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Midterm Study Guide

by: Yeraldin S. Barrera

Midterm Study Guide HESC 425

Yeraldin S. Barrera
Cal State Fullerton
GPA 3.72
Alternative Healing Therapies
Jalynn Garcia

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About this Document

Here is the study guide completed for the midterm.
Alternative Healing Therapies
Jalynn Garcia
Study Guide
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Yeraldin S. Barrera on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HESC 425 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Jalynn Garcia in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 130 views. For similar materials see Alternative Healing Therapies in Nursing and Health Sciences at California State University - Fullerton.

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Date Created: 10/11/15
HESC 425 Midterm Study Guide The basic Understandings of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 1 Definition of alternative medicine CAM and Vitalism Alternative medicine is medicine that has been used to refer to those practices explicitly used for the medicinal intervention health promotion or disease prevention which are not routinely taught at US medical school is nor routinely underwritten by thirdparty payers within the existing US health care system CAM is complementary and alternative medicine which is understanding that the nature of the human body is NOT only understood by science but spiritually quantum physics energy A wellness orientation a reliance on selfhealing the suggestion and bioenergetic therapies work a reliance on nutrition and natural products and emphasis on the individual health needs Vitalism is the theory that the origin and phenomena of life are dependent on a force or principle distinct from purely chemical or physical forces 1 The types of systems associated with complementary and alternative medicine single therapy holistic communitybased popular health care systems Biomedicine Chinese and Internal amp External systems Ayurveda gt this traditional medicine of India is really not a medicine by a lifestyle This way of life corresponds to the 5 elements water air earth fire and space It relates these elements to 3 body type Vita Pitta and Kapha Chinese Medicine gt corresponds to 5 elements as well wood fire earth metal and water to particular organs that help qi flow through the body to restore any and all imbalances Biomedicine allopathicgt helps when dealing with trauma and serious illness but it has been criticized for it s inefficiency with chronic illness Single Therapy gt provides symptomatic relief to patients but they cannot provide systematic care This care questions how the bodyperson works how the disease came about and how it can be prevented Relational Holistic gt this worldview sees all things as connected in a network of relationships It considers how people things and energy interact and how these interactions can better the whole 48 Professionalized System gt is more common in an urban setting The practitioner enters by choice studies by books is taught by teachers passes exams and acquires a state or national license Communitybased system gt AKA folk or tribal medicine The practitioner in these systems are called to the profession by the universe ancestors and begin training by apprenticeship Popular Health Care Systems gt takes the foundations of biomedicine and simplifies the information into mainstream culture It applies a simple technique for a non critical condition EG cranberry juice for UTI or lemon honey amp hot water for sore throats External Health System gt sees the patient as passive and the practitioner as the authority This standpoint logically means that the patient is passive or more like a victim to the environmental cause of illness The practitioner plays the most active role in curing Internal Health System gt View the body as active and already capable of healing Thus the role of the practitioner is to guide the patient to heal himselfherself The patient and practitioner share a partnership c Social and cultural factors described in CAM expectations amp cultural relativity Cultural Expectations gt healing andrio care is widely received when the cultural expectation are matched to the patient39s cultural expenence Cultural Relativity gt a way of handling the many ways people explain themselves This principle guides the examiner to remain neutral when trying to understand the beliefs and norms of a certain cultural practices d Type main types of healing modalities Least Invasive gt meditation bodytalk bioenergetic manipulation TT Reiki Sound therapy drumming toning twirling Most Invasive gt physical manipulation qi gong yoga Insertion acupuncture moxibustion cupping injection surgery e Three issues in CAM Natural products are made up of the same materials as other pharmaceuticals but they do not operate the same way therefore testing them using a basic or standardized model is ineffective Many inaccurate and irresponsible claims about the natural products are made leaving misinformation available for patients and practitioners Many allopathic practitioners are not knowledgeable about the science behind medicinal herbs This is a major problem when patients look to their doctors to recommend natural products Art and Health creative Expression a The purpose and definition of Art Therapy Art therapy is the use of art in a creative process to provide the opportunity for nonverbal expression and communication in which to reconcile and foster selfawareness and personal growth p259 b Difference between passive amp creative art Passive Art gt the patient observes an art form such as music dance or performing arts Creative artgtrefers to an artbased therapy performed by a creative arts therapist who is credentialed under a national organization representing that treatment modality c The general use of sound therapy in allopathic setting Music therapy suggests that music reduces pain because it acts as a diversion to the pain by distracting one s thoughts from the discomfort Sound therapy has a connection with pain management in hospitals d Definition of Musculoskeletal Movement This is creative or artistic expression that frees up the emotional or physical body though movement e The four areas creative art therapies are used Traumagt creative art therapies have been used in serious trauma such as PTSD post traumatic stress disorder abuse disasters war and torture Mental Healthgt children and adolescents use art therapies roles therapy music therapy poetry therapy to help elevate feelings of separatenessanger and frustration Mental Health Groupgt dancemovement art therapy art psychotherapy music therapy poetry therapy drawing on symbolism images and metaphors In medical settings gt in order to