Exam Three Textbook Review
Exam Three Textbook Review 21198
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Caspar Snyder on Monday November 10, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to 21198 at University at Buffalo taught by Mark Seery in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 97 views.
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Date Created: 11/10/14
Exam Three Textbook Review Chapters 6 7 8 Chapter 6 Stereotypes beliefs 0 Cognitive Prejudice attitudes 0 Affective Discrimination behavior 0 Behavioral Outgroup homogeneity effect outgroup more similar than ingroup members 0 Occurs in competing out groups 0 Brain imaging evidence shows a decrease in neurological thinking when thinking about outgroups In group bias more favorable evaluation and rewards to ingroup members Illusory correlation belief that two variables have a correlation with little to no evidence to back it up Three Forms of Prejudice Contemptuous Envious Paternalistic 0 Disrespect patronizing affection 0 Role segregation Types of Stigma Tribal identities Blemishes of individual character Abominations of the body Courtesy stigma an individual associated with an individual with a stigma is negatively viewed Sexism Sexism attitude action or institutional structure that subordinates people due to their sex Ambivalent sexism encompasses both positive and negative attitudes Stereotype Threat Apprehension when preforming a task in which one s group is stereotyped to lack ability 0 Worried about conforming to stereotype What Shapes Prejudice and Discrimination Social identity theory increase selfesteem by identifying with a social group and seeing them as better Realistic group con ict theory intergroup con ict develops from competition for limited resources The Robber s Cave Experiment State park Twenty 1112 year old boys split into two groups Hypothesis intergroup competition leads to prejudice Create in groups Instill inter group competition Encourage intergroup cooperation Superordinate goal 0 Had to work together to achieve a goal Example of how easily hostility can develop Social Dominance Theory Power hierarchy of social groups 0 Dominant groups receive assets and subordinate groups receive liabilities Authoritarian Personality Rigid adherence to conventional values 0 Leads to prejudice to outgroups Reducing Prejudice and Discrimination Contact hypothesis direct contact between antagonistic groups can reduce prejudice 0 Four conditions 0 Equal social status 0 Sustained close contact 0 Intergroup cooperation 0 Social norms favoring equality I Friendship potential 0 New fifth factor Chapter Seven Social in uence exercising social power two chance others behavior Three Types Conform group pressure Compliance direct request Obedience direct order Conformity Sherif and Asch 0 Sherif autokinetic effect study 0 Looking to others when defining social reality 0 Informational social in uence 0 Asch line length study 0 Conform to fit in o Normative social in uence What Happens to Nonconformists Johnny Rocco Study Schachter 1951 0 People react to non conformists by 0 Trying to persuade them 0 If unsuccessful reject them Conditions that In uence Conformity Situational factors Personal factors Cultural differences Minority in uence Nonconscious mimicry Compliance Tw0 strep strategies Foot inthedoor small request then large real request Door in the face large request then small real request Lowball understate true cost That s not all large request and bonus Obedience Milgram s Study of Obedience Two third s participating obeyed commands completely Social support helps people follow own beliefs when confronted by powerful others In uences on obedience setting power proximity others obedience Chapter Eight Group Behavior Group several interdependent people who have emotional ties and interact regularly In uences on group cohesion Group size Similarity and diversity Perceived subversion of group identity Group Functions Accomplish instrumental tasks Satisfy socioemotional needs Group Membership Temporal Model of Group Membership 0 Five phases each associated with social roles 0 Investigation phase 9 prospective member 0 Socialization phase 9 new member 0 Maintenance phase 9 full member 0 Resocialization phase 9 marginal member 0 Remembrance phase 9 exmember Group In uence on Individual Behavior Social facilitation group induced reduction in individual output when performers efforts can t be judged individually Deindividualation and Group Think Deindividualation people s normal inhibitions diminished due to loss of individual identity 0 Anonymity Group think consensusseeking overrides critical analysis 0 Deterioration of mental efficient reality testing and moral judgment Leadership and Social Dilemmas Female Leaders 0 Equally taskoriented as male leaders but more democratic leadership style Social dilemmas 0 Situation in which most rewarding shortterm choice for an individual causes negative consequences for group
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