Jainism/Buddhism Test GREL 101 (Fred LaSpina)
Popular in Intro to Religion
Popular in Religious Studies
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by LaurenJewell on Monday October 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to GREL 101 (Fred LaSpina) at James Madison University taught by Fred LaSpina in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see Intro to Religion in Religious Studies at James Madison University.
Reviews for Jainism/Buddhism Test
These were really helpful...I'll be checking back regularly for these
-Trystan Watsica DDS
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/12/15
M Jainism and Buddhism are protest movements of Hinduism Extreme religion 4 million people gt not a player as a religion respected for devotion to be a success in Jainism you need to be a JINA Jina means You conquer Jainism is based on liberating oneself from this world gt similar to sannayasin in Hinduism gt spend your whole life trying to detach from the world Jain wants to stay away from all karma because karma attachment Siddha total detachment gt equivalent to reaching moksha or nirvana Jains want to embrace the world just not fall into its traps gt traps keep us from spiritual liberation 5 Principles 1 Ahimsa non violence don t uproot plants don t kill bugs because it is evil to bugs and plants gt vegetarian eat fruit and veggies a Himsa no harm to living beings b no gossip c can t even THINK that you want to hurt someone d can t use harmful words gt includes respecting views of others e can t say your belief is right Truthfulness to always speak truth in a harmless manner a If speaking the truth will lead to violence gt better to remain silent NonStealing to take anything that is not given to you is considered stealing Even if you DESIRE something that someone else owns you are going against the Jain beliefs a Give people their value for their work gt charge them well b Never take things that are not offered c Always pay full amount Celibate conquer passion and reduce the waste of energy a Householders can have a relationship with spouse 1850 b Monks and Nuns are celibate their whole life NonPossession tells people to detach from people places or material things a Owning something is an illusion because we all die b In today s society we are possessed by cell phones Jainism does not have a God only goal is to reach Siddha full detachment Monks and Nuns fully detach gt no family or household Individuals can convert to Jainism Poor or introverted people likely to convert because they have nothing to lose Jainism is behavior driven 2 Kinds of Religions within Jainism 1 SVETAM BARA Jainism Lite a Celibate b Woman or men c White robe d Eat with hands DIGAM BARA Jainism Heavy a Sky clad no robe gt clothes are attachment b Must stay in special area c Can t be a woman d Eat from hands e Goal is to starve to death gt food considered attachment Afterlife is becoming part of Siddha gt all detached souls Major Characteristics 0 Emphasis on emotional and physical behavior gt enemy of human 0 Anger spoils your relations 0 Greed destroys everything If you are greedy gt can t become a Jain Jainism conquers o Anger with forgiveness 0 Pride with humility o Deceit with honesty o Greed with content Jina conquer gt reach libration Mahavira last of original Jina s 72 years old Tirthankaras crossed the bridge to liberation gt only 24 of the men were able to gt Mahavira was the last to claim spot Triple Jewel 1 2 3 Having the right vision Having the right knowledge Having the right conduct BUDDHISM Protest movement from Hinduism Founded by Siddhartha Gautama No God No soul No self Atman in Hinduism gt UN atman Believe in Karma gt not as severe as Jainism gt believe in good and bad karma Buddha is similar to Jesus because he chose disciples after he reached nirvana gt goes to wilderness to be tempted Great leader chooses disciples because they know they will eventually die Buddha died at age 83 from food poisoning Buddha lived in 500 BCE Before the Common Era Mohammad lived in 500 CE Common Era Siddhartha born into a palace at age 16 he found a princess named Yasodhara Buddha and Jesus birth similar gt both knew they were special and had a calling Siddhartha sees the three siqns WHY PEOPLE SUFFER 1 coopotv Sickness Old Age Death Siddhartha Buddha He thought How can I enjoy this life when people are suffering Then he saw the 4th sign gt he became a wandering Monk he gave up everything he owned in order to understand why people suffer He originally lived a life of total pleasure gt went to live a life of denial He wore rags to expose himself to the cold he ate very little one grain of rice a day and he slept with rotting corpses He didn t find anything but he gained a following He found a middle path gt what buddhism is based on On May 1st he sat underneath a Bodhi Tree There he achieved enlightenment gt He was visited by a demon called MARA Mara satan Mara tried three times to tempt him with wealth and beautiful woman similar to jesus in desert Temptation was to get him off course gt he resisted Because of his resistance gt he achieves enlightenment AKA nirvana Buddha the awakened one He was now referred to as Shakyamuni Buddha gt Shakyamuni is his clan After enlightenment gt went to a place called Deer Park gt gave his first sermon He preached to 5 men who eventually became his disciples This was his first Sangha gt first community Goal is to now spread Dhamma gt his teachings Dharma Sangha Buddha gt Three Jewels gt Allows you to reach nirvana Buddha one day visited a monastery where a monk was suffering gt he washed the monk and placed him into a new bed He told the other monks that if they don t take care of him then no one will take care of them Siddhartha was not the first buddha and not the last anyone can become a buddha 4 Noble Truths 1 2 Suffering and suffering is common to everyone a when we are born we cry when we are sick we suffer when we are old we are weak when we die others suffer we suffer when we are away from others we love we suffer from disappointment he did not deny that there is pure happiness however when that happiness is lost we suffer Cause of suffering Ignorance and Greed gt want the wrong pleasures in life sorhrveoc Kid tastes candy they want more What you want most causes you the most suffering Cherish life without greed or ignorance holding onto life is greed we do everything for our own selfish reasons 3 The c ssation of suffering if you are holding onto something for greed or ignorance you need to let it go a The reason to end craving is to reach nirvana b people hold on because change is very different and scary 4 The Eightfold Path the key to buddhism Compared to the 10 commandments i Right view of the world ii Right thoughts gt we are how we think iii Right speech gt speak kindly helpful no gossip iv Right conduct gt how we behave v Right livelihood gt don39t live life by hurting other be good to all vi Right effort gt worthwhile life vii Right mindfulness gt aware of thoughts and words use your head viii Right concentration gt one thought or object at a time To be 3 Buddha 4 Steps 1 Arhat Enlighten YOURSELF no one else 2 Pratyekabuddha Become hidden gt Hermit retreat from world gt meditate yourself 3 Bodhisattva Enlighten OTHERS and YOURSELF gt in the community 4 A Buddha achieved perfect enlightenmentnirvana mior Holidays 4 1 Buddha Day Christmas Birth of Buddha a Celebrates everything b Pour water over statue c Bring Lotus flower to statue d Occurs on first full moon day in MAY 2 Dharma Day celebrates when Buddha gave his first sermon in Deer Park a Occurs during the first full moon day in JULY 3 Sanga Day Theravada monks go out in the rain on a retreat and remain there for three months a when they return they receive a robe b this is celebrating their return c occurs in OCTOBER 4 Ullambana fellow went up to Buddha with vision of mother in hell gt tried to feed her but all the food turned into coal gt mother suffered because she was greedy in her life a Considered all souls day b pray for those in purgatory c occurs in SEPTEMBER 09965
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'