SOC: 281 Final Study Guide
SOC: 281 Final Study Guide SOC 281
Popular in Sociology of Families
Popular in Sociology
verified elite notetaker
This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily.nicole on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 281 at Syracuse University taught by Karen Macke in Fall 2012. Since its upload, it has received 125 views. For similar materials see Sociology of Families in Sociology at Syracuse University.
Reviews for SOC: 281 Final Study Guide
Amazing. Wouldn't have passed this test without these notes. Hoping this notetaker will be around for the final!
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/11/15
Final Questions Tips 12 paragraphs for short answer Cite quotes 1 side of full sheet for notes handwritten 1 Explain the concept of quotintersectionalityquot What role does intersectionality play in Karen Thompson and Sharon Kowalski39s experiences with family39 following Sharon39s accident lntersectionalitythe intersection s of our identities through race ethnicity sex gender identity and expression sexuality class religion disability age social relationshipsintertwined Abiity to move around world in different ways than another person important to have in oneself understanding of places of oppression ampprivilegequotsocial locationsquot in our lives more humanistic ways to relate to people who come with different privileges and oppressionspart of us 0 Karen Thompson and Sharon Kowalski39s story Kowalski got in a head on collision with a drunk driver and became paralyzed couldn39t speak to her lesbian partner Thompson father put her in nursing home didn39t allow Thompson to see her after nding out about their relationship formed support groups to override court decision Faced with many forms of oppression after nding out about their relationship formed support groups to override court decision Faced with many forms of oppression ableism unable to speakdisabled heterosexismnot legitimate partnershipunable to access legal documents and sexismwomen subordinate to men lnstutionalized power one group takes over another non family needs protection for medical rights 0 Family plays a role because Thompson was not legally married or part of the family so in the court when she tried gaining custody of Kowalski she couldn39t prove anything Even when Kowalski said she wanted Thompson and was getting healthier with Thompsons care 2 What is The Mythical Normquot Why is it important to understand this concept when thinking about human differences Audre Lorde Mythical Norm prede ned standard judged by society to be perfection The term quotmythicalquot refers to how abstract and absurd that norm is quotIn America this norm is usually de ned as white thin male young heterosexual Christian and nancially securequot This mythical norm causes a struggle within human beings people strive for selfde nition but quotsomewhere on the edge of consciousness there is what I call a mythical norm which each one of us within our hearts knows 39that is not me39quot It is practically impossible to t perfectly into the quotmythical normquot however the knowledge that one cannot ll the mold does not prevent people from trying quotThose of us for whom oppression is as American as pie have always had to be watchers to become familiar with the language and manners of the oppressor even sometimes adopting them for some illusion of protectionquot People may never meet the mythical norm but we strive for it every day only it is disguised as reaching the quotAmerican dreamquot or some similar term pertaining to other places It is in the attempt to become something he or she is not that the struggle within the selfarises Trying to quot t inquot results in distortions of our de ning characteristics our differences 0 A person must learn to differentiate between what is truth and what is a prede ned concept a person may be forced to erase themselves and their existence in place of a prescribed de nition whether it be the mythical norm or a categorization Ultimately Audre Lorde states that people have to struggle their entire lives to root out all those pieces of quotmythical normquot and prescriptions that are embedded into their being as a child and rede ne all those differences they initially dismiss Everything that they suppress within themselves because it is not the quotnormquot may nally ourish after the rede nition ln rede ning themselves the people free themselves and become who they really are 3 What is eugenics In conversation with class readings lms discuss the legacy of past eugenic ideologies in the policing of women39s reproduction in contemporary society EugenicsquotThe science of good breedingquot biosocial movement which advocates the use of practices aimed at improving the genetic composition of a population usually a human population a social philosophy which advocates for the improvement of human hereditary traits through the promotion of higher reproduction of more desired people and traits and the reduction of reproduction of less desired people and traits Women39s Reproduction Rights abortion rights Lynchburg story of sexual sterilization beieved the superior race keep pure eiminate poor uneducated epileptic retarded severely disabled and feeble minded norpant for welfare moms is encouraged to keep the welfare system not quotgenerationalquot 4 Discuss the notion of quotcare workquot in relation to gender How can this concept be understood as a quotthird shiftquot for women Women are more likely to keep family and extended family in tact Culture habits skills symbols the second shift domestic labor with home and kids the 3rd shift care of extended family and elderly parents Care work is a subcategory of work that includes all tasks that directly involve care processes done in service of others Oftentimes it is differentiated from other forms of work because it is intrinsically motivated meaning that people are motivated to pursue care work for internal reasons not related to money Another factor that is often used to differentiate caring labor from other types of work is the motivating factor This perspective de nes care labor as labor undertaken out of affection or a sense of responsibility for other people with no expectation of immediate pecuniary reward Double burden is a term describing the workload of men and women who work to earn money but also have responsibility for unpaid domestic labor This phenomenon is also known as the quotsecond shiftquot as in Hoch child s book of the same name In heterosexual couples where both partners have paid jobs women often spend signi cantly more time on household chores and caring work such as childrearing or caring for the sick than men This outcome is determined in large part by traditional gender roles that have been accepted by society over time Labor market constraints also play a role in determining who does the bulk of unpaid work Due to an increase in the number of women participating in the labor market efforts have been made document the effects of this double burden on couples placed in such situations Many studies have been done tracing the effects of the gendered division of labor and in most cases there was a notable difference between the time men and women contribute to unpaid labon 5 Describe the quotideology of romantic lovequot and the prominent role it plays in maintaining the wedding industrial complex 0 Romantic lovetrue love falling in love with someone Secures the imagination that enthusiasm or the promise of lust love and passion are what constitutes real love Thought of as an unexplainable and natural emotion Reinforces tradition Thought as a western ideology