study guide chapter 12
study guide chapter 12 Psych 415
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alyssa Sullivan on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 415 at Clemson University taught by Edwin Brainerd in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see Systems and Theories in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
Chapter 12 Notes Tenerife most famous island in history of psychology 0 Wolfgang Kohler studied apes on Tenerife wanted to observe them to see how they solved problems 0 Believed they were more intelligent than people thought 0 Apes movements were goal oriented Gestalt Revolution 0 Another protest against Wundtian psychology 0 Gestalt psychology focuses on the elementistic nature of Wundt s work targeted his idea of sensory elements 0 le Gestalts you see skiy amp trees when you look out a window not sensory elements hue brightness ect 0 When sensory elements are combined the elements form a new pattern or con guration 0 More to perception that meets the eye perception goes beyond sensory elements In uences on Gestalt o Immanuel Kant quotperception is an active organizing of elements into a coherent experiencequot mind createsform whole experience that is being perceived Franz Brentano quotpsychology study the act of experiencingquot o Ernst Mach The Analysis ofSensatons quotperception of an object does not change even if we change our orientationquot 0 Christian von Ehrenfels form qualities perceptions based on something greater than merging of individual sensations 0 William James persecutor of Gestalt quotelements of consciousness as arti cial abstractionsquot amp quotpeople see objects as wholesquot o Phenomenology unbiased description of immediate experience just as it occurs common sense 0 Phi phenomenon illusion that 2 stationary ashing lights are moving from one place to another Wertheimer Gestalt accepted value of consciousness amp criticized the attempt to reduce it to atoms or elements vs Behavioral refused to acknowledge the usefulness of the concept of consciousness for a scienti c psychology 0 Both against Wundt amp his idea of sensory elements 0 Kurt Koffka most inventive Gestalt founder 0 Worked w brain damaged amp aphasic patients during WWI o quotperception an introduction to the gestalttheoriequot rst explanation of gestalt in USA 0 Wolfgang Kohler most proli c promoter of gestalt movement 0 Studied behavior of chimps quotThe mentality of Apesquot O 0 Provided evidence of insight immediate apprehensioncognition 0 Not trial amp error Perceptual constancy quality of wholenesscompleteness in perceptual experience that doesn39t vary even when sensory elements change Perceptual Organization Principles quotperipheral factorsquot 0 Proximity Con nu y Similarity Closure Simplicity Figureground lsomorphism correspondence bw psychologicalconscious experience amp underlying brain experience Field Theory Lewin s system using the concept of elds of force to explain behavior in terms of one s eld of social in uences Lewin 0 Life space encompasses all past present future events that may affect us consists of person s needs in interaction w the psychological environment 00000 0 Zeigarnik effect tendency to recall uncompleted tasks more easily than completed tasks Lewin
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