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Date Created: 11/18/14
Philosophy 005 Notes January 8 2013 One of the most important novelsfilms Klan Men directed by Griffin 1915 another title for The Birth of a Nation Instrumental inaugurating the KKK One of the most important cinema in history To be looked at culturally not cinematically First film to be shown in the white house while Wildrow Wilson was president His response It is like writing history like ightening And sadly what is depicted there is true Movie was made by a southerner Attempted to exonerate himself White supremacist movie A DECADE LATER Battleship of Potemkin by Einstein 1925 Silent film Implement white army in defense of Zaar of Russia The causics are portrayed especially brutal to common people It presents a dramatized version of the mutiny that occurred in 1905 when the crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin rebelled against their officers of the Tsarist regime Battleship Potemkin has been called one of the most influential propaganda films of all time and was named the greatest film of all time at the Brussels World39s Fair in 1958 Sympathy for soviet cause Einstein is not only a filmmaker but a theorist Triumph of Will by Leni Riefenstah 1935 German film Leni is a woman and director The rally about Hitler descends from a cloud Somewhat democracy Nazi Propaganda John Updike writes noves involved in making movies ALL WORKS OF PROPAGANDA Themes Art amp Power Art amp Literature Politics There is a long standing of coral of philosophy and poetry Plato in the novel The Republic Greek word Acis The original Greek meaning is much wider Poet meant making of any sort The Examined Life by Astrid Tayor film She is Canadian Made for Canadian public tv The title The Examined life comes from one of Platos dialogues Plato wrote dialoguesdramas They were read as tragedians He was a poet who banned poets from his ideal state Annette Kellerman is an actress who starred in The Mermaid 1 911 Neptunes Daughter191 5 She was involved in the first movie that took 1 million to produce She was also the first to appear nude 1916 She showed up on a beach to Boston with a one piece bathing suit and was told that was inappropriate and was arrested 1908 Feminist uses stardom to work for emancipation of women like what one can wear to the beach Hugo Miinsterberg Harvard professor Taught philosophy infatuated with the girl in the movie Writes Photo Play in 1915 One of the earliest theorists of film Poet Vachel Lindsay Born in Illinois Sings poetry Known as Poetry Troubadour Wrote book on films Hardly any films at that time only silent films Photoplay amp The Seventh An Iindsay film books being theorized taken serious by critics What is a movie Answered in Examined Life movie Socrates The unexamined life is not worth living The philosophical life is the examined ife Examined Iife the life destined to live Dialogical practice is practiced with other people It is about what is worthwhile what our life is and the significance of pursuit The idea is that there is no authority over us telling us what to do Three types of philosophical events occur They are examined life dialogical and mutual accountability In mutual accountability you are accountable for what you say I hold you accountable I hold myself accountable Self amp social accountability Our own assumptions can be hidden from us When I say something I imply something The Examined life makes you come more in terms with what you actually think self possession self criticism self examination Astra amp Cornel West Question and Answers Astra wanted to invite viewers Accesibility be interesting for teens Critical response to critical formulations Critica formulations is what you think is the case and then they form a critical response Juxtapositions Interior of airports artificialinartificial environment Not critically conscious of images in the film Read film critically when we pay attention to Juxtaposition What is its meaning There is no transformation or change without death Truth as a way of life it relates to death Plato banned the Flute but not the Lyre Because the flute appeals to all of these various sides of who we are given his tripartite conception of the soul the rational and the spirited and the appetitive And the flute is appeals to all three of those where he thinks the lyre on one string it only appeals to one and therefore is permissible Philosophy itself becomes a critical outlook of wrestling with desire in the face of death wrestling with dialogue in the face of of dogmatism and wrestling with democracy in the face of structures of domination West describes this in The Examined Life Part of Art liberates Desire too conventionally handed in tears down conventional prison Art facilitates dialogue in dogmatism and democracy Friend of desire dialogue and democracy Disappointment and failure is always at the center The blues are personal catastrophe lyrically expressed Cornel West Time as lost time as gift Way in which art reveals both aspects of time What we will lose what we39ve lost and what we will be given gracefully by time What is Art pp17amp173184 I like how the author incorporates a memoir to explain the significance or lack of Art The struggle that many people face to create such art that is told to be important is one of question Should we sacrifice so much for art What justifies art They say that lovers of art rely on criticism to improve their work and used to find support But criticism becomes contradictory that eventually there becomes no art left Each person criticizes one another that makes there leave no room for the solution This makes us uncertain of what art really is and what good useful art is in which such sacrifices should be made Pg 173184 In the future art will be different in subject matter and form The subject matter would be either feelings drawing men to union or such as already unite them The form will be that it will be open to everyone It will be simple and its excellence will come from universality not perfection The author has been writing about art for 15 years and believes that art has been taking a false path along with science that that should change for science and art work together as one Science just brings truth and knowledge to perception but art helps make these perceptions into emotions I liked how he used many comparisons to bring along the message that if science is leading a false path so is art and vice versa He also mentions that science and art are revealed upon importance of what the society and the people think are important within that decade Religion is a big part of it and since it is not emphasized in today39s science with the human life it relies on existing order only Science in today39s world is said to study everything but that is impossible and only studies those things which don t take much effort but just mere curiosity There are two types of science the science that just studies what is existent and the experimental science which is the questions of simple curiosity and technical improvements The first part is bad because it doesn t allow for human life to grow It just makes people adapt to what they already know and to what is existent The second is also bad because it restricts us from gaining answers in questions of human life Instead we gain answers from questions derived from curious scientists or from the past As I continued reading I started to drift apart from the writers viewpoints I do not think that real science is the science that contributes to religion and what we ought to believe We believe what we each individually think we should believe Whether we spend our time trying to reveal human life attributes or not people will still believe their own things despite what researchers may have found It is impossible to make the world believe a certain way I also disagree that knowing for example the Milky Way or our ancient ancestors are a waste of time Knowing and discovering these aspects of life are important for us to grow and find out things of the future Yes I do agree that some time and money are wasted in the experimental science but the experimental science isn39t too bad I also agree that there has been an increasing amount of research based on ignorance to the economy and world We could be doing other things to better where we live yet keep creating more problems to our existent ones The writer believes art should either stray away from science or come in contact with science to reveal its imperfections and the true meaning of real science Art already shows us how to act and what is important in present day With Christianity as the main guide to establish brotherly union art can matter in many ways and can change the way we look at life January 10 