StudyGuideforTest1.pdf REL 101
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Angela Cameron on Monday October 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to REL 101 at University of Miami taught by Dexter Callender in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 88 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Religion in Religious Studies at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
REL 101Q Fall 2012 Study Guide for Test 1 Please be sure to know the following areas 0 The term religion 0 Religion is a field not a method It is a set of beliefs within a cluture concerning the nature and origin of the universe 0 Major ideas discussed in class from the article by William Scott Green 0 The way we go about studying religion is that we give attention to things are are unfamiliar and familiar 0 Interrogate the familiar and unfamiliar 0 Religion is a field not a method 0 The three orientations 0 Sacramental Doing things in the right time and way ritual is important 0 Prophetic How you get to the goal is by what you believe and morality if you believe properly it will affect how you act 0 Mystical To be in touch with the reality greater than oneself 0 Four theorists eneral a roach to reli ion 0 Tames on mysticism Four marks of mysticism Noetic Quality knowledge Transit comes and goes Passivemust work toward can t control Ineffability cannot put into words Stream of consciousness Re ex Action and Theism Essay that attempts to reconcile science and religion Pluralism Essay on certain blindness in human beings They obtain a different view when they see through different eyes Healthy Minded and Sick Soul healthy minded people are disposed to looking at the world in a certain way Sick souls are people who feel and act out of dread They see the world as evil Religion as useful Religion Is the most important biological function for humans Rational vs Nonrational Rational theology beliefs Nonrational emotion content of religion The Numinous the rational concept of holiness constitutes moral goodness Mysterium Tremendum et Fascinosum can t know what is apart from nature but it is overpowering and fascinating Collective Unconscious Collective universal and impersonal nature unique to all humans Individuation process by which a person grows from birth to life in three stages dependency autonomy and integration Archetypes Material in the collective unconscious biological entities mother father etc 0 Durkheim Religion as Social Religion is not individual It is a connecting force that draws people together Supernatural a result of modern science Collective consciousness shared beliefs and moral attitudes Vedic Books especially Rig Veda contents and cha mteristics 0 RigVeda Hymns to the Aryan Gods emphasizes fire sacrifice and creation mentions Agni Indra and Soma account for origin of the universe from Purshas 0 SamaVeda Handbook of musical elaborations of Vedic chants 0 Yajurveda Contains matter for recitation during sacrifice 0 Atharvaveda Consists of practical prayers and charms 0 Brahmanas Give details about the proper time and place for ceremonies the preparation of the ground ritual objects and purification rites Of sacramental orientation Deemphasize the gods Contain Brahman the impersonal absolute Mention asceticism giving up worldly possessions in place of spiritual ones and meditation re ection 0 Upanishads Express philosophical and religious ideas that arose in introspective and meditative traditions Tell of the quest for moksha freedom from the cycle of rebirth Difference between Brahman and Atman soul 0 Brahman is the experience of the sacred within nature and the external universe impersonal absolute Atman is the experience of the scared within oneself Samsara cycle of rebirth Karma for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction Maya Illusion you experience the world in the way you are accustom to 0 Atmanl Brahmanl Samsaral Karmal Mokshal Mayal Asceticism Atman Soul Brahman Impersonal Absolute Samara Cycle of Rebirth Karma For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction Molltsha Freedom from the cycle of rebirth Maya Experiencing the world in the way which you are accustom to Asceticism Giving up all worldly possession in replace for spiritual ones 0 O O O O O O O Varnashrama Dharma Living the proper way Four Varna s 0 Brahmin 0 Kshatriya 0 Vaishya Shudra 0 Stages of Life 0 O O O O O O O O 0 Aims of Student I Known as Brahmancharin 820 study and lays the foundation for religion celibacy is important Householder Known as Grihstha about 20 fulfills the demands of society by marrying and raising children Retiree I Known as Vanaprastha occurs when grandchildren arrive returns to ordinary life to spend time of religious matters Renunciate I Known as Sannyasinlive free of society in a cave or ashram religious community Social classesCastes Brahmin priests Kshatriya warriornobles Vaishya merchants Shudra peasants Dailt untouchables Harijan Life 0 Dharma the way social and religious duty 0 Artha economic security and power 0 Kama pleasure 0 Moksha freedom from the cycle of rebirth 0 The Yogas within Hinduism bhaktiI jnanaI etc 0Jnana IBrings insight into one s divine nature by studying the Upanishads the Bhagvad Gita and their teachers 0 Karma IProposes that all useful work if done unselfishly can be a way to perfection 0Bhalltti IDevotion yoga uses to power of love to worship a god or saint Involves offerings 0Raja I Promotes Meditation 0Hatha IPhysical exercises seen in the USA 0Kundalini ITeaches there are seven centers called chakras that exist one above the other on the spinal cord Combines Raja and Hatha yoga 0 Ghandi on caste 0 The low status of the dalits or untouchables prompted Gandhi to promote another name