Study Session Professor Cooper
Study Session Professor Cooper HUM1B
Popular in Humanities Honors 1B
Popular in Arts and Humanities
This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Wendell Rodrigues on Monday March 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HUM1B at San Jose State University taught by Dr. Cooper in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Humanities Honors 1B in Arts and Humanities at San Jose State University.
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Date Created: 03/21/16
• Synoptic Gospels • Matthew • Mark • Luke • Mark • May have been a literary secretary • Starts writing stuff down that he remembers • Luke and Matthew was copying some stuff from Mark • Some stuff was copied from elsewhere, from a source (Q) • Q had quotes directly from Jesus • Matthew traces Jesus back to Moses • Luke traces Jesus all the way back to Adam (savior for all humanity) • John is more poetic (More philosophical) • Refuted some things that Thomas was writing • Thomas wrote that everyone had a spark of the divine in them • John wrote that Jesus alone was the divine presence among us • Apocalyptic Thinking • People believed that they were doing wrong • Some people thought that there was a force of evil in the world • Jesus didn't like the Sadducees and Pharisees • Sadducees - priestly class • Pharisees - fundamentalist class • Jesus believed in the meaning of the law rather than the letter of the law • Parables • Jesus spoke in parables so it is easier to understand • There are narrow minded people out there. • Jesus revised Judaism • Covenant (An agreement) • We must also keep our covenant with each other • Jesus believed the Jewish covenant was not inclusive • Passover last supper • Says “This wine symbolizes my blood” • “This bread symbolizes the body” • Says that he died and suffered so we don't have to • Substitutionary atonement • Paul • Made it easier to become Christian • Didn't require circumcision and spread Christianity further • Augustine • Wrote the ﬁrst autobiography • Very introspective • the ﬁrst conversion narrative • Wrote that people needed laws to control their impulses • • “How can there be a good god when there is so much evil in the world” • Evil is an effect of free will • Evil is just an absence of good • Everyone inherits evil (original sin) • Wasn't sure that people had free will toward the end • Thought that people were predestined for a fate • Early Christian Art • Had to be hidden in the beginning • Transformed Roman symbols into Christian art • Created mosaics • No Jesus’ cruciﬁxion in early Art • Basilica • Long room with corridors with pillars for walking on either side • Had an apse in front (The altar) • Old St. Peters (example) • Could gather a lot of people in the middle • Round form • Had a dome in the middle with more windows • Domed Basilica (Hagia Soﬁa) • Justinian came up with this to combine the best elements of Round Form and the Basilica • Said “Solomon, I have outdone thee” • • • Doctrine of the two swords • In the west, had two leaders (Pope and Emperor) • In the east, there was one leader (The Pope) • Fall of the Roman Empire • 70% of farmland decayed to forest • The water system (Aqueducts) were destroyed • Population declined as a result of this • Trade stopped, as routes were no longer secure • People stopped traveling • Literacy declined • It was transferred to the monks (the only literary people left) • People stopped using money • Bartering increased • Led to Feudalism • Personal loyalty to a lord • The peasants payed the lord to protect them from other armies • Manorial System • Economic system under Feudalism • Knights would own a piece of land • Peasants would live on this land • Lords would manage these pieces of land • Barons would make sure the peasants payed • Serfs were bound to the land (unofﬁcial slave) • Charlemagne • Head of the Carolinian Empire • Alcuin- Charlemagnes right hand man (Charlemagne was illiterate) • Didn't want to lose the Ancient Greek and Roman learning • Told Alcuin to adapt it to Christian thought • Islam • Al- Mamun • Reason and faith can be reconciles to each other • Tried to turn Baghdad to the Alexandria of the Muslim World • House of Wisdom • Al Quarizmi imported the number zero • Al Marooni (Chessboard problem) exponential equation • Bimarstan • Hospital • Universities • Had to be ﬂuent in Latin and Rhetoric • Trained in the 7 arts and then people focused on special training • 7 arts • Arithmetic, Geometry, Music, Astronomy, Grammar, Rhetoric, Dialectic • Bologna • Secularization of learning (taking power away from the church) • Emperor sponsored • Civil and Roman Law • University of Paris • Educator governed • Pope sponsored • Theology • Aquinas • Could you use reason in combination of faith in order to discover the truth? • Used reason to support faith (disputation) to show how conﬂicts can be solved. • Summa Theologica • An instruction manual for theology students. • Approach a question from every angle • The basis of critical thinking (The Scholastic Method) • Japanese Shintoism • Izanagi and Izanami had the divine offspring • Dips spear in the ocean and created the ﬁrst person • Create the sun goddess Amaterasu • Has a brother Susa no o, the storm god • • These myths are used later by Japanese governments to justify their power • The emperors traced their lineage to Amaterasu • Buddhism • Mono no are- Everything is very beautiful and very short lived (The cherry Blossom) • Something the warrior should be aware of. • KNOW THE FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM • Testimony of faith • Prayer 5 times a day • Almsgiving • Fasting during Ramadan • Pilgrimage to Mecca • • Mirab and Minaret • Used as a call to prayer for Muslims in Islamic cities. Still used today. • A tower • The story of Abelard and Eloise • Sic et non • http://www.abelardandheloise.com/Story.html • Nicene Creed • I believe in one God, • the Father almighty, • maker of heaven and earth, • of all things visible and invisible. • • I believe in one Lord Jesus Christ, • the Only Begotten Son of God, • born of the Father before all ages. • God from God, Light from Light, • true God from true God, • begotten, not made, consubstantial with the Father; • through him all things were made. • For us men and for our salvation • he came down from heaven, • and by the Holy Spirit was incarnate of the Virgin Mary, • and became man. • For our sake he was cruciﬁed under Pontius Pilate, • he suffered death and was buried, • and rose again on the third day • in accordance with the Scriptures. • He ascended into heaven • and is seated at the right hand of the Father. • He will come again in glory • to judge the living and the dead • and his kingdom will have no end. • • I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, • who proceeds from the Father and the Son, • who with the Father and the Son is adored and gloriﬁed, • who has spoken through the prophets. • • I believe in one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church. • I confess one Baptism for the forgiveness of sins • and I look forward to the resurrection of the dead • and the life of the world to come. Amen. • Ring giving • RING IS LESS IMPORTANT AS MONETARY VALUE THAN THEIR SYMBOLISM • Comestatus • Bond between the warrior and the leader • Herot - Speciﬁc Hall • Where the people gathered in medieval times for food and drink in Beowulf • Beowolf • Know the story of Beowulf
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