2013 Two movies that show importance in the question of experience The Big Chill by Lawrence Kasdan amp Vanya on 42quot 39 Street directed by Louis Malle The Big Chill 1983 Ambiguous tite Big Chill has more than one meaning 0 First scene sadness and short clips of someone getting dressed for someone dead Funeral occurs 0 Music is prominent in movie juxtaposition such vitality I heard it through the grapevines represents how they heard about the death themselves what we will see You can39t always get what you want represents irony because of the death Music is a situational device The period of middle age people and what the music was in their youth was played we don t know what we re seeing but it becomes evident later When the corpse is dressed Erotic amongst death 0 Subtle implicit Contemporary movie Beethoven 131 string quartet 14 lt late quartet A Late Quartet a quartet late in the light of quartet lntentiona ambiguity Not harmonic sharp resonance music cuts not sweet Christopher Walken stars in the movie A Late Quartet 0 Walken plays aging cellist Peter Mitchell who discovers he has Parkinson s Disease is possibly the most vulnerable work of Waken s career In A Late Quartet Mitchell39s disease threatens to bring his twentyfive year tenure in a worldrenowned string quartet to a crashing halt Andre Gregory important man in theatre He didn t like the role that theatre was taking in the modern world in the US that he left to Poland but later returned so that he can direct small productions for small audiences Directed one of them and made them into Vanya in 42quot 39 street 0 Relationship between everyday life and theatrical performance and its boundaries in both Vanya in 42quot street Directed by Louis Malle his last movie 0 Based on short story of Leo Last movie for Louis 0 Julianne Moore First scene in city all cast members are spotted in city streets and end up knowing eachother The scene turned out to be a play they go from everyday life to performance The audience cues us that we are watching a performance 0 Vanya characters are like vanya in real life 0 Art seamlessly follows into life 0 Louis Malle only wanted small audience like max 20 to perfect craft 0 The film ties the actors The Last Station 2009 Toysters life his last few months 0 directed by Michael Hoffman inaugurates career with the sound of music 0 After 1910 everything breaks lose Anna Keranina 2012 0 Stars Keira Knightly 0 Set in late19thcentury Russia highsociety the aristocrat Anna Karenina enters into a lifechanging affair with the affluent Count Vronsky What is Art Grahams intro to aesthetics What is Art and why does it matter he assumes that it does Gambrich Story of Art 1 6 editions Art amp illusion He wrote them 0 He knows true Art 0 There really is no Art only artists 0 Capitalizes Art Picasso When art critics come together they talk about Form Structure and Art o The down and dirty detail of making art lt that39s what it is Graham starts with why art matters which is due to pleasure and leads to understanding of ourselves and the world 0 Doesn39t begin with the definition of Art Lindsay amp Hugo Munsterburg History of Art and Reflection of History of Art Tostrey he has written some of the most important novels of history 0 Religious conversion 0 One claimed him to be crazy 0 He39s not abandoning art only high aestheticism 0 Some extent expressivist 0 Theory of art that function of art is to express emotions of the artist and express It through art so audience can feel it 0 Mostly thought that the fostering of brotherhood among all kinds is the function ofan Notion of art a part gt different people have different views Pure aestheticism art as a selfsufficient entity concerned solely with beauty and not with any moral or social purpose Andy Warhol challenges it in artist world Art in Politics Propaganda Art in Religion Different form of Propaganda Aesthetic taking things out of context 0 Don39t rip art out of context See art in situation it should be in Back then it was said that art was Made by the elite for the elite Graham wants to take Tolstoy in expressivist The function 0 Its to express emotions Work of arts are expressive in feeling of wht the artist felt Tolstoy didn39t think this way Allusive characterized by indirect references quotausive speech is characterized by allusionsquot 0 Quentantino movies 0 did you get the reference to this movie 0 It can seem like an affair a movie about other movies 0 Not about life its about other movies 0 Make art about artnot about life Art is moral manifesta Worthy of careful considerations 0 Art and morality Tolstoy believed that the purpose of art is to unite people in harmony Art for the sake of life 0 Not sympathetic to violent revolution 0 lt ll make a life into hell Function of art is to revolutionize the inner man Art is a revolutionary course that is spiritual about emotion but particular emotion that deals with human life Art has moral function shouldn t be judged in aesthetic form only in religiousmoral form Art is a critic not just expressionism Kind of moralism Function of art is fostering morality If it draws wedges between us it isn t true art it should bring us together Despite differences we are none the less in this together This needs to be recognized by concrete of human life Dama aesthetic structures Just for fame and fortune George Sanders was on front cover of New York Times Contemporary writer 0 Stay open forever so open it hurts Deep quiet openness on the world Deep world impact on you and transforming it to art January 15 2013 Jodie Foster Wins Golden Global award life time achievement 0 Accepting speech of 2013 0 Since she was 3 she was in films 0 Writer director actress Her greatest job in the world was being involved in the making of film and moving people emotionally by being moved by oneself or emotionally from people mother children etc 0 Comes from Tolstoys expressionist piece Pluralist Thesis regarding function of art Monist For one one thing art does is express emotion monist theory is the one essential func on Deep expressionism in roman art Most of the story leads with the expression of emotion Art allows us to try different identities May not be expressing oneself but transforming into oneself 0 Self aterationTransformation 0 Sometimes you come out changed from art The book The Things They Carried resembles a lot 0 Suicide rate has exceeded casualty rate 0 War changes you much like when you are watching a movie and it changes you You don t see the world the same way Novels and movies make a difference One image in Life magazine moved everyone more than rhetoric writing of Vietnamese war It was a pic of a naked girl running in the village after having it bombed Art cannot be reduced to expression or self expression but they are important in valuing art Conflict is inevitable How When Where With Whom Deception amp Evasion Must be confronted Big and little conflicts betrayal sexuality Art is about stuff of life 0 Make art to confront conflict West Side Story Classical music American Composer Lenin Einstein adaptation of broad way play 0 Adaptation of music 0 It went from only music to being incorporated to film 0 Very important genre of film 0 Decade before world trade center Architectural to choreographer 0 Opening scene music then views of city scene Remake of Romeo amp Juliet 2 different gangs jets and sharks Michael Jackson Beat it o 2 different gangs 0 Goes along with West Side Story Art is imitation of art as well as life early 60 s gangs in NY lntentionally stylized version of conflict Beat It amp West Side Story has the same sounds Whistling and snapping Juxtaposition Intimacy of street whistling and snapping and distance ntertextuality texts found within other texts exist within one another Beat it and West Side Stor are works of art with dance and music 0 Historical consciousness Conflicts tend to reverberate into other conflicts Don39t remain in narrow confine Tend to multiply Understand dynamic of conflict 0 importantly it is self conflict being torn apart Art is mostly self conflict Colors are very important January 17 2013 Agnostic conception Lovers and spousesresolved by acceptance of reinconsolable differences Step Mom the movie Susan Sarange divorced and left by her husband for younger woman Julia Roberts Has 2 children Julia doesn39t want children 0 Diagnosed with terminal cancer Desire in the face of death 0 Conflict 0 Julia was responsible for children and son got lost chastised by mother Tammi Terrell 19451970 before her 25quot bday 0 Singer born and raised in Philly 0 She had terminal cancer brain cancer 0 Confronting imminent death 0 Desire in the face of death Scene Sitting at restaurant 0 Julia Roberts envies Susan because she39s perfect for a mother 0 Doesn39t want kids and