Vocabulary JOURN 1100
Popular in Principles of American Journalism
Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Miller on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to JOURN 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Ryan Thomas in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Journalism in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
VOCABULARY John Locke english philosopher who was a key enlightenment figure whose ideas were very influential on the founding fathers of the United States Democracy a system of government in which the people govern themselves Typically characterized by free elections freedom of expression and is an independent judiciary The Press originally a term referring to a printed newspapers and magazines the term now includes journalism outlets spanning all types of media from television and radio to internet The term is used interchangeably and refers to journalism outlets as a group or institution in society Accountability one of the chief functions of journalism in a democracy is vertical accountability reporting on what the powerful do and say as a way of making them answerable to the people for their actions Often referred to as watchdog journalism Credibility the combination of trustworthiness and expertise that makes us more or less likely to believe or rely on what a source of information tells us News Judgment how journalists determine which events and information are important enough to cover as news and how to cover them Neutrality taking no position on an issue While such detachment can be beneficial in journalism it also can get in the way of journalists truthtelling mission if it reduces journalism to merely reporting what each side of an issue says Commodity a product usually produced andor sold by many different companies that is uniform in equality and thus driven entirely by price Breaking News a sudden compelling news event covered immediately by reporters Pseudo Events a term popularized by historian Daniel J Boorstin describing events or activities that serve little to no purpose other than to be reproduced through advertisement or other forms of publicity Beta a specific topic area of news coverage such as the police beat or the local government beat Package an edited set of video clips for a broadcast news society Media Ownership who owns the media whether an individual or a corporation has a big impact on how the media operate particularly the kind of content and outlet produces as well as expectations about how much profit the outlet is expected to make Most media in the US is commercially owned Integration how the many businesses within a media conglomerate work together to create advantages within a market segment Horizontal integration refers to a conglomerate owning a number of media outlets across the marketplace Vertical integration refers to conglomerate owning companies up and down the chain of production and distribution of media products DualProduct Model media companies sell two products not just one The first product is the content it is sold to consumers The second product is the attention of the audience reading viewing or otherwise interacting with that content Given that the most money is made off the second product the needs of advertisers can sometimes override the needs of consumers Legacy media media products predating the internet typified by a dependence upon heterogeneous audiences advertising income and oneway communication from sender to receiver Digital first an editorial strategy of serving their audience as quickly and as locally as possible meaning that legacy media organizations reorder their publishing priorities to break news over digital media first Paywall a system that prevents internet users from accessing web page content without a paid subscription Hard paywalls allow minimal to no access to content without subscription Soft paywalls allow more flexibility in what users can view without subscribing Hyperlocal a form of journalism by its intense focus on locality community news defined by geography often with a singleissue lens Engagement the depth of the involvement that a news customer has with a media product Engagement can be measured empirically or through anecdotal evidence Monetization the process of converting something that once was free into a product that is sold Plagiarism a kind of intellectual theft in which one passess off someone else s work and ideas as his own Morality a code of conduct this term can either refer to a description of how a group or society actually behaves or to a more universal code of conduct that everyone should endorse Ethical theorygenerally speaking there are three categories or approaches to ethics deontology focuses on duties or rules teleology focuses on consequences virtue ethics focuses on development of moral character Prior restraint government prohibition of speech in advance of publication Sedition the crime of revolting or inciting revolt against government it remains in the United States Criminal Code Defamation any intentional false communication spoken or written that harms a person s reputation Libel written or broadcast defamation A false statement that damages a person39s reputation Intrusion intentionally intruding upon another person s seclusion or solitude or another person s private affairs Publication of private facts the publication of information about someone s personal life that has not been previously revealed to the public is not a matter of public concern and the publication of which would be offensive to a reasonable person False light invasion of privacy giving publicity to a matter concerning another person that portrays that person falsely if the portrayal would be highly offensive to a reasonable person Appropriation the use of one s name or likeness for personal or commercial gain without consent or compensation Independence an essential component of journalism practice in which journalists are free to pursue truth with loyalty only to citizens and not particular interests causes or other pressures in mind Objectivity commonly used to describe a person s ability to completely detach from and have no opinion or perspective on a given issue Structural bias a type of frame or approach which favors certain kinds of news topics and presentations over others
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