Lovedesirable outcome of marriage Marriage an institution that brings two people together under the in uence of violent insane delusive passionsuniti death do us part Wedding industry secures the heterosexual imaginary happy ending story Promise of romance and the most important day of your life Fairytale weddingsocial class tradition bridal dresses 6 Using an intersectional perspective discuss how ageing impacts people s experiences with familyWhy is this perspective important to use when considering social policies related to family The family provides important resources that sustain the wellbeing of its members at every stage of the lifecourse Indeed exchanges of support between family members is a lifetime activity as we nurture our young and care for our elders primarily within families For the elderly the family takes on added importance as agingrelated changes increase their need for assistance Even so families exist in a larger social context that shapes their capacity to function as sources of support to their more vulnerable older members Debates over public nancing of entitlement programs for the elderly are essentially arguments over the appropriate responsibility of younger cohorts for elderly cohorts Yet younger cohorts are also embedded within families with older members Thus it is important to understand the balance between public usually government and private usually family support of the elderly both of which are profoundly in uenced by the quotaging revolutionquot of the 20th century 7 Comparecontrast the discourses analyzed by Martin et al 2010 to those addressed in the lm quotFor the Bible Tells Me Soquot What can be said about the cultural elds39 that they inform in relation to non normative sexualities They nd three broad strategies offered to parents relying on professionals for overcoming the grief of having a gay or lesbian child normalizing gay and lesbian identity and using quotgoodquot parenting skills This article discusses how these strategies demonstrate the unsettled and often contradictory cultural eld of gay and lesbian identity in the family and its implications for sexual identities beyond the closet Dopamine levels used to describe homosexuality causes is biological Cultural eld how religion shaped the ideas of the gay lesbian kids lives thought of as wrong and shameful didn39t realize they were gay until later in life because the way society is and the thought that they were normal and didn39t want to be seen as not normal bibical courses and what 34 paragraphs for long essays 9 Drawing from Jacobsen s chapter discuss some of the factors that played a role in parents39international adoption experiences as well as the discourses they drew on to make sense of themHow does a sociological perspective contribute to our understanding of international adoptions 0 Adoption in this discourse is an option that other people have to settle for 3 when all else fails The parents ownership is in question the kinship ties are thought to be weaker Transnational adoption of children particularly when the children look much different than their adoptive parents is a matter for public debate Con icts about class race national sovereignty Hannah Jacobsen chose China for her adoption for several reasons She knew that there were orphanages full of children due to the notorious onechild only policy there and an ancient requirement for male heirs she was worried about getting a child from Eastern Europe because she did know if she had the nancial resources to provide for an alcoholexposed or mistreated child that might ater exhibit attachment disorder and she and her partner Gabriel had been told mislead in my view that they were unlikely to quotqualifyquot or be quotchosenquot for a domestic adoption since they did not own their own home they had only been married a few years and they were not particularly religious Ethical considerations were also at the forefront of her decisionmaking In her understanding the mostly girls placed for adoption in China were not unloved or necessarily unwanted by their mothers but they were already detached from them and available Notwithstanding China39s oppressive policy there was less fear on Hannah s part That the mothers were being unduly coerced into giving up their daughters Despite the caricature of infertile women as desperate and willing to do quotanythingquot to get A child my respondents concerns show that women do care about the ethical and moral correctness of their child s origins not least because they will one day have to explain their actions to their chidren 10 The concept of kinship39 has been an ongoing source of political contestation in our society Drawing from two class readings discuss this concept describing how dominant cultural ideologies of kinship39 can shape individuals39 perceptions of and experiences with family39 and family formations Kinship set of practices that institutes relationships of various kinds which negotiate the reproduction of life and the demands of death important to socialemotional life heterosexua normativity legitimizes kinshipbioogica What is ideology Use two class examples Chinaexcessive love is thought as a threat to extended family Eskimossexual relations with other spouseskids were related with a quotspecial bondquot 11 Use a social constructionist perspective to describe and analyze the institution of marriage and the debate over samesex marriage What social factors have played a role in shaping this debate How does Queer Theory complicate the way we talk about the social construction of marriage and marriage rights 0 Marriage as an institution 1St foun d in literature in the late 805 sexua meanings and social categorizations the importance of discourse to power and knowledge the role of social institutions in regulating policing the boundaries between normal and abnormal categorizations of sexualities and gender Discourse making sense of stereotypes Marriageprivate institution established kinship relations in family reguated by the stateallows gays esbian marriagenational identity private ifepubic issue reproductive choice leads to issues in society and nation Denial of gay marriage fu adulthood rights to familialjoint property and inheritance rights full citizenship reigious view marriage should be heterosexual gay relations are sexualized gays seen as irrational degenerative and pedophilesquotoutgroup Gayseffeminateinferior in physical strength and development chidren raised better by heterosexual Queer theory race sexual orientation and gender seen as identities not categories the domain of sexualitywas deeply embedded in systems of meaning and was shaped by social institutions 12 Both Patricia Hill Collins and Sarkisian and Gerstel describe quotthe nuclear familyquot as a dominant political construction that is heavily steeped in racial ideologies Discuss this model of quotthe familyquot as it pertains to race drawing on ideas from both authors In what ways does quotthe disorganization approach make it possible to declare pathological almost any family feature that distinguishes minority families from White families Sarkisian and Gerstel 23 0 Nuclear family family group consisting of a mother and father who are married to each other and who co reside with one another and their minor children or unmarried cohabiting couples with children 0 White mangt womengtcolored peoplesocia organization Suburban innercity famiyminority stereotypes of poor and uneducated Race and heredity politicalsocial development eugenics thoughts of teen pregnancy poverty street crime social issues wefare low income jobs
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'