scared to mess up 0 Her fear is that the girl will think I wish my mom was here when she gets married 0 Susan doesn39t mind sharing the kids She can have their past and Julia can have their future Car scene of Step Mom 0 Julia Roberts in car with kids 0 Older daughter difficult to understand her mom being sick 0 Shes trying to deal with her step mom and accepting her 0 Never acknowledged the fact that her mom was sick Room with Susan and her kids scene 0 Same song played in the car with Julia Manin Gaye amp Tammi Terrell Ain39t No Mountain High Enough Music eminent from house as nightfall comes 0 Desire in the face of death Desire in the face of death death of marriage death of cause commitment human being Can be devastated Mourning and Melancholia Sigmund Freud can be difficult to distinguish morning and depression melancholia loses ones desire weight eat for life to play to get out of bed Susan reclaims desire in the face of death for herself and for her children during room scene Moments of intense life 0 Moments of intense life where the moments turn into memories where they can39t be erased 0 aggressive act because the daughter joins the mom in singing Tammi amp Marvin played by Susan and her son tight circle 0 Girl knocks on door and repeats herself about being sorry her mom is sick but her mom Can t hear her but joins them in singing creating a tighter circle 0 Mom didn t want to acknowledge death January 21 2013 Homework assignment The Nations review Waltz Unchained Quentin Tarantino is the director of Diango Unchained the movie his best work yet He only uses scare quotes and exclamation points to produce irony that he is best known for In Django Unchained he exaggerates social conflicts to the point that movie culture itself seems to be the only common body of reference to encompass them He believes that film can depict the past better by mashing up the past racism eras of the 60 s 7039s and recent past Many believe that he focuses on the thrillers and things that can crave the audience instead of the message behind what he is using Many times people like to watch things that are not a waste of time to them and if it holds some truth it brings more people to watch it like in Django Unchained Tarantino uses old classical movies to depict his highhanded developed film The character Shultz acts out naturally by playing improvised roles The actions taken place by the film demonstrate other directors works but in a more vivid and entertaining way Certain scenes are taken from other movies like the riding of the KKK where they took a scene from the Klanmen The main characters Shulze amp Django are met hand in hand with their alter ego making the story more climatic Part of Tarantino s achievements was to make nonformulaic films out of movie formulas Christoph Waltz who plays Schulze also played Inglorious Bastards There is much debate whether Tarantino wanted to present White negroism in his film by depicting Schulze as a more powerful better man than Django where Schulze personality and character changes but not that of Django only his clothes January 22 2013 Updike Approach to the arts Graham Turner Film as Social Practice Conversation of West Cornell West That s what philosophy is philosophy is the love of wisdom Philosophy derived from 2 greek words Philia and Sophia Philadelphia brotherly love Philia Eros Agape Philia love between among friends form of love Eros erotic love electrifies lovers Agape exemplar of Edicus Finch self sacrificia love transcending love heroic Exemplar of Agape Cocotailorblues singer Kill a Mockingbird Edicus Finch Widower father of 2 chidren awyer Martin Luther King knew he would be murdered Died in Chicago 0 Exemplar of Agape Heroic self sacrificial love James Baldwin Washington DC 1986 0 Famous debate at Cambridge University in England 0 Baldwin also made a prominent appearance at the Civil Rights March on Washington DC on August 28 1963 0 Important to know history History is not the past it is in the present History is important America has a problem with history We don t know our history Heard of our presumed innocence why we don t know our history Spike Lee Made a movie for black girls 1963 bombing on 16st church on childrens day 4 girls murdered many hurt The KKK is still alive Dee speaks in Alabama incredible fear of bombing America is Difficult time coming to terms with history 0 Django is important movie 0 American films try to come to terms with history 2 different ways complementary ways both are projects Good movies about war attempt to come to terms with history 0 Crucial and Vital If we don t know inheritance we don t know our self Art to explore and identify inheritance Not just history to come to terms with past 0 Enables us to interrogate our past as our present not just history as art 0 Exaggerated Tarantino does in Django Need to come to terms with past and art as resource for that Philia Sophia Pythagoras from geometry 0 Asked if he was wise if he possessed wisdom 0 He said no im a philosopher I am a lover of wisodom etymology of the word Philosopher PhiIosophy etymology Philosophylover of Sophiawisdom To say lover its an act of humility active pursuit of what I should know If you have it all figured out you are not a philosopher If you think you need to know more of how to live well passionate pursuit then you are a philosopher 0 Signifies humiIity I do not possess wisdom Socrates defends himself against the urge of treason 0 Comes from Platos ApoIogy character in a play on a series of plays 0 Platos description of Socrates no exact words of Socrates Platos Apology Apologia Speak for Apology in real sense to speak for 0 Much closer in meaning to defense Platos Apology bad offense 0 Socrates is not saying sorry he is trying to defend himself apologia Agnostic greek word Conflict Strugge Central part of life and art Conflict central self religious self can be articulated in various ways 0 Conflict and Struggle Manifest topic of disagreement usually arguing about something entirely different 0 Ex roommate fighting about being messy manifest o the underlying topic is that they don t have a good relationship 0 Have to look for real underlying topic of disagreement Value of orientating our life and agonistic sense to conflict 0 Can we identify conflict 0 Can we probe deeper into it Movie A Golden Pond 0 Stars Hepburn Henry and Jaime Fonda In Hartford Conneticut Art to life life to Art Jaimes public stance on Vietnam War married and father is conservative TENSION Trying to resolve tension Peter Fonda Stars in Ulie s Gold Titles have internal and ambiguity in films Heroes of our own life live a life that matters 0 How to make a difference how to be someone Books and Movies exemplars of heroes 4 scenes shown 15 scene getting out of car returning back to house with sheets covering everything 0 Complain about what is middle age 0 Woman is in 60s and man in 70s 0 Man always thinking about death January 24 2013 Katharine Hepburn won 4 and final Oscar At age 34 won first Oscar 0 Guess whos coming to dinner A lion in winter plays opposite of Peter O toole Anthony Hopkins premiered in this movie for the first time Screen Writer Ernest Thompson won award for Golden Pond Was an original play of broadway Bought as a gift for Hepburn s father to have him perform in the movie Dialogue Adaptation of plays A lion of winter Deviance Norman Theyer deviance seems to have its advantage In Anthony Hopkins interview of the Lion in Winter 0 Peter O toole wanted to meet Anthony Hopkins 0 Katharine Hepburn in film 0 Never been in film his first time 0 O toole he will never forgetacting genius Anthony was never nervous Don t act just read the line Hepburn to Anthony Art of Writing 0 Poet WH Auden Mus e des Beux Arts 0 1555 painted renaissance painting landscape 0 Poem about painting about myth of Icarus o Warns son not to fly so close to the sun with his waxed feathers and dies 0 Densely sentimented art is layer upon layer Meditation on Art suffering how well they knew human disposition What you and I miss the artist catches Funeral Blues 4 weddings and a funeral a movie The guy was a bugger slang for homosexual Read a poem that Auden wrote at the funeral Roger Rosenblatt Journalist Author Wrote Making Toast amp Kayak Morning 0 Come to terms with death of his daughters 0 his daughter was in the medical field and died at 38 death unknown 0 the titles of the books are daily rituals that are crucial especially children that lost their parents 0 seems meaningless but it is important you got to know how to make toast 0 some ways all about detail Taught at Harvard amp Stoney Brook University at Rode Island Wrote Unless It Moves the Human Heart 0 2 years ago late January Jeff Brown interviewed him about art of writing MEMORlZE West Philosophy is