Introduction to Psychology
Introduction to Psychology PSY 200
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brook Jakubowski on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 200 at Eastern Kentucky University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see /class/221437/psy-200-eastern-kentucky-university in Psychlogy at Eastern Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
STUDY GUIDE INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY PSY 200 Text Wade amp Tarvis Semester Start Fall 2007 CHAPTER 1 What is Psychology Trained Introspection Functionalism Psychoanalysis Biological Perspective Learning Perspective Behaviorists Case study Naturalistic Observation Empirical Validity Correlation Experiment Independent Variable Dependent Variable Random Assignment Placebo SingleDouble Blind Psychotherapist SocialCognitive Learning Perspective Cognitive Perspective Sociocultural Perspective Psychodynamic Perspective Humanistic Psychology Psychiatrist CHAPTER 2 Personality Personality Trait Psychoanalysis Psychodynamic theories Defense Mechanisms Ego Denial Objective tests CentralSecondary Traits Big Five Personality traits Humanistic Psychology Unconditional Positive Regard Temperament Heritability Reciprocal determinism Socialcognitive Learning Theory Individualist vs collectivist cultures CHAPTER 3 Development Motor re exes Contact Comfort Separation Anxiety Strange Situation Attachment Attachment Styles Gender Schema Identity crisis Sensorimotor stage Developmental Psychology Object permanence Preoperational stage Mental Operations Conservation Concrete Operations Formal Operations Gender identity Adolescence Erik Erikson Authoritarian vs Authoritative parenting CHAPTER 4 Neurons Hormones amp the Brain Central nervous system Spinal Cord Neuron Dendrites Cell body Axon Nerve Stem cells Synapse Action potential Neurotransmitter Hormones Oxytocin Cortisol Brain stem Cerebellum Hypothalamus Pituitary Gland Limbic System Hippocampus Corpus Callosum Cerebral Cortex Occipital lobes Temporal lobes Frontal lobes Autonomic nervous system Sympathetic nervous system Reticular activating system RAS Electroencephalogram EEG CHAPTER 5 Consciousness Body Rh hms and Mental States Consciousness Circadian rhythm Depressants REM amp Non REM sleep Hypnosis Psychoactive drug Stimulants Sleep Deprivation Psychedelic Drugs Tolerance CHAPTER 6 Sensation and Perception Critical period Perception Synesthesia Absolute threshold Difference threshold Signaldetection Theory Selective attention Retina Rods amp Cones Dark adaptation Gestalt principles Binocular cues Retinal disparity Perceptual constancy Doctrine of speci c nerve energies CHAPTER 7 Thinking and Intelligence Prototype Cognitive schema Heuristic Availability heuristic Cognitive dissonance Intelligence Mental age Intelligence quotient Stereotype threat Metacognition Emotional intelligence Heritability CHAPTER 8 Memory Reconstructive memory Recall Recognition Priming Cognitive schemas Chunks Elaborative rehearsal DeepShallow processing Mnemonics Retrieval cues Statedependent memory Encoding Storage Retrieval Sensory register Shortterm memory Working memory Longterm memory CHAPTER 9 Learning Behaviorism Observational learning Classical conditioning Conditioned stimulus Unconditioned stimulus Conditioned response Extinction Spontaneous recovery Higherorder conditioning Stimulus generalization Stimulus Discrimination Operant Conditioning Reinforcement Punishment PrimarySecondary reinforcer Postiive reinforcement Negative reinforcement Extinction Stimulus generalization Stimulus discrimination Continuous reinforcement intermittent partial schedule of reinforcement Behavior modification Intrinsic vs Extrinsic reinforcers CHAPTER 10 Behavior in Social and Cultural Context Milgram s Obedience Study Stanford Prison Study Selfserving bias Cognitive Dissonance Conformity Groupthink Ethnocentrism Stereotype Prejudice and origins of Implicit and explicit prejudice Reducing Prejudice Social Ioafing Fundamental Attribution Error Situational vs dispositional attributions JustWorld Hypothesis Blaming the victim Diffusion of responsibility CHAPTER 11 Psychological Disorders Mental disorder Advantages ofthe DSM Projective tests Alcohol Dependence Objective tests Generalized anxiety disorder Panic disorder Phobia ADHD Major depression Bipolar disorder Personality disorders Insanity Schizophrenia Psychosis Antisocial personality disorder Obsessivecompulsive disorder Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory MMPI CHAPTER 12 Treatment and Therapy Antipsychotic drugs Antidepressant drugs Lithium carbonate Electroconvulsive therapy Psychoanalysis Free association Psychodynamic therapies Behavior therapy Systematic desensitization Cognitive therapy Cognitivebehavior therapy Clientcentered therapy Ingredients of successful therapy Unconditional positive regard CHAPTER 13 EmotionI StressI and Health Emotion PrimarySecondary emotions Facial feedback Display rules Cortisol Oxytocin Coping with stress Emotionfocused coping Type A personality and health General Adaptation Syndrome Alarm resistance exhaustion phases of stress Pessimistic amp optimistic explanatory styles Gender differences in emotionemotional expression CHAPTER 14 The Mor Motives of Life Love Sex Food and Work Motivation IntrinsicExtrinsic motivation Passionate love Companionate love Oxytocin Set point Leptin Approach goalsAvoidance goals Working conditions and factors that increase work motivation
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