Chapter 6: Cultural Transmission
Chapter 6: Cultural Transmission BIOL 515
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This 1 page Study Guide was uploaded by Erica Leonard on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 515 at Kansas State University taught by Eva A Horne in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Behavioral Ecology in Biology at Kansas State University.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
Chapter 6 Cultural Transmission Cultural transmission 0 Defn form of information transfer that alters individual phenotype without affecting genes 0 Transmitted through teaching or social learning learning for another individual 0 Can cause rapid behavior changes in some populations 0 Persists from 1 generation to the next 0 Involves a modeldemonstrator and am observer Not cultural transmission 0 Social facilitation 0 Presence of a model increases learning regardless of model s actions 0 Local enhancement 0 Learn about a place or thing because model attracts attention to it Observational conditioning 0 Learn an association by observing another animal Imitation 0 Learn how to do something by observing another animal can work across species Tradition o Learned social behavior that is stable over time and may occur in some population but not others 0 Wake up time in Meerkat s I Much gene flow between groups not affected by difference in food availability weather or group size I Immigrants adapt to new group possibly selection for greater safety in groups causes new members to change to match group behavior if you didn t adapt you would wake up late and the group would be gone Teaching 0 Individual A modifies behavior in presence of observer B A gains no benefit B acquires knowledge or skills more rapidly of efficiently due to A s behavior Geneculture coevolutionary theory 0 Defn models transmission and interaction of genes and cultural traits from 1 generation to the next 0 What an individual learns may be dependent on genotype rules of genetic inheritance 0 Selection acting on genes may be generated or modified by spread of a cultural trait rules of cultural transmission 0 Vertical do what parents do Oblique do what teachers or other adults do Horizontal do what peers do Indirect do what the popular kids do 0 o o 0 Frequency dependent do what everyone else does
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