a critical response to a critical formulation Rosenblatts 4 reasons for writing 0 Make suffering bearable make evil intelligible justice desirable make love possible Hopes to accomplish to make better writers appreciation of world they39re entering noun is important speaking language of things give themselves to art for arts sake only standard Anticipation rather than surprise 0 Do it to make world better useful WH Auden reflecting upon history 0 Reflecting upon task of winter 0 September 1 1939 famous poem one of the best known poems in the 20 century Hitler invades Poland 0 Most important stanza is the penultimate one talks about what poet does and what poet is His role his task as poet all I have is a voice to undo the folded lie the romantic lie of the man in the street and lie of authority romantic lie not just lie up high stop lying to yourself start relying on yourself 0 to undo folded lie Late 60 s Folk singer Bobby Zimmerman Bob Dillan Don39t criticize what you don39t understand Woodstock handsome Johnny richy Hammond and freedom lt two songs sang at the concert 0 Song cut sharplydesire of yearning for freedom 0 Tarantino drawing upon shaft The Klin Klan Men Mordaki Jones Tarantino Cinema music popular culture Movies 0 Visual or if not fatally flawed 0 Work is linguistically and verbally 0 Art involving human dialogue certain kind of poetry 0 Verbal art along with visual art and musical art 0 They all intersect to create meaning Words Writerspoets writing Importance of occasion for drafted words Important that something memorable be said wedding funeral graduation Marked for the occasion in a memorable way Rosenblatt we ltuses the word doesn t speak merely for himself for writers 0 To him love is most important Eros animates us as erotic beings We are moved by drama music and film 0 and affirming flame illuminate and warm 0 Artist in some sense warms humanity in us but also illuminates us Art as pleasure beauty emotion understanding January 29 2013 Nuit 1 official trailer Music goes in contact to the images shown Genre eros erotic It is not that far removed from what Auden says 0 People disappearing and no one would notice but shows people in crowd one of the functions of art 0 Whats going on by Marvin Gaye why a plethora of vampire movies Cultural conscious and unconsciousness coated in films Elevator to the Gallows in Paris Mike Davis was aware of this 0 he provided soundtrack for the movie 0 improvising music to what he sees piece of filmmaking shift of perspective 0 where it starts amp where it ends What the project is How its happening 0 They put up images and letting Davis record according to scene Malle films it Uncut footage recording footage World of Silence became famous Asks if hes doing something originalnew Not trying to vitalize but trying to bring new techniques that are contemporary Advertising trailers and previews are important portrait of attention Taking in that screen and turning it into music in the 1950 s Attempt to come to terms with culture and history 0 One of the functions of art John Mccain Arizona Republican rubio lmmigration is a theme and in America we are nation of immigrants melting pot should be called mosaic not melting pot Attempt to come to terms with immigrant o Recurring theme in cultures and film 2 clips West Side Story amp Do the Right thing 15 clip West Side Story Natalie Wood Russian American acting as Puerto Rican named Maria having to do with immigration Scene Immigrant women VS their men 0 Women sing about Pros of America amp Men sing about Cons of America 0 Dance and Sing 2quot 39 clip Do the Right thing Attempt to confront immigration Each race says something racist to the other NY Summer Sals Famous Pizzeria has 2 sons Pino and Vito Pino played by John Ditero 0 Older brother working for sal Vito Means life Mooki black man played by Spike Lee 0 Is something of a brother to Vito 0 Jungle fever Important question and do the right thing names are important intersection of ItalianAmerican and Black American 0 Lee s criticize by creating one dimension in characters 0 Some of the white characters are hot stock characters 0 Lee is suggesting deep racism in ethnic hatred that is below the surface o Is that fairaccurate racialethnic portrait Art holds up in a mirror to nature 0 Could be distorted could be accurate or inaccurate mirror 0 What you have to lose is your trace of ethnicity 0 Fear amp distrust amongst Americans In movies we try to come to terms with immigration Citi tatcity 0 Great civilization culture with great cities London Tokyo Philly NY Urban rural divided country on privileges Divisionsconflicts paradoxicalholds us together Both movies have different sides Movies try to expose conversations and conflicts from different cultures We have it all around us No community is Monolithic appears to be to outsiders Americas protracted interargument of what it means to be an American 0 Excommunicating kicking someone out 0 America ongoing argument richer and better for multiplicity of voices 0 Certain voices are systematically excluded 0 Arguments become povered and poverished more and more superficial o Ongoing never to be decided Takes place everywhere 0 Argument on what it means to be American One of the functions of art Golden Pond Parentchild mother son daughter father scenes Coombia University Professor quiz shows on 1950 rigid fraud son confesses to father that he has to go to Washington to be indicted confrontation Tarantino is in the movie February 5 2013 Words Matter 1939 novel by Marvel Mitchell 0 Frankly my dear I don t give a damn Gone with the Wind Play it Sam CasaBlanca 0 Close to not exactly line used in movie I could have been a contender On the Water Front You can39t handle the truth Jack Hicklson on trail Shall we Dance 0 American remake from Japanese 0 It was a commercial couple 0 Jennifer Lopez Richard Gear and Susan Suranden 0 Suspects husband is having an affair and hires someone to investigate Best definition of marriage produced by Susan I got a one way ticket to Palukaville Dialogue words memorable lines so big in movies Documentary history shows clips because of this 0 Documents our history Rosenblatt unless the heart endorsing this few Walker his article endorses this few Steven Wallace 0 Salvific 0 When someone abandons belief in god poetry comes into play 1920 century some people think salvific function is art Art is a means of redemption or salvation Steven Wallace 0 Task of art is to save lives 0 What are we being saved from o Meaninglessness nihilism valuelessness Meaningess one can have it all but can lack any sense of meaning 0 A life is not worthwhile because it39s not meaningful Nihilism Nile nothing nilo Nothing has any meaning or value 0 More and more people think nothing 0 Art can redeem peple from hell of thinking nothing VS meaningful 0 Shows us how to accomplish meaning in life Serious artart proper there are occasionsexperiences where we feel that some art is more serious for certain experiences like death 0 We will listen to Audens Funeral Blues not Mary Poppins Ex Django is making a serious topic into a humorous one John Passmore Serious art wrote book Serious art deals with serious topics 0 War Slavery Rape Holocaust Abuse 0 Function of art 0 Helps us confront what we would rather look away from Fahrenheit 451 regime where all books are being burned Firefighters go to burn books making them into memories 0 Know them by heart 0 Art in the Distinctively 0 Things you out to know by heart Milan Kundera unbearable lightening of being lmmigrates to paris laughter and forgetting lt book The struggle of memory against forgetting is the struggle against human its against power memory is absolutely crucial 0 Cultivates artistic attention 0 Quality of attention attributes to quality of memory Art in Distinctively modern sense 17 and 18 century know by heart 0 Lots of things gets upset during that time Pre modern ancient Aristotle and Plato Modern post medieval after middle ages Techn get from plato and Aristotle all artists possess art Fine arts artist of the beautiful artist composer What makes them value What should Question addressed by Graham 0 Know name of theory 0 Whom might be considered example of this theory historic and importance 0 Definition of theory 0 What is the unique Standard criticism Why is it thought not to be properly adequate weakness Identify the principle weakness alleged to Marvist theory Usefu mechanical arts shoe maker cabinet maker Fine arts amp mechanical arts back then were no different They were not justified in terms of utility or importance Pleasure hedonist general meaning 0 Devotes life to pleasure Pleasure is a highly ambiguous term 0 Qualifications needed Purey sensual Pleasure Or Intellectual pleasure Complex of both Interpersonal