120: History of the United States Thru Reconstruction - Study Guide
120: History of the United States Thru Reconstruction - Study Guide 120
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jake Notetaker on Thursday November 20, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to 120 at San Francisco State University taught by Dan Kearns in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 154 views. For similar materials see History of the United States Thru Reconstruction in History at San Francisco State University.
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Date Created: 11/20/14
Lecture 12 Coercion transforms harnessed and sent out anew 1 Organizing the regular people under their own self control into a way of economics politics and military that becomes unbeatable A Organizing HUGE numbers to single purposes whether the new corporations the modern state or the new militaries The rise of bureaucracy and quotrational administrationquot to organize on mass scales never before seen Far better at control than millenia of violence had ever been Who could have guessed the power of self control and delayed gratification For example armies will come to organized in the millions Telegraphs and railroads sure but even more clerks and paperwork B Specialization professions and occupations that spread over the world medical law engineering accounting etc all create their modern systems in 19th c They outcompete any other ways of doing quottheir thingquot They have unique power their skills when all put together create states and militaries that always win over any of the various old ways of life without them C The commercial middleclasses control of professions and governments lets them start to control all sorts of other peoples other classes quotnativesquot whoever needs money help or sometimes even survival from conquest They count up write about observe and study everybody else And then organize into useful production and wealth creation where they get the biggest cut They outcompete every other structure smallerless organized D the ultimate forced value of the commercial classes you must have quotfree tradequot with us By force if necessary Always hard to tell state and business apart in 2nd global economy Many areas of Americasamp the world forced over to primary production and economic subordination People who didn39t enter 2nd global economy or were highly localized natives aboriginals everywhere were often ended as peoples E And another force besides conglomerationl DIVISION There are only ins or outs no mixes New need to have absolute differences into quotracesquot and quotnationsquot Paradox A uniform idea that there are absolute unbridgeable differences And Social Darwinism will make even stricter and crueler F Who lost old agrarian aristocrats Who won the people who came to the top of business and politics What do they preach This way or it39s over for you Once you join your specific place will be defined by bureaucracies and nationrace G Back to the same principle we saw before SOME REGULAR PEOPLE It39s not the total freedom of capitalist theory 2 Spreads globally at speed of steamboat and telegraph A RRS Steamboats Transcontinental telegraphs steampowered printing presses for newspapers People controlling these spread a new global way of life B The 2nd global economy was the great erasure of the true variedness of human living There is more than quotpressurequot here there is survival C Those controlling the new systems doing the homogenizing came to be identifiable by the ways of life they lived how where and the power they could exert Since then people have had to become like them to compete D is there anyplace in the current US that is truly oppositional and outside 3 Creates power to homogenize even daily life so as to harness to single purpose passed on to us often A Process is worldwide just really pronounced in US because leading the charge Seen most in making fun of the quotstrangequot or quotquaintquot customs of places not following B Uniformity in names Middle names and standardized last names C Uniformity in food wheat amp beef amp dairy D Clothing originally comes from evangelicals morning coat amp top hat representing selfdiscipline values over display WE STILL WEAR THIS OUTFIT AT TOP LEVELS E Standard grammars and quotproperquot language Start of the loss of languages and accents that hasn39t stopped since F Timekeeping watches standardized bells time zones Show up when and where required G Required courtesies and politenessnes Rules of personal interaction H Stop unusual parts of life from being outside or public Reverse all the parts of traditional culture that celebrated transgression Aristocratic rituals of excess and violence like duelingfeastsparties Erotic behaviour Eccentricities and differences Key a specific way of living pushed by the most successful of the rise of regular people created a template we live by still 4 What is this quotrise of the regular peoplequot called that spreads everywhere in the 2nd Global Economy Historians call it Liberalism or Capitalism The parting of those two terms is a later American eccentricity A First way of looking at sees theory and says regular people producingl consuming freed them BThe absolute keys are markets and FREE TRADE quotmutual trade for mutual benefitquot Its economics and materialism before it is anything else Economic writings are its holy scriptures descending from Smith invisible hand and individual rights Ricardo comparative advantage JS Mill utilitarian C Describes itself as following natural laws So look for modern efficient reasonable fair Harnessed the powers of science technology education Value education as way of quotmoving past the old waysquot D Dominant through valleys and peaks in Europe since 1830s America since 18603 World since 1989 from then to now associated most with Britain amp US E But there39s another way of describing this Rise of Capitalism in the 2nd Global Economy that focuses less on ideas and theory and instead on what happened on the ground that was actually done different How did regular people change their lives
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