Midterm Notes/Study Guide
Popular in History of the Middle East, 600-1914
Popular in History
This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alex Kaatz on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HST 370 at a university taught by Dr. Serdar Poyraz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 70 views.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
September 29 2015 A Diverse Islamic Society 800 1258 0 Center and Provinces Limits of an Empire 0 Overexpansion of the Abbasid empire 0 Center Iraq Syria Iran 0 Provinces were under the control of different local dynasties Samanids 819 1005 Tulunids 868 905 Rustamids 777 909 Caliphs39 increasing reliance on the professional army 0 Rise of Buyids 945 o Tightly controlled bureaucracy ruling the empire 0 Increasingly looking more like the Persian and Roman empires Rival Ismaili Caliphates o Fatimid Dynasty 1000 Rules from Cairo Sevener Shiism Major rival to the Caliphate Defeated c 1100 by Saladin who created his own shortlived Ayyubid dynasty Overthrown by its own slave army which created the Mamluk dynasty Which was eventually taken over by the Ottoman Empire 0 New Umayyad dynasty in Spain 0 Muslims in Spain 710 1492 0 New cosmopolitan society of Muslims Christians and Jews in Cordoba Kurtuba and Seville o Abd alRahman III 912 961 held a court that encouraged education 0 Ferdinand Aragon and Isabella Castille defeated the Granada 0 Muslims and Jews either had to convert or leave so most of them ended up in the Ottoman Empire which was the only place who would accept the Jews 0 By 1000 the Muslim world was not united around a government but was united by culture and trade 0 China India and the Middle East 0 Indian Ocean trade network was subsidiary to the Silk Road 0 Pepper and other spices porcelain furs sugar paper silk tea from India and China Spice for medicine and preservation o Textiles carpets ivory salt gold from Africa 0 Perfume and distilled alcohol from the Middle East 0 Civilization is based on trade so as the trade centers shift so does the hub of power 0 Rise of coastal cities Basra Siraf o Persian Arab and Jewish merchants Mediterranean Trade Spain Egypt Syria and later on Venice 0 Venice produced glass a substitute for porcelain Didn39t change the avor of what was inside Porcelain was more expensive although glass wasn t cheap September 29 2015 0 Middle East is the middle man sending items from the east to the west New crops in the Middle East rice sugar cane watermelons apricots 0 Also had waterwheels and qanats underground canals 0 Sugar cane from India used areas in north Africa to created plantations o Zanj Rebellion in the plantations where the slaves revolted lasted about 15 years led to the abolishment of plantations but not slavery 0 Portugal got the plantation idea from their arrival to Africa led to their reinstitution of chattel slavery as opposed to military and household slavery 0 Children of slaves were legitimate it was typical for the man to marry the mother and free her Tangent Harem 0 Used to make sure there are enough male heirs but the majority would never see the sultan only the inner harem 0 Provide an environment for the kids to thrive servants 0 Musicians educated etc o Eventually got married off to highranking bureaucrats Gold and silver coins and a system of credit 0 Gradual quotlslamizationquot of the Middle East in the 9th 11th centuries BBC Documentary Science amp Islam Episode 2 The Empire of Reason Translation movement Sent scholars around the world to collect books and have them translated into Arabic Large area large tax revenue funds for the search for knowledge Grand architecture such as mosques and palaces Cordoba was a center for science Built a device to measure the oods of the Nile 0 Large colonnade pillar with notches in a chamber that leads to tunnels that connect to the Nile 0 Traditionally the level of the river has determined taxes because it s an indicator of how prosperous the farmers should be The Caliph elMamun funded lots of projects 0 A major one was mapmaking including a commission for a map of the world 0 Wanted to know how big the Earth was so he could determine how much he ruled 0 Also helped with knowing the direction of Mecca from far away 0 alBiruni was a great scientist who combined algebra trig and geometry to calculate the size of the Earth he got it within 200 miles an error of less than 1 0 They used lots of math and science including the calculations above and practical experiments Caravansarai resting place for merchants hosted bazaars o Took the rst steps towards mass production 0
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