pleasure Vitality When we are alive 0 Control Art is valuable because it is a source of Pleasure Aesthetic Hedonism wake of question of subjectivism 0 rules out value of taste that39s a problem example David Hume De gustibus non dispunandum 0 Upon matters of taste there is no dispute But we do dispute them Perform important function of performing aesthetic perspective 0 We acquire taste for certain things 0 Learn from one another 0 Profit from disputes learn from one another 0 Each opinion matters deeply February 7 2013 Why art is and why it should be valued Aesthetic Hedonism Pure Aestheticism Valued because it is a source of pleasure Hedonism thinking 0 Descriptive case what it is the case 0 Normative case what shouldought to be the case Expressivism expression of emotions or feelings 0 Cognitivism Aesthetic Hedonism Pure Aestheticism Rosen Rosemblatt Alice Walker Wallace Stevens Salvific approach Art is a means of redemption Redeems and saves us from Meaninglessness o Nihilism Nothing is valuable or worthwhile suicide is an example Hume Aesthetic Hedonism Pure Aestheticism and Aesthetic Hedonism Both some ways about pleasure Disambiguation finding a specific term Pleasure may be envisioned to be the by product of an activity 0 Ex someone doesn39t like drinking but drinks to get drunk Pleasure is imminent in the activity in the very fabric of the activity 0 Pleasure is in the activity you are doing 0 Ex running because you enjoy it o Pleasure from watching a movie is not the end of watching it it is a pleasant activity 0 Sharp distinction in low and high Pleasure 0 Base pleasure Physical 0 Low pleasure emotional it is better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a pig satisfied In the book Particular kind of pleasure that has to do with beauty 0 Somehow in separately connected with beauty We can39t take eyes off of something beautiful Beauty claims us arrests our attention 0 Beauty is in the form of the beheld could be aesthetically diluted 0 Some things could be completely subjective raspberries vs strawberries 0 Some things could be completely objective of people in room Objective as objectivable and objectivable as quantifiable is NOT true Nobody can put a on your intelligence Objectivity is not always quantification Quantification is a very powerful instrument but not for all purposes the best way Qualitative could be as powerful and relevant to quantification Mother dying in hospital he describes how she looks Doctor goes in saying she39s doing really well with her arm 0 Fragmenting approaches Looks the part arm misses the whole health Andre says that39s the kind of violence 0 All you see is one dimension 0 Look at that ass lt fragmentation Fragmentation only concentrate on one thing the way we talk is how we act and how we will Names will never hurt us yes they do ndividuas in their individuality matter Is there identifiable and inseparable sense of Pleasure Essential Intellectual PersonalSociable Distinct aesthetic pleasure that comes from beauty There is a reducible aesthetic pleasure lmmanuel Kant German Philosopher Art is valuable because it is a source of unique pleasure aesthetic peasure derived from beauty Wallace Stevens American poet Difference between Pure amp Hedonism Pure suggests its precisely the experience of the beautiful in a unique kind of pleasure Hedonism Unqualified unspecified What pleasure should be derived Pleasure is ambiguous o Pleasure undefined Aestheticism tries to nail specific pleasure Imagination doesn t mean we have a skewed sense of reality 0 Ex Darwin had a thing for natural selection 0 No great science without great imagination 0 Sciences and arts could be the same thing in which we disclose reality 0 You have to imagine things Perception tied into actions aestheticism Ex walks and makes sure he doesn t bump into anything Perception for the sake of pursuing perception for perception Obstacles and affordances perception and action so close to action Aesthetic dimension to everyday experiences Ex if drummer plays the patter of you falling to the floor With help of others we can see what they see 0 Perceive for sheer delight To kill a Mockingbird by Harp Lee novel based 0 Gregory as a lawyer o Adicus Finch 0 Scene in court Girl says Tom raped her without solid proof After everyone leaves the court room the slaves raise up to the defendant 0 Scene in Halloween Girl dressed in ham and her friend got attacked by a guy and saved by another 0 Next scene tries to find out who both guys were It was Mr Arthur who saved her and the boy 0 Robert Duvalt Plays Mr Arthur February 12 2013 Carmen all black cast Dorothy Denrich film person of importance premager movie Harry Bilvante music activist in film Media that has been created by male men in directing 0 Various racialized bodies Leno Horn Stormy Weather Woman 0 One woman show 0 Sang Stormy Weather 0 Very gritty tough version Clip With singing and dancing Mindful of history black performers are forced into siminstral roles They maintain degrees of dignity in these roles Know history of film and medium Chattanooga Choo Choo Tap dancing 0 Black and white film Carmen Jones 1954 Dorothy Dandridge played by Halle Berry 0 Sings infront of club didn39t have many rights there 0 Shoe falls off indicates Cinderella o Racist commissioner ends up with the shoe Taent Transcendent 0 Occurs in networks of power 0 Reflect images we see 0 Always situated in a network of power 0 Ideological dimension of art the ways in which depth to which art bears upon the art of power Ameriocracy To what extent is talent hypocrisy How do structures of powers maintain themselves Not least by art Clint Eastwood WW2 movie Spike Lee argument and features blackmen We live in society where violence distorts women 0 Women body 0 Usually someone who knows you will rape you Objectification where we make someone into something Process where we make someone into something 0 A student could be someone s daughter sibling but is fixated on student What does it mean to be Subjective I get to define me subjectivity 0 Eye affirming its own self 0 You cant be used for the purpose of others 0 Subject has desires of its own voices of its own ldealizingdegrading objectification Making someone seem idealmanipulation but more deeply insidious Treating me as a thing rather than a person Brazilian with food on head Carmen Jones clip Shes getting ready Objectification Hudonism Aestheticism Expressivism Cognivism Art is valuable because of Pleasure Aesthetic pleasure Expresses emotions Deepenswidens our understandings Pure Aestheticism notion that theres some kind of distinction of human pleasure Distinction of beauty 0 Sunset etc o Cant take your eyes off of it Laid claim to you and to simply contemplate itbe attentive 0 Contemplative rather than practical Perception for the sake of action 0 Captivated by it 0 Art as art apart apart from everyday life Immanuel Kant is a celebration of art apart Quotitiant everyday life Wine is to be smelled tasted not to be placed in a plastic cup instead in a glass Museum see the pasts everyday High modernist late 18 early 19quot century notion high art apart What we want is aesthetics of everyday existence The spaces we inhabit have to be humanly constructed 0 We shouldn39t have to go around the world to see human body Ceilings very low in school roomsin gradeschool Architecture exalts feelings Windows high ceilings impressive We need to be surrounded by art that lifts us and exalts us 0 Architecture one of the most important arts 0 Rooms matter what we do we are sensitive to perception o bodied settings we inhabit can be depressing or happy Aesthetic dimensions of everyday life Art is not something to be It is woven into fabric of everyday life involves more than sense of beauty Everything depends on HOW something is done What we can do for one another is see more finely and fully More genres of movies music etc 0 Series of invitations February 14 2013 ABSENT February 19 2013 Carmen Jones 0 All black cast 0 Important historical movie 0 Director is important Auto Premiger Jimmy Stewart Lee Remick George C Scott Joseph Welch 0 Auto premiger also did Anatomy of a Murder movie and book Duke Ellington wrote score for movie and in movie 0 Thunder bay Michigan 0 Premiger wanted Bural Ives forjudge Welsh becomes cultural figure in US Elizabeth taylor and Paul Newman play opposite each other Big Daddy has one of the greatest lines in cinema 0 I smell the odor on the desk Quiz Show actual scandal interracial relationship fatherson conflict Robert Redfurd is the director Life of important poet and professor Mark Vanburen 0 Played by Paul Scolfield Young assistant professor of Colombia University is the profession of Vanburrens son Shot in the Bronx About quiz show where contestants fed the answers