for the class Harijan children of God and he urged their inclusion into regular society 0 Major gods in Hinduism O The Trimurti IBrahma made the universe IVishnu god of preservation 10 manifestations Buddha Rama and Krishna I Shiva god of destruction IGanesha god of overcoming obstacles 0 Son of Shiva elephant 0Devi The Great Mother I Can be loving and cruel I Appears as serval goddesses 0 Durga Had eight arms to destroy evil 0 Kali wears neacklace of human skulls and has fang teeth that drip with blood Dangerous to enemies but protective of her children 0 Note the film 330 Million Gods 0 Siddharta Gautama biography as discussed in class emphasized in the selection from the Buddhacarita read in class 0 About the birth life and death of the Buddha 0 The Four Noble Truths 0 Pain ITo Live is to Suffer 0 The Origin of Pain ISuffering comes from Desire 0 The Stopping of Pain ITo end suffering end desire 0 The Course which leads to its stopping IRelease from suffering molltsha is possible and can be attained by following the Eightfold Path 0 The Three Marks of Reali 0 Change IAnitya Life is constantly changing it is impermanent 0 No Permanent Identity IAnatman Each person and thing is not only changing but it is made up of parts that are also constantly changing no self no soul no Atman 0 Suffering IDuklltha we can never be fully satisfied because of inescapable change and we always want more 0 Early Buddhist Literature Tipitaka 0 Collection of texts in Mahayana Buddhism IVinaya pitaka ISutta pitallta IAbhidhamma pitaka 0 The three branches of Buddhism main characteristicsI geography 0 Theravada I The way of the elders I Southeast Asia I Monastic community women cannot be ordained as nuns I Arhat Perfect being 0 Mahayana I Big Vehicle I East Asia I Lay Community 0 Path to salvation is open to everyone I Bodhisattva name for enlightenment being the person of deep compassion karuna 0 Vajrayana I Diamond vehicle I Tibet I Shamanism and Tantric Buddhism 0 Shamanism control and Tantric contains important ritual I Lamas Tibetan spiritual teachers 0 Bodhisattva 0 Name for an enlighten being 0 People of deep compassion known as karune 0 Will refuse to enter nirvana and continue in the cycle of rebirth until all are enlightened 0 The TrikaLa doctrine 0 Mahayana Buddhism 0 Nature of the Buddha expresses itself in three ways IDharmakaya 0 Rational nature of the Buddha things cling together there is ORDER INirmanakaya 0 Whatever holds things together can sometimes be seen transformational body ISambhogalltaya 0 Perfect bliss or body form spiritual body or God achieving nirvana 0 Dharma 0 The sum total of Buddhist teachings about how to view the world and how to live properly 0 Nirvana 0 Freedom from the cycle of rebirth samsara the same ideal as Hindu Molltsha 0 Note the film quotFootprint of the Buddha 0 The four main sects of lainism and what characterizes each 0Shvetambaras I clothed in white in north India allow woman to be ordained 0Digambaras I clothed in the sky in south India women must be reborn as man to be ordained as monllt 0Sthanalltavasis IAniconic do not worship images 0Terapanthis IAniconic have hierarchical structure Acharya is at the top of this structure proselytizing spreads religion outside of area 0 The primary emphasis of lainism 0Hylozoism IEverything is full of life and capable of suffering 0 Five Great Vows INonviolence INonlying INonstealing IChastity O I Nonattachment Dualistic philosophy 39Iiva 0 The spirit which senses and feels IAjiva 0 The matter which is not alive and has no consciousness 0 The significance of ahimsa O This means nonviolence Jains will not harm any creature or thing that is believed to have a soul This could be a person ant bug or even a rock 0 The significance of jiva and ajiva 0 All parts of the universe are composed of two different types of reality which are intermixed The jiva is the soul spirit or life The ajiva is the nonsoul or nonlife 0 Tirthankaras 0 Teachers of Jainism 0 lainism on God 0 There is no God The universe is eternal it has no beginning 0 Note the film quotChina A Question of Balance 0 Dao 0 The Dao is nameless It is not any individual thing that has a name It cannot be named because it has no form But the Dao can be experienced and followed by everything that has a name The Dao is the origin of everything and all things are manifestations of the Dao 0 Daodejing 0 The general scripture of Daoism It is also called the Laozi 0 Has 81 chapters and no clear order 0It s meaning depends on who is interpreting it 0 Yin and Yang 0 Complimentary opposites that arose out of chaos 0 Generate all forms of reality 0 Yijing 0 Book of changes IInterprets life through an analysis of hexagrams 0 Wu Wei 0Nonactionnoninterference 39Avoidance of unnecessary action 0 Withdrawal to Nature 0 Laozi 0 Founder of Daoism 0 Not known if he really existed 0 Born old 0 Librarian in the royal city 0 Left his post on an ox 0Wouldn t be allowed to leave until he wrote his teachings IResulted in the Daodejing 0 Left China and went westward 0 Came back and ascended into the sky 0 Soon treated as deity 0 Human incretion of the Dao 0 Zhuangzi 0 Enriched Daoism 0 Wrote the Zhuangzi 39Composed of seven inner chapters by the author 3926 outer chapters whose authors are unknown 0 Contains many whimsical stories 0 It underscores the inevitability of change and the relativity of all human judgments 0 Rejects all barriers ex Ordinary and fantastic 0 Analects 0 Thought to record the sayings of Confucius 0 For each situation there are appropriate words to say proper ways to dress And correct things to do 0 Five Great Relationships 0 FatherSon 0 Elder brotheryounger brother 0 Husbandwife 0 Elderyounger 0 Rulersubject
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