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Biology 1101 Exam 2 Review Guide

by: Alexa Notetaker

Biology 1101 Exam 2 Review Guide BIOLOGY 1101 - 0100

Marketplace > Ohio State University > Biology > BIOLOGY 1101 - 0100 > Biology 1101 Exam 2 Review Guide
Alexa Notetaker

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About this Document

These are topics to cover to prepare for midterm 2.
Dr. Kristin Smock
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexa Notetaker on Monday March 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOLOGY 1101 - 0100 at Ohio State University taught by Dr. Kristin Smock in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 255 views. For similar materials see Biology in Biology at Ohio State University.


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Date Created: 03/21/16
Biology  Exam  2  Study  Guide   Week  6:     •   Know  what  cells  are  totipotent,  and  what  it  means  to  be  differentiated         •   Know  what  the  Central  Dogma  of  Biology  is         •   Know  what  happens  during  transcription  and  translation,  and  where   they  occur                     •   Understand  why  it  is  significant  that  the  genetic  code  is  nearly     universal  among  all  organisms             •     •   Be  familiar  with  the  different  types  of  mutations,   and  their  potential   effects  on  proteins           •   Be  familiar  with  the  cause  and  symptoms  of  cystic  fibrosis               •   Know  the  significance  of  germline  mutations               •   Understand  why  there  is  no  relationship  between  genome  size  and  an   organism’s  complexity               •   Understand  that  most  of  our  genome  does  not  code  for  proteins               •   Know  the  prevailing  viewpoints  on  inheritance  before  Mendel’s   research   –   mini  human  in  sperm,  blended  inheritance         •   Understand  why  Mendel  chose  the  pea  plant           •   Understand  why  each  somatic  cell  has  2  alleles  per  gene             •   Understand  Mendel’s  system  of  crossing  plants,  including  monohybrid   crosses           •   Know  how  to  use  a  Punnett  Square  to  predict  genotypic  and   phenotypic  ratios               •   Terms  to  know:   –   Allele       –   Dominant       –   Recessive       –   Homozygous     –   Heterozygous       –   Genotype       –   Phenotype       –   Punnett  square         Week  7:     •   Know  exceptions  to  Mendel’s  laws   –   incomplete  dominance         –   polygenic  traits         –   environmental  influence       •   Know  how  people  thought  species  arose  before  Darwin’s  Theory  of   Natural  Selection             •   Explain  what  is  evolution           •   Know  what  evolution  by  natural  selection  is,  and  know  the  three   conditions  for  natural  selection                 •   Know  how  genetic  variation  arises  and  how  it  contributes  to   differential  reproductive  success           •   Be  able  to  explain  evolutionary  fitness         •   Know  the  result  of  evolution  by  NS:  populations  adapted  to  their   current,  local  environment             •   Explain  why  natural  selection  doesn’t  produce  “perfect”  organisms       •   Distinguish  the  three  modes  of  Natural  Selection:  directional,   disruptive,  stabilizing                       •   Know  the  different  mechanisms  of  evolution                       Week  8:     •   Understand  the  process  of  speciation             •   Know  how  we  define  species  in  different  ways         •   Know  how  reproductive  isolation  can  occur,  and  understand  pre -­‐and   post-­‐zygotic  isolating  mechanisms                   •   explain  allopatric  and  sympatric  speciation             •   Know  the  different  lines  of  evidence  of  evolution             •­‐nature/pompeii-­‐animals-­‐ shows-­‐dinosaurs-­‐mammals-­‐and-­‐early-­‐birds-­‐death-­‐throes-­‐180949580/   •­‐embryo.html       •   What  are  vestigial  traits  and  how  do  they  illustrate  that  evolution  is   not  perfect?               •   Be  able  to  explain  why  science  and  religion  are  not  mutually  exclusive             Week  9:     •   Understand  how  viruses  replicate  –  are  they  alive?             •   Be  familiar  with  ways  in  which  unicellular  organisms  can  increase   genetic  diversity  in  a  population   •   Understand  why  taking  the  entire  prescribed  course  of  antibiotics  is   important               •   Know  how  bacteria  are  classified             •   Be  familiar  with  bacterial  replication             •   Understand  similarities  and  differences  between  bacteria  and   archaeans                   •   Know  basic  characteristics  of  archaeans                   •   Know  protist  taxonomy  (domain  and  kingdom)  and  how  they  are   classified   •   plant-­‐,  fungus-­‐,  animal-­‐like  protists   •   know  what  groups  they  gave  rise  to,  evolutionarily                           •   Explain  the  research  on  mosquitos  infected  with  malaria                   •   Know  the  examples  of  fungi  presented  here               •   Know  how  fungi  are  similar  to  and  different  from  plants                 •   Understand  how  plants  have  adapted  to  life  on  land,  and  what   structures  have  made  that  possible               •   Know  the  4  major  evolutionary  advances  in  plants    


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