and went to congressional hearing One of the people antisemetic because Jewish student kept winning Audience getting tired of Jewish contestant Dorothy Dandridge mini bio November 9quot she was born Wonder children in Baptist church skitssung Moved to west coast during depression Dandridge sisters Married to Harold Niglits Haarin Daughter 0 Born with brain damage 1951 divorced Premiger made Carmen Jones hro all black cast Nominated for many academy awards 15 time Aferican American nominated for Oscars 1959 Jack Denison white o 2 years together abusive Depressed turned to alcohol 0 1963 bankrupt Sept 8 1965 dead by drug overdose o 42 years of age Joseph Mccarthy Vs Joseph Welch Quiz Show Scene 1 Vanburen returns home and wife saying how her fam gets them everything Home in rural Conneticut Father taught in Colombia Made the guy lose on purpose when he knew everything Vanburen starts winning and is cheating your name is my name 0 Dual failure when your son has failure because its theirs and yours 0 Difficulty in child is more profound in parents John Torturro 1957 First role in raging bull 0 Stars Robert dinero Played in exterminator 2 hanah and her sisters the cycilian Spike Lee movies Do the right thing where he played Pino Jungle feverO plays mother role Director and actor WATCH Redifer 1980 ordinary people About mourning Impossibility to come to terms with loss 0 Lost a brother guilt that comes with that Milango Beanfield War 0 About ethnics Hispanics A River Runs Through It 1992 Horse Whisperer Robert Redford 1936 0 Played death in twilight zone 1962 0 In sundance kid 0 Played Gatsby in great Gatsby 1974 0 Played baseball player 0 Opposite nila olen in Havana Raph Finnez 0 Quiz show Strange Days The Constant Gardner 3 harry potter movies the Hurt Locker the English Patient 1966 Mark Vanburen was very eloquent on education 0 What does it mean to be educated Trying to elevate education is the background in Quiz Show Theories of Art 0 Mark Van Buren expressivist The father 0 poetry as knowledge a lecture we think of science as knowledge not art 0 Not about feelings etc 0 Cognitivist poetry derives from knowing not expression or feelings Cognitivism 0 Scientism ideology science o Provokes us with means of knowing self and world 0 Objective Knowledge 0 Subjective feeling 0 Every conclusion is revisable in science 0 Science doesn39t teach fallible truth 0 Most solid conjections nothing but past experiences made before them Scientistic Dogmatist regarding science Not rejecting science One wants to level the playing field The arts humanity and sciences Ethical role to play institutional tilt February 21 2013 Any work worth seeing again is art Manhattan Elaines Scene 2 couples in a restaurant Expresses views on what art is The essence of art is to provide a kind of working through situation for people so you can get in touch with feelings you didn t know you have maybe Yale Pallock Michael Murphy 0 Courage is most important gossip is the new pornography o Feelings doesn39t mean expressivism 0 You get to know your feelings better Cognitivist approach not simply expressing ones feelings Its about getting intouch with your feelings Understand depth and form of feelings o Notion of We are transparent to ourselves is a false notion It is denial Durcharbeitung Arbeit Macht Frei work will make you free infront of death camp Remembering Repeating Working through by Floyd 0 1914 published Repetition Compulsion compelled for somatic and psycho analytical reasons relived trauma After WW1 post tramatic stress could be war abuse etc involuntary HOW we work through loss is different 0 numb by loss we don t have to cry 0 late reaction to loss Therapeutic Understanding of Art 0 not a cure but some kind of therapy to deal with emotional aspect of life not simply cognative Essence of art bound up with function function in some broad way therapeutic come in contact with feelings Paul Robeson unbelievable human being 0 all American football player at Rutgers o acting career at the same time o intellectual lawyer Colombia University 0 Immense talent 0 An activist WW2 over ally now enemy worse than Nazi in Germany 0 Red Scare soviet union 0 Direct impact on film Anti communism period 0 American communist part or socialistliberal Kurt Vonican POW Prisoner of War 0 Buried while bombing in Germany occurred Robeson thought the Cold War would turn hot American negros wont fight Russia 0 If we don t own our history our history owns us HUAC house of American activities committee 0 Hollywoods actors and negros were asked to stand against 0 Kept quiet practiced constitutional rights 0 Black mailedjailed lost jobs Jesse Owen 1936 olympics outran everyone Brothers against brothers 0 Jackie Robinson Ray Lewis and Paul Robison Jackie Robinson VS Paul Robinson in HUAC video The Hollywood 10 1950 Reviews each one and their ge 1947 Edward r Murrow see it now march 9 1954 Goodnight and Good luck movie 2005 0 George Clooney March 12 2013 Splendor in the Grass 1961 Directed by Elia Kazan 0 Staring Natalie Wood and Beatty Try to discern the relationship between 2quot 39 scene with Natalie wood and 3390 scene with Beatty think about symbolism in a descriptive approach 0 Took place around 1928 more than one reference to stocks Scene 1 Waterfall wind necking in car Natalie wood says no to sex represents sexual urgedesire Scene 2 Mom sees Natalie coming home they kiss and he leaves mom talks to daughter about stocks natalie talks about her sexual desires for her bf Scene 3 In kitchen of a restaurant dirty farmers in there with Beatty and his dad wealthy his father talks about stocks and the desire for his son to be in school and continue playing football Both scenes 1 and 2 are parallel to eachother They are both conflicted Parents are trying to live through kids inability to hear what the ids are trying to say 0 Don39t want them getting into trouble by falling in love 0 Make them feel guilty 0 Both kids decide to go to bed upset More general gender theme failed attempts to converse The grass in beginning of scene 1 is like a joke 0 The girl is wearing white representing purity and she is saying no to sex Scenes foreshadows actions Woody Allen Movie Vicky Cristina Barcelona 0 Starring Scarlett Johansson Cristina Juan Carlos and Penelope Cruz Maria 0 Connection between eros and art Scene where ex wife Penelope husband and girlfriend are with eachother 0 Starts off with tension then they all get along 0 Thoughts took over feelings Erotic Love drives toward creative expression 0 Cristina feels like she has no talent Maria is talented paints piano etc Rivals encourage Cristina to develop her photography skills Eros is always the basis to art and performance Could be desire or frustration that drives one to artistic expression Italian Movie The Postman in English II Postino Friendship between simple man 0 Pablo Neruda is living in exile because of political views 0 Postman becomes friends with Neruda and falls in love but Neruda loves his wife 0 Philia love of friendship and Eros in impulse for expression in words look at poem by Neruda amp its metaphors Pablo Neruda The sky weeps 0 Used in poetry and other things 0 No man should know the simplicity or complexity of such things 0 Metaphors speak what normal words cant 0 You can really describe something with metaphors Poetry doesn39t belong to those who want it but to those who need it Poetry can t be paraphrased 0 Writers said what they wanted to say in that form o Chose right words to describe it Reflexive Philosophers wonder what philosophy is artists wonder what art is Pablo Neruda don t know how I became a poet something started in my soul Octavio Paz look at poem what I see and what I say 0 Words can t express certain thoughts Eyes are what gather the meaning of the words Moonlight Mile 0 Stars Susan Suranden and Hoffman Working through loss it39s about grief 0 Set in late 6039s 0 Future father in law takes Jake into the family business and move to town of susan seranden The marriage wasn39t going to happen Living in dead fianc s house ParaIIeI situation with girl he moves on to 0 Girls bf in Vietnam and hasn t heard from him The mans fiance is dead Symbolism walking on water in the middle of the ocean March 21 2013 Music in sonic art Chapt 5 pg 9597 most relevant Music as exploration of sound AbsoIute music music without lyrics 0 Doesn39t seem to be representational Plays minor role Sonic art arts of sound attempt to explore our experience of sound beyond our boundaries that we consider music 0 pushes the envelope 0 what we conventionally understand and outside of it Jazz is importantJazz and music and film 0 Louie Mall uses Miles Davis 0 Redman Vanya in 42nd st 0 Duke Elington Anatomy of a murderer 0 Miles Davis Elevators of the gallows Kansas City Director