Biology 1101 Exam 2 Review Guide
Biology 1101 Exam 2 Review Guide BIOLOGY 1101 - 0100
Popular in Biology
BIOLOGY 1101 - 0100
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Biology
This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexa Notetaker on Monday March 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOLOGY 1101 - 0100 at Ohio State University taught by Dr. Kristin Smock in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 255 views. For similar materials see Biology in Biology at Ohio State University.
Reviews for Biology 1101 Exam 2 Review Guide
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/21/16
Biology Exam 2 Study Guide Week 6: • Know what cells are totipotent, and what it means to be differentiated • Know what the Central Dogma of Biology is • Know what happens during transcription and translation, and where they occur • Understand why it is significant that the genetic code is nearly universal among all organisms • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=41_Ne5mS2ls • Be familiar with the different types of mutations, and their potential effects on proteins • Be familiar with the cause and symptoms of cystic fibrosis • Know the significance of germline mutations • Understand why there is no relationship between genome size and an organism’s complexity • Understand that most of our genome does not code for proteins • Know the prevailing viewpoints on inheritance before Mendel’s research – mini human in sperm, blended inheritance • Understand why Mendel chose the pea plant • Understand why each somatic cell has 2 alleles per gene • Understand Mendel’s system of crossing plants, including monohybrid crosses • Know how to use a Punnett Square to predict genotypic and phenotypic ratios • Terms to know: – Allele – Dominant – Recessive – Homozygous – Heterozygous – Genotype – Phenotype – Punnett square Week 7: • Know exceptions to Mendel’s laws – incomplete dominance – polygenic traits – environmental influence • Know how people thought species arose before Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection • Explain what is evolution • Know what evolution by natural selection is, and know the three conditions for natural selection • Know how genetic variation arises and how it contributes to differential reproductive success • Be able to explain evolutionary fitness • Know the result of evolution by NS: populations adapted to their current, local environment • Explain why natural selection doesn’t produce “perfect” organisms • Distinguish the three modes of Natural Selection: directional, disruptive, stabilizing • Know the different mechanisms of evolution Week 8: • Understand the process of speciation • Know how we define species in different ways • Know how reproductive isolation can occur, and understand pre -‐and post-‐zygotic isolating mechanisms • explain allopatric and sympatric speciation • Know the different lines of evidence of evolution • http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-‐nature/pompeii-‐animals-‐ shows-‐dinosaurs-‐mammals-‐and-‐early-‐birds-‐death-‐throes-‐180949580/ • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/evolution/guess-‐embryo.html • What are vestigial traits and how do they illustrate that evolution is not perfect? • Be able to explain why science and religion are not mutually exclusive Week 9: • Understand how viruses replicate – are they alive? • Be familiar with ways in which unicellular organisms can increase genetic diversity in a population • Understand why taking the entire prescribed course of antibiotics is important • Know how bacteria are classified • Be familiar with bacterial replication • Understand similarities and differences between bacteria and archaeans • Know basic characteristics of archaeans • Know protist taxonomy (domain and kingdom) and how they are classified • plant-‐, fungus-‐, animal-‐like protists • know what groups they gave rise to, evolutionarily • Explain the research on mosquitos infected with malaria • Know the examples of fungi presented here • Know how fungi are similar to and different from plants • Understand how plants have adapted to life on land, and what structures have made that possible • Know the 4 major evolutionary advances in plants
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'