting you ll never know so you just need to start it Just try As Karl was interested in the gadgets of Japan what quotinventionquot did he come up with while there an accomplishment that he claimed is quotmore of a fulfilling achievement than climbing Mount Fujiquot The Pilko Pump Pants pants that have a built in cushion in the butt
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