Robert Altman Tickle toe played by the band 0 Nicholas Parton Joshua Redman amp James Carter 0 Live at Carnegie Hall 0 A series of daresend they play together 0 Chaos to harmonic Wayne Short great composer Esperanza Spalding Bass and Singer The word Jazz only means to me I dare you The exponential feel you have with something gives you meaning to it Exponential Knowledge that cant be articulated into words Musician is exploring what sound is in an artistic way for the sake of intensifying the media and property of art Visual arts might be construed along the same lines as sonic art 0 Gets in the way in representation Sign and directive 0 sign causes a sign 0 Word directs to meaning Art symbol doesn39t seem to be a simple sign 0 A simple sign directs you to something else 0 Sign directs something Art Sign self focusing self referential draws ourself into ourself Symbole is in some sense the symbol itself 0 Self referential character to symbol 0 Formal features of art work Poem should not mean but be Art work points us to objects and events 0 Selfly and wordly representable 0 Poetry painting drama film reference to world but holds direct meaning 0 If you identify it too quickly you aren t getting the point of the art What and How are inseperable form and content of artwork Artwork has to fully capture your attention calling us to it Disjunction Phenomenon come between Mediate to enhance art work and meaning we probably would not have seen 0 Black and white cinematography can make experience better Function of art is to bring into sharper focus certain sensuous feature of particular media 0 Meaning of how sound escapes Linked to aesthetic cognitivism Much or if not all of our knowledge is based on experience Art is exploring media 0 Sensuous meaning Film is complex 0 If you aren t paying attention to the art in it then you aren t paying hard enough attention 0 Double reference March 26 2013 Semiotic adj or noun study of signs or something most important symbol Adj semiotic approach to art 0 Noun the study of semiotic Biology is the study of life 0 Greek word for Sign lt generic term German Philosopher Ernst Cassirer Rather than define us as animals we are homo symboicum o Semiotics of hair clothes sitting etc 0 Always conveying meaning 0 Mistake is significant not just simply a mistake The Symbolic Species by Terrence Deacon We don t confront nature or eachother in a non mediated way 0 Symbolic mediation to communicate with one another Disjunctive cut off one thing from another comes inbetween Conjunctive conjoins things Mediationcome between couples have problem so they go to counseor mediating between two sides Prejudice Prejudgment Prebefore Judice Judgment It is a disjunctive mediation Encounter is doomed to fail Symbolically mediated by symbols 0 Person is accordance to dignitymind or will of your own 0 Performs conjunctive mediation 0 Symbols either conjoin or disconjoins us The movie The Visitor is conjunction Do we suffer from symbolic detention Semiotic approach to art is approach to symbol 0 Form of symbolism of art Simple sign gesture of pointing What was the example tended to exemplify 0 Signs point to something other than itself Artistic symbol draws your attention to the piece and its structure etc Eventually it strays to your own reflections Art refers to itself self referential ltgood art work 0 Painstakingly attentive to the detail Pointing refers to something else New criticism anything outside work of art is completely extraneous irrelevant to experience of art 0 Needed to focus exclusively on art form of object 0 Critics would say its dangerous 0 Utterly self attained reality ltwhat art does Formalism selfcontained entity 0 World onto itself inhabit that world Formalist position meaning of art in form of artwork World of maker and world of where it39s made Contextualism context matters 0 Can push us out of work of art too quickly 0 Important for understanding art work 0 Opening scene of Slender in the grass parallelism in the first 3 scenes waterfall girl talking to mom boy talking to dad gestured structure of scenes to form parallelism gtThese two things are Formal properties of film Context trying to sort out sexuality 0 Does young man have to farm when he wants to go to Yale 0 Throws us back into the world into a different light semiotic approach to art Damage Louie Malls last movie 0 Made in 1992 0 Jeremy Irons Miranda Richardson and Julia 0 Based on book by Josephine Hart 0 Damaged people are dangerous They know they can survive Eros obsessive love Scene Meeting Anna 0 Sleeps with sons girlfriend 0 Cheats on wife Scene Weekend at Hartley 0 Goes to grandpas house for the weekend 0 Cheats on wife again with ana March 28 2013 Theories of Film Hermeneutic Structuralism and Post Structuralism Highlight 2 aspects of these movements Graham Aesthetic approach Turner film as social practice cultural studies Semilogic Swiss philosopher Fernande Saussure Theory of sounds semiology semiotics American Philosopher Puirce semiotics He was before Saussure 0 Study of signs have been very influential in literary works film and art HlGHLlGHT 2 OR 3 DIFFERENT APPROACHES TO THESE 1941 Virginia Woolf wrote a note to her husband Lenur march 28 0 She put rocks in her garment and drowned in a lake 0 The death of a moth in 20quot century essay to read Scene from Damage Just dropped off inlaw at her work and now driving around in limo Talks to girl on phone to end things 0 Ends up having sex with her son finds out and dies by accidentally falling over stairs 0 Girl ends up with first loveman is alone Damaged people are dangerous they know they can survive The damaged enlist other people to help them boy wants to save girl Annas mother the first time they meet father in tub going to sons workforce to talk to him gives us insight in our actions WHAuden You cannot love anything too much but you can love it in the wrong way Mediation symbols we bring to our experience bear upon the wealth of poverty 0 If you know the symbols of art you appreciate the wealth of an art museum more than someone who doesn t understand art lnterpersonally mediated relationship to parents and with you greater authority boss Art helps us see ways in which our experience are mediated How do we look at what we normally look through If mediation is ambiguous and important as human life it is important to catch ourself in the act we can do that by film and art Physical resemblance between Martin and Annas suicidal brother 0 What famous actress cost lost her brother at suicide at a young age 0 Katherine Hepburn 0 Her brother hanged himself Harpford Conneticut 0 She changed her birthday to his 0 One of the first women to wear pants intimate relationship 0 Possibility of incest o Disconnected resembles damage April 2 2013 Far From Heaven directed by Todd Haynes 2003 0 Julianna Moore Dennis Quaid Dennis Haysbert About a seemingly perfect family She is married to someone successful 0 Revolves around 2 themes Gay husband amp wife cheats on him with African American Scene set in 196039s Illustrates one of the functions of arts Art fulfills multiple functions 0 Invisiblevisible unperceived perceivable 0 Seen in scene in Far from heaven 0 People in house dressed up Talking about integration 0 African American waiters serving the whites invisible Ella Grassofirst woman ever elected governor in US First generation ltalianAmerican Mountholio Died in office by cancer Wallace Stevens Vice president of company and poet Charles Mingus Fables of Faubus Directed at racist governor of Arkansas Freida movie about art Scene 0 Gets in bus and breaks back and pelvis but finally walks 0 Meets Guillermo painter and they get married Theory Theoretical Turn turn towards theory Linguistic Turn turn towards language defines anglophere philosophy in the 20quot century Theory touches upon books film and philosophy Vachel Lindsay Poet amp Hugo Munsterburg professor in Germany but came to US One of the founders of Forensic Law narcissist Theorized film 0 Wrote books FrenchEuropean artists aren39t suspicious of stuff Art and Ideas trenitized focused messenger of the gods 0 Conjunction between art and politics 0 Fnda Hermaneutics Art for the sciencestudy for interpretation 0 Hermes ideological creature 0 sacred scripture Texts demand interpretation Methodological self consciousness interpret movement to be significant and spontaneous Method path of road What are we doing well Interpreting Text sits shoes clothing something legible 0 anything can become a text 0 Exists between relationships between one another Semiotic semiology 0 Critical difference Ferdinand De Saussure linguist part of culture 0 Correlated with arbitrary contingent Charles Purse American scientist and philosopher 0 Connection between sign 0 Natural connections