provide holistic approach for cancer patients Dancemovement for pain creative arts for seriously ill children music therapy to hydrate and sedate children Poetry therapy is used for chronic pain fatigue and HIV MindBody Therapies a Therapies included in the mindbody approach and each basic definition 1Psychotherapypositive psychology study of positive emotions achievementsaccomplishments study of positive relationships engagement and purposeful life meaning 2Social Support a coping technique that relies on groups of friends fmaily and other individuals to act as a buffer against negative effects of stress 3Relaxationdeactivate body s sensory system and replace the threatening perception with the sensations that promote the relaxation response 4Meditation solitary practice of reflection on internal rather than external stimuli 5Mental Imageryusing imagination to observe in the first person images created by the unconscious mind 6Spiritualitybelieving in a power operating the universe that is greater than the self 7Humorcoping method that includes perception of something funny or comical b Definition of Psychoneuroimmunology study of interaction between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the body c Definition of Humor and Humor Therapy Humorcoping method that includes perception of something funny or comical Humor therapyuse of humor to promote wellness through positive thoughtattitudes and emotions by counter balancing the effects of the negative emotions on the body d The goal and purpose of humor therapy facilitate insight into the unconscious be used as a coping tool increase self esteem exercise and improve cardiovascular function give balance and perspective provide empowerment and increase oxygen in the lungs e The types of humor 1Parodya style where someone is made fun of for comical effect 2Satire written or dramatic form of parody where expression of personal and social flaws are exaggerated 3Slapstick an aggressive based humor in which audience releases hidden angerie pie to face slapped on back of head 4Absurdnonsense humor when two or more concepts unite to result in a stupid or ridiculous perception 5Double Entendre type of wordplay when a joke has two meanings 6Black humor humor about death and dying 7ronywhen two concepts or eventswhich when paired together come to mean the opposite of the expected outcome 8Dry Humor clever esoteric wit 9Bathroom humorvulgarcrude and tasteless 10Sarcasm form of buried anger in that is is used to get verbal revengepromotes stress Massage and Touch Therapies a Definition and goal of massage therapy The manipulation of skin muscles ligaments and connective tissue for the purpose of decreasing muscle tension and increasing physical comfort The goal of massage therapy is to relax relieve painstress and increase general health of the person and through physical contact provide connectedness and vitamin T touch which is essential to wellness b Five basic types of massage therapy a basic understanding 1shiatsu Releases blocked energy within the body using pressure Has no side effects for ALL AGES reduce muscle tension relieve sinus aches and tension headaches 2 Swedish Massage MOST POPULAR TYPE know total body massage includes 5 key steps Aeffleurage long strokes Bpetrissage rolls rings and squeezes CFriction deep kneading of muscle DTapotement Karate chops EVibration shaking or trembling 3Rolfing Created by Ida Rolf to improve posture and realign muscle Very deep and EXTREME type Digs and manipulates soft tissue 4Myofascial Release focuses on FACIAL TISSUE myofacial to relieve facial tension and headache 5Sports Massage Combines swedish shiatsu and other deep tissue massage to remove LACTIC ACID in athlete39s muscles Osteopathic Medicine a History of Osteopathic Medicine Began in late 1800 s by Andrew Taylor a physician who was dissatisfied with the current medical philosophyDeveloped new methods of treatment handson treatment of adjusting the positions of joints and levels of muscle tone enhancing circulation of bloodlymphaticand cerebrospinal fluids and improving the efficiency of respiration Classic Philosophy 1A deep respect for the patient s body to heal itself 2Humans are comprised of a trinitybodymind and spirit 3Human body is a machine that will function perfectly if structure is perfect 4lf patient is sick but hisher body has recuperative power the anatomy can be adjusted to return the body to normal 5 The body can handle any fuel as long as the machine is working correctly Contemporary Philosophy 1Human being is a dynamic unit of function 2The body possesses selfregulatory mechanisms that are selfhealing in nature 3Structure and function are interrelated at all levels 4Rational treatment is based on these principles 5Nutrition is now considered important b Basic principles traditional amp complementary of Osteopathic Medicine 1Who the patient isa human like the physician who is made up of bodymind and spirit 2Where health comes frominside the patient 3Goal of physicianto seek health within the patient and to help patient seek heaHh 4How the physician can help seek healthprevention is key and physician seeks to teach patient healthy practices 5How to treat illnesstake a careful history perform exams use neuromusculoskeletal system as access point focuses on holistic approach rather than reductionist 6Factors affecting physiology of patientair water food supplements drugs physical forces thoughts emotions stress relaxation and energy 7What physician does to intervenewhen physical or emotional ailments affect the patient the physician uses physical approaches ranging from manipulation to surgerycan also include medicationsupplements focus is on least invasive approach possible c Definition of Osteopathic Medicine Structural abnormality causes functional abnormality leading to illness d Types of OMT used in Osteopathic Medicine Direct treatment confronts restriction of motion taken directly toward restricted motion Indirect treatment body part is taken in the direction toward ease of motion goal is to induce tissue relaxation increase physiological motion and decrease pain Reflexology a Definition of Reflexology The application of pressure to certain points and places on the feet to help relax or lessen tension in different parts of the body b Reflexology Techniques Back amp Forth Metatarsal Kneading Spinal Twist Ankle Loosening Ankle Rotation Under Ankle Rotation Over Toe Rotation Technique DiaphragmTension Relief Diaphragm Deep Breathing Technique The 3 goals of Reflexology To relieve stress amp tension To improve blood supply amp promote unblocking of nerve impulses To help nature achieve homeostasis or balance The conditions treated by Reflexology Never diagnose prescribe or claim a cure illness or treatment


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