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Dynamic Earth

by: Naomie Nienow

Dynamic Earth GEOL 1500

Naomie Nienow
GPA 3.75

Terri Woods

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Terri Woods
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Naomie Nienow on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to GEOL 1500 at East Carolina University taught by Terri Woods in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see /class/221309/geol-1500-east-carolina-university in Geology at East Carolina University.


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Date Created: 10/11/15
GEOL 1500 Study gEestions for Structure of Matter Matching Choose the response from the second column that best matches the definition or description given in the first column Some of the questions must or can have more than one answer l Find the three states of matter a neutron 2 Smallest unit an element can be b electron broken into that still retains c mass number the properties of that element d nuclear 3 Positively charged nuclear particle e ionic 4 Reactions during which elements f are created and destroyed g H20 5 Symbol for the calcium cation h atomic number 6 Bonds formed between atoms involving i atom the transfer of electrons j chemical 7 Bonds formed between atoms involving k isotopes sharing of electrons l gas 8 Smallest unit a compound can be broken m Ca into that still retains the properties of n CAH that compound 0 proton 9 Number of protons plus neutrons p cation l0 Maximum of electrons in lst shell q liquid ll Maximum of electrons in outer shells r covalent l2 A compound substance s solid l3 Atoms of the same element that vary in t Ca their number of neutrons u nucleus number l4 Subatomic particles v polymorphs l5 Subatomic particle with mass equal w 2 to proton but no electrical charge x metallic l6 Number of protons in a nucleus y anion Z molecule aa hydrogen bb density cc oxides dd cleavage ee carbonates Short answer agestions Answer the following questions as concisely and clearly as possi ble Use diagrams and sketches whenever appropriate Label all diagrams and figures completely and correctly l7 Draw simple pictures of the oxygen atom Atomic number 8 the silicon atom Atomic number l4 and the sulfur atom Atomic number l6 Show the location of the nucleus the or bits of the electrons and the distribution of electrons within each orbit The common valences charges of the ions that form from these atoms are 2 4 and 6 amp 2 for O Si and S respectively Use this information to explain the relationship between the distribution of the electrons in these atoms and the valences of the ions they make l8 Explain the difference between isotopes and ions l9 Explain the difference between nuclear and chemical reactions Study questions for Basic Mineralogy Matching Choose the response from the second column that best matches the definition or description given in the first column Some questions can or must have more than one answer l Diamond and graphite a reaction to acid 2 Scratchability b density 3 Appearance of mineral in reflected light c polymorphs 4 Weak bonds d crystal habit 5 Properties that are sometimes useful e cleavage 6 Appearance of mineral in powdered form f soft minerals 7 Geometrical form taken by a mineral g streak 8 Tendency of minerals to break along h magnetism planes of weak bonding i fracture 9 Same chemical composition different j striations crystal structure k C l0 External expression of a mineral s l carbonates internal crystalline structure m color ll Absence of cleavage n Solid Solution l2 Specific gravity 0 cleavage l3 gmcm3 p low hardness g hardness r luster Short Answer Questions l4 What are the five criteria that must be met for geologists to call a substance a mineral l5 What determines the properties of minerals l6 a Which properties of minerals are the most useful for identifying them l7 What is the difference between cleavage and crystal form l8 Complete the following mineral formulas given that the elec trical charges of the ions are 2 for magnesium amp iron 3 for aluminum 4 for silicon 2 for oxygen and 6 for sulfur a Mg1810 b FeiAlzsl3012 Study gEestions for Systematic Mineralogy Matching Choose the response from the second column that best matches the definition or description given in the first column Some questions can or must have more than one answer l Same chemical composition different a ferromagnesian crystal structures b amphibole 2 Important mineral sources of Al amp Fe c kaolinite 3 Important source of road building d feldspar and construction materials e native element 4 Important mineral sources of Cu Pb amp Zn f sulfate 5 Same crystal structure 7 different g 3 chemical compositions h micas 6 Chain structure silicate i oxygen 7 Mineral group used to make dry wall j oxide 8 Mineral group providing table salt k l 9 Framework structure silicates l iron l0 Basic building block of silicates m solid solution ll Number of silicons in tetrahedron n silicon l2 Number of oxygens in tetrahedron o clays l3 Number of shared tetrahedral oxygens p KAlSi308 in sheet silicates g olivine l4 Common sheet silicates r polymorphs l5 Most common mineral s carbonate l6 Most common mineral group t tetrahedron l7 Major difference between chain u pyroxene silicate groups v 4 l8 Albite w halide l9 Plagioclase feldspar x sulfide 20 Silicate made of isolated tetrahedra y 2 2l Fe and Mg rich Z biotite 22 Mineral group of C polymorphs aa guartz 23 Augite bb carbon 24 Hornblende cc CaAlZSi208 25 Anorthite dd cleavage 26 Potassium feldspar ee octahedron 27 Si02 ff NaAlSi308 28 F6203 and F6304 29 CaC03 30 Most common element in Earth s crust 3l Most common metal in Earth s crust 32 Pyrite 33 Gypsum 34 compound Short answer gEestions 35 Why does calcium plagioclase anorthite have l Ca cation While sodium plagioclase albite has l Na cation 36 Indicate the necessary words or numbers to fill in the blanks in the following table The Classification of the Silicate Minerals Arrangement Number of Mineral Mineral of silica shared tetra group name tetrahedra hedral oxygens lsolated a b Pairs amp rings l or 2 Epidote amp Beryl emeralds Chains 2 types Agicggi Agidggi Agieggi Augite Agifggi Agigggi Agihggi Hornblende Sheets Agiiggi Mica Agijggi Mica Agikggi Agilggi Kaolinite m n Feldspar K feldspar Plagioclase


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