signs correlated to objects 0 Links signifier and signified in some cases there is a natural link The Aviator directed by Martin Scorsese Hollywood 1927 0 September 13 1935 time trial Scene1 Boy bathing Mom explains quarantine and the badness of the community Steam Scene 2 A man putting up a movie Largest private airforce Scene 3 Coconut grove club l ll build a stairway to paradise song playing in background Asks for milk from waitress Also found in the airplane with some girl and he shares it with her despite his OCD A lot of light scenes April 9 2013 It s important to know ones history Littlest Rebel Mainstream movie Sherly temple Depiction of moving back in time Construction of Americas imagination and memory are products of artwork Popular arts are in schools Little girl is a rebel because she is a confederate against the Yankees Concluding scene represents mediation conjunctive Beast of the Southern Wild 2012 Louisiana Bayou Director Benh Zeitlin ideological function April 112013 Quvenztiwu Wallis as Hush Puppy Wink the baker was the father in the movie The Bath Tub doesn t exist Intended to be a myth Edge of mainstream civilization Magical Realism Realistic framework but with mythological events or beings Ex Elizabeth Allendes books mostly in literature Prehistoric creatures in the Louisiana bayou Aurok is center piece of realism in film 0 Prehistorical animal incased in ice and being emancipated due to global warming Hushpuppy encounters it o Symbolism power fear brave courage popbelly pigs used for Auroks o Unleashing forces that might be destructive but we must have the courage to confront them Escapism amp Cognitivism Hushpuppy starts drinking with her father to be an adult Gets kicked out and has to live in shelter Dad has cancer and is about to die A lot of shots of just the mouth search for identity Crying scene powerful What Maisey Knew novella 0 Henry James 0 6 years old girl caught in between divorce 0 Thrown into situation she doesn t understand 19quot century 0 Louis Malle wanted to make into a film but had no funding 0 Was drawn to this because of its opposition to views of the movie April 16 2013 Scene 3 Aurochs south pole meat movies are works of art that are part of culture that transform themselves into works of art 0 Movie of visitor is trying to get us to think about our relationship between citizens from other countries or cultures 0 Straightforward message Ironic because he s at a conference in NY its on global economics 0 Other films predominate other cultures be wary of these other folks deoogica function of a movie is the reinforcement of dominant tendencies of dominant cultures Authorital intention authors intention There is a theory that both authors Graham Turner and Gordon Graham discuss o It is Auteur French word for Author based on Analogy Julia Manoj amp Jeremy Irons didn39t like eachother in the movie Damaged Louie Malle was going in on the movie and Jeremy said if its your movie what am I doing in it o Notion a director stands to a movie the same way an author stands to his book 0 Gordon Graham contests that Director fim AuthorAuteur iterary work The illuminating image of a movie Distilling itself final image to make into a message 0 Reconciliation of North and South ideological 0 Message of Littlest Rebel Symbolic Victory would never happen in real life Ex Rocky gets beat by a white Paul Creed Compensate for real life situations Beasts of the Southern Wild is about community Film complexity to culture which inturn to ourselves because we are cultural beings Demented escapismescape conflict movies perform ideological function whether director or author brings that message Littlest Rebel war of brother against brother reconciliation White man reconciled by white men ldeological confrontational like power 0 Hush puppy is brought into a world where she needs to be tough so that39s why shes being taught harshly power Compensatory Victories Who is the hero in most movies The isolated individual not always isolated Ex batman but it39s the individual Coalitions nothing great has ever happened until people argue about issues deeply 0 Coalition politics only way anything gets done Movies don t teach us coalition 0 Consolidarity of important issues coalitions individuals in concert with one another not just isolation 0 Like rape global warming etc o The night of the shooting stars second half of 20 century 0 August and Italian 0 About community and different kinds Priests saying they should cooperate with Nazis some go against it and one group that leave In some sense no salvation outside of community Confrontation stare your errors down don39t look away out of cowardice and look at out of braverycourage Courage is the price of survival 0 Hushpuppy having to be strong like a man Theme of movie is to be Cohesive 0 She can be an integral being in an integral world being thrown apart by almost losing her father Symbolism of Aurora Unleashing monsters into the world by our actions Place is integral to identity Movies are sometimes a celebration of place Rituals communal ways of marking significant moments 0 Communal recognition of someone being born 0 Baptism is call to a community call for new life Birth marriage death graduation cultural significance broad significance 0 We need rituals Community of rituals in Beasts of the Southern Wild Sacrifice our life for livelihood sacred occasions confirmation birth death etc more that these moments are important Blues is about the somebodiness of individuals 0 You are somebody No negligible peope worthy of acknowledgement and recognition Theoretical Turn Theory Hermeneutics theory of interpretation 0 Hermes the messenger Semiotics study of signs and symbols Structuralism way of thinking that operates by binary oppositions Semiology and Structuralism trace roots to Ferdinand Sassure swiss Signs Semiotics by Pierce and Semiology Purse thinks there could be a link between signs amp objects Sassure arbitrary contingent nature between sign and object or signifier and signified Symptoms what does it mean You have a sign 0 Relationship between symptom and what it39s pointing to Intrinsic natural relationship Land water wild tamed safe dangerous Binary opposition Found in Beasts of the Southern Wild 0 Makes sense of complex scenes by binary opposition 0 Structures how we think young old rich poor April 23 2013 Handsome Johnny Richie Havens Jan 21 1941 April 22 2013 Adams Rib 1949 0 Spencer Tracey Katherine Hepburn 0 Celebration of language back and forth convo Has to do with ideology 0 Questions of equality questioned in movie ideology of gender Ideology has to do with asymmetry of power Prima facie at first encounterblush unjustifiable David Michellan In relation of power Culture can beis system of rationalization 0 Something admirable noble Married woman cannot have property under her name must be given to men 0 Hold up ideals of equality freedom concern for others Margaret Thatcher amp Ronald Reagan said Poverty is a reflection of character 0 The poor are poor because of stupidity and laziness If they work harder then it wouldn t be a problem Rationalization giving reasons to why things are the way they are Human happiness resides in the form of 2 thingsmatters Meaningful work challenges talentsmakes you better 0 Meaningful relationships respect Stand a chance to be happy Democratic Socialists Equality of opportunity can39t guarantee the outcome of equality Equality of educational opportunity should start here for educational opportunities 23 main arguments against democratic capitalism and democratic socialists Capitalism 0 Greed 0 Growing inequality 0 Economic arrangement 0 Self regulating system keeps writing itself 0 Ensure free competition 0 To what extent do these orgies of greed free competition 0 from each according to his ability to each according to herhis need Socialism Laziness Inefficient stagnant gender equality race equality etc 0 Don39t deny importance of gender equality April 25 2013 Dinner with Andre 814 Title of course Philosophy Art and Film 0 Combined them and treated them equally Philosophy least of all but art amp film equal with more emphasis on film Grahams book 0 Hedonism expressionism cognitivism david hume experience of film build up a body of shared experience 0 Everyones watched a film philosophical reflection Philosophy is simply reflecting upon ones own life to live life better 0 lntensely wisely deeply etc whatever you desire Film is hybrid art 0 Graham turner sees it as visual art 0 Film is verbal and visual 0 Musical and multimedia art 0 Collaborative art Argument against theory Arteur theory doesn t do justice to film that its collaborative controversies of theory critique what it means is it tangible etc
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