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Study Guide: SOC 002 (Self and Society)

by: Demi Chang

Study Guide: SOC 002 (Self and Society) SOC 002

Marketplace > University of California - Davis > Sociology > SOC 002 > Study Guide SOC 002 Self and Society
Demi Chang
Self and Society
Kiburi, Lalia

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This study guide includes the 5 components of Symbolic Interaction Theory and its theorists, as well as the quiz terms from Chapter 4. Good luck on Thursday everyone! Happy Studying~
Self and Society
Kiburi, Lalia
Study Guide
SOC 002 (Self and Society), Lalia Kiburi
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Demi Chang on Monday October 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 002 at University of California - Davis taught by Kiburi, Lalia in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 117 views. For similar materials see Self and Society in Sociology at University of California - Davis.

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Date Created: 10/12/15
SOC 002 Self and Society Quiz 1 Study Guide gt refers to the shared symbols objects interactions andor language that are shared among the people we interact with gt The include 1 The theory focuses on the microsocial world of personal interaction patterns that occur in everyday life This includes focusing on oneonone interactions two people can be considered a group There are shared symbolsdefinitions that provide explanations and provide the basis ofinterpreting life experiences There is a social construction of reality that is internalized part of one s life and natural behavior making it appear as an objective fact For example we see a US flag as a symbol for patriotism Because this perception is shared among all of us in society it automatically seems like a fact However this shared symbol is a construction of our culture The shared or absence of expectations and understandings explain intergroup relations Shared symbols are unique to each individual culture For example while we perceive the US flag as a symbol of patriotism people in other cultures may perceive the US flag as a symbol of oppression There is better communication and awareness between different cultures that improves the interaction between majorities and minorities gt Important Theorists of Symbolic Interactionism 1 Historical Theorists A an American sociologist who proposed the idea of the Looking Glass Self where a person will use others as a mirror to perceive themselves Essentially that person will develop their own identity through interactions and perceptions from society For example if I was going to a job interview at a company that wants assertive outgoing employees I may act more assertive and outgoing during the interview even ifthat was not necessarily my original personality People control how they act based on the expectations of the people who are looking at them Cooley also emphasized the importance of being aware of major historical and political events that not only influence an individual s life but also shows an individual s place in history B conceptualized the development of self that occurs through social interaction He also believes that society first exchanges gestures with one another through the use of symbols and then the social understanding of these symbols creates bonds within the society 2 Contemporary Theorists A was known for his concept of Stigma Management which could refer to either Discredited Stigm or Discreditable Stigm 1 refers to physically visible disabilities or deformities that would have to be dealt with in any social interactions eg a birthmark or scar on one s face club foot etc On the other hand 2 refers to conditions that can be physically concealable or invisible such as epilepsy sexual orientation and criminal behavior Dealing with Discreditable Stigma is a lot more complex a person may choose to stay quiet reveal it to a few individuals or make it openly known to the public 3 Goffman would also be known for his concept of where life is a stage in which people are social actors that enact a presentation of themselves in front of others For example when you are at a bar with your friends you present yourself as a casual comfortable person before them However if you are teaching in a classroom you would probably present yourself in a more professional and of cial manner B was a huge believer in individuals creating their own social reality through socialcollective action He was considered a leader in the study of symbolic interaction and he is known for his Three Basic Premises for the meanings of human interaction and the interpretations of these meanings 1 People act towards things on the basis of the meanings they give those things 2 The meanings of these things are derived from social interaction that one has with other people in society 3 These meanings are interpreted and modified through a process used by the individual in explaining the things heshe encounters gt Chapter 4 Quiz Terms how people make impressions and inferences of others People can often form an impression of another person by their words actions facial expressions and even their tone of voice Key Point 1 How do people use nonverbal cues to understand others gt is the way people unintentionally or intentionally communicate without words It can encompass the use of touch tone of voice gestures body language and the six universal facial emotions happiness anger surprise fear disgust and sadness l Encode versus Decode A is to express a nonverbal behavior smiling or patting someone on the back B is to interpret that nonverbal communication that other people express the pat on the back could be interpreted as empathetic or possibly condescending 2 are nonverbal gestures that has a clearly understood de nition in a culture It usually has a direct verbal translation like the OK sign Key Point 2 How do people determine Wh y others do What they do gt In the process of forming first impressions the rst traits we perceive in other people influence how we view information that we learn about them later on For example we often assume that what is beautiful is good and that people who are physically attractive will also have other great qualities as well gt The tendency for people to stick to an initial judgment even when new information should prompt them to reconsider In many studies participants would rather stick with their original impressions even if the basis of that judgement was wrongcontradicted gt An study of how people explain the causes of their ownother people s behavior Attribution theory includes Internal and External Attribution 1 The inference that person s behavior is caused by something about that person their personality attitude or character For example if a mother is yelling at her daughter we may infer that she is a shorttempered and angry person 2 The inference that a person s behavior is caused by the situation that she or he is in It is assumed that most people would respond the same way to the same situation For example following the example above we may infer that maybe her mother has had a long day lack of sleep working overtime and now dealing with a daughter who won t listen to her causing her to be more shorttempered with her daughter gt The seeming importance ofinformation that people center all their focus on We often focus on the person rather than the situation leading us to think that they alone are the cause of their own behavior gt First analyzing a person s behavior by making an automatic internal attribution only considering the person s character as possible causes for the behavior then we may adjust the original internal attribution to consider the situation they were in In general we make the first step easily but not the second on many occasions we ignore the possible situations that could have explained their behavior gt the tendency to take credit for successes by making internal attributions and blaming the situation for their failures by making external attributions For example a student may think she got an A on her calculus test because she is good at math or just really smart However if she got a bad grade she may blame her failure on external events that cannot be controlled like a teacher giving an unfair test gt A type of defense attribution where people assume that bad things happen to bad people while good things happen to good people For example when we see news of fatal car accidents and random attacks we are reminded that these things could happen to us too To deny this fact we may convince ourselves that only people who make stupid choicesmistakes get into these accidents or situations gt People s tendency to think that people are more susceptible to attributional biases than we are which indicates a blind spot when reflecting on our own thought processes


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